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考点:社会现象类

  • Perhaps once you got free plastic bags when you shopped at the supermarket. But now things have changed already.
    Since June 1, 2008, China has banned(禁止) its shops and supermarkets providing free plastic bags. Shoppers have to pay for bags if they need them. “We hope it will encourage people to use cloth bags and baskets for their vegetables,” said a spokesman from the Chinese government. “Plastic bags have led to a big waste of energy and on the other hand, they pollute(污染) the air, rivers and soil. It takes around 1000 years for the bags to break down. They are also dangerous to wildlife, which eats them without knowing.”
    A large number of Chinese people have begun to make their own cloth bags. Li Linwei, a student in Shenyang, Liaoning Province, made a bag out of an old dress of her mother’s. “ I have given it to my grandmother as a Mother’s Day present. From now on, she will use it when she goes shopping.” said the girl.
    根据短文内容,回答下列问题。(5分)
    1. Since what time, supermarkets have been stopped from providing free plastic bags?
    2. Without free plastic bags, what will people use when they go shopping according to the passage?
    3. Do plastic bags pollute the environment?
    4. How long will it take the plastic bags to break down?
    5. What present did Li Linwei give her grandmother on Mother’s Day?

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  •                                      Britain Today
    Food
    British people like good food, and more than half of them go to a restaurant every month. Fast food is also very popular— 30% of all adults have a hamburger every three months, but
    46% have fish and chips!
    Sports
    British people don’t do a lot of sports. Only 17% of people go swimming every week, about 9% go cycling and 8% play golf—and only 6% of people play football( but 32% go to watch it ).
    Cinema and TV
    Films are very popular in Britain, and about 60% of people between 15 and 24 go to the cinema every month. At home, men watch TV for about three hours every day — two quarters more than women.
    Holidays
    British people love going on holiday, and have 56 million holidays every year. Most of these holidays aren’t in the UK—27% are in Spain,10% are in the USA, and 9% are in France. Maybe this is because the weather in Britain isn’t very good!
    【小题1】Which food could be more popular among British adults, a hamburger or fish and chips?
    A.A hamburger.2 ^; j: d& `; i5 F0 c- j6 O2 J B.Fish and chips.9 M/ G R& U D; P: g
    C.Both.7 F6 M3 T; I# e" `* a D.Neither/ H7 X# D- W1 ?1 j- G% ^
    【小题2】Those who are interested in movies are ____.
    A.men
    % Y# `7 [: O+ D& K3 X
    B.women1 Z4 P9 _# @6 M9 Z2 ]; i5 ]- O% L
    C.old people7 ]" A/ [ S) N, i' S6 _9 J8 ? D.young people, ]2 i- F9 M2 h" a4 W: `' A
    【小题3】How long do British women spend watching TV every day?
    A.Three hours.9 M. A7 V5 U! J& U9 H0 W& T$ g5 h, R B.Three hours and a half6 ]5 [3 E" Z# c, D% @3 U
    C.Two hours0 T$ ^) N1 B5 Z8 h8 @0 T D.Two hours and a half) Z; i# I8 ^1 h7 [5 h0 \9 e
    【小题4】British people’s favorite country for a holiday is ____.
    A.Spain& T9 K3 I% P* O- R) ] L; c0 d; H% \ B.France* j# h! N+ X6 C/ W- d C.America
    d8 Z! B7 b! N# ]0 X- E4 W* ?0 Y
    D.Australia0 S7 D! F" S2 P8 @; ^' e `1 f. P5 h \

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  • American boys and girls like watching TV. Some children spend six hours a day at school and four to six hours a day in front of the TV sets. Some children even watch TV for eight hours or more on Saturday.
    Television(电视)is like books and films . A child can learn good things and bad things from it. Some TV programs help children to understand the news, the people and places from other countries. With TV, children do not have to go out to see films, they can hear interesting music or watch a game at home. But some programs are bad for children, so parents sometimes help them to find other interesting and useful things to do.
    【小题1】In America, some children spend eight hours or more _____ on Saturday .
    A.studying$ U+ [* `, ?# U9 f# @' U B.playing games) e0 Y' J2 A, j9 A# c0 W 
    C.watching TV" E( f; j" N) N9 e4 b D.helping their parents0 f) C4 F$ i4 K3 K 
    【小题2】 With TV, children can ________ at home.
    A.play football
    1 D# a' _3 T' d* ^! A2 N
     
    B.hold a sports meeting- ]" f' G: F `$ ^3 Y 
    C.see some films4 T8 f: ]) L% j, H2 A9 ^, G D.have a swim3 e5 \7 h0 g3 N9 W 
    【小题3】 What does the underlined word “programs” mean?
    A.频道   # Y1 [6 a. ], E/ C- ?. d2 M3 D+ ] B.节目   
    + \" I; C% O4 H; Y W6 E
     
