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考点:政治经济文化类

  • In the United States, it is important to be on time, for a date, a class, a meeting, etc. However, this is not true in all countries. Mr. Moster, an American professor, arrived at the classroom on time on the first day in Brazil, but no one was in the classroom. Many students came after 10 am. Several arrived after 10:30 am. Although all the students greeted the professor as they arrived, few students felt sorry for their lateness.
    The professor talked to the Brazilian students about lateness and found something surprising. If the Brazilian students had a lunch date with a friend, most of them felt the friends were late for about half an hour.
    In an American university, classes not only begin on time, but always end on time. On the other hand, in Brazil, neither the teachers nor the students arrive at the starting time. Arriving late may not be very important in Brazil.
    As a result of his study, the professor learned that the Brazilian students were not being impolite. So he was able to understand and felt comfortable in the new culture.
    根据短文内容,判断正(T)误(F)
    It is important to be on time in America.
    Many Brazilian students felt sorry for their lateness.
    In Brazil, teachers are usually on time while students are usually late.
    The professor felt uncomfortable about students’ lateness after his study.
    The article tells us different countries have different cultures.

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  • In the West, some people believe that personality can be predicted according to the time of the year the person was bor. From China comes the belief that the year of birth influences one’s personality. In the past century, a new belief ahs arisen: the idea that personality is related to one’s ABO blood type. People with blood type A, for example, are considered more likely to be serious, hard-working, and quiet, while people with blood type O are likely to be popular and outgoing, yet often unable to finish what they start. Though this belief continues to be strong, some people question whether it is true.
    The blood-type personality theory(理论) started in Japan in 1927 when Furukawa Takehi noticed personality similarities and differences among his workers. This idea soon went out of fashion, but was brought back by a Japanese television host named Toshitaka Nomi in the 1970s. The belief is still strong in Japan and is increasingly popular in neighboring countries. Some young Koreans have taken to the theory. A recent study showed 76 percent of Koreans aged between13 and 64 believing in the blood-type personality connection. Though most Asians might believe in the blood-type theory, for many it seems harmless and not something to be taken too seriously.
    Is the belief true? The scientists in Asia largely think the belief as a modern-day superstition(迷信). Most studies have failed to find any strong connection between blood and personality. Generally, scientists are against making predictions or important decisions based on this questionable theory.
    【小题1】The writer uses blood type A and O as an example to explain ________.
    A.the difference between the two blood types: T( R4 N/ Y# h( H5 J+ i
    B.the relationship between the two blood types8 g! [2 D! i' X* ^% M4 T5 ^
    C.the influence of blood type on one’s behavior
    6 b0 Y3 _2 C/ c: d D3 e. P
    D.the connection between personality and blood type) A6 B' B1 X7 ?2 b* H
    【小题2】What does the underlined sentence in Paragraph 2 mean?
    A.They don’t believe it.0 U' b) h: I f" G5 e
    B.It was brought back by them.& a1 _- Z( R4 O
    C.They liked and accepted it. : L# B1 L. M9 R" _
    D.They stole the idea from others$ J1 X Q) Y6 B) Y I
    【小题3】Which of the following is true according to the passage?
    A.Most scientists in Asia don’t believe in the theory.+ Z/ D1 I# X5 P) b/ Z/ G! H
    B.The blood-type theory began in Japan in the 1970s.4 b3 N/ K. c1 c
    C.The blood-type personality theory is about blood type.2 Q; C, g* F8 D& A
    D.People don’t change their personality to match the theory.. D* V8 b# G7 N8 B8 c9 T8 X
    【小题4】What is the best title for the passage?
    A.Is the blood-type theory changeable ?- _6 M0 Z$ i1 X# Y
    B.Is the personality changeable?
    0 F' R5 Q% \; a
    C.Is it in your blood?1 I+ F, D; @, W
    D.Is it in you mind?7 D8 @& A4 [* f* I4 U5 [2 \0 g0 e# _

