| 适用年级： | 在线组卷：【进入】 | 省份：山东 | 试卷类型：月考试卷
A group of frogs were traveling through the woods, and two of them fell into a deep pit. When the other frogs saw 【小题1】_____ deep the pit was, they told the two frogs that they were as good as 【小题2】_____ （die）. The two frogs ignored the comments and tried to jump up out of the pit with all their might. The other frogs kept telling them to stop. Finally, one of the frogs heard what the other frogs【小题3】________ （say） and gave up, so he died.
The other frog went on 【小题4】______ （jump） as hard as he could to get out. Once again, the other frogs cried at him and told him to stop and just allow【小题5】____ to die, but he jumped even【小题6】______ （hard） and finally made himself out. When he was out, the other frog explained to them that something was wrong with his hearing. He thought they were encouraging him 【小题7】_____ whole time.
There is power of life and death in the tongue. An【小题8】_______ （encourage） word to someone 【小题9】_____ is down can lift him or her up and help them make it 【小题10】_____ the day, while bad words can rob another of the spirit to go on in difficult times. Be careful of what you say.
Entering the drama room I am immediately surrounded by the familiar sights, smells and sounds. Streaks（条纹，线条） of light cast by the blinds of the tall _______ send shafts（杆状物） of light through the dusty air. I take a _______ and the concrete and paint ________ tickle my nose. I _______ everything about this room.
Some of the ______ times of my life have been spent here. It’s ironic（讽刺的）, but the ______ is the only place where I feel that I don’t have to ______ to be someone I’m not. Like many teenagers, I almost ______ think that people are judging me, but when I act, that feeling disappears. People only look at your _____ ability, not your clothing, money, choice of friends, or any of the other ways people are usually _______.
When I’m on stage, everything else vanishes（消失）. All the worries and ______ of the outside world are put on hold. Nervousness is still present, ______ it’s the excited and tingly kind, not the queasy（不稳定的） ______ of being different and alone.
I ______ love to work backstage and on lighting. I ______ you could find another girl who would work on a ladder ______ her elbows in cables and dust and love every second of it. It makes me unique and gives me a sense of _____ to know that I succeed in an area where _____ others—and virtually（事实上） no girls—do.
High school is a difficult atmosphere, to put it ______. Like others, I’m often insecure（不安的）, not ______ who I am or where I’m going in life. Wherever that may be, I will always have the confidence I get from theater.
|A．last look||B．long walk||C．short breath||D．deep breath|
|A．thought of||B．judged||C．taken care of||D．feeling|
|A．up for||B．out at||C．up to||D．down to|
|A．fond of||B．afraid for||C．sure of||D．interested in|
When I was ten my dad helped me buy my first ten-speed bicycle from Allen．I put up $60 of my grass cutting and snow shoveling （铲） money and my dad put up the other half I would pay him back over the next six months．Although it was not in the latest style, it was my ticket to the adult world．
I spent that summer and autumn riding happily．My sister Liz, a prisoner（囚犯，俘虏） of her five-speed bicycle, never had a chance to keep up．Just before the Christmas deadline to pay my dad back, we were hit with several snowstorms．This allowed me to shovel enough driveways （车道） to pay off my debt．I was now officially a bike owner; it was a feeling unlike any other．
On that Christmas morning, my dad gave me a used portable （便携式的） record player．I was excited．However, my joy was short-lived after my dad called my sister to the kitchen．“We have one more gift for you．” he said as he opened the door that led to the garage．There, on the steps, stood a new ten-speed bicycle．
“It’s not fair,” I complained．“I worked so hard for my bike．and it’s not even new．Then Liz gets a new bike．She didn’t have to do anything for it．” My dad smiled．“She didn’t have to do anything for it because it’s not really for her,” he said．What did that mean? I didn’t want her bike．
By spring Liz and I were riding all over town together now that she could keep up．As we grew, Liz and I became true friends．
Still I wasn’t smart enough to figure out what my dad meant until years later．That new bike was not a gift for Liz — it was a gift for me．He’d given me the gift of my sister’s company, the ability to stay together rather than drift apart （逐渐疏远） in the face of my ability to travel．He gave me my best friend．
【小题1】What do we know about the author’s bike?
|A．It was worth $120．|
|B．Allen bought it for him．|
|C．It was very fashionable．|
|D．He didn’t like it actually．|
【小题2】Why did the author think he was officially a bike owner?
|A．He had paid off his debt．|
|B．He had learned to ride a bike．|
|C．He could also own Liz’s bike．|
|D．He could sell his bike to Liz．|
【小题3】Why was the author’s Christmas joy short-lived?
|A．His sister got a new record player．|
|B．His father didn’t care about him．|
|C．The record player wasn’t new．|
|D．His sister got a better gift．|
【小题4】Hearing his father say “it’s not really for her （Paragraph 4）”, the author probably felt ________．
Too many people want others to be their friends, but they don’t give friendship back. That is why some friendships do not last very long. To have a friend, you must learn to be one. You must learn to treat your friend the way you want your friend treat you. Learning to be a good friend means learning three rules. Be honest; be generous; be understanding.