    C.新闻   , C- ?( W; B9 E" L& e; B D.小品# b2 h& M9 L, C/ O2 \ 

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  • A Manchester teenager has received a phone bill (账单)for over £450 after sending 3 ,500 text messages in just one month.
    Tony Russell has had his new mobile phone for only three months, but now his father, Lionel, has taken it away.
    He's been asking me for a mobile for years because all his friends have got one,“ explained Lionel. "I finally bought one for his birthday because he's been doing so well at school, but he and his friends are crazy (疯狂的)about sending text messages. They do it all the time. They even text each other from different sides of the school playground.
    Tony said, "I thought texting was much cheaper than phoning, so I've been texting my friends all day long and even into the early hours of the morning. I've been going to bed at 2 : 00 most nights. Sometimes my hand hurt because I pressed the buttons so much, but I was having such good fun that I couldn't stop!"
    His father said,"! have forgiven him, but I am angry with the phone company as they are encouraging this crazy behaviour. " He has made his son promise to pay back the money, so Tony has been working on Saturdays. He has found a job in a shoe shop. "I think it will take me about a year to clear this debt(债务),"he said.
    A Xiangtan teenager has received a phone bill for over 350 yuan after sending 3,500 text messages in just one month.
    Tan Wei has had his new mobile phone for only three months, but now his father has taken itaway
    He's been asking me for a mobile for years because all his friends have got one," explained Tan Wei's father. "I finally bought one for his birthday because he's been doing so well at school, but he and his friends are crazy about sending text messages They do it all the time. "
    Tan Wei said, "I thoughttexting was much cheaper than phoning, so I've been texting my friends all day long and even into the early hours of the morning, Sometimes my Angers hurt because I pressed the buttons(按键)so much, but I was having such good fun that l couldn’t I stop!”
    His father said, “I am angry with the phone company as they are encouraging this crazy behaviour.' He has made his son promise to pay back the money, so Tan Wei has been working on Saturdays He has found a pan-time job in a shoe shop 'I think it will take me about hall a year to clear this debt(债务)he said.
    【小题1】Tan Wei got the mobile phone because_____
    A he's been asking for it for years
    B. all his friends have got one
    C he's been doing well at school
    【小题2】The underlined word "texting" probably means_____
    A,读课文 B. 短信 C. 发邮件
    【小题3】When he sent text messages, Tan Wei_______ .
    A, made friends at school  B. got himself injured   
    C .felt quite happy
    【小题4】 How much money does Tan Wei get for his job every month?
    A. About 40 yuan  B. About 60 yuan  C. About 80 yuan

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  • Survey about What Students Do in the Summer Vacation
    The students
    + f$ Z6 X+ B8 d4 `9 Y# A* G9 Z
    The things they do in the summer vacation
    ! O" j+ X0 M0 M$ c: Y
    Feelings
    / T" C+ i; @" ]
    80%
    ) \* U% O4 @$ j: _$ i
    Study in some training schools
    3 ]& a+ V" d+ Q* L- h! D
    Bored
    + C, W' Z& R# ]1 P
    50%
    1 [3 [- G3 j: b: M6 C2 \% P
    Got together with classmates
    6 g% C0 O H9 G7 K7 _8 d1 ]8 \
    Happy
    ' X' U e+ b# X& T, P! X& W8 L( G
    40%
    ; W$ V! a, B% F: f0 M' K; K
    Play computer games
    % O7 O& E. J0 _9 P0 T [* A
    Excited
    * O1 \4 e* N& D8 A* \6 ?7 g
    20%
    ; c( E' j1 ^. H8 c
    Do chores at home
    2 P* N `8 f& j
    Tired
    * G9 [# b- Y2 F# _
    【小题1】 Most students____-in the summer vacation
    A. learn some subjects  B play computer games  C do chores at home
    【小题2】 According to the survey, what the students like to do best is____.
    A. Study in the training school
    B. get together with their classmates
    C. do chores at home

