## 考点：社会现象类

• Bicycles in China
Bicycles are very popular in China. In our country you can see bicycles almost everywhere. When you walk on the road, you will find a lot of people riding bicycles to school, shops and anywhere else. Therefore(因此), China is known as “the kingdom of bicycles”. In China, many families have one or two bicycles.
Compared(与……比) with cars, bicycles have many advantages. First, they are much cheaper than cars. Most Chinese can’t afford cars, but they can afford bicycles. Second, bicycles are small enough to park anywhere, while cars need a larger piece of land to park. What’s more, with lower speed, bicycles are safer than cars.
However, bicycles also bring some problems. Some riders don’t obey the traffic rules and some riders don’t think about others’ safety. So they ride too fast. During rush hours, too many bicycles may cause traffic jams. We still have a long way to go to solve the problem.
【小题1】Where can you see bicycles in China? A．In the big city.# L/ Y* c9 a; ^, D6 d/ c B．In the town.; X; j: G6 b/ c) R9 d' B C．In the country.# B; H O' i2 a3 R) f D．Almost everywhere.+ S& K( \" d, W6 S- c) 5 X
【小题2】“The kingdom of bicycles” here is saying ____.  A．China has a large number of bicycles! V' D N- T1 F0 # H( V B．China makes bicycles# \ F: K) j- H0 N5 X2 h7 e# Q C．bicycles are a kingdom! \# c0 Y7 Y/ g( j0 ]3 \ f7 S* J; b D．only China has bicycles' Z: b5 K) W- f5 i9 N- C- S
【小题3】 Which of the following is NOT an advantage of bicycles? A．Bicycles are much cheaper than cars. / i0 B( G* a- W5 i) i B．Bicycles are easy to park. . V# h) ?8 M0 _) V C．Bicycles are more beautiful than cars., [* G& W' g5 W' Q# R+ Q0 N5 e+ H4 i6 K D．Bicycles are safer than cars.. U6 ^+ G8 * D% ]9 O
【小题4】What problems can bicycles bring? A．Bicycles are more and more expensive. 0 a. Z4 G8 L$Q# H0 X1 U B．Riding bicycles is more dangerous than driving cars. 5 J7 ^2 I8 @+ c' - j: h C．There are no places for so many bicycles. 4 ?8 ^ W" P# I) c9 C) ^ D．Too many bicycles may cause traffic jams.4 S- O9 C! T" ]0 / Y% g 【小题5】What does the last sentence mean? A．We should drive cars instead of riding bicycles. 4 Q- P& O* _- Y) f B．It’s too far to ride bicycles. 0 ^" F8 V8 W) h4 U C．Bicycles are safe enough. # h" Q; M! I0 A8 ] D．We still need to do much to solve the problem.- M$ D, ?1 @! f/ X6 G

• Having Fun “Growing” and “Stealing”？
Recently, an Internet game has become a new fashion among young office workers and students．People can “farm” on a piece of “land” and “grow’’, “sell” or even “steal” “vegetables”, “flowers” and “fruits” on the Net. They can earn some e-money and buy more “seeds”,  “pets” and even “houses”.
Joyce interviewed some young people. Here are their opinions．
Harold：I don’t quite understand why they are so mad about the childish game, Maybe they are just not confident enough to face the real world.
Allan：I enjoy putting some “bugs” in my friends’ gardens and we’ve become closer because of the game．Having fun together is the most exciting thing about it．
Laura：You know, people in the city are longing for(渴望) the life in the countryside．It reduces my work pressure(压力)；besides, it gives me the exciting experience of being a “thief”．
Ivy：  Well. it’s just a waste of time．Teenagers playing the game spend so many hours on it that they can not focus on (专注于)their study.
