## 考点：教育类

• Do you want to be the most popular person in the class? You don’t need to change your character; you just need to improve your personality (人格). In fact, people trust and love the most popular people because they stay normal but still have something that makes them different from the rest of us. Here are some pieces of advice about becoming the most popular person in the class.
◆If you want others to like and respect (尊重) you, you have to start by liking and accepting yourself. Do not change yourself in order to please others.
◆Be helpful to everyone and do it happily. Being nice to people is almost like helping them, because by being nice you make others happy.
◆Be active and have a positive view towards life. Develop confidence in yourself.
◆Stay clean and wear fresh clothes. Do not try to follow fashion to please others.
◆Big words and power cannot bring you respect. You have to get it by being honest. It also helps your personal growth. You must be a person that can be trusted to get respect.
【小题1】If you want to become the most popular person, you should __________. A．improve your personality B．trust and please others C．change your character D．make yourself different from others
【小题2】According to the article, __________ can bring you respect. A．following fashion B．using big words C．being honest and helpful D．saying hello to others every day
【小题3】The underlined sentence shows that __________. A．you should be polite when you help others B．you should make yourself happy[ C．we can help others only by being happy D．you should always be nice to others

• Can you imagine a classroom without one thing that has long been considered a necessary part? No notebooks, no textbooks, no test papers. Nor are there any pencils or pens, which always seem to run out of ink at the critical moment.
A “Paperless classroom” is what more and more schools are trying to realize. Students don’t do any handwriting in this class. Instead, they use hand-sized or specially-designed computers. The teacher downloads texts from Internet libraries and sends them to every student’s personal computer.
Having computers also means that students can use the Web. They can look up information on any subject they’re studying, from maths to social science.
A high school teacher, Judy Herrel in Florida, US, described how her class used the Web. “Using a book that’s three or four years old is impossible,” she said.
A paperless classroom is a big step towards reducing the waste of paper.
“Think about the money and trees we could save with the computers,” she said.
But, with all this technology, there’s always a risk that the machines will break down. So, in case of a power failure or a technical problem, paper textbooks should still be widely available (可得到的) for these students.
【小题1】The underlined word “critical” in the first paragraph probably has the same meaning as _______. A．worrying/ ^) C$_& \6 W2 V B．dangerous8 F) A1 ]$ T' e+ A* i C．happy/ f Z7 T/ L0 c D．important% ]7 S1 C- U' P i+ N3 O2 W
【小题2】You are sure to find __________ in a paperless classroom. A．pens9 E% g T+ I- h B．computers5 P8 ?/ g' a# e' G' ^ C．test papers5 g9 R3 b& S+ ^0 G) F D．notebooks$L+ Y/ @. W4 C* j$ P
【小题3】According to Judy Herrel, __________. A．the Web can talk the students everywhere. B' " Y9 W! K7 C B．the Web can take the place of teachers) E4 Y" \- A, i( g C．the Web is a better tool for information8 D7 M3 K% h6 h E/ S" % O8 g D．the Web is for downloading information7 H5 T0 _3 \' i/ P
【小题4】The paper textbooks should still be widely available because __________. A．students won’t have trouble with their pens2 _* d. c$H( S N B．computers may break down sometimes, d; V4 h( [3 B C．students may not get all information from the Internet4 V! O* L2 J& R9 \$ O D．paper textbooks may give students more information) ?. g1 S; I9 @' h7 L; X+ d$? • Many people think sports are just for winning and honor, but there is a lot more you can gain from (get out of) them. I have learned over the past years that sometimes when I lose, I get a lot more out of it than winning. Also, I find a lot of times in sports, people are getting too caught up in the game instead of just having fun. The real purpose of sports is to have fun and learn life lessons along the way. I greatly encourage you to be a part of the school sports. Even if you are not the best, you can still have fun. Sports give people a great and healthy way of spending an afternoon, instead of lying around playing video games or even getting into bad things. Sports also give us a sense of achievement. There isn’t a better feeling than to have done something fun and productive for my day. I think that we all need sports to give us courage. If we try hard in sports, we usually do well. If we did the same in study, we would all be champions. Another reason why I encourage you to play sports is that it’s just fun. Without sports, our lives would just be boring. So as you may be able to tell, sports are amazing! Our coaches not only teach us to play sports, but show class and good sportsmanship while playing them. It’s never fun when you lose to have the competitor rub it in your face. That’s why our coaches teach us to show class when we lose; also, when coaches get onto you, don’t get down. They only want to see you improve and learn from what they say. When you do badly and they don’t shout loudly is when you should start worrying because they are giving up on you. Overall, sports are great! They bring out the best and worst of a lot of us. However, we can’ t let sports get too serious to where it brings down all the fun. So to have the most fun in sports, you just need try your best and not worry so much about the winning or losing. 