欢迎来到21世纪教育网题库中心! 21世纪教育在线题库首页
21世纪教育网——题库
2016届四川省成都七中高一下期理科英语入学考试卷(带解析)

适用年级:高一 | 试卷年份:2014年 | 省份:四川 | 试卷类型:开学考试 | 上传日期:累计组卷次数 | 下载word版

其他

阅读下面短文并回答问题,然后将答案写到答题卡相应的位置上(请注意每题的词数要求)。
Some years ago, I was hired by an American bank. I received a letter from the head of the Personnel Department that started, “Dear John, I am quite pleased that you have decided to join us.” That “quite” saddened me. I thought he was saying “we’re kind of pleased you decided to join us although I wish we had hired someone else.” Then I discovered that in American English “quite” sometimes means “very”, while in British English it means “fairly”.
So the first lesson about working in other countries is to learn the language and by that I don’t just mean the words people speak. It is body language, dress, manners, ideas and so on. The way people do things highlights many of the differences we see between cultures.
Some of these differences may be only on the surface—dress, food and hours of work-while others may be deeper and take longer to deal with. Mostly, it is just a question of getting used to the differences and accepting them, like the climate, while getting on with business.
Some of the differences may be an improvement. People are more polite; the service is better; you ask for something to be done and it happens without having to ask again. However, other differences can be troubling, like punctuality(准时). If you invite people to a party at 7 o’clock, your guests will consider it polite to turn up exactly on time in Germany, five minutes early in the American Midwest, an hour early in Japan, 15 minutes afterwards in the UK, up to an hour afterwards in Italy and some time in the evening in Greece. I prefer not to use the word “late” because there is nothing wrong with the times people arrive. It is simply the accepted thing to do in their own country.
【小题1】Why was the author unhappy as mentioned in Paragraph 1?(within 12 words)
【小题2】If one wants to work in foreign countries, what should he do first? (within 12 words)
【小题3】What attracts people’s attention to the cultural differences? (within 5 words)
【小题4】Who are usually punctual when invited to a party the people? (within 2 words)
【小题5】According to the author, what should we do with most cultural differences? (within 7 words)

答案与解析 在线组卷

单项选择*

My father gave me _______ determined look --- ________ kind that said he would never change his mind.

A.a, aB.a, theC./, the D.the, a

答案与解析 在线组卷

From mother’s love, patience and understanding, I have learned what a huge responsibility______ is to raise a child.

A.it" C* B# i, D( E0 I4 K B.which " C* B# i, D( E0 I4 K C.that" C* B# i, D( E0 I4 K D.this" C* B# i, D( E0 I4 K

答案与解析 在线组卷

Starring in the hit show “Daddy. Where Are We Going?”, Kimi, together with the other four kids, ________ popular with many teenagers these days.

A.is& f6 J5 C1 X! J% @, M3 A+ b& c B.are& f6 J5 C1 X! J% @, M3 A+ b& c C.was& f6 J5 C1 X! J% @, M3 A+ b& c D.Were& f6 J5 C1 X! J% @, M3 A+ b& c

答案与解析 在线组卷

--- Tom, you seem in high spirits.
--- ________. We won the basketball match.

A.No wonder
/ G5 C& i7 c1 ^7 Y7 P
B.No doubt.
/ G5 C& i7 c1 ^7 Y7 P
C.So what?
/ G5 C& i7 c1 ^7 Y7 P
D.Guess what?
/ G5 C& i7 c1 ^7 Y7 P

答案与解析 在线组卷

Taobao is a popular online shopping website, ________ varieties of items at low prices.

A.provides& ]3 O4 b) Y$ ?$ N B.providing& ]3 O4 b) Y$ ?$ N C.having provided& ]3 O4 b) Y$ ?$ N D.Provided& ]3 O4 b) Y$ ?$ N

答案与解析 在线组卷

--- What a mess Taylor has made!
--- Yes. I_______ her to do it another way, but she wouldn’t listen.

A.was advising. O; `' R7 \( G4 O& M/ L" W+ `5 I9 E: F B.will advise. O; `' R7 \( G4 O& M/ L" W+ `5 I9 E: F C.would advise. O; `' R7 \( G4 O& M/ L" W+ `5 I9 E: F D.had advised. O; `' R7 \( G4 O& M/ L" W+ `5 I9 E: F 

答案与解析 在线组卷

Life is like a play; it’s not the length, but the excellence of acting ________ matters.