【小题1】According to the passage, people can’t _______things in this game. A．grow4 ] M+ U5 A& h! a/ ^; M! ?* _% g Y B．borrow1 g6 R0 Q3 @% H) M C．steal/ W' N2 J7 R5 _4 O9 U. f# g# Q D．sell) U# Z, M; J/ L) J/ H+ c
【小题2】From Laura’s words, we can guess that she’s most probably_________ A．a student$W- Q3 N! J5 @, h3 \% T+ Y B．an office worker8 V+ G4 W) W6 E( D0 @8 @ C．a farmer$ W2 g3 P9 Y& H+ e, Y D．a thief7 j- A- d7 B6 \6 P+ T' D
【小题3】Which is NOT the reason why people like the game? A．They are longing for country life．* V6 X, T# I$]# @- ]) @. i( X B．They can have fun with friends．; ' h% R- e9 ]! [2 ?$ N C．The game can relax people and give them a new experience．- j7 @6 b6 g" O/ F6 Z D．They are confident enough to face the real world.& \- ^+ @+ j, E8 V" J
【小题4】Where can you find this passage? A．In a car magazine．+ g/ ^/ [1 ]# X D+ R# g B．In an advertisement．6 E2 _2 [& Z. W# V( Z" C& X C．In a newspaper4 A( Q, d# K E" C D．In a science book$A( $ a+ j2 g- g# Y

• If I had one million yuan, I would buy you a house! Do I have one million yuan? No, I don’t. So I only can spend ten fen on this short message, sending you my best wishes! Today SMS—Short Message Service is popular, and China Mobile says that every second (秒钟),there are 410 messages being sent．
Look around you! People are watching their mobiles (手机), smiling or laughing．Thumbs（拇指）are moving quickly on mobiles, bringing happiness to their friends. Through SMS, we know the weather report, share jokes and news, express love and friendship．
SMS is becoming more and more popular．It’s reported that 67% of young people like to send short messages to greet (问候）each other. Internet SMS will be more helpful to people. I’m thankful for the progress because SMS saves me much money. Just on the top of the thumb, so much joy can be found．
【小题1】SMS can help people do the following except      ． A．knowing the weather report0 I& d$f$ T! [; R; d! e4 C B．sharing jokes and news. f9 H1 ]) W+ i4 e- E C．expressing love and friendship+ T) L( P2 G$I! h: V0 U D．spending more time traveling, d- G( H" ^; L. E5 I 【小题2】The writer thinks that ． A．SMS helps people a lot$ G, j( V0 @& B! ?% f/ R"  H. ]. I! [ B．young people dislike SMS0 ^8 a" Z' c7 Q/ O, K9 U C．he makes SMS more popular: ^+ X: _6 N& N3 d/ _ D．he will buy a palace for his friend. i& W" [; Q: E% _; K
【小题3】         of young people like to send short messages to greet each other． A．40%) R" a) _% F6 I2 a) F6 a B．50%, M1 F0 U T4 Z% L/ N C．60%& j8 b0 f, N) Y"  D．67%2 N$[! V4 B/ - j, [ 【小题4】 The passage is mainly about ． A．how to search the Internet2 K, P4 T7 _" c B．how to send short messages ( e2 U4 N" g5 X: c. L( I C．the joy（快乐）of SMS1 h& g0 _$ c- i4 L D．ways of saving money/ O4 Q. a$G& ?. h3 L 【小题5】Which of the following is WRONG according to the passage? A．The writer has one million yuan) E4 _. h& C7 L X B．A short message costs ten fen．6 W7 Y/ G; K5 K) Y, V$ M8 T C．More than 400 people send messages every second．1 T# B0 I4 G J. d: K, _) g; B9 A* E D．Internet SMS will be more helpful to people．9 ?$J0 C9 O; @2 j$ H9 O

• Foreign visitors are often puzzled in Japan because most streets there don’t have names. In Japan, people use landmarks instead of street names. For example, the Japanese will say to travelers, “Go straight down to the corner. Turn left at the big hotel and go past a fruit market. The post office is just across the bus stop.”
In the Midwest of America, usually there are not many landmarks. So people will tell you directions(方向) and distance. In Kansas(堪萨斯州), for example, people will say, “Go north two miles. Turn east, and then go another mile.”
People in Los Angeles, California, have no idea of distance on the map. They measure(测量) distance by telling time. “How far away is the post office?” you ask. “Oh,” they answer, “it’s about five minutes from here.” You say, “Yes, but how many miles away is it?” They don’t know.
People in Greece(希腊) sometimes do not even try to give directions because few visitors understand the Greek language. Instead of giving you the direction, a Greek will often say, “Follow me.” Then he’ll lead you through the streets of the city to the post office.
Sometimes a person doesn’t know the answer to your question. A New Yorker might say, “Sorry, I have no idea.” But in Yucatan, Mexico(墨西哥), no one answers “I don’t know.” People in Yucatan think “I don’t know” is not polite. They usually give an answer, often a wrong one. A visitor can get very, very lost in Yucatan!