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  • Do you know the Chinese saying “He who doesn’t reach the Great Wall is not a true man”? Mr. White knows it. Next month he is going to Beijing with his wife. They are going to visit the Great Wall. They are staying in Beijing for about a week. They have a lot of Chinese friends there, so they are visiting them. Then they’re flying to West Lake in Hangzhou. They are going boating there and staying there for about three days. Mr. White knows that the Yellow Mountain is very famous in China. So they’re going to Anhui to go hiking in the great mountain. After two days in Anhui they’ll have to go back to Sydney.
    “I’m taking lots of photos in China. When I get back to Sydney, I am going to show the photos to my friends. I want my friends to know more about China.” said Mr. White.
    【小题1】Who is Mr. White going to China with?
    A.His friends. B.His parents. C.His wife.D.His children.
    【小题2】Mr. White is staying in Beijing for about     .
    A.two weeksB.three daysC.one month D.seven days
    【小题3】Mr. White is     in Hangzhou.
    A.going boatingB.going hiking C.going campingD.going swimming
    【小题4】Mr. White is from     .
    A.Australia B.AmericaC.CanadaD.England
    【小题5】From the passage we can learn that     .
    A.Mr. White is going to China next week
    B.Mr. White has many friends in Beijing
    C.Mr. White is going to visit the Yellow River
    D.Mr. White is staying in Anhui for a week

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  • How many kinds of music do you know ? There is classical music,   36  music, country music, rap (说唱音乐) and so on. I think every type of music has its own   37  . For example, I think country music is so beautiful and rap is very cool. My favorite kind of music is pop music   38  it is very interesting and exciting. It can make me feel very   39  .
    Now I want to tell you   40  about my favorite singer and music group. My favorite singer is Jolin. Her Chinese name is Cai Yilin. She has a very beautiful       41  and her songs very wonderful. I love her song Say Love You, The Smell of Lemon Grass and Pirates best. What do you   42   these songs ? I hope Jolin has a good time every day.  
    43  my favorite music group ? That is S.H.E. Their songs are so cool that I have never   44   a chance to watch their performances.
    45  to music is also good for me. It can make me feel relaxed and less lonely when I stay at home alone.
    【小题1】A. thrilling                B. pop                   C. sweet
    【小题2】A. features                B. players                C. interests
    【小题3】A. although               B. so                     C. because
    【小题4】A. happy                 B. sad                    C. afraid
    【小题5】A. something              B. anything                C. everything
    【小题6】A. sound                  B. noise                   C. voice
    【小题7】A. hear of                B. think of                 C. care about
    【小题8】A. What if                B. What about               C. Why not
    【小题9】A. missed                 B. forgotten                C. found
    【小题10】A. Speaking               B. Replying                C. Listening

