## 考点：健康保健类

• When you have a cold, a headache, a cough, or you can’ go to sleep, who are you going to ask for help ? Perhaps your answer is to go to the doctor for help, or to get some medicine from the drugstore. Another idea is to ask your grandparents to get some simple ways to solve these problems. Here are some good ways to feel better from some old people.
If you have a cold, you should eat hot chicken soup. Some people drink hot water, juice or milk.
If you have a headache, you may put some ice or a cold cloth(布) on your head, or cool your face with cold water. It’s also a good idea to put your hands into hot water for several minutes. Also, you shouldn’t read anything or watch TV.
If you have a cough, you may drink hot water or eat some honey.
If you can’t get to sleep, you may drink a glass of warm milk. It’s also a good idea to take a bath.
【小题1】 If you have a cold, you can eat hot chicken soup, drink ________, juice or milk.
A. hot water                   B. cold water                 C. wine
【小题2】 If you have a headache, you can leave your hands in hot water for _______ .
A. several hours                B. a few minutes
C. a little minutes
【小题3】If you have a cough, it’s a good idea for you to drink hot water or eat ________ .
A. some vegetables             B. some fruit                  C. some honey
A. taking a warm bath           B. running                    C. drinking water
【小题5】What is the best title of the article ?
A. How to keep healthy ?         B. You should keep healthy.
C. Simple ways for health problems.

• German scientists say that eating a little chocolate every day may keep you away from cardiovascular(心血管的) disease. The scientists have found that chocolate, especially dark chocolate , can help you cut down 39 percent of heart disease, including taking a very small amount . However, the study advises people not to eat too much chocolate, because too much chocolate is bad for our bodies. So the scientists advise people to eat small amount of chocolate instead of sugar or high-fat snacks.
Scientists said, “Dark chocolate shows the greatest effects, milk chocolate fewer , and white chocolate no effects.” The results showed chocolate may cut down blood pressure, but they also say that further study is needed.
In the eight-year study, people’s daily diet, exercise habits, and blood pressure were studied in 19,357 persons aged 35 to 65. They found that people who are an average of 7.5 grams of chocolate a day had a very lower chance of heart disease than those who ate much less chocolate , and average of 1.7 grams a day.
【小题1】It took the scientists __________ years to prove that small amount of chocolate is good for people. A．8; j$g. M7 [7 ?9 ^6 H B．35, b% ?+ E' [7 T6 J" j C．39% Y9 E8 a0 U& C9 i D．65$ T! J6 S" X- E
【小题2】In the study, scientists studied _______________. A．where chocolate came from5 f- f- G$@( B; O9 X, X0 ^3 _ B．how chocolate was made$ M4 i; Z/ ]; F5 d2 N8 B C．people’s daily diet, exercise habit and blood pressure" I1 \3 c) 1 g& ^4 f+ b D．why people liked chocolate so much& F- a4 V/ P5 L" J- R9 X2 V
【小题3】From the passage, we know that _________________. A．chocolate was popular in Germany before7 ]$b+ C2 R/ _+ ] B．chocolate is good for us, but we should not eat too much1 a3 j+ j, G5 O& R C．eating 1.7 grams of chocolate each time is the best3 S5 ?& O, F6 [$ # ^ D．people aged 35 had better not eat chocolate6 i9 H3 c' ?& \1 g! N7 c0 e

• Coffee has been a part of people’s lives for thousands of years, and today it is still one of the favorite drinks in the world. Many people in the world begin their busy day by drinking a cup of or several cups of coffee. They have always said that a cup of coffee in the morning helps them begin their day in the right way. So they say a cup of coffee is necessary for them in the morning.
Do you know what in the coffee makes our bodies and brains(大脑) active? It is caffeine(咖啡因). Caffeine may increase a person’s mental and physical abilities(精力和体能). For example, two cups of coffee will make you breathe faster and augmentbody heat. All this makes you heart beat faster, and doctors warn that this may be a little dangerous.
Caffeine is found in tea, coffee, chocolate and some other foods. A little caffeine is probably not harmful. But much caffeine can make people nervous and sleepless.
【小题1】A good title for this passage is              . A．Coffee Is Harmful- g/ X% d. K2 ^. @2 g B．Coffee and Tea- b& R* W5 ! h, J- W( d C．Caffeine and Health7 g. @+ M6 K/ G* X D．Caffeine Is Useful# g- Q, d* N7 C& C# J# O+ 2 c
【小题2】 The word “augment “ means               . A．increase1 T" h) I9 J. N/ H+ _9 \; ]% U; ] B．drink6 O5 T% O) C1 A5 \3 F/ h C．stop, ]8 d2 Z6 I; V0 K" K) G3 I7 D& G8 c" b D．drop4 c, b$C# @- [6 h# [ 【小题3】 From this passage, we may know that drinking a cup of coffee late at night might . A．give you a headache( E4 O% G* C5 L B．make you fall sleep( K2 G8 J" @1 [0 h% h6 H C．keep you awake* 5 [/ I& T3 O7 R& S# Z D．be dangerous7 M V) \9 F; 5 F/ i9 b8 [0 Z 【小题4】Caffeine is found in . A．tea and water5 G9 Q% B7 i K. _# _. G B．fish and meat% f' b. ^* e5 A/ P; H C．coffee and jam) i% f ]- d1 V# F D．coffee, tea and some other foods3 d/ ?/ X9 O9 H5 V • For hundreds Of years, scientists have been trying to answer what things have an effect on people’s emotions (情感). How you feel is controlled by many things. Your emotions can be affected by your personality, by the actions of others and by events around you. Perhaps you don’t know your emotions can be influenced by the weather as well. People often say they feel good when the sun is shining and sad when it is cloudy. In fact, sunlight makes us feel good. When sunlight hits our skins, our bodies produce a vitamin. Vitamins are natural chemicals (化学物质) which we all need to stay healthy. Sunlight helps our bodies produce vitamin D. Vitamin D helps our bodies make a special chemical. This special chemical affects our brains (大脑) and makes us feel happy. For example, there are long, dark winters of little sunlight in Sweden and Norway, so many people in these countries often feel sad. Without much sunlight, their bodies produce less vitamin D. Without enough vitamin D, their bodies make less of this special chemical which makes them feel good. To help the people in these countries feel better, special “sunrooms” with artificial (人造的) lights have been built. People can go there and get “sunlight” for an hour or two! The weather can also affect people’s emotions in other ways. Hot weather can make people angry because people feel uncomfortable when they are hot. In the same way, rain can make people angry because being wet can be unpleasant. As you can see, the weather can have an effect on the chemicals which control our brains. Through these ways, the weather can influence our emotions. Sadly, while the weather can change us, we can hardly change the weather. 【小题1】 Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a factor (因素) that can affect one’s emotions? A．Weather.& T1 d4 $ A' j) c2 D B．Actions of others.% V* h0 D% ^3 S C．Personality.( L6 M' h. U& c* V! c' D( c- @ D．Age.'  F; K: A* f8 h1 S
【小题2】 Which of the following is true about vitamin D according to the passage? A．It is a kind of artificial chemical.7 `1 ]4 K. b- Y& g. c+ A B．It makes us worried by affecting our brains.