A.which 2 A G# ^) X( M- b" GB.that 2 A G# ^) X( M- b" GC.who2 A G# ^) X( M- b" GD.what2 A G# ^) X( M- b" G

答案与解析 在线组卷

We must ________ every chance we have to improve our communicating ability.

A.take care ofB.get along withC.make use ofD.think highly of

答案与解析 在线组卷

Afraid that he might get his hands________, the monkey had the cat _______chestnuts out of the fire.

A.burnt, picked3 g" U; D' ^# i! O# V" fB.burn, pick3 g" U; D' ^# i! O# V" fC.burn, picked3 g" U; D' ^# i! O# V" fD.burnt, pick3 g" U; D' ^# i! O# V" f

答案与解析 在线组卷

It’s said that a(n) _________of $1,000 will be offered to anyone who helps to find the escaped prisoner.

A.reward$ h- _+ @/ e5 U B.price$ h- _+ @/ e5 U C.insurance$ h- _+ @/ e5 U D.pay$ h- _+ @/ e5 U

答案与解析 在线组卷

The new smart robot by Sony, with a camera “eye” on its head, can __________ colors and human faces.

A.organize: [, c$ b1 A- a5 O+ hB.recognize: [, c$ b1 A- a5 O+ hC.determine: [, c$ b1 A- a5 O+ hD.judge: [, c$ b1 A- a5 O+ h

答案与解析 在线组卷

--- Hurry up! We have to get going.
--- Just a minute. I ________the paper.

A.finish/ B1 ?+ e/ Y) V0 `B.finished/ B1 ?+ e/ Y) V0 `C.have finished / B1 ?+ e/ Y) V0 `D.am finishing/ B1 ?+ e/ Y) V0 `

答案与解析 在线组卷

We may think that kids know little about health. _________, they have a high health IQ.

A.For example& M7 V6 ]3 W! e5 C7 H B.As a result& M7 V6 ]3 W! e5 C7 H C.By the way & M7 V6 ]3 W! e5 C7 H D.As a matter of fact& M7 V6 ]3 W! e5 C7 H

答案与解析 在线组卷

At present, many people look forward to the jobs_______they can both have good money and show their gifts fully.

A.why - h' B, F7 Y+ `. f) ^* FB.where- h' B, F7 Y+ `. f) ^* FC.which- h' B, F7 Y+ `. f) ^* FD.when- h' B, F7 Y+ `. f) ^* F

答案与解析 在线组卷

We shouldn’t be too crazy about learning English, but it is also too______to give up English classes in schools.

A.extreme4 A0 G# f. e K8 h" I' \/ ]$ \; K B.upset4 A0 G# f. e K8 h" I' \/ ]$ \; K C.stubborn4 A0 G# f. e K8 h" I' \/ ]$ \; K D.willing4 A0 G# f. e K8 h" I' \/ ]$ \; K

答案与解析 在线组卷

完型填空

The power of encouragement is great. You may draw some inspiration from the following story.
Dante Gabriel Rossetti, a famous 19th-century poet and artist, was once ______ by an elderly man. The old man had some sketches (素描) and drawings that he ______ Rossetti to look at and tell him if they were any good, or if they at least showed_____ talent.
Rossetti looked them____carefully. After the first few, he knew that they were worthless, showing not the least ____of artistic talent. But Rossetti was a_____ man, and he told the elderly man as gently as possible that the pictures were of little ______ and showed little talent. He was sorry, but he could not ____ to the man.
The visitor was ____, but seemed to expect Rossetti’s ____. He then apologized for ______ Rossetti’s time, but would he just ____a few more drawings—these done by a(n) ____ art student? Rossetti looked over the____ batch (一批) of sketches and immediately became enthusiastic over the talent they_____. “These,” he said, “oh, these are good. This young student has great talent. He should be given every____and encouragement in his career as an artist. He has a____future if he will work and stick to it.” 
Rossetti could see that the old man was ______ moved. “Who is this fine young artist?” he asked. “Your son?” “No.” said the old man sadly. “It was I who painted the pictures 40 years ago. ____ I had heard your praise then! For you see, I got discouraged and___ drawing—too soon.”