One thing will help you everywhere. You might not understand a person’s words, but maybe you can understand his body language. He or she will usually turn and then point in the correct direction. Go on in that direction, and you may find the post office!
【小题1】What do you think of the word “landmarks” mean? A．Names of streets or roads in a place.0 P* M, ?% E! I; Q0 \$E B．Hotels, markets and bus stops in a city.# A9 X+ O0 _* O) K4 g! ]! O2 Z% R C．Buildings or places which are easily seen.. V4 g1 [* \" 6 \ D．Building or places with great importance. E* U" K$ ]4 @, _& Q" Q
【小题2】How many countries are mentioned(提及到) by the writer? A．Four./ c: Q3 A! B+ K+ ^1 F! j" Z _/ E B．Five.# ^7 K! R1 O0 G* M1 W4 _! e C．Seven.6 ^4 V( d; ?: U5 U1 V" H! E6 c D．Eight.: M1 Z) @$e" H2 U: a7 c! a( A& ]3 J 【小题3】Which of the following is NOT right? A．The Japanese often use landmarks when they give directions.: P9 Y4 Y7 j$ J& O5 f5 / V- \ B．People in Los Angeles, California, have no idea of distance." Y2 a R# M! M" M$V) M) O C．People in Yucatan think “I don’t know” is not polite.: _4 ^, R+ b) L( b) ^& R D．People in Greece often give wrong directions.+ G( c& W4 U- W# i1 c2 g9 V 【小题4】What’s the main idea of the passage? A．There are not many landmarks in the Midwest of America.! C& h3 G/ A7 E3 E B．We needn’t carry a map when we travel around the world.4 @; F( \* f+ Q/ b C．People give directions in the same way in different parts of the world. C! L- @7 Y9 c/ T, D# a; O D．There are different ways to give directions in different parts of the world.. J% X. J2 a) @3 h+ K# @# \* \9 B • Can you speak to dolphins? Of course you can but you won’t be able to understand them! We interviewed a biologist and asked her what research on dolphin communication has shown. This is what she told us. Just like dogs, cats and other mammals, dolphins communicate by using sound, vision (视觉), touch and taste. Each dolphin has its own signature whistle to identify itself and to call others. Dolphins don’t have the ability to smell, but their hearing and eyesight are excellent. We also asked Jane if dolphins have got their own language. She told us that they have and that dolphins started talking to each other from birth. They make different sounds, including whistles, squeaks and click. Sometimes they even sound like a heavy metal band! We then asked Jane if any interesting experiments have been done. She told us that a very interesting experiment had been done with a mother dolphin and her two-year-old baby in an aquarium. They talked to each other over the telephone! The two dolphins were in separate tanks which were connected by a special under water system. Unfortunately the biologists couldn’t understand what the dolphins were talking about because they haven’t been able to decode (转换) dolphin language yet. However, it was very clear that the dolphins knew what they were talking about. Finally we asked Jane if there was hope that we would be able to understand dolphins in the near future. She told us that she and her team have been listening to dolphins for more than 17 years, using special equipment to record and analyze their language. Unfortunately they haven’t been able to decode it yet, but who knows — maybe one day we’ll get a phone call from a dolphin. 【小题1】It’s clear that ________. A．we can speak to dolphins but not talk with" Z! P6 % ^ U9 b1 R1 e7 b# g B．dolphins have not got their own language1 L# b- i7 Q) Y* T5 ? C．researches on dolphins have just begun5 Q) ]) \/ j8 J( V4 Y D．only biologists know what dolphins talk about' [% E% ?: V/ j+ R Y0 Y 【小题2】The best title of the reading may most probably be_______. A．An Interesting Experiment b M9 M: K2 j+ f4 G5 B B．Mother Dolphin and Baby: H$ R5 L. P) a. j/ N0 C) D C．Animal Talk. Q) ^4 [9 [4 g3 ]6 W \ D．Further Research9 V3 _/ C2 b3 $f; T. O; g/ D% V1 7 D 【小题3】The word “analyze” in the reading mean________. A．use# M3 I1 i: B+ R5 A, h d B．translate) d& J: T; ?$ X; V C．copy! g5 R2 g# d4 c1 J! K D．study% A; K. C- O4 N- Z i
【小题4】Which of the five senses haven’t dolphins got? A．Smell5 V! i; U1 ]% O) G b B．Touch8 h- f4 T# F; g. H" h* R3 H A5 d C．Taste/ H, X V0 @/ j+ [; g& _. J D．Vision/ T9 8 h: P9 K2 \0 f
【小题5】The interesting experiment tells us_______. A．dolphins could talk in their own language2 D4 E9 a8 a$B) h% K2 ^ B．only mother dolphin was able to talk to her baby3 V I8 J: @! ]- \: e C．the biologists can decode dolphin language' N0 R& A0 I1 g4 _$ M% f D．the two dolphins were talking by touch3 g! L+ D* T& C" S

• In America, many teenagers have a part-time job. A part-time job is one that you do a few hours each week to make money. Do you have a part-time job?
