## 考点：人生百味类

• “Everything happens for the best,” my mother said whenever things weren’t going my way. “Don’t worry, one day your luck will change.”
Mother was right, as I discovered after I had finished my college education. I had decided to try for a job in radio. One day, I wanted to host(主持) a sports program. I went to Chicago and knocked on the door of every station. But I got turned down every time.
In one station, a kind lady said my problem was that I hadn’t got enough experience. “ Get some work with a small station and work your way up,” she said.
I went back home. I couldn’t get a job there, either. Then my dad told me a businessman had opened a store and needed someone to help him. But again, I didn’t get the job.
I felt really down. “ Your luck will change,” Mom said to me. Dad lent me the car to help me to look for my job. I tried another radio station in Iowa. But the owner, a nice man, told me he had already had someone.
As I left his office, I asked, “How can someone be a sports announcer(播音员) if he can’t get a job in a radio station?”
I was waiting for the lift when I heard the man call. “ What did you mean? Do you know anything about football?” He put me in front of a microphone and asked me to try to imagine that I was giving my opinion on a football game, I succeeded.
On my way home, Mom’s words came back to me, “One day your luck will change, Son. And when it happens, it’ll feel doubly(加倍的) good because of all the hard work you’ve had.” At that moment I knew what just what she meant.
【小题1】 What’s the writer’s ideal (理想的) job?  A．A sportsman$b4 ^; V4 ?" h B．A shop assistant5 U/ [7 f0 Z& B: H C．A sports announcer* @* T3 4 b A# O; B$ D9 L D．A businessman/ H$W2 M* ]) \* h9 ^& R3 b 【小题2】Why didn’t the writer get the job in Chicago?  A．because he was too young" J- Y& M; \3 R) C B．Because he didn’t get college education( A; ^/ ]0 N- E: i c* ^/ F C．Because he’s got a good-looking person7 c4 W4 @: I3 c) E- C6 J D．Because he hadn’t got enough experience9 Y6 L. B2 a/ f- h5 @9 a( ?& X 【小题3】Which of the following is true according to the article? A．You just need wait for some time, then luck will come.# ^1 G$ V& \/ H2 @ B．Luck will come if you try your best to do everything.7 e& B7 c" I2 U C．It’s important for you to wait for luck.% U3 N! B# I O" D7 L4 N D．You should trust your mother.) R; N$_0 b8 M6 W* N/ Z; ^ 【小题4】The sentence “But I got turned down every time.” Means “______” A．But I was refused every time e" N9 G* j: b B．But I was successful every time# & f" D7 D5 J) O6 T C．But I lost my way every time% U ?: ?1 W% @4 H, B1 i$ d D．But the door of every station was always closed. O: P7 j2 Z7 f) E- Y
【小题5】What’s the best title of this passage?  A．Mother’s words. N$Y- H6 T, b+ R# O5 Q B．Everything Happens For The Best$ ) M1 ]/ ?6 U C．No One Is Always Lucky: W( V2 B; j: e5 Y: O D．To Find A Job In Radio Is Difficult5 W2 \( H J" X, M8 ^/ F' O

• Have successful people ever felt sad? Do they have any "secrets" to success? The answers to these questions can be found in US president Barack Obama’s "back to school" speech. Here is a small part of his speech.
I know that sometimes, after watching TV, you may feel that you can be rich and successful without any hard work--that your ticket to success is through rapping (饶舌音乐) or basketball or being a TV star. But when chances come, you may not succeed.
The truth is, being successful is hard. And you may not succeed at everything the first time you try. That’s OK. Some of the most successful people in the world have had the most failures. JK Rowling’s first Harry Potter book was rejected(退稿)12 times before it finally came out. Michael Jordan lost hundreds of games and missed thousands of shots during his career (职业生涯). But he once said, "I have failed over and over and over again in my life. And that is why I succeed."
These people succeeded because they understand that you can’t let your failures beat you--you have to let them teach you. You have to let them show you what to do differently next time.
No one’s born being good at things. You become good at things through hard work. Don’t be afraid to ask questions. Don’t be afraid to ask for help when you need it.
And even when you’re struggling(挣扎), even when you’re discouraged(泄气), and you feel like other people have given up on you--don’t ever give up on yourself. Because when you give up on yourself, you give up on your country.