Honesty is where a good friendship starts. Friends must be able to trust one another. If you do not tell the truth, people usually find out. If a friend finds out that you haven’t been honest you may lose your friends’ trust. Good friends always count on one another to speak and act honestly.
Generosity means sharing and sharing makes a friendship grow. You do not have to give your lunch money on your clothes of course. Instead you have to learn how to share things you enjoy, like your hobbies and your interest. Naturally you will want to share your ideas and feelings. These can be very valuable to a friend．They tell your friend what is important to you. By sharing them you help your friend know you better.
Sooner or later every one needs understanding and help with a problem. Something may go wrong at school. Talking about the problem can make it easier to solve. Turning to a friend can be a first step in solving the problem. So to be a friend you must listen and understand．You must try to put yourself in your friend’s place so you can understand the problem better.
No two friendships are ever exactly alike. But all true friendships have three things in common. If you plan to keep your friends, you must practise honesty, generosity, and understanding.
【小题1】Some friendships don’t last very long because ____.
|A．there are too many people who want to make friends.|
|B．those who never give others friendships receive no friendship from others.|
|C．those who give others friendship receive friendship from others.|
|D．they don’t know friendship is something serious.|
【小题2】According to the passage honesty is _____.
|B．the base of friendship|
|C．as important as money|
|D．more important than anything else|
【小题3】The underlined word “generosity” means _____.
【小题4】Which of the following isn’t mentioned （提及）in the passage?
|A．Always tell your friend the truth.|
|B．Sharing your mind with your friend is of great value.|
|C．Discussing your problems with your friend often helps to solve the problem.|
|D．A friend who gives you his lunch money is a true friend．|
London—Sheep, like turkeys and ostriches, are not considered the most clever animals. British scientists said last Wednesday humans may have underestimated the woolly creature. They could be much smarter than we think.
Researchers at the Babraham Institute in Cambridge, southern England, have shown that the animals have a good memory system and are extremely good at recognizing faces—which they think is a sure sign of intelligence.
Behavioral scientist Keith Kendrick and his friends trained 20 sheep to recognize and distinguish 25 pairs of sheep faces and used electrodes （电极） to measure their brain activity , which showed they could remember 50 faces for up to two years .
“If they can do that with faces, they have to have reasonable intelligence; otherwise, what is the point of having a system for remembering faces and not remembering anything else?” Kendrick said in an interview.
So hours of seemingly mindless eating grass may not be so mindless after all.
Kendrick believes sheep got their reputation as dumb （unable to speak, unintelligent） animals because they live in large groups and do not appear to have much individuality and are frightened of just about everything.
“All animals, including humans, once they are frightened, don’t tend to show signs of intelligent action,” he explained.
In research reported in the science journal Nature, Kendrick and his team showed that sheep, like humans, have a specialized system in the brain which allows them to distinguish between many different faces which look extremely similar.
“The most important finding （of the study） is that they are able , both from a behavioral point of view and from looking at the way the brain is organized , to remember a large number of individuals for a very long time,” said Kendrick. “It is a very strange system. They are showing similar abilities in many ways to humans.”
【小题1】From the first paragraph we can find that______. .
|A．people used to think sheep are smarter than the other animals|
|B．people used to raise sheep in a wrong way|
|C．people don’t consider sheep as clever animals|
|D．people have done a lot of research on sheep|
【小题2】From what Kendrick said in the interview we learn that_____. .
|A．scientists have learned everything about sheep’s intelligence|
|B．scientists have learned a little about sheep’s intelligence|
|C．scientists can’t do anything more about sheep’s memory|
|D．scientists do not have to research animals’ memory|
【小题3】As is known in the passage,__________.
|A．sheep are among the week animals|
|B．it is not right for people to raise sheep in groups|
|C．when sheep eat grass in the field their minds may be active|
|D．if people feel frightened, they may become braver|
Fear and its companion pain are two of the most useful things that men and animals possess, if they are properly used. If fire did not hurt when it burnt, children would play with it until their hands were burnt away. Similarly, if pain existed but fear didn’t, a child would burn himself or herself again and again, because fear would not warn himself or herself to keep away from the fire that had burnt himself or herself before. A really fearless soldier—and some do exist, is not a good soldier because he is soon killed; and a dead soldier is of no use to his army. Fear and pain are therefore two guards without which men and animals might soon die out.
In our first sentence we suggested that fear should be properly used. If, for example, you never go out of your house because of the danger of being knocked down and killed in the street by a car, you are letting fear rule you too much. Even in your house you are not absolutely safe: an aeroplane may crash on your house, or ants may eat away some of the beams in your roof so that the latter falls on you, or you may get cancer!