【小题1】The underlined phrase “get onto you” in Paragraph 4 probably means ________. A．point out your mistakes B．take up your time C．worry about your future D．look into your privacy 【小题2】Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage?  A．Sports bring us great fun only if we have the talent. B．Sports give us the best way of spending free time. C．We can get more out of winning than losing. D．We should take pleasure in doing sports. 【小题3】What is the best title of this passage?  A．Are we too caught up? B．To win or to gain? C．Are sports really great? D．For honor or for health? • "Dear Grandpa Guo, we are losing our childhoods! Please help us!" Guo Chuanjie, a famous scientist, received a letter from a Beijing primary school student. The student said that many Chinese kids have to take extra classes on weekends in order to enter key middle schools. The kid hoped more people would hear his voice with Guo’s help. Guo is a member of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC,中国人民政治 协商会议). Last month the CPPCC members met in Beijing. They are from all walks of life - scientists, businesspeople, doctors, artists and athletes. They give proposals (提案) on the country’s important issues(问题) to make our country better. For the Beijing student’s letter, Guo read it in front of Yuan Guiren, China’s Minister of Education (教育部部长), during a CPPCC meeting. According to Xinhua, there were 5,762 proposals in all. Many of the proposals were about problems like housing prices, heavy traffic and food safety, which were related to people’s daily lives. Some proposals were about teenagers. For example, singer Han Hong suggested that the government should deal with people who traffic(拐卖) children. As usual, proposals will be given to relative departments (相关部门) after the meetings. For example, Guo’s proposal was handed to the Ministry of Education. The departments will consider the proposals carefully and see if they can be carried out in the future. 【小题1】The primary school student thought ____________ with Guo’s help.  A．children were losing their childhoods 3 d) S F& ]' i! L B．he didn’t have to take extra classes 8 Q$ W0 b* a$^( _" d) j C．more people would hear his voice 6 _8 I1 g1 ^. e D．he could enter key middle school8 h* D' M4 N1 j6 L7 d1 i& Q 【小题2】Many of the proposals were about problems except ____________ according to the passage.  A．housing prices7 E* X, d) O' J; a5 E B．heavy traffic6 c# j$ E( a1 X! ? C．food safety& G# b, Y8 h1 M6 L' f, P& ^ D．scientific research; G* * P+ M9 C' e
【小题3】After the CPPCC meetings, Guo’s proposal ____________.  A．was given to other members of the meeting ; d) A4 i+ f1 P7 L B．was sent to the primary school student * 1 U! N: \0 ]/ E, Q; j0 _ C．was handed to the Ministry of Education . A' [$L8 U$ ]. i9 J4 g$j D．was returned to himself# N: K) X( W. b( H# W7 C. C 【小题4】 Which of the following sentences is NOT TURE?  A．A primary school student wrote a letter to a famous scientist, Guo Chuanjie. & U. F I. W3 [% T: P5 j B．Guo Chuanjie went to Beijing for the CPPCC meetings last month. ; W% K2 ^' Z/ A C．Guo Chuanjie read the student’s letter during a meeting. ; b5 g N% W$ C9 H1 i' 3 A D．Guo Chuanjie wrote a letter to the Ministry of Education.) L5 H- Z9 ]. J- e

• In less than two months, Junior 3 students around the country will take the senior high school entrance (入学) exam. They are studying hard for this big challenge. Do they have time to do something in memory of their middle school years? Many do.
Leng Jingze, 15, from Tianjin said that in her class students are already writing goodbye messages for each other. "Even the head teacher has a plan," said Leng. "She plans to put all our class photos and the Chinese compositions we have written onto a CD and give each student one," said Leng. "She will also write something for each student."
Wang Zeyu, 16, in Changchun, Jilin said his classmates are making "lucky stars" as graduation gifts. They are making the cheerful stars from colored paper. "Before making a lucky star, you write some words for the person on the paper," said Wang. "He or she can read the words later." Who does Wang want to make a lucky star for? He said he wanted to make one for his head teacher. "I’ll write: Dear teacher, you always look so serious," said Wang. "But we know you have a warm heart. Smile more!"
In Xiao Xia’s school in Beijing, each Junior 3 student will get a yearbook (毕业年鉴) , in which the graduating classes will put their photos and self-introductions. "Most classes have written an article as the self-introduction," said Xiao, 15. "We have written a poem in the ancient style!" The poem records the big events of the class’s history and is in the shape of the number 9. "Nine is our class number," said Xiao, who felt very proud of the idea. "Our class may be not the one with the best school grade but it must be the most creative one," said Xiao. "I feel lucky to study in such a class!"