【小题1】Why does Barack Obama talk about JK Rowling and Michael Jordan in the second paragraph?  A．To show that these two famous persons are different. ! c- _2 g6 e5 d( D( ]! R+ [ B．To show that writing and sports are difficult skills. 9 a L; W! U3 K# I# [9 ^- M C．To show that the two persons were treated unfairly. 7 b! N$$ E* Q# b3 N2 A6 f4 F D．To show that being successful is hard.* _) d, I( F; L- P. f- V" j
【小题2】Barack Obama believes ____________ in his speech.  A．you can be rich and successful without any hard work % Z; A: c+ @: g. M5 H B．you may succeed at everything the first time you try 4 ?2 O0 ^1 ], - B-  C．you can’t let your failures beat you 6 C* O4 I6 b/ F: ^& e D．you shouldn’t ask other people for help* S3 g/ h( X" H9 ^7 Z
【小题3】What does the underlined sentence mean?  A．If you’re discouraged, you should give up on yourself. + b% @- I4 R3 c M2 L2 f \: _1 N B．You should believe in yourself no matter how difficult it is. ; i- W9 ]$H" W1 [6 H C．When you’re struggling, you’ll feel like other people have given up on you. 4 e/ W7 Q4 Y6 [/ E D．If you are not struggling or discouraged, you can give up on yourself.- [4 L5 P; L' O/ T4 L 【小题4】What’s the best title of this small part of Mr. Obama’s speech?  A．The way to succeed! E6 ?. j! P& f3 N B．Failures can help you , C, M4 [) S, U& J! h, L6 U% B C．Don’t give up on yourself8 L3 J" f( Q7 ]! c5 D D．Barack Obama’s success' @7 : K3 L( A: K • Last month the manager of a jewelry shop received a letter. As he was very busy then, the letter lay on his desk till tea-time. He opened it and a 10-pound note(票) fell out onto the desk. Within the note was a letter which said: Dear sir: In 1935 I got engaged(订婚). But unfortunately I lost my job. At the time a lot of people were out of work. Six months later I got a job again, but of course I was very short of money. I came to your shop to buy a wedding ring(婚戒). The assistant took out some rings for me to look at, but she was called away for a moment, and I put one of the rings in my pocket. When she came back, I said I didn’t know the size of my girl’s finger. So I left the shop without buying a ring. My wife died a short while ago and the fact that I never paid for the ring has been heavy in my heart all these years. At that time, the ring cost 2 pounds so I think it is 10 pounds at today’s price and I’m sending 10 pounds. Yours truly, A customer (顾客) 【小题1】When did the manager open the letter? A．In the morning/ J- U, d3 j# ^, h B．When he received the letter$ j. A5 R$_0 [7 K) E2 a C．At lunch time# V/ P, D9 c3 J7 X D．Till tea-time) E' P- T5 B3 I5 S 【小题2】The customer didn’t write the letter until_____. A．he was dying; I6 V* J$ 0 O& C1 L B．his wife’s death0 c. T: j7 \4 h B$b0 g C．he had enough money6 G' Z. Z0 N2 M" i+ N D．he got a job again0 U7 h$ g+ J7 F, a/ c
【小题3】What do you think of the customer’s paying for the ring at last? A．Honest! h, ?8 f6 D: b2 B2 O& M B．Forgetful0 f/ D6 V9 X0 U$C- J* G C．Dishonest( J8 B. e$ A3 O$O D．Careless( \1 M6 G# M" ^: e0 K6 D+ g7 h • This term we have a new teacher of English. His name is Mr Peterson. He comes from Australia, but now he lives in a tall building in Wuxi. He is not very tall and he is thin. He has a round（圆的）face and small blue eyes. He wears glasses and they make him look smart．He has dark（深的）brown hair． Mr Peterson works very hard. In class, he has many good ideas（想法）to make the class Very interesting. We all 1ike his class. After class, he always encourages us to speak more English. Sometimes, he plays games with us. He is very strong and he can play basketball and football very well. He is good at sports. Sometimes, he plays table tennis with us, but he doesn't play it very well. Mr Peterson loves living in China very much. He likes lots of things in China. He really loves eating Chinese food. He loves traveling in China, too. He is going to visit Xi'an next month. 【小题1】What does Mr Peterson do? Mr Peterson is _______. A．a doctor7 d' i. P/ Z6 3 Z B．a teacher8 d% H" ]5 S. N4 X! K2 I C．a farmer8 V1 Q( [+ g: _; g1 ?# P D．a worker7 T6 ]0 J; e0 X7 ? 【小题2】We can not use _______ to describe（描述）Mr Peterson. A．tall/ e$ S* D8 U3 ?) I B．thin7 ]5 Y4 Z) Q+ A4 I4 N _& c. i C．smart. S V- f' A6 Q* O0 L+ R9 P+ ^ D．hard—working（勤劳的）0 A$f) M& @6 i$ B9 M