【小题1】% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \
A.helped% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ B.visited% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ C.inspected% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ D.requested% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \
% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \
【小题2】% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \
A.hoped% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ B.made% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ C.had% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ D.wanted% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \
% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \
【小题3】% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \
A.potential% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ B.commercial% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ C.official% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ D.spiritual% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \
% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \
【小题4】% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \
A.up% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ B.on% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ C.over% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ D.down% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \
% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \
【小题5】% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \
A.sign% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ B.mark% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ C.chance% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ D.view% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \
% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \
【小题6】% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \
A.rude% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ B.kind% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ C.talented% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ D.creative% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \
% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \
【小题7】% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \
A.help% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ B.price% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ C.value% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ D.quality% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \
% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \
【小题8】% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \
A.speak% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ B.apologize% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ C.listen% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ D.lie% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \
% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \
【小题9】% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \
A.disappointed% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ B.annoyed% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ C.delighted% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ D.puzzled% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \
% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \
【小题10】% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \
A.achievement% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ B.adjustment% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ C.statement% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ D.judgment% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \
% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \
【小题11】% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \
A.taking up% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ B.turning up% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ C.making up% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ D.looking up% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \
% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \
【小题12】% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \
A.aim at% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ B.glare at% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ C.look at% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ D.stare at% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \
% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \
【小题13】% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \
A.old% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ B.young% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ C.famous% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ D.talented% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \
% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \
【小题14】% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \
A.first% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ B.second% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ C.third% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ D.last% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \
% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \
【小题15】% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \
A.reviewed% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ B.exposed% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ C.showed% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ D.rejected% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \
% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \
【小题16】% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \
A.help% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ B.time% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ C.chance% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ D.work% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \
% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \
【小题17】% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \
A.charming% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ B.booming% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ C.promising% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ D.touching% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \
% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \
【小题18】% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \
A.slightly% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ B.smoothly% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ C.simply% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ D.deeply% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \
% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \
【小题19】% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \
A.If only% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ B.Only if% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ C.Now that% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ D.As long as% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \
% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \
【小题20】% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \
A.insisted on% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ B.gave up% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ C.headed to% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \ D.led to% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \
% ]0 S1 F a1 `5 F: T$ \

答案与解析 在线组卷

阅读理解

Relax. He is the same little boy you loved yesterday. I smiled trying to hold back the tears. “No, he isn’t. Yesterday I dreamed he would be an astronaut. Today I am hoping he will learn to talk.”
It was like some sort of cosmic joke. I could still recall the day that determined my fate. It was October in Ottawa and the summer breezes had given way to the autumn rainfall of leaves. The snow would begin soon. The crispness (清爽) of coming frost was in the air. My casually mentioning Wyatt’s behavior to Dr. Martin aroused his worries. He started asking me questions about Wyatt’s activities speech pattern and emotions. I still see clearly in my mind the cleanness of the room and all its belongings when the doctor turned to me and said, “He almost sounds autistic (自闭) .”
I couldn’t face that picture in my mind. I had to run to get away from this all too painful place that was reminding me of what was to be my child’s life-being strange.
I could not remember how many times I told myself, “This is normal. He is a little boy who is not talking yet,” when my asking questions met with his blank-eyed response in a restaurant; how many times I would tell myself, “He loves to play on his own for hours at a time and he never gets into trouble,” when Wyatt was playing games that no one else could imagine, let alone join in while other boys in the park were playing together or in small groups played around a sand pail(桶) or toy truck. My life was changing direction. So was Wyatt’s.
I started to hide Wyatt from my friends and neighbor especially from a good friend. It was too painful to let others know about my boy acting strange.
It was a Thursday afternoon and I found one half of a great pair of kitchen scissors was missing. They were unbelievably sharp and could be taken apart so they could be washed or the blades (刀片) sharpened. I knew Wyatt had taken the missing blade.
“Wyatt,” I began as patiently as I could, “Do you see this?” I held up the blade. “Do you know what this is?”
Wyatt put a bunch of Fruit Loops in his mouth. No response.
“Wyatt!” I forced eye contact with him. “Where are the other scissors? See these.” I showed him the half pair.
He smiled big. Ate Fruit Loops. Turned the TV on and off. Still no response.
I didn’t know what to do. It was really hard. “Wyatt,” I tried once more, “Mommy wants these scissors. Can you go get them for Mommy? It will make Mommy so happy if you bring me the scissors.”
“Watch Spongebob.” Wyatt asked as he slid down from his kitchen stool and ran off, leaving me shaking my head and wondering in exactly which way this situation was going to end badly.
Five minutes later, I turned my head to see Wyatt coming downstairs, his favorite doll in one hand, the missing half pair of kitchen scissors in the other. I immediately ran over and took it from him.
“Wyatt!” I hugged him. “Thank you for bringing me the scissors! Good job! You did it! These scissors need to stay in the kitchen. These are Mommy’s scissors!”
Wyatt laughed, looked at me straight in the eye and said, “Mommy so happy!”
I came close to tears. A realization dawned on me that he was the best gift I had ever gotten even though he was not as normal as other children. And why did I hide him from others as if he were some dark and terrible secret. No! He was my pride. It was a long, hard battle to get him to this point, expressing his wants and needs without turning to violence in embarrassment. With love and patience I have found the beautiful, happy boy who would teach me more about life.
And that is the solution.
【小题1】From the first part of the story we can get to know that the son’s problem was _______ to the mother.

