## 考点：健康保健类

• When you have a cold, a headache, a cough, or you can’ go to sleep, who are you going to ask for help ? Perhaps your answer is to go to the doctor for help, or to get some medicine from the drugstore. Another idea is to ask your grandparents to get some simple ways to solve these problems. Here are some good ways to feel better from some old people.
If you have a cold, you should eat hot chicken soup. Some people drink hot water, juice or milk.
If you have a headache, you may put some ice or a cold cloth(布) on your head, or cool your face with cold water. It’s also a good idea to put your hands into hot water for several minutes. Also, you shouldn’t read anything or watch TV.
If you have a cough, you may drink hot water or eat some honey.
If you can’t get to sleep, you may drink a glass of warm milk. It’s also a good idea to take a bath.
【小题1】 If you have a cold, you can eat hot chicken soup, drink ________, juice or milk.
A. hot water                   B. cold water                 C. wine
【小题2】 If you have a headache, you can leave your hands in hot water for _______ .
A. several hours                B. a few minutes
C. a little minutes
【小题3】If you have a cough, it’s a good idea for you to drink hot water or eat ________ .
A. some vegetables             B. some fruit                  C. some honey
A. taking a warm bath           B. running                    C. drinking water
【小题5】What is the best title of the article ?
A. How to keep healthy ?         B. You should keep healthy.
C. Simple ways for health problems.

• German scientists say that eating a little chocolate every day may keep you away from cardiovascular(心血管的) disease. The scientists have found that chocolate, especially dark chocolate , can help you cut down 39 percent of heart disease, including taking a very small amount . However, the study advises people not to eat too much chocolate, because too much chocolate is bad for our bodies. So the scientists advise people to eat small amount of chocolate instead of sugar or high-fat snacks.
Scientists said, “Dark chocolate shows the greatest effects, milk chocolate fewer , and white chocolate no effects.” The results showed chocolate may cut down blood pressure, but they also say that further study is needed.
In the eight-year study, people’s daily diet, exercise habits, and blood pressure were studied in 19,357 persons aged 35 to 65. They found that people who are an average of 7.5 grams of chocolate a day had a very lower chance of heart disease than those who ate much less chocolate , and average of 1.7 grams a day.
【小题1】It took the scientists __________ years to prove that small amount of chocolate is good for people. A．8' i9 D8 Z/ [ @9 H8 e+ A4 V4 K# K B．35: M9 T3 V f6 Y8 f- i6 P+ Y C．39( Q: g B" H/ j3 O0 W D．65- A) _3 J/ f' Q$?2 H8 R) E,  【小题2】In the study, scientists studied _______________. A．where chocolate came from/ P1 " _! A) a8 ]# S+ g9 R9 X* B B．how chocolate was made- ^7 G* a; V& W' T& h. G/ G' L# Z C．people’s daily diet, exercise habit and blood pressure( M& f5 f" C2 \3 D D．why people liked chocolate so much& U4 R2 f- E! 6 V5 e 【小题3】From the passage, we know that _________________. A．chocolate was popular in Germany before8 @2 L. I- ^( J8 W [6 Q B．chocolate is good for us, but we should not eat too much/ i1 R7 i$ C+ j C．eating 1.7 grams of chocolate each time is the best+ d& M+ @. [( I0 J% E D．people aged 35 had better not eat chocolate& \, E3 Q* ]. @ A( b5 [

• Coffee has been a part of people’s lives for thousands of years, and today it is still one of the favorite drinks in the world. Many people in the world begin their busy day by drinking a cup of or several cups of coffee. They have always said that a cup of coffee in the morning helps them begin their day in the right way. So they say a cup of coffee is necessary for them in the morning.
Do you know what in the coffee makes our bodies and brains(大脑) active? It is caffeine(咖啡因). Caffeine may increase a person’s mental and physical abilities(精力和体能). For example, two cups of coffee will make you breathe faster and augmentbody heat. All this makes you heart beat faster, and doctors warn that this may be a little dangerous.
Caffeine is found in tea, coffee, chocolate and some other foods. A little caffeine is probably not harmful. But much caffeine can make people nervous and sleepless.
