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2014届河北省邯郸市高三第一次模拟考试英语试卷(带解析)

适用年级:高三 | 试卷年份:2014年 | 省份:河北 | 试卷类型:月考试卷 | 上传日期:累计组卷次数 | 下载word版

其他

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
There are thousands of coral reefs(珊瑚礁) in the world; Unfortunately, however, they are now in serious danger. More than one-third are in such bad shape that they could die within ten years.    【小题1】   Here are the three main causes discovered.
The first cause is pollution on land. The pollutants run with rainwater into rivers and streams, which carry the poisons into the ocean.  【小题2】   So they will be easily infected(感染) with diseases.
 【小题3】   Higher ocean temperatures kill the important food source(来源) for the coral—the algae, the tiny greenish-gold water plants that live on coral.  【小题4】   This process has happened more and more frequently in recent years.
The last factor contributing to the disappearance of coral reefs is people. People sometimes crash into reefs with their boats, breaking off large blocks of coral.  【小题5】   Moreover, some people even break coral off to collect for souvenirs since it is so colorful and pretty.

A.Global warming is another reason./ I* [ a# H* [) _
B.Many might not even last that long! / I* [ a# H* [) _
C.Divers who walk on reefs can also do serious damage./ I* [ a# H* [) _
D.Reefs provide a home for 25% of the fish in the ocean./ I* [ a# H* [) _
E. Chemicals from the poisons kill reefs or make them weak.
F. Steps must be taken now to stop over-fishing and pollution of the oceans.
G. When the algae die, the coral loses its color and it also dies in the end.

答案与解析 在线组卷

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于3个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
Simon: Linda, do you know when the visitors from China are coming?
Linda: We offer them three 【小题1】 (choose): the end of March, the middle of April and the beginning of May, and they chose the earliest 【小题2】 ,which is good actually with exams   【小题3】 (come)up in May.
Simon: Right. And how many are coming? Did you say about 8?
Linda: Yes, they said 8 at first, but 【小题4】 ( change) to 6 this morning.
Simon: Good, we have 5 weeks to prepare. Here are my suggestions. On the first day, a welcome party, then they can visit 【小题5】 schools in the district on the second and third days.
Linda: We’ve got to remember this group wants to look at how the Internet is being 【小题6】  (use)in the classroom. That’s   【小题7】 they are coming for.
Simon: Exactly, 【小题8】 I want to ask Mr. Tod to give them a talk on this on the afternoon of the third day.
Linda: That will fit in very 【小题9】 (nice).
Simon: And on the last day, they would do some sightseeing. We could take them on the tour of London, but many of them 【小题10】 have been there already, and Scotland will be too far away.
Linda: Why not take them for a walk along the coast? It should be interesting.
Simon: Good idea! Linda. I’m sure they’ll like it.

答案与解析 在线组卷

完型填空

People say one man's trash(垃圾) is another man's treasure. That     comes to me as I    the house purchased in 1962 by my parents. My mother passed away in 1996. My father left the house    my sister and me when he died a few months ago.
After Dad was     , we looked around the     house where we grew up and that Dad loved so much. At first we felt so     all the stuff(东西) left. Like so many of their generation, my parents     everything. And like many in my generation, we faced anxious     about what to abandon and what to keep.
As we started throwing out old phone books and every medical bill from every     my parents ever saw, I also     many hidden treasures. Mom's pocketbook was in their bedroom closet, which had everything in it,     her hairbrush with hair, as if she were still here. And Dad, who was a World War II veteran(退伍兵) and a world traveler,      everything -- from little spoons from all over the world to every letter he wrote to his parents while in the     . The letters he wrote during the war     his thoughts as a young man. Later, in the basement, I     our old kitchen table, which brought back     of my parents and sister and me having breakfast together.
I'm realizing all these things     my parents' life journey. Each time I go to     , I find something that reminded me of my childhood or teaches me something about my parents I     knew.     , from the shabby furniture to all the hidden treasures, means more to me than all the money in the world.