A.a heavy blow! Q; a% H, J( ]7 D. L6 W. eB.a white lie! Q; a% H, J( ]7 D. L6 W. e
C.an unforgettable lesson! Q; a% H, J( ]7 D. L6 W. eD.a ridiculous experience! Q; a% H, J( ]7 D. L6 W. e
【小题2】Why could the mother recall the day so clearly when the doctor told her his son’s illness?
A.the questions the doctor asked puzzled her. ! Q; a% H, J( ]7 D. L6 W. e
B.the cleanness of the doctor’s room stuck her ! Q; a% H, J( ]7 D. L6 W. e
C.His son’s illness was beyond her wildest expectation.! Q; a% H, J( ]7 D. L6 W. e
D.The sudden change of weather left her a deep impression.! Q; a% H, J( ]7 D. L6 W. e
【小题3】According to the passage, which of the following indicates that Wyatt is not normal?
A.He never gets into trouble! Q; a% H, J( ]7 D. L6 W. e
B.He responds with blank eyes. ! Q; a% H, J( ]7 D. L6 W. e
C.He plays with others for hours. ! Q; a% H, J( ]7 D. L6 W. e
D.He likes watching TV programmes.! Q; a% H, J( ]7 D. L6 W. e
【小题4】Wyatt brought the missing half of the scissors back to his mother because ____________.
A.his mother forced him to do that ! Q; a% H, J( ]7 D. L6 W. e
B.he could get his favorite doll in reward! Q; a% H, J( ]7 D. L6 W. e
C.he intended to delight his mother ! Q; a% H, J( ]7 D. L6 W. e
D.he realized that the sharp blade would cause danger! Q; a% H, J( ]7 D. L6 W. e
【小题5】What seems to be the solution at the end of the passage?
A.Never hiding Wyatt from normal kids. ! Q; a% H, J( ]7 D. L6 W. e
B.Turning to violence in disappointment occasionally.! Q; a% H, J( ]7 D. L6 W. e
C.Making Wyatt a kind and joyful boy with great care.! Q; a% H, J( ]7 D. L6 W. e
D.Helping Wyatt learn to talk and become an astronaut.! Q; a% H, J( ]7 D. L6 W. e

答案与解析 在线组卷

If you want to attend the hottest events of 2014, don’t waste your time looking through dozens of hotel options or vacation packages. Instead, look to cruise ships that can ferry you to and from the most expected holiday, sporting, and cultural events of the year.
Here’s a look at the some of the most popular:
Australian Open in Melbourne (January 13–26, 2014)
Tennis fans worldwide are eager for the tickets to matches at any one of the four annual Grand Slam events: the Australian Open, French Open, Wimbledon, and the U.S. Open. In January 2014, luxury cruise line Silversea will offer fans a three-night pre-cruise package to the 109th Australian Open in Melbourne. Silversea passengers will attend third round singles matches at Rod Laver Arena on January 17 and 18 before taking the 382-passenger Silver Shadow for a special 15-night Melbourne to Bali voyage.
Carnival in Rio de Janeiro (February 28–March 4, 2014)
Rio de Janeiro’s Carnival is one of the most popular celebrations of its kind in the world, drawing two million visitors each and every day of the festivities that include parades, street fairs, and costume balls. Holland America’s Maasdam will spend three days in Rio during Carnival as part of its 26-day Amazon & Carnival Explorer journey.
2014 FIFA World Cup in Brazil (June 12–July 13, 2014)
If you’re a soccer fan that came up empty in the search for a hotel room for the 2014 FIFA World Cup finals in Rio de Janeiro, there’s still hope. Book MSC Cruises’ 18-night Miami to Rio voyage aboard Divina. The ship departs Miami on May 24 and arrives in Rio just in time for the World Cup.
New Year’s Eve in Hong Kong (December 31, 2014)
Hong Kong is a magical destination and New Year’s Eve festivities and fireworks pull out all the stops to make a holiday trip to that city even more attractive. Crystal Cruises’ all-inclusive luxury ship, Symphony, will spend two nights in Hong Kong-- and celebrate New Year’s Eve Chinese-style—during its 15-night holiday voyage that leaves Bangkok on December 21. This roundtrip voyage also calls on Ho Chi Minh City and Hanoi in Vietnam.
【小题1】According to the passage, which of the following ships will take the longest time of voyage?