【小题1】Leng Jingze’s head teacher plans to ____________.  A．put all the class photos onto a CD L: i2 E. i# J+ ^1 h B．put the student’s Chinese compositions onto a CD K L6 e- B: B$Z1 L% ?% W( ? C．give each student a CD ; M: J7 U% K/ g" ^6 ?5 P D．all above% j% [: V$ ]. N
【小题2】 Wang Zeyu wanted to make a "lucky star" for his teacher because ____________.  A．his head teacher wasn’t serious enough 2 g2 b$V9 g7 Z; T- R0 S6 L B．he doesn’t like his head teacher 6 ?, R% F- J( J ' J C．his head teacher sent him a gift @! h' K" f X! [( B4 W D．he wanted his head teacher to smile more* D! N/ ^: H+ S8 _ 【小题3】From the last paragraph, we know that ____________.  A．most classes in Xiao Xia’s school have written a poem as the self-introduction 9 C3 M Q8 Z: h1 Y% I; T B．9 is the lucky number for Xiao Xia’s Class ; Q! O6 H& Z) ]7 h+ \ C．Xiao Xia’s class has very creative ideas 0 I6 g" I0 ?, ]: S) G D．each graduating class will get a yearbook to put their photos and self-introductions' Z8 H: N2 K5 F% G* O 【小题4】The passage is probably from ____________.  A．a newspaper* ?: ]/ V0 X5 @& e9 D B．a novel6 H+ Q) L! O( M7 H# g% ]5 P C．a letter, M) E! A& X0 H7 Z$ f D．a diary0 Z# U- I+ V, ?/ j) c, M; N0 B

• At 18, many American young people go off on their own. They go away to college or find full-time jobs, and they often rent their own apartments. Some get married and start families. This independence(独立性)is learned from childhood. From an early age, American children learn responsibility. Children as young as 2 begin to put away their toys and dress themselves. At 3, many children do simple chores like setting the table.
Using money wisely is also taught early. As soon as a child understands the value of money, he or she receives a weekly allowance. This is used for things the child wants, like toys or treats. The child can spend of save it, usually with little guidance(指导) from parents. If the child wants money besides his or her allowance, it must be made by doing extra chores.
Children are taught early in life to think for themselves. They are allowed to make some decisions-and make mistakes. Failure(失败) often teaches more than success.
【小题1】 Many American young people begin to live on themselves _____ . A．at eighteen years old2 G( e' V+ T# i- P H B．from childhood9 Y9 J. ?! W# @+ Y# a0 ? C．after they get married+ R4 E) Q c7 ?: U* E0 @7 R D．from an early age& H+ Y0 R7 U4 ^) F$I% b3 Y 【小题2】 An American child learn to _____ at the age of 2 . A．find a full-time job , h6 L4 R5 A: b+ X$ Z B．from childhood- [" E0 b* X1 K C．put away his or her own clothes, W+ j) L* i3 O) W D．do lots of chores' M9 [; ]* G1 g) T0 V+ X* S* a/ D1 f
【小题3】The word “allowance” (in paragraph 3 ) means ______ in Chinese. A．奖品/ @" h; A& ]* E: P: E5 E! f B．零花钱4 X1 Q7 S% U% \ C．财产8 N# ?1 K3 ^6 f. h) i7 V1 H+ N# Z D．礼物# B: L# _8 U/ Y, c3 D" j' [
【小题4】 A child can get some more money by ______. A．understanding the value of money0 @, N+ Z1 O" b3 h, g B．helping the rich) j1 ?1 ?! i/ Y1 E. b6 a1 X C．reading many books6 W, j* Q9 K. O/ C' [ D．doing extra chores0 B0 S% Z, G: e0 ]$G3 U 【小题5】The passage is mainly about ______ . A．the independence of American children0 2 Z J/ N# \ B．the value of money - f3 b) f5 D K& ?8 T2 U8 j, W C．the guidance from parents# @% K( W4 K4 J2 c1 g1 M! f D．failure and success of American children, b& J4 A0 M% U1 W • Swimming and English Learning Can you swim? Do you like swimming? Yes? Well, how can you learn to swim? I think the best way is to go into the water and learn. I’m afraid you’ll never learn to swim just by reading books about swimming or looking at others swimming. It’s the same with the English study. We must practice, practice and practice. Listening and speaking are very important for beginners. The children in English-speaking countries first listen to others. Then they try to imitate and speak. We can listen to English programs on radio. You may just understand a few words. It doesn’t matter. Just be relaxed, try to catch every word. Somebody may be a good listener. But he dare not speak. He’s afraid of making mistakes. You know we sometimes make mistakes when we speak Chinese. Don’t be afraid. We must be brave（勇敢）. If you really want to learn English well, you must try to speak with everyone so long as he knows English. Whether you know him or not is