| 适用年级：高一 | 在线组卷：【进入】 | 省份：江西 | 试卷类型：期末考试
 Sooner or later everyone has to write something-a thank-you note, a report at a meeting, a complaint or an apology. If you have writing assignment(作业) in school, or if you still fear to put pen to paper, facing that empty page is almost as frightening as you are facing a tiger. How to write it? There is no mystery. Clear writing is just clear thinking. Here are some techniques for you.
 Thinking on paper
Sit down with a pencil and paper or at the computer screen and start outlining(概述，略述) what you want to say, why it is important, why it matters, and what its impact is on the reader. Just get the ideas down. The next step is to go back and put them in order.
 Writing first sentence
Try to make your first sentence catch the reader’s eyes, because ________, the reader is not going to read on. Get a good, clear lead sentence that summarizes your points and answers the reader’s question “What is in it for me?” if you can not do it in one sentence, then do it in two or three but keep them short.
 Remembering the reader
Short, simple words are better than long words. Short sentences are better than long sentences. Remember that the goal is to communicate, not to express yourselves. Most people are so devoted to what they want to say that they forget somebody else has to be able to read it. Too much information makes you lose readers before they get to the meat(实质) of what you want to say.
 Reading and rewriting
Read out what you have written loud, and listen for any awkward(笨拙的) sentences. All good writers read, then rewrite. Back off a little bit from what you are writing. It is an old standard, but if you can, write something and come back a day later.
【小题1】What is the best title for the passage? (no more than 8 words)
【小题2】Which of the techniques do you think is the best for you? Why? (within 15 words)
【小题3】Fill in the blank in Paragraph 3 with proper words. (within 5 words)
【小题4】What’s the last step to write a better writing according to the passage? (within three words)
【小题5】What does the underlined word “it” (paragraph 2) probably refer to? (five words)
I’d rather have a house that was _____ attractive to look at, but ______ comfortable to live in.
|A．less; more||B．no; most||C．little; most||D．no; much|
…Was it in the park ______ you met Tom yesterday?
… Come to supper with us, Peter.
… Great! I _______ bring a bottle of wine.
Millions of pounds’ worth of damage ______ by a storm which swept across the north of England last night.
|A．has been caused||B．had been caused||C．will be caused ||D．will have been caused|
For many cities in the world, there is no room to spread out further, ______ New York is an example.
|A．for which||B．in which||C．of which||D．from which|
The couple offered to ________ my house while I was on holiday in Hawaii, which was really kind of them..
|A．look over||B．take over||C．hand over||D．watch over|
“Mary, don’t take it ______ when your teacher makes some general and unpopular remarks in class. Just try your best”, said her mother.
… I was awarded a prize for doing volunteer work.
|A．You’ve got it ||B．You deserve it||C．Good idea||D．Here we are|
Insurance statistics show that most wives ________ their husbands, which means that women have stronger hearts.
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… Will you go to the meeting for their discussion?
… No, ______ invited. I don’t feel like getting involved in their business.
…Do you have anything to say for yourselves?
…Yes, there is one point _______ we must insist on.
The girl got nothing in ______ for her kindness, which made her very sad.
I think the director’s attitude ________ this program will decide what we should do next.
After several sleepless nights, Mr. Smith ______ a perfect solution to the financial problems of his company.
|A．kept up with ||B．put up with ||C．came up with ||D．ended up with|
If you want to know more about _______ factory, you can go and ask ______ man wearing a beard.
|A．/; the||B．the; a||C．/; a||D．the; the|
I could have easily gone through life without getting to know one of the most romantic feelings…love for a dog. For at least ten years my had been suggesting that we get a dog．There were several reasons why the idea . We had noticed that, on our block, couples with no children as a rule one large or two small dogs. So we got one puppy we too had no children.
He flew into the house with the of a Formula 1(一级方程式赛车). In several minutes he ran over all the house, from my shoulder onto the bed, and ended up in the , where my wife washed him with motherly . From that day on, the invisible(看不见的) for the love of the new member of our household began at my home.
He seemed to that at once. Most of the meals that my wife had for him with greater care than those for me…he didn’t look at.
Every evening I went out walking with him. I could not know who was walking whom one evening, when, tired from work, I the walk. The dog was very angry and dragged me out.
Last night our dog pulled me by the ear with his teeth, me up in my dream, and dragged me into the kitchen to make me turn off the which had disturbed(干扰) his sleep. I meekly(乖乖地) that I had forgotten to switch off the light, but that was not . He looked at me like a teacher at a pupil who repeatedly makes .
Now we finally know who’s the at home, and for twenty years we had seriously argued whether it was my wife or I.
【小题1】A. wife B son C．husband D．daughterA
|A．came up with||B．came out||C．came up ||D．came onC|
|A．gave in||B．gave up||C．gave away||D．gave out|
When Julio Diaz stepped off the subway after work one night, he was simply planning to go to his favorite local diner for a meal. But when a teenage boy approached him with a knife, Diaz knew the evening was about to take a more dramatic(巨大而突然的) turn.