Teens can have many different kinds of part-time jobs. Some teens work in groceries (杂货). Others may work in other local business such as the clothes store. You may have friends who work in a fast food restaurant. They may make the food, or keep the restaurant clean. Many teens make money by looking after younger children in the neighborhood. Some teens even have their own business. They cut grass and take care of pets in their neighborhoods while other people are on vacation.
Most teens who have part-time jobs work only a few hours after school, maybe two or three times a week. They often have to work all day on Saturday.
Having a part-time job has many advantages. The job teaches you new skills that you can use as an adult. The job also teaches you responsibility (责任). The person who paid you for the job expects you to be there. The job also pays you money that you can use for many different things. Your family might need the money to help with the family budget (预算). If you're lucky, you could use the money to buy music and videos. You might want to save the money to buy a new bicycle or maybe even a car.
In some families, teens have part-time jobs to help make money to go to college. Going to college is very expensive. Many parents cannot pay for their child's education without help from the child. In some families, at least half of what a teen makes at a part-time job goes into a college savings account (账户). The teen can spend the rest of the money on what he or she needs or wants.
Many teenagers have part-time jobs and still have time for their friends and families. Many still belong to clubs at school and even have time to play sports. If you have a part-time job，you need to have a good plan to help you do everything you want and have to do. Do your homework and chores as soon as you can. Don't let the work wait and pile up (堆积). Make sure you get to your job on time. Do the things that are most important to you. Spend time with the people you care about most.
根据短文内容完成句子填空(每空限填一个单词)。
【小题1】From the second paragraph of the passage, we know the American teenagers do ____________ kinds of part-time jobs to___________ some extra money.
【小题2】根据短文内容完成句子填空(每空限填一个单词)。
In some families, the parents____________ the money made by their child to ____________to send their child to college.
【小题3】根据短文内容回答问题。
According to the passage, what can the teenagers learn from doing part-time jobs?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
【小题4】把短文中画底线的句子译成汉语。
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
【小题5】根据短文内容用一个完整的英文句子(限15个词以内)回答问题。
What is the main idea of the passage?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________

• Many of us have been troubled by junk mail or phone calls from salespeople. We are especially       that our personal information has been leaked(泄露）。
Here comes some good news. On Dec. 28，China’s top law-making body made rules to       personal information online and public interests(利益）。Such a decision is timely and       .  Online information safety has been a problem        no Internet laws. Some people are making use of the Internet to damage(损害）the rights and interests of the nation and people.
Liu Yang ,a bank officer in Beijing said to China Daily that he has received many     from a school that asked        he was interested in security(证券）classes.” I am        for a licensing examination, but I’d like to know how those schools could know that if the examination organizers didn’t       my information,” he said.
The trading of personal information is not      in the rules .Companies and government staff who break the rules will be       .If people find their information has been        online, they have the right to ask websites to delete it .
The rules also ask Internet     to give their real names to service providers. Some main micro-blogging services,         Tencent Weibo and Sina Weibo, already started asking users to stop online rumors(谣言）and create a healthy online         .But users can continue to use their Web names when posting something online.
Making laws to protect personal information and stop junk electronic information is          in other countries .Nearly 100 countries have such laws, including the US, the UK and Japan.