A.Silver Shadow.
! O4 _* N4 I( M8 B
B.Maasadam.
! O4 _* N4 I( M8 B
C.Divina.
! O4 _* N4 I( M8 B
D.Symphony.
! O4 _* N4 I( M8 B
【小题2】The events that will take place in Rio de Janeiro in 2014 are ___________.
A.Carnival and FIFA World Cup
! O4 _* N4 I( M8 B
B.New Year’s Eve fireworks and Carnival
! O4 _* N4 I( M8 B
C.the Australian Open and Grand Slam events
! O4 _* N4 I( M8 B
D.New Year's Eve fireworks and FIFA
! O4 _* N4 I( M8 B
【小题3】Where does this passage probably come from?   
A.In a sports magazine.
! O4 _* N4 I( M8 B
B.In a textbook.
! O4 _* N4 I( M8 B
C.In a science report.
! O4 _* N4 I( M8 B
D.In a travel brochure.
! O4 _* N4 I( M8 B
【小题4】The main purpose of the passage is to ___________.
A.give information about the hottest events of 2014
! O4 _* N4 I( M8 B
B.introduce cruise ships to some big events of 2014
! O4 _* N4 I( M8 B
C.describe the most popular tourist destinations in 2014
! O4 _* N4 I( M8 B
D.persuade readers to take cruise ships for 2014 holiday
! O4 _* N4 I( M8 B

答案与解析 在线组卷

Boys at the top of the pecking order(长幼次序) either by birth or because their older brothers died score higher on IQ tests than their younger brothers. 
Norwegian researchers now report that it’s a matter of what they call social rank in the family that gives the first born the highest scores or, if the first born had died young, the next oldest. 
Kristensen and Bjerkedal studied the IQ test results of 241,310 Norwegian men drafted(征兵) into the armed forces between 1967 and 1976. All were aged 18 or 19 at the time. 
The average IQ of first-born men was 103.2, they found second-born men averaged 101.2, but second-born men whose older brother died young scored 102.9. And for third-borns, the average was 100.0. But if both older brothers died young,the third-born score rose to 102.6.
The findings provide “evidence that the relation between birth order and IQ score is dependent on the social rank in the family and not birth order as such.” they concluded.
It’s an issue that has been hotly discussed since at least 1874,when Sir Francis Galton reported that men in noticeable positions tended to be firstborns more often than would have been statistically (统计) expected.
Since then, several studies have reported higher intelligence scores for firstborns, while other analyses have questioned those findings and the methods of those reports.
“These two researchers prove that how study participants(参与者) were raised, not how they were born, is what actually influences their IQs,” said Sulloway, an American professor, who was not part of the research team.
“The elder child pulls ahead,” he said, “perhaps as a result of learning gained through the process of tutoring younger brothers and sisters”. 
“The older child benefits by having to organize and express its thoughts to tutor youngsters”, he said, “while the later born children may have no one to tutor.”
【小题1】According to Norwegain researchers’ finding, which of the following is linked to boys’ IQ?

