• One of the things to be learnt in a foreign language is guessing all the time what kind of thing to come when listening to someone talking. People do this all the time in their own language, so it is necessary (必要的) to do this in a foreign language, too. Here are some examples.
1. "What's the matter？" "I went to a party last night, so I…"
2. "I feel so tired these days."" I think you'd better…"
3."Of course, she never stops talking. She is one of the most…"
You can see from the above three examples that the context (上下文) helps a lot in understanding what is being talked about. So "guessing "is very important in understanding English, especially (尤其)spoken English.
【小题1】This passage tells us mainly about _________. A．the importance of "guessing " in learning a foreign language$B: a2 \* ^2 f B．how to guess what one is going to talk about [6 e6 A2 V9 W( X C．some examples of right guessing5 @0 W) Y# I! E* g5 S7 D5 h H' W D．how important it is to guess all the time% \" @+ O% e5 B3 \9 \8 C: A$ j, T2 ]
【小题2】From the context, we can see maybe the finished answer in EXAMPLE 1 is _________. A．"… so I didn't have a good time."* ?0 e$^& O6 X( \8 L. A B．"…so I went to bed very late."' U7 L2 R! G/ d, L C．"…. So I felt unhappy."2 I" G# ?# R4 R D．"… so I got up very early."2 a. I c$ I( _% T
【小题3】 Maybe the finished answer in EXAMPLE 2 is ________. A．"I think you'd better have a good rest and take good care of yourself."& Y2 U4 g4 J- A E8 M. R B．"I think you'd better have something to drink."( E# H% A% N. V& V C．"I think you'd better get some help from your friends."6 f$T( i7 K5 ? D．"I think you'd better be more careful." j, B4 D7 C2 A( [& Z6 F1 c5 e • Two magazines recently listed the best cities to live in. Here are two of the cities listed as “ the world’s best.” SAN JOSE, COSTARICA The city has comfortable weather all year round (15℃to 26℃). Housing is not very expensive in SAN JOSE. Also, many of the city’s older neighborhoods are very beautiful and have small hotels and cafes. Beautiful mountains are around the city. Lots of people go sightseeing there every year. But air pollution is a problem in the city center. Hong Kong, CHINA This lively city­­­---- once a small fishing village----- is today an international business center. It is an interesting mix of East and West, old and new. Modern tall buildings are next to small temples (庙宇). Popular nightclubs are close to traditional teahouses. Busy people fill the streets at all hours of the day. But outside the city, there are parks for walking or relaxing. Hong Kong is famous for its wonderful native dishes. There’s also food from Europe, North America, and other parts of Asia. However, this small city has a large population of nearly seven million! That’s why housing is often very expensive. Traffic and air pollution are also a problem. ( ) 1. Which of the following is NOT mentioned about San Jose? A. The weather B. The mountains C. The air D. The traffic ( ) 2. What makes Hong Kong the world’s best according to this passage? A. The lively city and the wonderful dishes. B. The large population and the traffic. C. The expensive housing. D. The beautiful temples. ( ) 3. What do the two cities have in common? A. They both have beautiful mountains. B. They both have a large population. C. Air pollution is a problem in both cities. D. They are both crowded. ( ) 4. The word “mix” here means _________. A. 交点 B. 融合 C. 区别 D. 中点 ( ) 5. From the passage, we can know that_________. A. San Jose and Hong Kong are the only two cities of the world’s best. B. Housing in San Jose is not very expensive. C. the weather in both cities is fine. D. San Jose used to be a small fishing village. • Thousands of years ago, people only ate food that was grown near their homes. Some kinds of food were only grown in one place, so people from other places didn’t know about them. When Europeans first traveled to Central and South America in the 1500s, they discov­ered strange kinds of food that they had never seen before. Today, these are grown in a lot of different countries and they’re sold in supermarkets all over the world. They don’t seem strange any more! Potatoes were first grown in the Andes in South America. In 1586， they were taken to Europe by explorers(探险家).In 1719， they were taken to North America. Before 1719， nobody in North America had ever seen or eaten a potato. Today each American eats more than 60 kilos of potatoes a year. Tomatoes were also first grown by native(本地的)Americans. When European explorers visited the south of America in 1500, they took tomato seeds(种子)back to Europe. Soon, tomatoes were grown in Europe, but people in England didn’t eat them. At that time, a lot of English people thought that tomatoes were poisonous! Chilies(辣椒)have been eaten in Central and South America for more than 8 ，000 years ！ In the 1500s, chilies were taken to Europe by explorers. Today, they are grown in hot coun­tries all over the world. 11. How many kinds of food are mentioned in the passage? A. Two. B. Three. C. Four. 12. People in Central and South America have eaten chilies for more than years. A. 1,500 B. 1,586 C. 8,000 13. The underlined word "poisonous" in the passage means " " in Chinese. A.有毒的 B.重要的 C.辛辣的 14. According to the passage, we know that . A. people only ate food grown near their homes after 1719 B. people in Europe were the first to plant potatoes C. the European explorers took chilies to Europe in the 1500s 15. Which of the following is the best title(标题)for the passage? A. Traveling to America B. "Strange" Food C. The Earliest Explorers • Having Fun "Growing" and "Stealing" ? Recently, an Internet game has become a new fashion among young office workers and students. People can "farm" on a piece of "land" and "grow", "sell" or even "steal" "vegetables", "flowers" and "fruits" on the Net. They can earn some e-money and buy more "seeds", "pets" and even "houses", Joyce interviewed some young people. Here are their opinions. Harold: I don’t quite understand why they are so mad about the childish game. Maybe they are just not confident enough to face the real world. Allan: I enjoy putting some "bugs" in my friends’ gardens and we’ve become closer because of the game. Having fun together is the most exciting thing about it. Laura: You know, people in the city are longing for（渴望） the life in the countryside. It reduces my work pressure (压力); besides, it gives me the exciting experience of being a "thief". Ivy: Well. It’s just a waste of time. Teenagers playing the game spend so many hours on it that they can not focus on（专注于） their study. 【小题1】According to the passage, people can’t __________ things in this game. A．grow4 G% E6 P0 e7 ?4 I6 # U0 e5 D6  B．borrow ., B# i d6 _1 ^+ 8 Q5 e2 K6 S C．steal4 _' H; O* d3 * A D．sell) I) [! D1 O- e' V( A! j1 U A7 W 【小题2】 Among the people Joyce interviewed, _________ likes the game while _________ dislikes the game. A．Laura; Allan! G. L# [2 b( _4 _" A/ S B．Allan; Harold, [7 a7 T, f$ I, H* c C．Harold; Ivy. _# D ?+ c0 ? D．Ivy; Allan" - O' e9 ?, h- a! G! i
【小题3】Which is NOT the reason why people like the game? A．They are longing for country life.5 E1 _, C" J, ?# B2 \* d% L" M B．They can have fun with friends.( # Q: T7 U( F+ G j C．The game can relax people and give them a new experience.+ h0 X$b3 Y( d- e, g" M D．They are confident enough to face the real world.5 V" N9 i" ^, V! f6 a( h 【小题4】Where can you find this passage? A．In a car magazine.( a9 \( T) e& [+ g' c P B．In an advertisement.0 K3 g) M4 O2 T4 e C．In a newspaper.# S" i' C. H% X8 j# b c3 R/ F D．In a science book9 X' f' U7 E9 N. A1 T: O: F • The most unusual museum in London is the Science Museum. In most museums, there’s no shouting and no running, and you aren’t allowed to touch the exhibits(展品). But the Science Museum is different, because it’s noisy! People talk about what they can see and do there, and some of the machines are noisy as well. Visiting the Science Museum is fun and it’s a great way to learn about science because you can work things out and try out ideas. When I visit the Science Museum, I go to the Launch Pad. This is my favourite room because you can do physics experiments. For example, if you want to fill a bag with falling sand, you have to move a kind of truck on wheels into the correct position. I also go to the Rocket Show. You can learn how we travel into space and back again. Then I go upstairs to Human and Nature room. You can compare your speed with animals there. You hear a noise and push a button(按钮). If you aren’t fast enough, the lion catches you! I’m faster than all my friends, but the lion still catches me. There are also rooms on transport, the environment and space technology, as well as maths, physics and chemistry. You can do a lot of things in this museum, but you have to obey some rules as well. For example, you mustn’t take photos of the exhibits in the museum. But you can buy postcards of them in the museum shops. Above all, the Science Museum is free. That means you can drop in for a few minutes or you can stay as long as you like—it’s open every day, from 10 am to 6 pm. So if you ever go to London, make sure you visit the Science Museum. It’s my favourite museum in the whole world. 