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  • True or False(判断下列句子是否符合短文内容, 符合的用”T”表示,不符合的用”F”表示) : ( 7分)
    Biggie Burger, a new fast food restaurant, will soon be opened in the town. A large group of kids and parents were holding signs shouting outside it yesterday. They were there because hey didn't want the restaurant to open. Never!
    “This kind of food is really bad for us!” said Diana,” It’s high in salt, fat, and sugar. it’s unhealthy and we are going to say ’no’ to it!”
    “Our town has been a quiet place. Restaurants like this bring people and also a lot of trouble to this area,” said Barbara.” And I’m afraid they will take business away form our local restaurants.”
    Other local people disagree .The officials believe that Biggie Burger will bring in huge amounts of money to help improve the town. And 17-year-old Sandy can’t wait for Biggie Burger to open.” I love their hamburgers and fried chicken wings! And I can get a job there.”
    Sandy’s dad, a cleaner, agrees,” Biggie Burger’s prices are just right for a family like ours.”
    Michael, who owns a toy shop next door to Biggie Burger, is excited, too.” Maybe people who come for a Biggie Burger will spend a few minutes in my store and pick up something.”
    The town will hole a meeting on Thursday to hear sides. Everyone is welcome to attend it. Come and voice your opinion!
    【小题1】Biggie Burger was opened yesterday and many people were there.
    【小题2】 Diana thinks that the food in Biggie Burger is too expensive.
    【小题3】Barbara is afraid that fewer people will come to the local restaurants.
    【小题4】Sandy has found a job in Biggie Burger and loves food there.
    【小题5】 Cleaners like Sandy’s dad in the town can afford the food in Biggie Burger.
    【小题6】 Michael welcomes the opening of Biggie Burger.
    【小题7】The town doesn’t care about people’s opinions when making a decision.

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  • People who have finished education often admire students for their carefree life. But they don't know how difficult it is to ___1__ a student. He can never finish his homework. Furthermore, he has to ___2___ the great pressure of examinations. Everyone wants to get the first __3__ in exams. And after school, there are also many extra classes waiting for him. The worst of all is that students can hardly do ____4__they really love to do, for they ___5__ almost all their time on studies.
    (    ) 1.  A. grow    B. take      C. as        D. be
    (    ) 2.  A. use     B. become    C. face      D. wait
    (    ) 3.  A. place    B. top       C. position    D. desk
    (    ) 4.  A. how    B. why      C. what     D. which
    (    ) 5.  A. take    B. spend     C. take     D. have

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  • Potatoes are vegetables and many people like to eat them.   【小题1】   But if others call you “couch potato”, it means you like to sit on the couch and watch TV all day long . You usually sit on the couch ,eat snacks and your eyes are always on the TV screen.    【小题2】   .  American artist Robert Armstrong first said it in 1976 and it became very popular soon.
    Later 1993 American writer Alice Kahn made up another phrase , “mouse potato ”.  【小题3】    , so she used the phrase to describe people who spend a lot of time using computers. As computers are becoming common in our life ,   【小题4】    .  Are you one of them?    【小题5】   , remember, too much time in front of a computer is not good for your health
    根据以上内容,从下列五个选项中选择适当的句子还原到短文中,使短文完整与正确。将其标号在答题卡上涂黑。(每小题2分,共10分)
    A. It’s very bad for your health .
    B. A couch is a sofa that people sit on to watch TV or to rest .
    C. A mouse is a part of a computer ,
    D. If you are ,
    E. so now there are more and more “mouse potatoes”
    & _ A. Z; c3 j2 C, E; f 
     