【小题1】
4 Z8 J5 h) b6 O/ d) g
 A．excited7 O- W- S( [" e B．angry, @6 S3 b7 H1 O C．proud& S" Q2 Z" @# Q ? _' M D．silent / Y/ J: ^6 g" Q, N" S
* j8 T R5 W- L2 I/ c& V
【小题2】
8 c, b/ R* U8 R
 A．invent' f F# f9 Q6 b9 M2 G8 c2 5 b% d B．produce: e: @: F5 N% ?: d) Q; ? C．protect1 R O; b# 7 R' _ D．introduce8 F' ]) f7 H8 D0 K0 i2 U7 C7 g
4 D* R6 A6 d) [6 L
【小题3】$a1 2 X7 J& N+ 7 U1 A0 e  A．necessary/ 6 F8 a5 P* E- E B．truthful2 N4 H; g+ K. \: B+ f5 E" U C．heavy/ ?5 h' Z% O4 A6 c+ i# b- X* @ D．patient7 h8 _7 h+ I1 S, ?( R( b" S; S * T7 F1 E! A, j [ j6 Y 【小题4】6 U/ R$ i3 L* H8 D) Q0 L- \* U$J- P  A．such as: _% C- d6 E: B) M4 c' E B．up to4 j6 N. _6 S3 S& _/ P7 L b C．full of+ A F& @# I* c. H4 \ D．because of. K% b5 Y0 A c" i: X) U$ U4 _
9 a3 a( T6 I8 L% H
【小题5】
# H' D8 M4 Q4 M: a: W3 ^
 A．presents9 G" Z& e, O( ]. c7 c$D) i5 ? B．letters6 W+ e- b3 J; \7 P: h' ^ C．messages6 d( ^% _: [, e) M" ]! ^* W D．visitors5 X8 E! V# J: c0 M; g" @% E+ * M 2 V1 V& S' M; K4 B1 J 【小题6】3 ?$ [2 L: D; ?% c6 a* A3 V  A．what1 ?4 ]* A' J* T: L1 g& K! Y, O B．whether0 b; Z" b1 [9 a1 ]4 Z/ E& N4 I; V/ F C．why- ]* T4 i! G, V D．when9 a, f4 f* R" ^0 O6 _) W
8 N' R* E- K; b! W0 K) H' Y2 f! O M- A
【小题7】" A* ^. H; j7 D- T/ G, W- P/ I, X4 T  A．increasing5 f# C5 P) J1 V! Q B．discussing5 b( Z# ]8 L6 S! P' B* X# G" a C．translating 5 H( ]1 M( A$G+ P% Q D．preparing" J- / b" [7 I/ @" E7 h - f) e0 C& c' O5 j2 J/ i. f6 T+ c h 【小题8】& @+ A- T2 E$ ) P( h8 d  A．repeat3 Q& h- b+ M" T- A. Q; d& d B．create% e3 @, c# K" D C．treat! b+ C- S; c% Q( L' A7 1 g% e D．sell' @" i/ X" c; i/ V2 H+ Q( R4 F
! g& _: @( T6 B6 L& g
【小题9】2 [8 \# X% Q7 ? F7 H  A．allowed: h- A, [2 J9 P* W0 L# H" N B．warned& F, G& ^, i5 ?8 X' O. B C．stolen6 @7 N# a0 O, \6 F* ^ @, V D．listed! \0 U- P( F( c9 a
3 b; [9 i/ W) f" W2 H7 a
【小题10】
0 h6 C9 X: K* W. R3 c9 J U+ @
 A．agreed( Z5 D7 g: g' i# J B．punished* ) c, Y; @1 j3 ]0 D4 Z3 S ? C．refused! F8 H V, ]- V' V D．argued% c# b) F# d1 U) V/ R
" F* U0 U4 f9 M+ f7 S2 i3 a+ \2 B
【小题11】4 H T& ]+ [# d2 G8 h1 W c8 H  A．explained2 [" Q) W# D$B, 1 _3 f5 [ B．reported# Z* U# ^! i' M8 A C． heard, P# K( e; a! h" B! C& i* \; U) U D． spread0 ?# D! W2 ^9 @" ^8 [6 X9 - j & C" U8 V0 * Z! A 【小题12】9 ], J$ Y0 h: g( M0 a: O  A．buyers- Y% C4 K3 @# V, S1 N* d- a2 N B．writers/ ^9 \" X" Q, i: T+ A C．users+ Z' G3 [! @% ]4 i1 H! [6 d2 i1 e D．partners" I& K% I/ M( F$c, T * i3 i( Y2 A. ]' J% g! Q$ W
【小题13】
; ?* E. Q5 B3 F
 A．following6 \$P0 U3 I# K7 V*  B．including: d* C; _ d: V5 L2 E C．discovering& J! U- d0 E6 ]% _9 R: F. L D．remaining/ T) F* _5 Y8 _8 R ( R; H9 J' T Q1 B. a* A h. K0 c( O 【小题14】 " f4 P- A; _6 a7 L, Y* c8 P  A．tradition, i9 ]0 S7 B) I- J+ a B．environment( [ D0 e D% J$ B3 g J. ] C．business; ?6 G) K- ^: F* M4 B D．instrument; 3 Z [% g& f# A
) V Z" J M! L7 W- O! [4 _3 A
【小题15】8 Z2 H6 O1 ?0 T5 A; ?- e  A．special* a- d. J; i# \% h4 A2 g B．magic) D1 T/ H2 V" P7 h C．historical* H7 U5 T4 c2 _' B6 a D．