The young man demanded Diaz’s wallet, and Diaz passed it over without objection(异议). But just as he turned to walk away, Diaz called, “Hey, wait a minute. You forgot something.”
The young man turned around, surprised.
“If you’re going to rob people for the rest of the night, you might as well take my coat to keep warm.”
The teenager looked at Diaz in disbelief, and asked why he would do such a thing. Diaz replied, “If you’re willing to risk your freedom for a few dollars, I guess you must really need the money.”He said he was heading out for dinner, and that he would be happy to take someone with him.
The young man decided to take Diaz up on his offer. As they were sitting at the table, the manager, dishwashers and waiters all stopped over to say hello to Diaz, and the young man was amazed at his popularity.
“Haven’t you been taught that you should be nice to everybody?”Diaz asked him.
“Yeah, but I didn’t think people actually behaved that way,” the teenager replied. Thanks to Diaz, he was beginning to see that kindness wasn’t so strange, after all.
When the bill came, Diaz told the teen that he’d have to get the check. After all, he still had Diaz’s wallet.
But the teenager put the wallet on the table without a moment’s thought, and Diaz treated him to dinner. Diaz also gave the would-be robber a $20 bill — in exchange for his knife. “I figure, you know, if you treat people right, you can only hope that they treat you right,” Diaz said.
【小题1】When a teenage boy approached him with a knife, Diaz was on his way ________.
|A．to the subway station.||B．to his workplace.|
|C．to have a meal.||D．to see a drama.|
【小题2】The young man felt surprised when Diaz ________.
|A．stepped off the subway platform|
|B．passed the wallet over without objection|
|C．called him to wait for a moment |
|D．invited him to have dinner together|
【小题3】The underlined part “take Diaz up on”can be replaced by “________”.
|A．follow ||B．understand ||C．check ||D．accept|
【小题4】The teenager gave the wallet back to Diaz maybe because _________.
|A．Diaz was so popular with people in the restaurant|
|B．he began to realize people should be nice to others|
|C．Diaz had to pay for the meal they had together|
|D．he had been given a $20 bill to take with him|
【小题5】Diaz possibly felt _________ during the whole night.
|A．relaxed and happy ||B．worried and helpless|
|C．angry and scared||D．surprised and anxious|
Country-dwellers(农村居民) often say the constant noise, heavy traffic and crowds of the city would drive them mad. Well, they might be right, according to the latest research. City residents are more likely to develop mental illnesses than those who live in villages, a study has found.
Researchers from Cardiff university examined the lifestyles of more than 200,000 people in Sweden and found that those who lived in urban areas were more at risk from mental illnesses than people who lived in villages.
The experts don’t know exactly why this is but they suggest that town and city residents are more likely to be ostracized(排挤) by those around them. They are more likely to experience discrimination(歧视) if they do not fit in, which can lead to them feeling anxious and even developing mental illnesses.
Dr Stanley Zammit, who led the research said that people living in towns and cities are more likely to develop other mental illnesses that result in personality changes — a condition known as non-affective psychosis(非情感性精神病).
Earlier this year an official report found that village-dwellers live an average of two years longer than those living in towns and cities. According to figures from the Office of National Statistics in the UK, men who live in villages are likely to live for between 78 and 79 years, while those in towns and cities can expect to survive to an age of 76. Women on average survive to their 81st birthday in towns and cities, but live to between 82 and 83 in villages. The small marked town of Wimborne Minster in rural Dorset was named the healthiest place to live in.
【小题1】What is the passage mainly about?
|A．Country-dwellers are more likely to develop mental illnesses.|
|B．City-dwellers are more likely to develop mental illnesses.|
|C．Country-dwellers live longer than city-dwellers.|
|D．City-dwellers live longer than country-dwellers.|
【小题2】The research from Cardiff University was based on the people’s _________
【小题3】It can be inferred that ___________
|A．people like living in towns and cities|
|B．city-dwellers enjoy their peaceful city life|
|C．village-dwellers are more likely to be looked down upon by others|
|D．village-dwellers get along better with their neighbors than city-dwellers.|
【小题4】Non-affective psychosis is a kind of mental illnesses that is linked to ________
|A．character change ||B．temperature rise|
|C．pressure increase||D．energy weakening|
【小题5】We can learn from the last paragraph that generally ________ .
|A．women living in villages live the longest|
|B．women living in cities live the longest|
|C．men living in villages live the longest|
|D．men living in cities live the longest.|
The Internet can provide a wealth of educational resources for small children, if you know where to look. This article will offer some educational websites to small children. You may need to assist your children in navigating(导航) the pages until they understand where their favorite activities are.