A.Birth order9 `9 C0 X3 V/ NB.Position in the family 9 `9 C0 X3 V/ N
C.Parents’ social rank9 `9 C0 X3 V/ ND.Educational experience9 `9 C0 X3 V/ N
【小题2】What does the sentence “It’s an issue that has been hotly discussed” underlined in Paragraph 6 mean?
A.Many people take interest in IQ study. 9 `9 C0 X3 V/ N
B.IQ study has gone further and further. 9 `9 C0 X3 V/ N
C.Many people do research on boys’ IQ. 9 `9 C0 X3 V/ N
D.Opinions are divided on the conclusion.9 `9 C0 X3 V/ N
【小题3】According to Kristensen and Bjerkedal’s test results, parents can make youngsters smarter by ________.
A.treating them as the oldest child9 `9 C0 X3 V/ N
B.teaching them as the oldest child9 `9 C0 X3 V/ N
C.talking to them as much as possible9 `9 C0 X3 V/ N
D.encouraging them to express thoughts9 `9 C0 X3 V/ N

答案与解析 在线组卷

“I didn’t hear them call my name,” explained Shelley Hennig to Active Teens (AT) as she talked about that exciting moment on national television when she won the honor of Miss Teen USA 2013. “Are you ready?” is what she heard. Then she said, “I shook my head no, and then they said ‘yes’ and it was announced again."
It was four days after that life changing moment for the seventeen-year-old high school student from Destrehan, Louisiana—she was still on cloud nine.
“I was so shocked! I never believed that it could actually really happen.” Present in the audience(观众)that day were: her mother and father, older brother, her friends, and her dance teacher.
Understanding why members of her family and her friends would be there, AT asked why her dance teacher had traveled so far to see her compete. “She’s always been my role model. I’ve danced with her since I was six. She’s been through so many difficulties and came through them all. I’ve learned to get over bad life’s experiences and learned how to move on because of her.”
One of those bad life’s experiences for Shelley happened three years ago when her brother Brad was killed in a drunk driving accident. He was 18. She found writing helped her get through the rough days. She said, “I write a lot about my brother. I write a lot, a lot, a lot...”
As Miss Louisiana Teen, she traveled around the state speaking to teens about the dangers of drinking and driving. In her role as Miss Teen USA, Shelley will continue to speak to youth about safe driving, in addition to many other things to help the youth.
When AT asked Miss Teen USA if she had any advice for our readers, she said, “Don’t let anyone change you. Hang out with people that make you feel good about yourself. That way, it is easy to be yourself.
【小题1】The underlined words “on cloud nine” in Paragraph 2 can be replaced by ________.

A.frightened B.troubled C.very happy D.very angry
【小题2】Shelley takes her dance teacher as a role model mainly because she is _______.
A.determined B.friendly C.strict D.experienced
【小题3】What did Shelley often do after she became Miss Louisiana Teen?
A.She visited drunken drivers.
B.She gave dance performance.
C.She made speeches on safe driving.
D.She helped other teens with their studies.
【小题4】What suggestion does Shelley give to the teens?
A.Be yourself with the support of friends.
B.Meet friends whenever possible.
C.Go easy on yourself and others.
D.Have a good role model.

答案与解析 在线组卷

MANY of us enjoy doing it: you turn on the camera on your mobile phone and hold it at a high angle (角度), making your eyes look bigger and your cheekbones more marked out. You turn to your best side and click.
There it is – your selfie.
Over the past year, “selfie” has become a well-known term across the globe. This August the Oxford dictionary added the word to their online dictionary and defined it as: “A photograph that one has taken of oneself, typically with a smartphone or webcam and uploaded to a social media website.”
Today it’s not difficult to find social networking pages full of photos people have taken of themselves and their friends. And selfie culture has become especially related to young people. As many as 91 percent of teenagers have posted photos of themselves online, according to a recent survey by the US Pew Research Center.
So what are the reasons for the rise of selfie culture?
“The cult (狂热) of the selfie celebrates regular people,” Pamela Rutledge, a professor at the Massachusetts School of Professional Psychology, told Vogue magazine. “There are many more photographs available now of real people than models.”
Posting selfies also allows you to control your image online. “I like having the power to choose how I look, even if I’m making a funny face,” Samantha Barks, 19, a high school student in the US, told Vogue.
In addition to self-expression and documentation (记录), selfies “allow for an close friendship for long-distance friends, because you can see each other’s faces every day”, wrote Casey Miller at The Huffington Post.
But US psychologist Jill Weber is concerned that selfies might lead to social problems. “There’s a danger that your self-esteem (自尊心) may start to be tied to the comments and ‘likes’ you get when you post a selfie, and they aren’t based on who you are – they’re based on what you look like,” Weber told Vogue. “When you get nothing or a negative response, your confidence can plummet.
【小题1】The first paragraph is intended to _________.