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  • Nowadays we call see more and more electric bikes hi the street. Electric bikes are easy to  41  and they can run faster than ordinary bikes. So they become very  42  in many cities in China now.
    But the electric bikes also  43 many traffic accidents happen. So the Chinese government plans to make a new   44  for the electric bike riders(骑车者). If  45   electric bike is heavier than  40 kilos and it can go   46  than 20 kilometers an hour, its rider must get a license (执照). It means riders have to pass driving test  47 __ they ride their electric bikes on the road.
    People have different ideas about the rule. Some people like the rule  48   they think it will make the street much safer. But some people are not  49 the new rule at all. One rider said, "I don’ t want to get a license or   50  , I don’ t like too many rules in life. " What’ s your idea, my friends?
    【小题1】# X2 Y0 ^1 ]. _$ b( S) G
    A.listen* F5 i( [! c- P! I B.ride+ X. I) J6 B, j% f/ ?1 j0 @: g Q C.play
    T- Z8 R- S* D8 S* U" `0 M
    D.bring8 C0 j7 P1 e' S7 Y+ J
    5 W* b/ T" K6 d4 G- O: H7 B
    【小题2】A. popular            B. hard          C difficult           D dangerous
    【小题3】& K7 A5 I5 j/ O' X+ H* X+ K! D* N
    A.share, ]+ I0 ^" \, F7 j B.throw( ? L( V' i; h3 A% T/ N C.protect
    # C! U( M/ P5 F4 j9 W2 _
    D.make2 I! d8 `$ R6 H! Y; Z* E7 Y& Y
    1 d/ Z2 O4 B" b i5 h! g4 d5 K+ _
    【小题4】$ b. h: Y, c! d) ^. C* A* K U5 R
    A.message
    6 J. P7 M% R; H; Z4 G5 i' F1 F
    B.advice- L& M V/ h: f, E C.rule# R4 ^0 g7 \7 B! e: V6 Z D.letter) \9 H, Q+ N* R; W" A
    9 S2 U+ H: P" X2 B
    【小题5】9 D5 C" F3 W/ `+ V
    A.a
    " a2 Z; a, `3 D3 b2 V/ ?) c5 ]
    B.an* E- D B) C1 `; L7 X1 N2 U- ` C.the& P5 ]; P3 S9 W+ M6 M2 f. @& R D./" a5 f+ H: M5 R! N( K9 O
    * Y( N& X/ H& Q( O" V; \$ C' e5 H
    【小题6】) ?" B3 E9 a: A) I& M. b
    A.faster4 D: E( V$ Z5 h2 ^2 K0 X: X B.fast
    [: ^# K' T8 B# Q! Y. R& ]5 R% Z+ i
    C.fastest1 J! C7 _' f) G+ i- I1 J7 K8 V D.slowly. W. a1 b% Q) \( b
    0 U% `! _; ^, ?5 e0 @# O9 ]
    【小题7】 A. during           B. after             C. before       D in
    【小题8】% a2 a" J! j- f4 G
    A.so+ c% G, g& e$ ?* ] a T8 J I* h B.because/ N! c- U E5 W4 D2 `3 f C.but4 ^ B) Y( S! Z9 T3 V g/ \ D.and9 ?' i: ]/ ?* ]0 R
    9 M! E# C( C1 `$ e% D* h8 d
    【小题9】% A, R9 g K1 D' F$ I
    A.happy with
    ' S/ S4 i+ `; V% G3 ^! _
    B.worried about8 g8 F6 Y* @4 j7 i0 V C.sorry about2 \8 U7 ]# a" Z, [ D.surprised at: _" L! T) C( J
    4 T% i3 j1 g/ S5 T
    【小题10】
    " f4 _. C% [6 h" A: [
    A.something# [ Y F$ _) P* I* b& Z B.nothing
    ; ]; ]9 P e/ [5 C- F8 R" h
    C.everything7 H/ h/ O7 h( P I, Y" G& W2 T: E6 f D.anything' P/ U' L' d9 d2 C' g( Q( C* a
    3 e2 N$ H3 I8 f

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  • These days the subject of security(安全) on campus is talked about quite often.  Some students’ mobile phones are stolen, some students fight with and hurt one another, and others are knocked down by the fast running bikes or cars.
    These problems arc common on campus. I think there are three causes for these. Firstly, some students do not take good care of their properties. They are still young and not careful enough. Secondly, some students want to do everything well. They want to be the winners in exams, and they also want to be the winners in fightings.  And thirdly, the campus guards(保安)do not carry on their duties well. They don’ t regulate the traffic in the busy hour.
    In order to have a secure campus, all the students should be very careful about their properties. They should also mind their behaviors(举止) and act politely. The campus guards are supposed to be devoted(致力于) to the security on campus, and it is their duty to safeguard(维护) a secure campus to help provide a good environment for the students.
    【小题1】 According to the passage, some students’         are stolen.
    A.books
    2 M4 I; g W7 `; H1 e) e) b
    B.clocks2 g1 e- D Z( a0 ^1 U/ a6 \9 `, d C.knives) \7 [0 b3 V+ Z6 I D.mobile phones" S4 ^. ]$ D( U `" U$ \8 g* M
    【小题2】The passage tells us there are causes for the problems.
    A.2 d9 L8 M; ?$ b2 E- A d7 [ B.3. `8 X5 G' G9 L+ Y5 _ C.4
    0 ]7 B9 ?8 f- @1 L0 \
    D.5
    : N& I+ R& D* g% ?, R3 i
    【小题3】Some students want to he the in exams and  fightings.
    A.players0 \8 Z& Z; I! E1 e, L B.singers+ T0 L" \7 E" I5 M2 h% J$ K C.winners; C$ Y- C0 d! R4 I D.teachers$ C+ X) U4 V' C% \- R( J3 D7 a+ \+ W/ g
    【小题4】 The underlined word in Paragraph 2"regulate"means"        ".
    A关心          8维持          C赞同        D调节
    【小题5】 This passage is mainly about           .
    A.how to make the campus safe4 h% ?# C! H8 d B.how to protect the students
    f) ^3 a$ L. V5 I& W9 S' c
    C.security rules on campus% X. H/ U' I, V- I D.the importance of security campus9 c) g& c0 j9 O" U# E7 @

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