The important thing is not to let fear rule you, but instead to use fear as your servant and guide. Fear will warn you of dangers; then you have to decide what action to take.
In many cases, you can take quick and successful action to avoid the danger. For example, you see a car coming straight towards you. Fear warns you, you jump out of the way, and all is well.
In some cases, however, you decide that there is nothing that you can do to avoid the danger. For example, you can’t prevent an aeroplane crashing onto your house. In this case, fear has given you its warning; you have examined it and decided on your course of action, so fear of this particular danger is no longer of any use to you, and you have to try to overcome it.
【小题1】Children would play with fire until their hands were burnt away if _________.
|A．they were given no warning beforehand|
|B．they had never burnt themselves|
|C．they had no sense of pain|
|D．they were fearful of the fire|
【小题2】A really fearless soldier _____________.
|A．is of great use to the army|
|B．is not a real soldier|
|C．is nothing but a dead soldier|
|D．easily gets killed in a battle|
【小题3】People sometimes succeed in timely avoiding the danger because _________.
|A．they have gained experience|
|B．they jump out of the way in time|
|C．they are calm in the face of danger|
|D．they are warned of the danger by fear and take quick action|
【小题4】What's the writer's suggestion when the danger can't be avoided?
|A．You have to try to overcome it．|
|B．Fear can really help you to run away.|
|C．Fear always helps you stay safe．|
|D．Fear is of great use to you.|
【小题1】The English novel has been__________ （简化） to make it easier to read.
【小题2】In my opinion, there are many________（明显的） advantages to a five-day week.
【小题3】More than half the staff are______（临时的）.
【小题4】The library contains many popular ______（参考）books which you can refer to．
【小题5】When _______（compare） different cultures, we often pay attention only to the differences without noticing the many similarities.
【小题6】The boy was______（感激的） that his teacher didn’t tell his parents what happened at school.
【小题7】What makes you think that you are ________（qualify） for this job?
【小题8】It is very_________ （satisfy） to know that the project was a success.
【小题9】All students, without______（例外），must take the English examination.
【小题10】He was too shocked to give an___________ （描述） of what had happened.
【小题11】About 300 papers were________（提交） at the conference．It was really out of our expectation.
【小题12】The crowd ___________（恐慌；惊慌失措） at the sound of the gunfire.
【小题13】She had already__________（确定；确立） a reputation as a writer.
【小题14】She________（相似） her mother in character but not in appearance.
【小题15】This store has an excellent_______（声誉） for fair dealing.
My father took me out camping for the first time when I was seven. He wanted teach me about animals, insects and trees. My uncles all come along with bows and arrows for hunting.
One evening at sunset, we sat by the fire, have our barbecue. Just then a bird was flying over us. My uncles immediate jumped up and shot their arrows on the bird. Neither of the arrows hit the target. Suddenly the arrows was flying down at us from the sky — they were looked like rain! We ran to escape but fortunately no one was injured.
That day I didn’t learn much about animals, insects or trees, but I learnt a impressive lesson about gravity!
Choosing the right job is probably one of the most important decisions we have to make in life, and it is frequently one of the hardest decisions we have to make. One important question that you might ask yourself is: “How do I get a good job?”___【小题1】____.
There are people who can answer an insignificant advertisement in the local paper and land the best job in the world; others write to all sorts of places all over the country, and never seem to get a reply at all. Still others believe that the in-person, door-to-door approach is by far the best way to get a job; and then there are those who, through no active decision of their own, just seem to be in the right place at the right time. ___【小题2】___. He used to spend a lot of his free time down by the sea watching the tall ships, but never thinking that he might one day sail one of them. His father was a farmer, and being a sailor could never be anything for the boy but an idle dream. One day, on his usual wandering, he heard the captain of the ship complaining that he could not sail because one member of his crew was sick. Without stopping to think, the lad（少年） offered to take his place. __【小题3】__.
_【小题4】__. If the lad had gone home to ponder（考虑）his decision for a week, he may have missed his chance. It is one thing to be offered an opportunity; it is another thing to take it and use it well.
Sometimes we hear stories about people who break all the rules and still seem to land plum jobs（美差）. When you go for a job interview or fill out an application, you are expected to say nice things about the company to which you are applying. __【小题5】___ And within a year this person had become general manger of the company.
|A．This story also illustrates the importance of seizing an opportunity when it presents itself.|
|B．People find jobs in an infinite number of ways.|
|C．it’s almost impossible to find a good job by answering advertisement in newspapers|
|D．Take for example the young man who wanted to be a sailor.|
E．But there was one person who landed an excellent job by telling the interviewer all the company’s faults.
F．He spent the rest of his life happily sailing the ships he had always loved.
G．It is very important to seize an opportunity when it presents itself.