【小题3】How many ball games is Mr Peterson good at? A．4; d4 P0 S) S6 C0 G) D3 I) S B．3& D- C. K2 N' K C．2( i; d; O5 ?. ]0 i- e5 a D．1 C, S% g! B" F* 4 i
【小题4】The underlined（画线的）word "encourage" means _______ in Chinese. A．阻止2 D; j& P& N. W B．嘲笑 \ ]1 @8 e1 ?0 [3 ]! i7 P C．逼迫- E# N& A" W6 E0 d+ W D．鼓励; R- d! ? g3 g' ]+ G
【小题5】Which of the following is not true（正确）? A．Mr Peterson is a very good English teacher.- O3 B- _5 O; b& X" b B．Mr Peterson likes playing computer games.; g/ Z2 g7 S0 V. j C．Mr Peterson is a very good football player.' g# V0 \9 M2 V D．Mr Peterson enjoys his life in China.! A0 R7 f$C- f0 C, U$ W' R

• Bad days happen to us all. Often a day that starts out bad just continues to get worse. Sometimes there’s a “domino effect(多米诺效应)” with bad events. For example, you sleep through the alarm, so you’re stressed. And you will sit in the bad traffic, which will also make you late for work, etc.
How can we turn a bad day to a good day? Here are some ideas that have worked for me:
Smile a lot
Smiling a lot will help you feel relaxed. Research has shown that smiling produces three useful chemicals which make us feel good.
Talk to a good friend
Keeping bad or unhappy things in your mind is not a good idea. Talking to someone who cares and listen really does help us feel better, too.
It’s hard to concentrate on how bad things are when you’re concentrating on how good things are! Think of 10 or more things you’re thankful for, and you’ll achieve a whole new outlook(人生观) on your day.
Get some exercise
If you can, go for a walk. Exercising will help you feel better. Excising can get your day back to be normal again.
Make the day a challenge
If you make yourself think of the day as a challenge, you’ll start to do all the things you can to make your day better.
根据材料内容选择最佳答案，并将其标号填入题前括号内。
【小题1】According to the passage, the “domino effect” is an effect that______. A．turns a good day to a bad day( b5 i$\8 f$ @ B．makes one person affect another9 [* Y* E3 F: i& F, a1 R# Y C．turns bad things into good things; @. @( @' j# d0 ^- T D．gets one event to cause other similar events to happen' * H6 \- E) j
【小题2】Study shows that smiling produces three useful chemicals which make us feel______. A．terrible( Z7 f% L) E: M8 Z B．relaxed- c- N$K" K8 ]! _ C．stressed" J9 R$ X5 ^/ A$d0 H8 @ D．worried5 j, b! V! T c1 i* O 【小题3】According to the writer, if we consider a bad day as a challenge, we’ll ______. A．try our best to do things better4 T+ W# C; U' R- F' C B．give up doing things3 E. 9 ?+ e D- A+ G5 J& ] C．lose all our confidence. 3 T! M* F6 \7 d D．have a terrible; C2 E; Q; E' Z7 R" J6 J" _4 _ 【小题4】If the writer wants to feel better, how does the writer do? A．Quarrel with a good friend T' e+ F7 C* [6 ^ Z( C) H/ M2 ^ B．Concentrate on your good things0 \# H" Z' W% Z: K C．Get some exercise9 i7 M) P3 K0 @1 X* U& j6 d* d D．Make the day a challenge( H3 b9 V% d! e( f% T 【小题5】Which of the following can be the best title for this passage? A．When we should smile a lot: K2 [%  [( D0 L4 A B．How to deal with problems h3 a; W ?2 Y& B& h1 X C．How to turn a bad day around5 N) _8 Q1 C, c" G8 X D．What we should concentrate on& D% L7 T8 A; ]( [; b" O; c • Have you ever stayed in a hotel? Most Chinese hotels often provide guests with things like disposable(一次性的) toothbrushes, toothpaste, shampoo and slippers. Many guests like the idea because they don’t have to bring their own. But if you travel to Beijing, remember to bring these things of your own. That’s because some hotels in Beijing have no longer provided guests with these disposables (一次性用品). Many disposable things are made of plastic. People throw them away after only using them once. It’s a waste of natural resources (资源) and is very bad for the environment. In