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  • Most students in China have their own school rules. So do the schools in other countries.
    Japan: Most schools demand(要求) that students wear uniforms, such as sports suits or skirts. They also demand that girls’ white socks be folded in a certain way and boys’ heads be shaved(剃)
    Other Japanese schools tell students that they may not date, go to movies, leave home after sunset or play video games without permission from school.
    USA: For safety at home USA schools, students must have a pair of indoor shoes to change into at school every day. This makes sure students won’t fall over on the slippery floors and keeps the schools clean. Gum chewing is not allowed in many USA school buildings, as it is difficult to clean up. And if students chew gum in class, they may not focus on study.
    UK: Strange hairstyles are not allowed in some British schools. But they might allow students to wear certain hairstyles during the World Cup years. Two students had a special design shaved into their hair during 2002 World Cup. But they were not accepted by their school after that because the school said the rules changed since then.
    【小题1】Many Japanese students have to follow the following rules EXCEPT       .
    A.wear uniform) `& I( ?" L: LB.boys’ heads should be shaved5 L) T# X1 \& g6 \$ `& C
    C.wear indoor shoes at school) h# A1 K: Z1 g1 i# R9 P* ]D.can’t leave home after sunset* b* K/ K+ d5 O! a2 b& D0 X
    【小题2】Gum chewing is not allowed in many USA schools may because           .
    A.it is difficult to clean up" J8 c A& j! U+ HB.make students study carefully . T6 g1 h+ P0 b9 f$ Q) J# h
    C.it costs students too much money5 @; ^0 \" h# R5 UD.it wastes teachers’ time# B# @* M+ _# K6 b
    【小题3】British students could have a special hairstyle         .
    A.during Olympic Games* @# G! j1 a; W! V! j( h9 F. Q* VB.in the year 2007$ Z/ G; J" ?, S% K6 ]
    C.only during the World Cup9 F$ Q% Y$ [, j% J' T8 bD.after the school rules changed
    ! a' F/ G+ X- a) P9 ^6 Z4 U! ]
    【小题4】The meaning of the focus on is           .
    A.从事于: \7 I2 P# T; d- I" S/ C1 ?6 I- DB.继续* T" U9 C3 L3 I- X$ _: ^C.专心于
    8 X. `8 e0 K+ A
    D.放弃; X: @) @ c* A* `
    【小题5】The passage wants to tell us            .
    A.Different countries have the same rules for the students0 g: M. j7 K" N4 j2 A+ A3 B
    B.We must follow all the rules above& ^' ]1 Z* N4 e4 A! O
    C.Students in different countries have to follow different rules8 M; e; S# V3 P9 b
    D.Most schools in China have different school rules4 T. S' K* X+ K4 f

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  • BEIJIN—No Car Day was first started by 34 cities in France on September 22,1998.It was started to protect the environment, By now, more than 1,000 cities around the world have had a No Car Day.
    The first No Car Day in China was in Chengdu in 2001.Other cities ,including Taipei, Shanghai and Wuhua, also support the day.
    In Beijing, more and more people are joining in the activity. It asks the drivers to leave their cars at home for one day each month and walk or ride a bike to work. It also calls on Beijingers not to use cars on June 5(World Environment Day).The slogan(口号) for the day is, “If we drive for one less day, we can have one more nice day.”
    So far, more than 200,000 drivers have shown their support. “We can’t control the weather, but we can choose not to drive.’’ said, Wu Zonghua, a car club chairman. Beijing is trying to have 238 blue sky days this year. In the first quarter of this year, Beijing only had 52 blue sky days. This was 11 days less than the number for the same period last year. Much of the dust comes from the desert, but cars cause most of the air pollution. We must do more for No Car Day.
    【小题1】There are         cities in China that support No Car Day according to the passage.
    A.three. V+ M3 b! c3 S9 `! X% P B.four
    $ c7 X+ [ f2 T+ i9 H
    C.five# i2 j3 A8 j: J D.six
    : c4 E5 P; ^& V: O/ B
    【小题2】The activity of No Car Day encourages Beijing drivers          .
    A.not to work on No Car Day
    4 ^7 i1 i$ e, A. a- T
    B.to enjoy having a day off( \/ Q, `: K( I( `( X
    C.to leave their cars at home for repair
    / i+ O( `! C- g; T/ B) \: I
    D.to ride a bike or walk instead of driving to work" d* U8 f& A6 V B) ?9 h) ]
    【小题3】 According to the passage there were          blue sky days in the first quarter of last year in Beijing.
    A.52" B8 Z- d7 e8 L( R+ i B.630 \1 d9 f/ @& d$ j1 D# c9 g) G; V% ] C.417 F* V4 G4 Z' \7 c2 g- e+ F( G/ @ D.238. g$ h5 O2 A; L8 W
    【小题4】The air pollution in Beijing is mostly caused by         .
    A.cars1 Q: F6 _2 Y. D/ b" _0 _( D: \ B.dust
    ) ^; `8 D* d3 O
    C.weather
    3 L5 g7 \( d. e4 ^8 C
    D.rubbish( O4 P2 j( J5 P1 a* G5 i% F3 A
    【小题5】We can know from the passage that          .
    A.more and more people in Beijing are joining car clubs. S; C" P/ i" V9 c. V
    B.people will have one more World Environment Day each month# W( @ j3 \, O0 ^; B
    C.more and more people won’t drive on Nor Car Day in Beijing7 J0 f+ Z2 D C
    D.more people in the world won’t drive any more8 A& c4 A f2 W7 S