【小题1】A good title for this passage is              . A．Coffee Is Harmful% E' ]$\+ L6 ^8 Y B．Coffee and Tea# b5 T4 O) c& Q. [( Y C．Caffeine and Health/ _; F4 O8 H. j7 a2 a D．Caffeine Is Useful, ?8 h1 ?, J! H9 X" Y 【小题2】 The word “augment “ means . A．increase# j4 ?" A5 $ U* B, R7 W B．drink! Z3 U! B+ \* @' M C．stop6 c" H6 W5 L3 T- Y, V1 g D．drop9 6 B/ F2 ^1 D5 C2 X$?: a 【小题3】 From this passage, we may know that drinking a cup of coffee late at night might . A．give you a headache# A V: X+ _0 F8 M" O B．make you fall sleep- i1 g U2 O1 W C．keep you awake& W9 a6 ]$ @+ Y* b D" g D．be dangerous0 X e% Z: A! ?
【小题4】Caffeine is found in             . A．tea and water! S) ! ]5 c8 @- d. F% E+ E B．fish and meat/ P5 E0 O/ C: ?. E C．coffee and jam) L+ \4 [5 g, N) M" ?) h D．coffee, tea and some other foods) I+ R( I2 N- H3 X

• For hundreds Of years, scientists have been trying to answer what things have an effect on people’s emotions (情感). How you feel is controlled by many things. Your emotions can be affected by your personality, by the actions of others and by events around you. Perhaps you don’t know your emotions can be influenced by the weather as well.
People often say they feel good when the sun is shining and sad when it is cloudy. In fact, sunlight makes us feel good. When sunlight hits our skins, our bodies produce a vitamin. Vitamins are natural chemicals (化学物质) which we all need to stay healthy. Sunlight helps our bodies produce vitamin D. Vitamin D helps our bodies make a special chemical. This special chemical affects our brains (大脑) and makes us feel happy. For example, there are long, dark winters of little sunlight in Sweden and Norway, so many people in these countries often feel sad. Without much sunlight, their bodies produce less vitamin D. Without enough vitamin D, their bodies make less of this special chemical which makes them feel good. To help the people in these countries feel better, special “sunrooms” with artificial (人造的) lights have been built. People can go there and get “sunlight” for an hour or two!
The weather can also affect people’s emotions in other ways. Hot weather can make people angry because people feel uncomfortable when they are hot. In the same way, rain can make people angry because being wet can be unpleasant. As you can see, the weather can have an effect on the chemicals which control our brains. Through these ways, the weather can influence our emotions. Sadly, while the weather can change us, we can hardly change the weather.
【小题1】 Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a factor (因素) that can affect one’s emotions? A．Weather.% C) Z( H7 L/ O& d- N% d0 g6 B* E B．Actions of others.: U; \" J( I$O4 c- N; S C．Personality.0 g) J$ a' ^, P, S# ^* R: a D．Age.4 [; K, : h' S7 W- ?* K6 K- H( j$K 【小题2】 Which of the following is true about vitamin D according to the passage? A．It is a kind of artificial chemical.) Q9 h# ; [7 F0 J B．It makes us worried by affecting our brains.+ K: e) N& ?% f' Z; W C．It is needed by us all to keep fit.# Q5 _( O9 i- D D．It is in the sunlight.6 c; N- A4 f1 A3 * @, ^/ A 【小题3】 What can we infer (推断) from the passage? A．We feel good when we are in the bright cool weather.$ U; @. Z. Q" Y B．We will be happy when we are caught in the rain.! R( j, Q9 M& Y! _& j0 ]" a C．All people in Norway and Sweden feel sad in winter./ f7 R5 Z* ?5 @! E4 B" _+ T D．The more vitamin D you have, the happier you’ll be.5 N1 G* \2 [- Z. h8 D