Beijing, people throw away about 19,000 tons of plastic bags and 1,320 tons of lunch bowls every year! Plastic can take 100 to 400 years to break down. So the less plastic we throw away, the better environment we will have. So, wherever you travel, bring your own things and use them again and again. Back at home and school, you can also do something to make our world a better place. Try to do these things in your daily life: Use cloth shopping bags, not plastic ones. After using a plastic bag, wash it out and let it dry. Then use it over and over again. Do not use paper cups. At your school canteen (餐厅), use your own bowls and chopsticks instead of disposable ones. 根据短文内容，判断正(T)误(F)。 【小题1】Many guests like to use disposable things because they are very convenient (方便的). 【小题2】Some Beijing hotels have no longer provided guests with free TV programmes. 【小题3】Plastic breaks down easily. 【小题4】After using a plastic bowl or a bag, we’d better throw it away, because it’s too dirty to use again. 【小题5】We should use less plastic things and protect our environment. • 阅读短文，选择正确答案（每题2分） A) LiYugang dresses like a woman and sings like a bird. He won the third prize in CCTV’s Star Road in 2006. He sings folk songs. However, he seems to have the spirit of Mei Lanfang. In fact, the young man had learnt something from Mei Lanfang’s students. People in China usually don’t like cross-dressing(反串). But people are really surprised at Li’s beauty and grace when he sings and dances. B) Do you know who invented QQ? It was Ma Huateng. He was born in Guangdong in 1971. He chose computer science when he entered Shenzhen University in 1989. He worked as a computer programmer for a company in Shenzhen for five years after he graduated in 1993. Later he left the company and started his own company in 1998. C) Yue Fei was a famous hero of Southern Song Dynasty. He was born in a poor family in Henan Province. He was very brave and won many battles with his soldiers. But Qin Hui killed Yue Fei for Mo Xuyou. Later a temple about Yue Fei was built in memory of him at the foot of Qixia Ling by the West Lake, in Hangzhou. 【小题1】Who did Li Yugang once learn from according to the passage? A．Mei Lanfang.$ O4 C f' B: Z& F B．Mei Lanfang’s students.: K! G5 C, I& [) I* g& P C．Mei Yanfang’s students.* _1 P8 % G. ^+ K5 L7 V D．Mei Lanfang’s friends.! F; b h- K ]4 Z7 @( R) K/ T9 T
【小题2】The underlined word “grace” means____________ in Chinese. A．粗犷" @! R% T; X0 L8 D; G4 B; \ B．做作, A3 ^) a J8 E+ g C．傲慢6 C' e6 N( B& B D．优雅 F B* C& H9 E% V" Z4 C
【小题3】From the passage, we know Yue Fei_____________. A．was not born in a rich family T7 e! Y3 _' H0 W( \6 c# C B．was not brave; V8 b$[& M% h3 c" U0 a4 A. V C．killed Qin Hui8 F$ c( K! G: Y" c2 Y M D．built a temple6 G+ P! A) S4 K( d
【小题4】Ma Huateng set up his own company when he was____________. A．185 E7 X3 V- I2 d# N7 _1 g B．22 S% C- J9 K7 D9 ; S C．27& C! [' Z' H, N4 S D．42' B5 O* ?8 N- @# P
【小题5】 Which of the following is TRUE? A．Li Yugang invented QQ.; W8 K/ $A7 Q# g1 C0 ?# K B．Ma Huateng used to work as a computer programmer for a company.. g# W" d0 G2 E A( J& A C．Li Yugang won the first prize in CCTV’s Star Road.' f, J8 Y' @' Q9 e6  D．Yue Fei seldom won battles with his soldiers.3 W2 R6 Z) B% V4 H+ R5 d2 @ • Do you want to have a trip? Hope Farm can give you a nice experience this autumn. On the farm, you can meet animals and take a walk through the garden and greenhouse. How about making friends with the plants there? Our teachers will tell you the differences or similarities of all the plants. You can also take a look at the honeybees, learn more about then and maybe even taste some honey! There is a hill beside the farm. Picking apples at the foot of the hill is an interesting activity. After that, how about climbing it with your friends? You are able to see the fantastic view at the top of the hill. The price of each trip is$50 for a group of ten students. You can visit the traveling club in our school to order a trip.
