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Doctor are known to be terrible pilots. They don't listen because they already know it all. I was lucky: I became a pilot in 1970, almost ten years before I graduated from medical school. I didn't realize then, but becoming a pilot makes me a better surgeon. I loved flying. As I flew bigger, faster planes, and in worse weather. I learned about crew resource management (机组资源管理), or CRM, a new idea to make flying safer. It means that crew members should listen and speak up for a good result, regardless of positions.
I first read about CRM in 1980. Not long after that, an attending doctor and I were flying in bad weather. The controller had us turn too late to get our landing ready. The attending doctor was flying; I was safety pilot He was so busy because of the bad turn, he had forgotten to put the landing gear (起落架) down. He was a better pilot - and my boss - so it felt unusual to speak up. But I had to: Our lives were in danger. I put aside my uneasiness and said, "We need to put the landing gear down now!" That was my first real lesson in the power of CRM, and I've used it in the operating room ever since.
CRM requires that the pilot/surgeon encourage others to speak up. It further requires that when opinions are from the opposite, the doctor doesn't overreact, which might prevent fellow doctors from voicing opinions again. So when I'm in the operating room, I ask for ideas and help from others. Sometimes they're not willing to speak up. But I hope that if I continue to encourage them , someday someone will keep me from “landing gear up”.
【小题1】What dose the author say about doctors in general?

A.They like flying by themselves.! K4 e7 h `1 B- B/ T) S
B.They are unwilling to take advice.' M3 Y5 N4 M: I9 [
C.They pretend to be good pilots.3 S7 f/ ]1 c0 T% K: c3 ]; B6 c2 @
D.They are quick learners of CRM.* J2 P j' U# P" F T6 O
【小题2】The author deepened his understanding of the power of CRM when_______.
A.he saved the plane by speaking up# ^# _0 F) C4 D3 C& E: M3 ?( Y
B.he was in charge of a flying task R' M* M+ g; ?: b0 i" V) a2 `
C.his boss landed the plane too late9 ?) A$ E5 j3 X! j3 Z. J i
D.his boss operated on a patient
% [0 _' \, R6 [8 @- h0 h
【小题3】In the last paragraph”landing gear up” probably means ______.
A.following flying requirements.' @; T+ S# R' F2 O# a' _& \: c0 U8 @2 D
B.overreacting to different opinions.. a' V I, Y$ b+ A5 S0 V" Q
C.listening to what fellow doctors say" [/ Q J# e( A4 W' g
D.making a mistake that may cost lives+ E3 a5 A- d+ Z( b' U
【小题4】Which of the following can be the best title for the text?
A.CRM:A New Way to Make Flying Safe4 D$ W. X" _4 E$ E& K+ _9 f
B.Flying Makes Me a Better Doctor2 U8 g1 K C" K- Q
C.The Making of a Good Pilot
- [$ T' @5 D3 B. i
D.A Pilot-Tumed Doctor
6 c! I1 B8 G# ]; U7 [

答案
【小题1】B
【小题2】A
【小题3】D
【小题4】B

解析【小题1】细节理解题。根据第一行的Doctor are known to be terrible pilots. They don't listen because they already know it all.可知,作者总体上认为doctors不喜欢倾听,他们认为他们什么都懂。故选B。
【小题2】细节理解题。根据第二段最后一句That was my first real lesson in the power of CRM,...可知,作者在经历了一次飞行,给上级提了意见之后,对CRM有了更深的理解,故选A。
【小题3】细节理解题。根据第二段的"We need to put the landing gear down now!"可知,作者提出的降下起落架的建议,使飞机安全着陆;keep sb from doing sth阻止某人某事,这里用的是”landing gear up”,是相反的情况,言外之意是,作者希望有人能够勇敢提出意见,以避免发生危险的事情。划线部分指的是危险的事情,故选D。
【小题4】主旨大意题。作者通过当飞行员的经历,学到了CRM,并运用到了自己的工作中,文章主要讲的是CRM带给作者的好处,B项“飞行使我成为一个更好的医生”最符合题意,故选B。