【小题1】- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U
A.coincidence- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UB.goal- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UC.principle- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UD.thought- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U
- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U
【小题2】- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U
A.looked for- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UB.looked through- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UC.looked into - J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UD.looked after- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U
- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U
【小题3】- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U
A.to- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UB.for- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UC.with- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UD.by- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U
- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U
【小题4】- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U
A.retired- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UB.ill- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UC.gone - J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UD.injured- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U
- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U
【小题5】- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U
A.clean - J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UB.strange- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UC.empty - J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UD.modern- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U
- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U
【小题6】- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U
A.pleased with- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UB.familiar with - J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UC.astonished at- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UD.disappointed at- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U
- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U
【小题7】- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U
A.saved- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UB.enjoyed- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UC.purchased- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UD.designed- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U
- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U
【小题8】- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U
A.decisions- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UB.bargains- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UC.challenges- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UD.responsibilities- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U
- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U
【小题9】- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U
A.person - J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UB.doctor- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UC.neighbor - J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UD.child- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U
- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U
【小题10】- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U
A.bought- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UB.discovered- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UC.buried- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UD.lost- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U
- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U
【小题11】- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U
A.just- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UB.even - J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UC.only- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UD.yet- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U
- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U
【小题12】- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U
A.liked- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UB.bought- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UC.kept- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UD.lost- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U
- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U
【小题13】- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U
A.countryside - J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UB.school- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UC.college- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UD.army- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U
- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U
【小题14】- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U
A.receive- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UB.direct- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UC.sense- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UD.describe- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U
- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U
【小题15】- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U
A.repaired - J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UB.cleaned- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UC.spotted- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UD.set- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U
- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U
【小题16】- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U
A.introductions- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UB.memories- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UC.descriptions - J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UD.communications- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U
- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U
【小题17】- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U
A.represented- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UB.recognized- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UC.instructed- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UD.confirmed- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U
- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U
【小题18】- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U
A.the supermarket- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UB.church- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UC.my office- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UD.the house- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U
- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U
【小题19】- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U
A.merely - J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UB.always- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UC.really- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UD.never- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U
- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U
【小题20】- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U
A.Everything- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UB.Nothing- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UC.Anything- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ UD.Something- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U
- J+ @; c' D# d* j8 K$ U

答案与解析 在线组卷

阅读理解

I used to think of myself as a fairly open person, but my bookshelves told a different story. Apart from a few Indian novels and the Australian and South African book, my literature collection consisted of British and American titles. Worse still, I hardly ever read anything in translation. My reading was limited to stories by English-speaking authors.
So, at the start of 2012, I set myself the challenge of trying to read a book from every country in a year to find out what I was missing. As I was unlikely to find publications from nearly 200 nations on the shelves of my local bookshop, I decided to ask the planet’s readers for help. I created a blog called A Year of Reading the World and put out an appeal for suggestions of titles that I could read in English.
The response was amazing. Before I knew it, people all over the planet were getting in touch with ideas and offers of help. Some posted me books from their home countries. Others did hours of research on my behalf. In addition, several writers sent me unpublished translations of their novels, giving me a rare opportunity to read works otherwise unavailable to the 62% of the British who only speak English. Even so, selecting books was no easy task. With translations making up only around 4.5 percent of literary works published in the UK and Ireland, getting English versions (版本)of stories was difficult.
But the effort was worth it. I found I was visiting the mental space of the storytellers. These stories not only opened my mind to the real life in other places, but opened my heart to the way people there might feel.
And that in turn changed my thinking. Through reading the stories shared with me by bookish strangers around the globe, I realised I was not alone, but part of a network that spread all over the planet. 
【小题1】Which of the following might be found on the blog A Year of Reading the World?

A.Lists of English version books.! R% Y+ M/ Z; P% a5 C
B.Research on English literature.! R% Y+ M/ Z; P% a5 C
C.Unfinished novels by British writers.! R% Y+ M/ Z; P% a5 C
D.Comments on English literature.! R% Y+ M/ Z; P% a5 C
【小题2】Why was it hard for the author to select the right books to read?
A.The author had a busy schedule.! R% Y+ M/ Z; P% a5 C
B.The author was only interested in a few topics.! R% Y+ M/ Z; P% a5 C
C.The author could only read books written in English.! R% Y+ M/ Z; P% a5 C
D.Most books recommended are not available in local bookshops.! R% Y+ M/ Z; P% a5 C
【小题3】The author is probably from_________.
A.America! R% Y+ M/ Z; P% a5 C B.the UK! R% Y+ M/ Z; P% a5 C C.Australia! R% Y+ M/ Z; P% a5 C D.Canada! R% Y+ M/ Z; P% a5 C
【小题4】Which of the following words can best describe the author’s experience?
A.fast and effortless! R% Y+ M/ Z; P% a5 C B.challenging but rewarding! R% Y+ M/ Z; P% a5 C
C.hopeless but beneficial! R% Y+ M/ Z; P% a5 C D.meaningful but fruitless! R% Y+ M/ Z; P% a5 C