【小题1】This passage introduces a trip for__________. A．poor families/ S- L2 I% b( d9 G3 ^0 i B．foreign travelers5 X$@; M' S! g C．students at school 0 [3 \! C) S, P* % @( L D．old people* [8 Q/ 8 H. i5 V$ K+ b& R2 @
【小题2】 You can __________at the foot of the hill. A．walk through the greenhouse# L" F: f& c% S B．pick apples' C) O' c& U2 f3 g+ @ C．make friends with plants% ]" N% X$c% g; % g) ?0 D- c D．taste some honey1 b: [ j T5 Q0 U) D 【小题3】The underlined word “similarities” probably means “_________” in Chinese. A．类似处2 L4 G0 g. [* [. E) F6 X/ ] B．益处0 X( L/ M. ]0 [ C．异处4 ^2 S Q) B# d% K; F D．建议3 \/ O' d! @/ V2 S% c 【小题4】 How much should you pay if your group has 20 people? A．$50: @4 i# X/ X( A$[1 _, B B．$657 G4 H' S+ h3 a7 G+ O& ? C．$803 @5 M; P' ?8 O+ Z5 F D．$100+ [) j) d6 U$]' L# Y( R& c • When I was a boy，I was a football fan．I always played football with some other boys in the backyard（后院）all the time．My mom was worried that I would get ill in the hot summer． One day my brother gave me a new football．I came into the yard and played it excitedly．But suddenly，the ball flew through the window and nearly hit my dad．Dad said nothing．He took my football and cut it in half． I didn’t cry because I knew how terrible my mistake was．I didn’t expect to get another football．But to my surprise，Dad bought me another one the next month and told me to be more careful．I was really thankful for my father’s forgiveness（宽恕）．He showed me that even when I made a mistake. He still loved me and gave me another chance． Parents always give us their unconditional（无条件的）love and forgiveness．We should always give our love and forgiveness to them，too． 【小题1】The writer played football in the backyard all the time because _____． A．he was easy to get ill& I+ _4 W) [: F2 Z E% _ B．he was a football fan h# ^- R" F0 H( [ C．his father was a football player L$ C% A Y" K5 X' V7 S5 I: Z) a7 P0 @ D．his mother was worded about him1 Q9 Q6 W, g' M( J
【小题2】The writer didn’t cry because _______． A．he knew his mistake4 ^5 W5 a( R/ d% N% f2 A B．his father cut the football in half) j* d/ K# Z' B C．his father was very happy/ h( S3 A' $V9 R D．he nearly hit his father( ?: E2 I, L# B6 F% P& c) O: R 【小题3】After his dad bought him another football，the writer ______． A．forgot his mistake, N3 N3 @" U; _1 ^6 N B．was angry' d/ V( [9 E5 J C．was thankful to his father4 j' D$ P" B3 [- Y D．didn’t like it( I; I& K6 ^+ a1 I
【小题4】What can we learn from the story? A．We should learn to play football．+ N* E7 P( 1 I0 f+ Y B．We should love our parents．, ]$V( M, K$ d/ T3 T0 _+ W8 K C．We should play football with our parents．- B$N: J$ g# c; e7 [& ?9 S% ? D．We shouldn’t make mistakes．( b) i2 ^* W, c! f! R* O# J