1. What is the writer’s favourite room? A. The Launch Pad. B. The rooms on space technology. C. The Human and Nature room. D. The Rocket Show. 2. What can’t you do in the Science Museum? A. Touch the machines. B. Do chemistry experiments. C. Take photos of the exhibits. D. Talk loudly about what you see. 3. How much does it cost to go into the Science Museum? A.$10 for adults.                       B. $6 for children. C. Only free for children. D. Free for everyone. 4. How long can you stay at the Science Museum? A. 6 hours. B. 8 hours. C. 10 hours. D.12hours. 5. In what way is the Science Museum different from other museums? A. We can see a lot of exhibits in the Science Museum. B. People can talk to each other in the Science Museum. C. There’s no shouting and no running in the Science Museum. D. You can work things out and try out your ideas in the Science Museum. • For many years, artists have flocked（聚集）to Paris, France, to paint or to learn to paint. Perhaps artists first went there because of the city’s beauty. They went to paint pictures of the broad tree-lined streets, the great churches, and the graceful river bridges. The artists felt comfortable in Paris because the people of the city had always enjoyed art. Paris had great art museums, filled with famous paintings and statues from many countries. And the people of Paris had always welcomed new ideas. In this city, artists felt free to experiment with new ways of painting. As soon as famous artists painted in Paris, students came to learn them. People came to buy paintings. Men called art dealers（商人） set up galleries where paintings could be bought and sold. Others kept shops that sold artists’ paints and supplies. Students and the artists who were not yet famous could live in Paris for very little money. They learned by studying great art in the museums, and they learned from one another. They held art fairs, hanging their paintings outdoors along the streets. Today, New York City and Florence, Italy, are also famous art centers. But the world’s principal art exhibits are still held in Paris. Important judges of art live there. Most of the new ways of painting that have started in the last hundred years began in Paris. So artists and art dealers still go to Paris because it is the world’s leading art center. （ ）6. Artists first went to Paris because _____. A. it was very beautiful B. it was cheap to live there C. there were a lot of streets, bridges and churches D. there were a lot of art museums （ ）7. Artists still go to Paris now because _____. A. it is still very beautiful B. it is still cheap to live there C. there are more art museums D. it is the leading art center of the world （ ）8. The main idea of the story is about _____. A. the world’s most famous art center B. how to buy a painting in Paris C. the famous art centers of New York and Florence D. art museums and art dealers （ ）9. The story leads us to believe _____. A. all artists who go to Paris will become famous B. the people of Paris have never liked new ideas C. people can buy fine paintings in Paris D. Paris is the most beautiful city in the world （ ）10. The story makes us think _____. A. that Paris is famous for its artist’s paints B. that there is more than one way to paint C. that art fairs are held in galleries D. that few artists will go to Paris in the future • The first Starbucks coffee shop opened in 1971 in downtown Seattle, Washington, in the United States. It was a small coffee shop that roasted its own coffee beans. The coffee shop’s business did well, and by 1981 there were three more Starbucks stores in Seattle. Things really began to change for the company in 1981. That year, Howard Schultz met the three men who ran(经营) Starbucks. Schultz worked in New York for a company that made kitchen