【小题4】What may be the best title for this passage? A．Why Do We Feel Sad?2 N5  Q9 \% c# g8 \ B．The Weather Influences People’s Emotions$X3 a( E- C+ g& g# A C．People Need More Vitamin D! O0 P/ [, A. e& O( T3 g7 j) S D．We Can Hardly Change the Weather0 [4 i& O9 ^1 A7 i+ e • Almost every day, we discuss the topic of health, especially for kids. But what is health? “Health” means eating well, getting enough exercise, and having a healthy weight. Let’s read the following rules. They can help you stay healthy. 1. Eat a variety of food, especially fruit and vegetables. We all know that eating fruit and vegetables can help us stay healthy, but many of us only eat our favorite food. Remember that we can only get the nutrition (营养) we need by eating different kinds of food, especially fruit and vegetables. 2. Drink water and milk most often. Everyone knows that water is important. Besides that, kids need plenty of calcium (钙) to grow strong bones, and milk is rich in it. Every day, you should drink at least three cups of milk, when you are 9 years old or older. You should also try to have less sugary drinks, like soda and coca. They include a lot of sugar. Sugar only includes calories (热量), not important nutrition. 3. Listen to your body. When you are eating, notice how your body feels. When your stomach feels comfortably full, stop eating. Eating too much makes you feel uncomfortable. If you do it too often, it can make you unhealthy and fat. 4. Limit screen time. What’s screen time? It’s the amount of time you spend watching TV, movies and playing computer games. The more time you spend on these sitting-down activities, the less time you spend playing sports, like basketball, and doing other activities like riding and swimming. Try to spend no more than 2 hours a day on screen time. 【小题1】In this passage, “health” includes all of the following EXCEPT ______.  A．eating well( W7 U/ K( \$ N6 S7 @2 Y: c/ Q B．doing more exercise1 @* e& d0 \2 L C．having a healthy weight4 j3 Y. N: T+ U6 O. C' ]8 L D．wearing comfortable clothes5 \8 ?2 M! d( Q9 B6 M" h- e8 [
【小题2】The underlined phrase “a variety of” means ______.  A．plenty of 7 H6 M) h6 \, U0 L! I# g: D B．all kinds of5 b% 2 Y, M# _) H* Q* i C．the rest of/ j6 S7 h' Z+ @- i* h2 M) \9 h6 E D．a lot of' a a7 M: a. _, O! A% M
【小题3】Which of the following is NOT true?  A．Eating more fruit and vegetables is good for people.3 F3 c8 j4 j8 i B．We should eat and drink things with little sugar. 5 f9 e! O8 V9 Q, ?6 H/ e C．We should spend the same time on both sitting-down activities and sports.) V9 K3 B8 P# T7 X9 _5 @- R D．When we are full, we should stop eating, no matter how delicious the food is.# @' W4 J, S6 N; C- N9 @$K* e 【小题4】Screen time is the time that you spend ______. A．playing computer games8 P/ M4 W# Z5 @( i, c' M4 F# \$ J% X B．watching movies6 # M2 H5 X4 J' U$f1 [! W C．watching TV O2 b% ^7 h# h4 K4 g( C+ e D．All of above2 N& N0 @) c9 O+ c- A8 O 【小题5】What’s the main idea of the passage? A．How to eat healthy food. / ^3 K4 I& D2 e0 ]" Y/ Y3 O5 R B．Eating and playing are both important. - @) d6 H- i5 ^8 R! b6 X% b C．Suggestions for staying healthy.0 G3 f( i8 ^, P9 A! a9 R& S L D．Health is very important.9 B/ j3 K$ f) C

• Do you know HFMD? It’s short for Hand-Foot-Mouth Disease. This year, in China, thousands of children were suffering from it. What’s HFMD? How to prevent it? Now, read the passage please.
HFMD usually affects babies who are 1~4 years old, but adults can also be infected. Both EV71 and Cox A16 can cause HFMD, which usually starts with a slight fever followed by blisters (水泡) and ulcers (溃疡) in the mouth and rashes (皮疹) on the hands and feet.
It can be spread through people with the mucus (唾液) or feces (粪便) of an infected person. It usually appears during the summer and autumn months. HFMD isn’t Bird Flu, SARS or Mad Cow Disease, but it’s not a new one, either. It first appeared in New Zealand in 1957. About forty years later, it appears in Asia. It’s reported that it breaks out every 2 or 3 years.
HFMD is very terrible and there is no vaccine (疫苗) now, but we can do something helpful to prevent it. ‘Children with HFMD should seek medical treatment as early as possible’, experts say. They also suggest that parents keep the air fresh in a child’s room, which should be kept clean, tidy and dry. Children should be taught to wash their hands regularly. Staying away from crowded public places is also basic.