common. X7 L- Y7 f, I$C9 ^, _& F, ] * I! ]- C! C! G6 i • Blind imitation(模仿）is destroying yourself. To common people, imitation appears attractive; to creative people ,imitation is misleading. In the early stages of skill or character(性格）development, imitation is helpful, When I first learned to cook, I used recipes and really cooked some tasty dishes. But soon I grew bored. Why did I have to follow someone else’s way of cooking when I could create my own? Imitating role models(榜样） is like using training wheels on a child’s bicycle. They help you get going, but once you find your own balance, you fly faster and farther without depending on them. In daily life, imitation can hurt us if we hold poor role models. As a child, if you watched people whose lives pain as normal and gone on to follow what they did. If you do not make strong choices for yourself, you’ll get the results of the weak choices of others. In the field of entertainment, our culture appreciates famous people. Those stars look great on screen. But when they step off screen, their personal lives may be awful. If you are going to follow someone, concentrate on their talent, not their bad character or behaviors. People like the person who is willing to act on their sudden inspiration to create something particular. Think of the things and people that have affected you most deeply. They moved you because their creations were caused by inspiration, not desperation(绝望）. The world is changed not by those who do similar work before them but by those who do creative work. Creative people are full of new ideas. The problem a creator faces is not running out of material; It is what to do with the material to knock at the door of imagination. Study your role models, accept the gifts they have given and leave behind what does not serve you. Then you can say, “If I have announced my success, it’s by learning lessons from my ancestors’ failure.” 【小题1】Imitation is useful when you A．know you are common. W' A4 _" j2 F6 @. E: Q+ ?. D B．lose the balance of life( h1 G5 h+ R2 W6 ^* P+ O7 ^ C．begin to learn something new K# g5 X- ^0 ?  D．get tired of daily life7 L i) E! Y9 b* e& H 【小题2】In order not to get the bad result of imitation, we should A．Forget daily fear and pain0 P( \( Y C5 L; [! J! J- G0 [. E B．choose the right example1 ]; W2 i# \ f C．ask others for decisions, d. b; N% H3 B) @ D．stay away from stars' ) A' P0 O# d! ^ 【小题3】The author thinks the world moves on because of those who A．turn their original ideas into real things- E" F. Y( e/ W$ g4 W B．influence others with their knowledge! h& B/ ]( _2 V0 ?4 T C．discover what their ancestors did* @4 G1 P$Y+ e2 ?/ @' U# g# @ D．put different materials to good use: e. G4 K9 Y' K 【小题4】The trouble a creator faces is A．what to learn from other people- @: - L6 K/ ?8 S0 @# N/ h* f B．how to affect other people deeply! C' R* g7 Q# K3 O; ^ C．how to search for more materials7 , U! d7 V! K- Y6 E D．how to use imagination creatively( [8 T* U6 Y# [; e" X+ J* I: C 【小题5】What is the author’s purpose of writing this passage? A．To compare imitation with creation.( O4 f( U- O, ^) ]5 \ B．To criticize the characters of role models.8 @4 T1 ^) J/ @$ J, E C．To sow the importance of creativity.0 S# i- A. P; j; g: d D．To explain the ways of achieving success.: D/ Z1 E2 h5 I1 E

• Plants are very important living things. Life could not go on if there were no plants. This is because plants can make food from air, water and sunlight.
Animals and man cannot make food from air, water and sunlight. They get their food by eating plants and other animals. If you look carefully at plants around you, you will find there are two kinds of plants: flowering plants and non-flowering plants.