equipment. He noticed that Starbucks ordered a large number of special coffee makers, and he was curious about the company. Schultz went to Seattle to see what Starbucks did, and he liked what he saw. He wanted to become part of the company. In 1982, the original(原先的) Starbucks owners hired Schultz as the company’s head of marketing. In 1983, Schultz travelled to Italy. The unique atmosphere of the coffee bars there caught his eye. To Schultz it seemed that Italians spent their daily lives in three places: home, work and coffee bars. His experience in Italy gave Schultz a new idea for Starbucks back in Seattle. Schultz created an atmosphere for Starbucks coffee shops that was comfortable, and customers everywhere seemed to like it. Between 1987 and 1992, Starbucks opened 150 new stores—and that was only the beginning. In fact, by the year 2000, three new Starbucks stores opened somewhere around the world every day! Today, Starbucks has thousands of stores, including stores in twenty-six countries. One thing that helps make Starbucks succeed in cities outside the United States is the way Starbucks works with local stores and restaurants. By working together with a store already in the city, Starbucks gets an understanding of customers in the city. This understanding helps Starbucks open stores in the right locations for their customers. 11．What is the main idea of this passage? A．How Starbucks has grown B．What Starbucks makes． C．Starbucks’customers． D．How Starbucks makes its coffee． 12．Which is true about Starbucks’first ten years of business? A．It grew very quickly． B．It was run by Howard Schultz． C．It made special coffee makers． D．It was a small company． 13．Who is Howard Schultz? A．A coffee seller in New York． B．An Italian coffee maker C．The man who changed the company． D．One of the original owners of the company． 14. How many new Starbucks stores probably opened in the year 2000 around the world? A.Three. B.About1095. C.Two thousand. D. Thirty-six. 15．What helps Starbucks succeed in places outside the United States? A．Opening restaurants in just a few locations each year． B．Only selling locally produced coffee beans． C．working with other major coffee-making companies． D．Learning about local customers． • Name Introductions Daniel Radcliff Born in London, England in 1989 An actor Played the part of Harry Potter Celina Dixon Born in Montreal, Canada in 1968 A singing star In 1997, sang My Heart Will Go On for the film Titanic Thomas Edison Born in 1847, Kentucky, the USA Made over 1,000 inventions Died in 1931 Bill Gates Born in 1955 in the USA Wrote Business@ the Speed of Thought Owns Microsoft Company Mark Twain Born in 1835 in the USA A writer Wrote Tom Sawyer Died in 1910 【小题1】 Who is the youngest of the people? A．Daniel Radcliff., Q' I+ g% W) f7 X B．Celina Dixon.$ h. @6 M( S1 g) \: I C．Bill Gates.) G$H0 G$ ^# C( d' ^5 G4 J8 W( I D．Mark Twain6 S A# g" K1 ' g7 H
【小题2】 ________ people of the five people come from the USA.
A. Five     B. Two     C. Three     D. Four
【小题3】My Heart Will Go On is the name of a ________. A．film( E5 L3 a9 \. T: g6 i, c& g @ 7 c/ W B．book$?0 i6 ^2 Y8 [ C．story& Y O' H. L% D, ^ D．song8 C. G* F/ O3 c7 R/ O+ G 【小题4】 Thomas Edison died at the age of ________. A．814 S) e7 c8 ^* Q' F; b B．82' L" g& ?! V, j! e* K; [ C．84: M7 ^: J2 h! W' G& Q3 Z9 P D．85( T& c& Q9 R+ @' C; F$ h& N
【小题5】 Who wrote Tom Sawyer? A．Thomas Edison.( d! ^% E$^0 D% _% Z B．Bill Gates.( I" V( d. N' O$ H! b% R8 X C．Celina Dixon.1 g# C4 j2 h2 `* O6 g) U Q- _- Q D．Mark Twain.8 A9 b" ^, A5 I0 ^- L6 _

• 【小题1】Thursday is the _________ (five)day of the week.
【小题3】Can you remember all these __________ (dance) names.
【小题4】This skirt is too ___________ (cheap). I don’t take it.

• Now，please look at this picture．This girl is my sister．Her name is Sally! She is l3 years old．She is in Class Two，Grade Seven．This boy is aunt’s son．He is my cousin．His name is Jeff．He is an English boy．He is 12 years old．His mother is my aunt．My aunt and uncle are both teachers．This jacket is Jeff’s．Its color is black．You Can see a green pencil case，a blue notebook on the chair．My sister, Jeff and I and in the same school．
【小题1】How old is Sally?
【小题2】将划线部分句子译成汉语：
【小题3】What color is Jeff's jacket?
【小题4】Are Jeff’s mother and father teachers?
【小题5】Where are the green pencil case and the blue notebook?