A.explain why selfie is popularB.describe how to make selfie
C.show the importance of selfieD.introduce the topic of selfie
【小题2】How many reasons for the rise of selfie culture are mentioned in the passage?
A.TwoB.ThreeC.FourD.Five
【小题3】What is Jill Weber’s opinion about selfies?
A.Comments on selfie are based on who you are.
B.Selfies have more disadvantages than advantages.
C.Others’ response to selfies might affect one’s self-esteem.
D.Selfies shouldn’t be encouraged for they lead to social problems.
【小题4】The underlined word “plummet” in the last paragraph is closest in meaning to __________.
A.go downB.calm downC.pick upD.build up

答案与解析 在线组卷

单词拼写

根据横线上的首字母提示或括号内的汉语提示完成句子。每空一词,请将答案写在答题卡上的规定位置。
【小题1】The Internet is a__________ to mobile phones via WiFi.
【小题2】The Mona Lisa is a half-length p____________ of a woman by the Italian artist Leonardo da Vinci!
【小题3】When you feel nervous, it is good for you to take a deep b___________ to get relaxed.
【小题4】With all his hopes d__________, he went crazy.
【小题5】Growing up in a big family, you are more l__________ to develop an ability to get on well with others.
【小题6】He took the book _________________(属于) to me by mistake.
【小题7】Adam works in a centre for drug _____________(瘾君子), helping others to stop taking drugs.
【小题8】Picasso’s first ______________(立体派的) paintings were painted in brown and grey.
【小题9】To study a______means to study in a foreign country.
【小题10】Deeply __________(感动) with his honesty, the manager decided to give the young man a job.
【小题11】After the group was ___________(解散) up, all the Beatles had performed as solo artists.
【小题12】ThesceneryinSwitzerland, which is beyond d____________(描述), is attractive to the tourists from the whole world.
【小题13】When Mozart was still a teenager, he was already a big star and______(巡演) Europe giving concerts.
【小题14】Snow is an u___________ sight in this place, because it is usually warm here.
【小题15】A(n) e_____________ is a public show where people can go and see paintings or photographs.

答案与解析 在线组卷

短文改错

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处,每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:把缺词处加个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
Tom had a interesting dream last night. In the dream he took part in a race. At first, he could not run very fast and fell behind. So he didn’t lose heart and keep running. All the students on the playground began to cheer him on, “Come on! Come on!” He was so great encouraged that he ran faster and fast till he caught up with all the other runners. Finally, he got the finishing line first and won the race. Many of his classmate gathered around and congratulated him for his success. They even threw her up into the air…. Just at that time he woke up and found himself was still in bed!

答案与解析 在线组卷

信息匹配

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选项。请将答案写在答题卷上。 (共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)
Thinking is great. But action makes things happen. One of the biggest differences with people who achieve their goals is that they consistently take action. Action takes energy though, so where does that energy come from? It comes from within. Inspiration is a powerful force. ________【小题1】_________.  Here are several ways to light the fire and inspire you to take action:
Be decisive. _______【小题2】_______. Take action and test your results. The act of making a decision and taking action will light the fire of passion. Start taking action, test your path, and learn and adapt along the way, rather than trying to figure everything out up front.
_______【小题3】_________ Maybe you want to get in great shape, but are you acting like you mean it? How many hours are you putting in each week? What routines are you trying? What action are you taking? If you do as planned, you’ll make better choices, and show more confidence.
________【小题4】________. Find some role models and heroes to use to lift your spirits. Just having some examples under your belt can inspire you to new levels. Chances are, no matter what problem or challenge you’re up against, somebody’s been there and done that. If not exactly, then at least you can draw from similar experiences.
Play the favorite scenes in your mind. We all have favorite scenes from movies over the years. It’s those scenes of success, or courage that inspires us. Have these at your mental fingertips and draw from them. Continue to fill and expand your collection by paying attention to the scenes that move you. You can also draw from scenes in real life. ________【小题5】_________. Think of them as flash cards to come out when you need it most. Simply see the scene in your mind, remember the feeling, and use that to fire you up.

中学在线题库: https://tiku.21cnjy.com/ 21教育网题库

答案与解析 在线组卷