答案与解析 在线组卷

My oldest child, Emma, just returned to campus after a long holiday break to finish up her last period of college. These days, friends and family have begun flooding me with one question: What is she going to do after graduation?
The job market is, after all, awfully tough. Just this month the Federal Reserve Bank published a study showing that “recent graduates are increasingly working in low-paid jobs or working part-time.” The bright spot, according to the study, is for students who majored(主修) in STEM— science, technology, engineering and mathematics — areas in which recent graduates “have tended to do relatively well”.
But Emma is a student of the humanities(人文) at a small college. She’s an American Studies major with a focus on the politics and culture of food. For quite a while, I think her field of study is so fashionable right now that I’m not the least bit worried she will find a good job. Yet the more I’ve thought about it, the more I’ve decided to be honest. “I’m not sure what Emma is going to do,” I now say. “But she’s gotten a great education and has really found her interest. — and I know those things will serve her well over the course of her life.”
Nowadays, more and more universities and colleges are being measured by the salaries of their recent graduates. In this climate, encouraging your kid to study the humanities, seems, at best, unwise or, at worst, unconcerned with earning a living. But a college is not a vocational(职业) school. And promoting STEM subjects should not be society’s only answer to helping the next generation grow in a competitive world.
From the beginning, we never urged Emma to pick a college or a major with an eye on its expected return on money, as more and more families are doing. To Emma, what really matters will be something that we may not be able to measure for quite a long time: Emma’s contribution to the world and how happy she is in it.
【小题1】The author’s friends and family_________.

A.are worried about Emma’s safety! Y- I( Y* O/ Z% S 
B.have been worrying about the flood! Y- I( Y* O/ Z% S 
C.are concerned about Emma’s future! Y- I( Y* O/ Z% S 
D.are worried about the job market! Y- I( Y* O/ Z% S 
【小题2】What can we learn from Paragraph 2?
A.The number of the graduates is increasing.! Y- I( Y* O/ Z% S 
B.STEM graduates can be better employees.! Y- I( Y* O/ Z% S 
C.STEM graduates are in relatively greater demand.! Y- I( Y* O/ Z% S 
D.More and more graduates like to do a part-time job.! Y- I( Y* O/ Z% S 
【小题3】Why did Emma choose a major in the humanities?
A.Because she is interested in it.! Y- I( Y* O/ Z% S 
B.Because her mother told her to.! Y- I( Y* O/ Z% S 
C.Because it is increasingly popular.! Y- I( Y* O/ Z% S 
D.Because she wants further education.! Y- I( Y* O/ Z% S 
【小题4】According to the author, what matters most in choosing a major is that_________.
A.it should be among the STEM ! Y- I( Y* O/ Z% S 
B.it should be fashionable and interesting! Y- I( Y* O/ Z% S 
C.it should allow a good job and a high salary! Y- I( Y* O/ Z% S 
D.it should bring achievements and happiness! Y- I( Y* O/ Z% S 

答案与解析 在线组卷

Recently a study, led by Pedro Hallal of the Federal University, suggests that nearly a third of adults, 31%, are not getting enough exercise. That rates of exercise have declined is hardly a new discovery. Since the beginning of the industrial revolution, technology and economic growth have helped to create a world in which taking exercise is more and more an option rather than a necessity. But only recently have enough good data been collected from enough places to carry out the sort of analysis Dr Hallal and his colleagues have engaged in.
There are common themes in different places. Unsurprisingly, people in rich countries are less active than those in poor ones, and old people are less active than young ones. Less obviously, women tend to exercise less than men—34% are inactive, compared with 28% of men. But there are exceptions. The women of Croatia, Finland, Iraq and Luxembourg, for example, move more than their male countrymen.
Malta wins the race for most slothful country, with 72% of adults getting too little exercise, and Swaziland and Saudi Arabia are in close behind, with 69%. In Bangladesh, just 5% of adults fail to exercise enough. Surprisingly, six Americans in ten are active enough according to Dr Hallal’s study, compared with fewer than four in ten British.
These high rates of inactivity are worrying. Human beings seem to have evolved(进化) to benefit from exercise while deliberately avoiding it whenever they can. In a state of nature it would be impossible to live a life that did not provide enough of it. But that is no longer the case. Actually lack of enough activity these days has nearly the same effect on life span(寿命) as smoking.
【小题1】We may learn from Paragraph 1 that_________.