Enchanted learning is a great website for children, and I know several teachers who rely on it for materials for their classrooms. Most of the information is free, but for $20.00 per year, you can purchase a membership that allows you to have access to the site without the advertising. The pages here are great. There are colored pages and worksheets for toddlers(学步儿童) and school-age children. They focus on learning language, science, animals, geography, astronomy, explorers, music, art and nursery rhymes.
Starfall is another good educational website for small children. Teachers often use this website in classrooms. It emphasizes reading skills for early learners. The website is aimed at first grade level learners, but it has tools that can help all children from pre-K to second grade. The website has reading activities, worksheets to download, and a store where you can purchase educational materials for your children.
Sesame Street Workshop
Kids love Sesame Street, and it is always educational. This is one of the funniest websites online for children because it is very well animated and has great sound effects. The website has games and stories for small kids, and they can create letters at the post office and mail them to their favorite characters.
Sprout has features on its television network, which are just for children. There are games, colored pages, recipes, music, videos, sign language activities and exercise videos for children. There are also online activities based on Sprout television shows. These include Roary the Race Car, the Wiggles, the Mighty Jungle and many others.
These are just a few of many educational websites for children. Small children love to use computers, so help them find some websites that contain fun and learning at the same time.
【小题1】What’s the purpose of the author in writing this passage?
|A．To introduce some educational websites to parents for their kids.|
|B．To let parents distinguish between good and bad websites.|
|C．To attract the readers to download some useful information.|
|D．To enrich young children’s spare time with some Internet games.|
【小题2】What’s the difference between people who have memberships and those who don’t?
|A．With a membership, you can get the information for free.|
|B．You can download materials you want for free with a membership.|
|C．With a membership, you can have access to the site without the ads.|
|D．You can look through more pages with a membership.|
【小题3】If you want to buy educational materials for your children, you should choose _________ .
|A．Enchanted Learning. ||B．Starfall|
|C．Sesame Street Workshop.||D．Sprout Online.|
【小题4】Why does the Sesame Street Workshop have more fun than others?
|A．Because it has games and stories for young kids．|
|B．Because children can mail letters to their favorite characters.|
|C．Because it is always educational, and children love it..|
|D．Because it has great sound effects and animation.|
【小题5】It can be learnt from the passage that ______ .
|A．Enchanted Learning has reading activities and worksheets to download.|
|B．Starfall is designed for learners from pre-K to second grade|
|C．the Wiggles and the MightyJungle are not based on television shows.|
|D．websites that involve joy and learning are beneficial to kids.|
Most people know that Marie Curie was the first woman to win the Nobel Prize, and the first person to win it twice. However, few people know that she was also the mother of a Nobel Prize winner.
Born in September, 1897, Irene Curie was the first of the Curies’ two daughters. Along with nine other children whose parents were also famous scholars, Irene studied in their own school, and her mother was one of the teachers. She finished her high school education at the College of Sevigne in Paris.
Irene entered the University of Paris in 1914 to prepare for a degree in mathematics and physics. When World War I began, Irene went to help her mother, who was using X-ray facilities(设备) to help save the lives of wounded soldiers. Irene continued the work by developing X-ray facilities in military hospitals in France and Belgium. Her services were recognized in the form of a Military Medal by the French government.
In 1918, Irene became her mother’s assistant at the Curie Institute. In December 1924, Frederic Joliot joined the Institute, and Irene taught him the techniques required for his work. They soon fell in love and were married in 1926. Their daughter Helene was born in 1927 and their son Pierre five years later.
Like her mother, Irene combined family and career. Like her mother, Irene was awarded a Nobel Prize, along with her husband, in 1935. Unfortunately, also like her mother, she developed leukemia because of her work with radioactivity(辐射能). Irene Joliot-Curie died from leukemia on March 17, 1956.
【小题1】Why was Irene Curie awarded a Military Medal?
|A．Because she received a degree in mathematics.|
|B．Because she contributed to saving the wounded.|
|C．Because she won the Nobel Prize with Frederic.|
|D．Because she worked as a helper to her mother.|
【小题2】Where did Irene Curie meet her husband Frederic Joliot?
|A．At the Curie Institute.||B．At the University of Paris.|
|C．At a military hospital.||D．At the College of Sevigne.|
【小题3】When was the second child of Irene Curie and Frederic Joliot born?
|A．In 1932.||B．In 1927.||C．In 1897.||D．In 1926.|
【小题4】 In which of the following aspects was Irene Curie different from her mother?
|A．Irene worked with radioactivity.|
|B．Irene combined family and career.|
|C．Irene won the Nobel Prize once.|
|D．Irene died from leukemia.|
【小题5】What is the text mainly about?
|A．Marie Curie||B．Irene Curie|
|C．Marie Curie’s husband||D．Irene Curie’s husband|
请你以“My Favorite Sports/Music Star”为题，写一篇英文演讲稿，介绍你最喜欢的一位体育或音乐明星。你的演讲稿需要包括以下内容：