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In 1947 a group of famous people from the art world headed by an Austrian conductor decided to hold an intemational festival of music,dance and theatre in Edinburgh. The idea was to reunite Europe after the Second World War.
At the same time, the “Fringe” appeared as a challenge to the official festival.Eight theatre groups turned up uninvited in 1947,in the belief that everyone should have the right to perform,and they did so in a public house disused for years.
Soon,groups of studentsfirstly from Edinburgh University, and later from the universities of Oxford and Cambridge,Durham and Birmingham were making the journey to the Scottish capital each summer to perform theatre by little-known writers of plays in small church halls to the people of Edinburgh.
Today the “Fringe”,once less recognized, has far outgrown the festival with around 1,500 performances of theatre,music and dance on every one of the 21 days it lasts. And yet as early as 1959,with only 19 theatre groups performing,some said it was getting too big.
A paid administrator was first employed only in 1971, and today there are eight administrators working all year round and the number rises to 150 during August itself. In 2004 there were 200 places housing 1,695 shows by over 600 different groups from 50 different countries. More than 1,25 million tickets were sold.
【小题1】Point was the purpose of Edinburgh Festival at he beginning?

A.To bring Europe together again.# \9 Y, Z2 c; Q* R! f6 H
B.To honor heroes of World War 11." ?, j! O$ ?5 W2 V$ F% d
C.To introduce young theatre groups.7 ^3 D. b' V1 g! ^$ g
D.To attract great artists from Europe.+ @ _% J; \' @% I X; Z; E& L, Z3 Q
【小题2】Why did some uninvited theatre groups come to  Edinburgh in 1947?
A.They owned a public house there.
8 @4 E' d5 D- W# T
B.They came to take up a challenge.8 H& _9 Z: A: g2 ? W2 b9 Q, d! c; j
C.They thought they were also famous.$ b [$ L. d6 b2 e
D.They wanted to take part in the festival.% A# e0 d$ H+ U" g! h% J
【小题3】Who joined the "Fringe" after it appeared?
A.they owned a public house there. d( g! C+ T$ a% _& R) g, `# S0 ]
B.University students.4 P6 G5 Y8 [- L$ e
C.人rusts from around the world.
* I2 B7 `: _/ N# d7 ?7 c
D.Performers of music and dance.! `9 ] U# \9 `9 g/ T: G
【小题4】We may learn from the text that Edinburgh Festival.
A.has become a non-official event
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B.has gone beyond an art festival. ^/ [, J' K4 V, a0 j0 C6 a
C.gives shows all year round
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D.keeps growing rapidly. e; Z- Y; g/ Y" U( T- c

答案
【小题1】A
【小题2】D
【小题3】B
【小题4】D

解析【小题1】细节理解题。根据第一段最后一句The idea was to reunite Europe after the Second World War.可知,组织音乐节的目的是为了重新团结欧洲。故选A。
【小题2】细节理解题。根据第二段的in the belief that everyone should have the right to perform可知,他们不请自来是因为,他们认为人人都有权利进行表演。故选D。
【小题3】细节理解题。根据第三段的groups of studentsfirstly from Edinburgh University, and later from the universities of Oxford and Cambridge,Durham and Birmingham可知,后来加入的都是大学的学生,故选B。
【小题4】主旨大意题。A项未提及;艺术节一直以来都是演出戏剧、舞蹈等艺术形式,并未超出艺术范围,B错;文中只提到由eight administrators来全年工作和管理,故C错;根据最后一段的最后一句In 2004 there were 200 places housing 1,695 shows by over 600 different groups from 50 different countries. More than 1,25 million tickets were sold.可知,艺术节发展的非常迅速,D项符合题意,故选D。