not important when there’s nobody to talk with, you can talk to yourself in English. It’s interesting and also a good way to practice your spoken English. Remember, the more you speak, the fewer mistakes you’ll make. Reading and writing are more important for senior school students. First we must choose the books we’re interested in. A lot of reading will improve your language sense. This is the most important. Keep writing English diaries. We can also write English articles. You may even post them to English magazines. Don’t be afraid of failure. Failure is the mother of success. Easier said than done. Well, let’s do more practice from now on. I’m sure you’ll learn English well in this way. ( ) 6. You can learn to swim by_______. A. reading books about it B. looking at others swimming C. having lessons on it D. going into the river and learning ( ) 7. We should learn English by _______. A. listening and speaking B. reading and writing C. A and B D. swimming ( ) 8. What will you do with mistakes when you speak? A. Don’t make mistakes. B. Study hard C. Try not to speak English D. Don’t be afraid. ( )9. What’s more important for senior school students? A. listening B. speaking C. reading and writing D. learning ( ) 10. We can listen to English ______, according to the passage. A. by train B. on the radio C. every minute D. now and then • As a child, I was really afraid of the dark and of getting lost. These fears were very real and caused me some uncomfortable moments. Maybe it was the strange way things looked and sounded in my own room at night that scared me so much. There was never complete darkness, but always a streetlight or passing car lights, which made clothes on the back of a chair take on the shape of a wild animal. Out of the corner of my eye, I saw the curtains seem to move when there was no wind. A very low sound in the floor would seem a hundred times louder than in the day. My imagination (想象) would run wild, and my heart would beat fast. I would lie very still so that the “enemy” would not discover me. Another of my childhood fears was that I would get lost, especially on the way home from school. Every morning I got on the school bus right near my home. That was no problem. After school, though, when all the buses were lined up along the street, I was afraid that I would get in the wrong one and be taken to some other strange places. On school or family trips to a park or a museum, I wouldn’t let the leaders out of my sight. Perhaps one of the worst fears of all I had as a child was that of not being liked or accepted by others. Being popular was so important to me then, and the fear of not being liked was a serious one. One of the processes growing up is being able to realize and overcome our fears. Understanding the things that scared us as children helps us achieve greater success later in life. 【小题1】The author had _______ kind(s) of fears when she was a child. A．one8 j" F2 i1 N2 @! c; U; S B．two1 h& c( V5 a" _! V/ f4 L8 D C．three' E/ F, i0 ^5 f D．none# j8 g+ N+ h6 D4 B  【小题2】_______ would scare the author at night. A．Streetlight and car lights$ L! ^# c! H9 A, K1 J" A B．Wild animals and enemies1 \( J8 g0 G# A C．Moving curtains and wind; W+ I8 g, X; N D．Clothes and walls6 D- _, J; G( R9 @" T& [* c4 c
【小题3】When she went to some other places, she would _______. A．walk away without others8 a* U7 A- ] i6 ?8 W: c B．take a bus by herself X: a5 ^6 Q. K C．follow others closely ; i. \; \0 f+ A+ i* F; N9 K D．make sure not to take a wrong bus0 G& T% ^* [) [( M, h
【小题4】Which of the following would be possibly true when she was a child? A．She thought being popular among people was important. 6 ?' P E4 U# P' ] B．She was always the leader of the others.. S Z9 K' E3 T: e5 ]% d) c C．She always got poor grades.& A! a$K3 h" \5 [ D．