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  • China is the home of tea,  36 has more than 4,000 years of history. People in China drink tea daily.  37  the three major drinks ----tea, coffee and cocoa, tea is drunk by   38 people in the world. Tea from China, along   39 silk and porcelain, began to be known by the world over a thousand years ago and has been an important Chinese export  40  .
    Tea leaves  41  mainly in the area south of the Yangtze River, in the provinces of Zhejiang, Jiangxi and Fujian, because of the mild  42  and rich soil there. Longjing, Wulong, Pu’er and Tieguanyin are all 43  kinds of tea.
    Over the past centuries, Chinese people  44  their unique tea culture, which includes tea planting, tea-leaf picking, tea making, tea drinking and so on. Tea is   45  a popular topic which is often mentioned in dances, songs, poems and novels.
    【小题1】( H/ R& S- _$ Y
    A.who9 e2 b, \; B% L1 `6 J' S4 c& @B.which( S9 W% ]' ^& H* [. LC.where4 g7 G8 ?1 R0 RD.when0 ?2 T$ P' G% ]- P1 ?
    6 `- j( e2 a% X1 V5 I W
    【小题2】5 S' C7 C, T, d+ R$ H" a
    A.In: W B$ c; C C: ?* Q8 JB.For
    + A) ^. N, X( ^$ R# H* b( e
    C.Of# A6 Z4 ^& J2 R5 V+ \& c- RD.By; E, f R3 S, I, [1 G6 d$ e
    : N& _9 K, U. A' F2 P
    【小题3】) F9 R( j9 G/ Z1 I& @* `3 G5 C8 S
    A.the number of$ f' B0 Q& ^7 Q$ O6 F- ?B.a number of! ?8 B( D1 I, i" G7 gC.a large number of2 g$ g3 E; Q' Y, V. U( ED.the largest number of! R* O# g" I0 D3 `" Z9 P
    5 Z7 D) ^0 e$ b7 N2 ^- ]3 g! H* A
    【小题4】5 ^7 i+ M. h9 O& i
    A.between6 B+ ^# h+ j$ eB.with
    & M: H* R3 j( R5 i' d' `
    C.except$ P: A% D: H9 W- h3 O- F& QD.besides& e/ M" c0 I- `7 S
    8 [# T# G G# i
    【小题5】: f/ F% ]/ U5 A) c( @
    A.at that time
    - R ?8 R5 E/ N( ?+ _( @5 @8 ?, W! d
    B.from now on4 G/ H5 f! g1 A2 G0 bC.since then. g% `" Z+ F' P3 g! T* J4 g- d& KD.since now7 M+ P+ i7 D4 Q M+ _/ I
    4 g1 U& B1 G' E) e
    【小题6】9 `( M ]3 X% _7 I0 _
    A.produce W* L5 T2 [ J: ]; ZB.are produced& `) T5 S: O; Y$ C1 S* [C.make% c- C) C! d, H5 O8 W' L+ K. T, ]D.are made+ f' C8 U/ f) ]! N3 U* K4 Y1 [: P* b
    ; i* ]- j! O- J) j' S1 g
    <
    【小题7】4 J% U1 h1 X' c: L
    A.climate
    * K& C5 D& D, E9 B. a
    B.weather! U/ R+ A$ N* F$ D0 CC.condition. Y8 \9 W& ?/ W& [6 VD.environment
    * h1 T* A4 [1 P$ _% Q
    - f7 I4 X# E2 ^% g" Z2 f3 M* ^