【小题1】 HFMD is usually spread with ____________. A．feces& U. R! d# f: g* U8 P B．feces of an infected person" f* [2 h+ C+ C& W2 B, W5 @ C．water* a5 d4 L3 K9 F% j: e) K5 Q7 O+ E9 K8 N D．mucus* M+ H: W, I# e: f7 I A; A4 [: C
【小题2】Which isn’t helpful to prevent HFMD? A．to keep the air fresh in a child’s room . ]8 [! G' g) X1 S& I B．wash hands regularly2 h6 Q8 T& M$T8 ?4 S C．see a doctor' j( g" ]; R; d# N2 h D．stay in crowded public places4 P& _4 W+ M# B5 P$ Z8 R9 ]) B
【小题3】Can you guess the meaning of the underlined word ‘infected’ in paragraph 3? A．传染的) i* d9 h& @0 L" Y) ]/ c B．感染的/ R# U: $j% E7 X C．正常的& R% W/ R/ B" g2 O' a D．康复的3 d- M8 O9 e2 Z% ^ 【小题4】About HFMD, which one is right? A．It’s the same as Mad Cow Disease .( O( I6 K F+ ^) $ ?: @6 Z B．It first appeared in China.' \7 ] E8 g0 Y6 c% K( Z C．Adults can be infected too.0 [: T4 @0 H2 @6 h. @0 I" . K D．There is vaccine now.2 a$V, c9 Y0 d, W( S& C 【小题5】Can you give a title for the article? A．The history of SARS4 Y& ^% Y& ]# S6 V7 K# j B．What’s and how to prevent HFMD7 A9 e3 D( _& I C．HFMD in China& I) K: A9 X/ E( E4 K4 E D．How to prevent HFMD/ I% U" a, O! 0 g: [! I, T* d0 T • We all need to exercise. Doctors say it is good for us. It makes your heart and body strong. It also gives you more energy. And you will feel better yourself. It’s best to exercise twice a week. Twenty minutes each time is enough. There are many ways to exercise. You can walk, run, play sports, or swim. Many people go to special places to exercise. They are called “fitness centers”. These places have a lot of equitment. Some people buy equitment for their homes. But it is very expensive. Exercising can be fun. Friends can exercise together at fithess center. Or they can play sports together, how do you exercise? 【小题1】What is the main idea? A．Exercise equitment is expensive./ G1 R. E( _7 K9 a, K B．Playing sports is a good way to exercise.' d i0 Y$ J H9 h+ E C．Every person should exercise.& a( G7 E, O3 I: Q D．Fitness centers are popular.4 G. M( K- T* \4 H; G8 A) P: C
【小题2】We should exercise ________. A．every day ; K9 j/ D0 a$E. J/ Z B．20 minutes a week.2 ]8 E- T; a6 X6 S C．twice a week: R6 I' U( O; W7 e, Z D．two times a month+ M* f2 ]; Q* N5 O 【小题3】 At fitness cemters,________. A．you can buy expensive equitment 4 T# N2 ^) X9 D! b B．people can do many kinds of exercise! j2 B9 i7 S' e1 Q M1 [2 X* A+ N C．it is very expensive& J Y; 4 Q- F; R d6 c D．exercising is not fun; c( R* H. K" Y4 N 【小题4】Which of these kinds of exercise is not mentioned（提及）in the article? A．Sports .$ c5 G/ W! a6 W; J% j5 N B．Swimming.; i" _8 G3 h8 i# j# R" @6 T C．Running.' b4 h# [% B5 R D．Dancing.! G, Q" K& _. Q0 O$S3 E;  【小题5】Which of these sentences about exercising is true? A．Exercising is expensive./ f+ e+ [1 P3 M9 F/ H" Z9 Q B．Exercising good for heart.* h, f% S( W6 R+ [) c" I8 N C．Only doctors exercise.: a7 M4 D) X5 W& I( \ D．Friends never exercise together./ T: % R' j4 O4 b • A healthy diet along with exercise will help you look better, feel better and live longer. But I am 1 to say that many children don’t have a healthy lifestyle. They eat much junk（垃圾）food 2 French fries and fried chicken. Eating too much junk food and dessert is 3 .If you want to 4 a long and healthy life, you have to 5 your living habits（习惯）. It is important to get a yearly physical examination（体检）,too. You don’t hope to 6 any bad news, but the doctor will tell you _7 healthy you are. It’s also a good idea for you to a book on healthy eating. 9 milk or juice from fruits and vegetables can help to improve your health, too. I am 10 good health now. People tell me that I look very young. Healthy eating has helped me and it will also help you! 【小题1】. A．happy B．sad C．excited D．angry 【小题2】 A．with B．as C．like D．about 【小题3】 A．cheap B．difficult C．delicious D．unhealthy 【小题4】 A．live B．try C．show D．play 【小题5】 A．look for B．look after C．think of D．agree with 【小题6】 A．hear B．look at C．see D．feel 【小题7】 A．what B．how C．when D．where 【小题8】 A．write B．sell C．read D．take 【小题9】 A．Drink B．Eat C．Drinking D．Eating 【小题10】 A．