She was not liked by others at all.8 ; W! O: a/ C3 A1 h- i • Many of us don’t pay attention to the importance of eye care. It’s said that if you take care of your body, then you can be healthy. That is why our eyes should be given a lot of care. Natural eye care should be put in a number one place. There are several causes leading to poor eyesight like not enough food, gene(基因) and aging(年龄增长). Televisions, computers and reading are also the causes of having poor eyesight. If you happen to work in front of the computer, it is best to take a rest every once in a while. Something dirty can cause redness and they will make you feel uncomfortable. It is bad for your eyes, too. If this happens, the best way is to clean your eyes by using cold water. You must also try your best to protect your eyes from harmful thing. For example, sunglasses are not just fashion but they can also serve as a great way to protect your eyesight from UV rays. Eating healthy foods will do good to your eyesight. Remember that vitamins(维生素) A、C and E are good for eyes. Try to eat food groups that have these vitamins. And you should do eye exercises because exercise protects your eyesight, too. If a person exercises regularly(规律地) and eats the right kind of food, his eyes will stay in good condition for a long time. All above are natural ways of eye care that help us keep healthy eyes. Being happy all the time can be helpful to a person’s eyesight, too. In a word, eye care is very important, no matter how old a person is. 根据短文内容，选出最佳答案。 【小题1】 __________ is the most important way to protect our eyes. A．Natural eye care0 V4 j) h% [3 ]6 g$ D B．Taking medicine1 % _1 h H' H& @0 I C．Seeing the doctor9 f1 [* \9 [3 i2 a" i9 A D．Being happy all the time- a K% Z$E7 a9 _3 9 j' Y: ] 【小题2】 All the following causes can lead to bad eyesight except _________. A．age% ?3 Y( U" h% D" R/ b0 O B．height0 Y1 I; K7 ]3 \ C．reading7 I* F* U9 Y/ ^% H. C- b) \ D．computer0 X5 R/ Y- d7 H 【小题3】 What should you do if you have to work in front of the computer? A．Eat healthy foods.& K4 g: H& M) T( \4 Q; O B．Clean the eyes by using cold water. Y1 h* @ B$ A, D; _6 B8 K1 G C．Wear a pair of sunglasses.6 _9 M+ g$b, O% j* V, i( X3 , c D．Have a rest after working for a while. B5 O/ P4 \5 ^1 Y 【小题4】 What do the under words “UV rays” mean? A．沙土; F3 A7 T* h3 ^* c; a6 j B．闪电: + F2 J$ I. ?* g C．紫外线! _. Q5 j9 a( i2 K D．超声波3 T. e. H4 Z. Q+ Y" T$B$ ?) g
【小题5】 Which is the best title of the passage? A．Ways of Eye Care1 ]8 ^) $J1 V4 Y2 R B．Ways of Eye Exercises) F, ]7 _! F+ i5 Z7 c( P C．Way of Being be Happy( W. b4 M, _8 Q2 T* \. C,  D．Way of Being Healthy; T+ W5 R- W' [! \ • A good way to pass an examination is to work hard every day in the year. You may fail in the examination if you are lazy for most of the year and then work hard only a few days before the examination. If you are taking an English examination, don’t learn only rules of grammar. Try to read stories in English and speak in English whenever you can. A few days before examination you should start going to bed early. Do not stay up late at night studying and learning things. Before you start the examination, read carefully over the examination paper. Try to understand the exact meaning of each question before you pick up your pen to write. When you have at last finished your examination, read your answers, correct any mistake that you see and make sure that you have not missed anything out . 【小题1】How do you know to pass an examination? A．Work hard every day in a year.4 i" b6 H: [7 V( D B．Work hard many days in a year.$ C; K9 F% j) R C．Work hard most of time in a year.% K' b" ]/ E3  E/ R! Q D．Work hard only before the examination.2 E8 S4 @& [- M8 e
【小题2】If you are going to take an examination, ______ . A．study hard and sleep less2 f4 g# N% i d B．get up early and do a lot of reading7 h4 K4 U$b% R4 C4 L- Y/ Q C．go to bed early and have a good rest6 \ H4 J! J: ]! W D．go to bed late and get up late9 i/ E8 J( V& 3 W0 X 【小题3】What should you do when you are taking the examination? A．Pick up your pen and write at once., S' ?2 L& ^0 R3 F3 D B．Go over your paper before you hand it in% N, a; E' K# D( S' O+ ^' g C．After you finish the examination, hand in at once.5 H/ \4 U5 Z2 i+ ] D．Try to understand every word while you are reading.% U3 Y, e' g$ i2 Y% D
【小题4】What should you do if you want to learn English well according to the passage? A．Speak more, listen less, never write.' A* G* O% R5 I+ A B．Speak less, write more, never listen.4 ?2 T3 G: R# _$c3 ^9 b C．Read more, listen more, speak less.2 d' K% E, Q4 V6 j1 A D．read and speak as much as possible.; O* D& E$ g+ [$S) c 【小题5】 What does “missed...out”mean according to the passage? A．遗漏5 T9 P/ R" W8 Q$ F% d` B．增补% P+ ^0 f9 h. a0 \( i& A% M C．缺乏1 e2 M) P" O& V; P& i D．丰富+ e; H+ D5 d' Y" F5 A5 _