A.the decline of exercise rates is newly discovered # S, Z% E3 V, _
B.the study suggests 31% of female adults get too little exercise # S, Z% E3 V, _
C.the good enough data has been collected from only one country# S, Z% E3 V, _
D.the industrial revolution has changed the way people live to some degree# S, Z% E3 V, _
【小题2】According to the study, women of Luxembourg_________. 
A.have little time to exercise # S, Z% E3 V, _
B.hate to get regular exercise# S, Z% E3 V, _
C.take more exercise to lose weight# S, Z% E3 V, _
D.exercise more than men in their country# S, Z% E3 V, _
【小题3】The underlined word “slothful” in Paragraph 3 most probably means_________.
A.powerful# S, Z% E3 V, _ B.rich# S, Z% E3 V, _ C.lazy# S, Z% E3 V, _ D.unpopular# S, Z% E3 V, _
【小题4】What can be the best title for the text?
A.Worldwide Lack of Enough Exercise# S, Z% E3 V, _
B.New Health Discovery# S, Z% E3 V, _
C.Evolvement of Human Beings# S, Z% E3 V, _
D.Benefits of Taking Exercise# S, Z% E3 V, _

答案与解析 在线组卷

Welcome to Arundel Castle which is situated in West Sussex, England. The castle has a history of nearly 1000 years and has welcomed visitors traveling from all over the world. Arundel Castle also plays a starring role in many films.

The Gardens
The White Garden is planted with soft white Iceberg Roses, and Snow White Lilies.
The Rose Garden is newly planted with lovely old-fashioned English roses that are at their very best in June and July.
The Organic Kitchen Garden produces a wide range of seasonal fruit and vegetables, pears, cherries and apples.
The Castle Shop
In the Castle Shop, you will discover a wide and interesting range of gift ideas for everyone. It offers gifts and souvenirs designed to appeal to all tastes and pockets. Foods, china, books, and stationery (文具)are all available. Many are sold in this Castle Shop only.
At Arundel Castle we pride ourselves on supporting local suppliers and actively encourage environmentally friendly products.
The Arundel Festival 2014
Saturday 16th to Monday 25th August
The annual Arundel Festival gets bigger and better every year. It is one of the most amazing, diverse and easily accessible arts festivals in the UK, offering a mix of visual arts, music, theatre and street entertainment.
Parking
Coaches and mini-buses can drop off at the main Castle entrance in Mill Road and park in the main town car park that is opposite the Castle entrance. Please inform us when making your booking of how many parking permits are required.
【小题1】When visiting the castle, you can____________.

A.get old-fashioned English roses as gifts F8 h' h% F" ?9 J% V: j" g2 i
B.buy eco-friendly products in the Castle Shop F8 h' h% F" ?9 J% V: j" g2 i
C.get seasonal fruit and vegetables for free F8 h' h% F" ?9 J% V: j" g2 i
D.see how the local gifts are being made F8 h' h% F" ?9 J% V: j" g2 i
【小题2】How long does the Arundel Festival last this year?
A.10 days F8 h' h% F" ?9 J% V: j" g2 i B.One week F8 h' h% F" ?9 J% V: j" g2 i C.16 days F8 h' h% F" ?9 J% V: j" g2 i D.One month F8 h' h% F" ?9 J% V: j" g2 i
【小题3】Where can you park the coach?
A.In Mill Road F8 h' h% F" ?9 J% V: j" g2 i B.Inside the Castle F8 h' h% F" ?9 J% V: j" g2 i
C.In the main town car park F8 h' h% F" ?9 J% V: j" g2 i D.At the main Castle entrance F8 h' h% F" ?9 J% V: j" g2 i

答案与解析 在线组卷

短文改错

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中
共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或
修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(/\),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
Dear Tom,
How is everything going recently? That has been a long time since we meet in China last time. Having passed the finally exams, I am busy planning a two-weeks trip to the US during this winter holiday. Do you have any suggestions about the choice of America cities? I prefer to big and modern cities. I guess I'd better book a hotel. What is the price for single boy like myself? Is it easy to find Chinese food? What is the traffic like, after I travel between cities in the US? Hope to hearing from you. Thank you!
Best regards!
Li Hua

答案与解析 在线组卷

书面表达

假如你是李华,英国交换生Anna将来你校学习中文并住在你家(幸福路58号), 请你应她的要求,根据下图介绍你家周边的情况,以便她初步了解在中国的生活。

注意;
1. 词数100左右;
2. 可适当增加细节使行文连贯;
3. 开头和结尾已经给出,不计
入总词数。
Dear Anna,
I am so happy to learn you are coming to study in our school and stay at my home.
____________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________           
I can’t wait to see you in China.
Yours
Li Hua

答案与解析 在线组卷