Flowering plants can make seeds(种子). The seeds are guarded by the fruits. Some fruits have one seed, some have two, three or four, and some have many. But a few fruits have no seeds at all. An example of a fruit without seeds is the banana fruit. Most non-flowering plants do not grow from seeds. They grow from spores(胚芽). Spores are very small. Some spores are so small and light that they can float(漂浮) in the air. We may say that spores are quite the same as seeds. When these spores are all on wet and sandy places, they usually grow into plants.

【小题1】The main idea of the first paragraph is that _____________. A．plants are important for life- F8 f+ h1 j) V5 F7 c4 e4 S: ] B．plants cannot grow without air( j1 G3 P( J& b C．there are many plants in the world.0 ^, R2 B& j* c: S D．we can not live without water.0 3 ?1 A0 W, \( j
【小题2】 From Paragraph 2, we know there is(are) _______ kind(s) of plants around us. A．four, j+ E* E$Z! H7 X- c B．three. h& N) Q3 X( X3 g C．two8 a; e8 H0 b5 [6 G; R D．one! Q! U6 P1 M2 ^0 [* J/ e& B 【小题3】In paragraph 3, the underlined word “guarded” most probably means ____________. A．offered/ _$ ?# N8 V. ]- ]+ : j8 f B．protected6 i2 W% h7 R- P! V, A2 N6 N C．produced2 a; W6 I( L; L% ^# g0 X: K( A6 Y D．saved7 F. ]$]9 G; e. V2 D) b& U# N6 Q 【小题4】 According to the underlined sentence“Most non-flowering plants do not grow from seeds”, the following statements are wrong EXCEPT ___________. A．All the plants grow from seeds./ P1 K, c5 V5 M9 Z7 P B．No flowering plants grow from seeds.& V7 N8 [* h7 P C．Only non-flowering plants grow from seeds.$ H; W0 @ b+ ^" D2 T0 j. f  D．A few of non-flowering plants grow from seeds.) b# [$J' ?; X8 M2 [/ @/ U2 E' N • 阅读短文，选择正确答案（10分） Today people can use the phone to talk with others almost anywhere on the earth. But when you use the phone , you don’t see the person you are talking with . That may change in the near future . Today some people are using a kind of telephone called the picture phone or vision phone. With it , two people who are talking can see each other Picture phones can be useful when you have something to show the person you’re calling . They may have other uses in the future. One day you may be able to ring up a library and ask to see a book. Then you’ll be able to read the book right over your picture phone. Or you may be able to go shopping through your picture phone. If you see something in the newspaper that you think you want to buy, you’ll go to your phone and call the shop . People at the shop will show you the thing you’re interested in right over the phone. You’ll be able to shop all over the town and never leave your room! 【小题1】Today people can use the phone to talk with others . A．in all the towns* ?1 K( O8 e' 0 g5 E! f( U B．in some places in the world& P9 _% S2 [: X C．only in big cities* R. J! T/ L! g( W D．almost anywhere on the earth- R& [' Q/ T6 B% b6 @5 e7 ? P 【小题2】The word “it” in the passage means _______. A．the picture phone* a; ]3 ]$ 6 D7 U. i* \' ^ B．any phone+ E# c% Q( O% C* c3 D3 _8 h C．the use 5 M/ U% f8 h/ Q& Q: ^ D．the change! U& R/ M- L* 0 d5 Q6 T
【小题3】We can       through the picture phone according to(根据) the passage . A．write a book6 T% I2 E% j. I4 U0 ^ B．do some shopping6 2 K1 d% e. \5 _4 W* M' ? C．play games. D+ j\$ _% c5 F) L- C+ Q9 Q D．have classes; R, N: C# A& A9 @7 a K8 F
【小题4】Picture phones are very________. A．useful: D; a, A6 F9 K i" j B．impossible1 U6 i, A+ A; ^+ b ?0 G9 N C．bad, g, Y) S6 h4 b D．badly2 d3 S! 7 h; C9 T: M, A. S( g) T
【小题5】Which is NOT true according to the passage ? A．Today some people are using a kind of telephone called the picture phone or vision phone.; P. D- T, K% V R0 T" C9 H& V3 _ B．With the picture phone , two people can’t see each other.' P: V; @! E/ D C．The phone is very useful .7 f. O: O& I4 i# Q D．Today people can use the phone to talk with others almost anywhere on the earth." \1 L+ N9 C' h9 J8 U. U