in B．with C．off D．out of • Teeth are important. Strong, healthy teeth help you chew foods that help you grow. They help you speak clearly. And, they help you look your best. Here are some advice for you to take care of your teeth. ● Brush your teeth the right way. Brush your teeth at least twice a day after breakfast and before bedtime. If you can, brush after lunch or after sweet snacks（快餐）, too. Brush all your teeth, not just the front ones. Spend time brushing teeth along the sides and back of your mouth. Brush away from your gums（齿龈）, too. Spend at least three minutes each time you brush. Play a song you like to help pass the time. Get a new toothbrush every three months. When you buy your tooth brush, be sure it has soft bristles（鬃毛）. ● Learn how to floss your teeth. Flossing is a very important way to keep your teeth healthy. Food may hide in places where a toothbrush cannot get to, like the space between the teeth. Flossing can help get rid of it. Carefully move the floss between two teeth, up and down. You need to floss your teeth at least once a day. ● Have good eating habits. You need to be careful about what you eat and drink. Eating sugar is a major cause of tooth decay（腐朽）. Eating sugar before you go to bed can make things even worse. Eat lots of fruit and vegetables and drink water instead of soda. 【小题1】 is helpful to your teeth. A．Eating fruit and vegetables2 U. b- V3 Z& F5 G% i B．Eating sweet snacks4 g+ c" U: b6 I:  C．Eating sugar2 N9 Z, F f8 ]1 U D．Drinking soda" W% R4 \, I. ] 【小题2】 Which is the right way of brushing the teeth? A．We should brush our teeth once a day.* V, Y+ f+ i7 f8 h# F B．We should keep our toothbrush away from our gums.6 X S$ Q# O9 O5 J0 @; L( H8 I; N: @ C．When we brush our teeth, at least three minutes is needed. G; _9 f! A) N( h, [ D．Brush our teeth before breakfast.# Z* j6 h3 a2 [" S7 _& E; Z
【小题3】 From the passage, do you know how to floss the teeth? A．Go to see a dentist.. C+ N" b3 L% E% I B．Fix a floss on the teeth.0 T, @' H3 ?* Z& X5 j9 ? C．Move the floss between two teeth.7 O( Z. i1 g& c O. f1 A4 O3 P8 L7 R D．Chew the floss in the mouth.. A/ d# Z6 j: Z0 U
【小题4】Which of the following is NOT true ? A．Flossing can help get ride of the food that hides between two teeth.% i- Q. F+ I2 W, @; a. \6 ]6 g% E0 N1 S B．Healthy teeth can help you look more beautiful. # a; X: \6 f* b# X C．We don’t have to brush our teeth if we eat a lot of fruit and vegetables.- _, i1 A- ?! C( ?' c( C' N5 h" a+ G D．Your toothbrush should be changed every three months.$C. a- j" G; T" ]+ D 【小题5】 The best title for the passage is . A．How to floss your teeth. A! K4 b0 N: `8 g+ I B．How to have good eating habits.: Z9 B8 V$ h% _% [( B C．How to brush your teeth./ b6 U: Z V7 S0 N( ]5 V D．How to take care of your teeth., d8 T: U, ]1 T' T1 @

• Everybody wants to be healthy. Everybody knows food is very important. There are many healthy foods. You can have more bananas, apples, oranges, tomatoes and lettuce because fruits and vegetables are good for you. But don’t eat too much chocolate. It’s not healthy food. Healthy food can make you strong and happy. Remember there is an old saying, “An apple a day keeps a doctor away.” Sports can also keep you healthy. Get up early and do sports every day. Don’t be lazy! You will be healthy and happy
【小题1】 Which is right?    _____________
A. Everybody is healthy    B. We want to be healthy    C. We are important
【小题2】 What are healthy foods?    _________________
A. Fruits and vegetables        B. bananas, apples and chocolate C. Fruits and chocolate
【小题3】 Why are healthy foods good for you?  ________________
A. They make you happy.     B. They make you grow strong.
C. They make you strong and happy.
【小题4】“An apple a day keeps a doctor away!” means ______________.
A. the doctor goes away when he sees an apple
B. the doctor runs away when you give him an apple
C. you eat an apple every day and you can be healthy.
【小题5】 What keep you healthy?
A. Fruits and vegetables        B. Healthy foods and sports C. Healthy foods