## 考点：阅读理解

• Being able to multitask—doing several things at the same time—is considered (考虑，认为) a welcome skill by most people. But if we consider the situation of the young people aged from eight to eighteen, we should think again.
What we often see nowadays is that young people juggle a larger number of electronic devices (电子产品) as they study. While working, they also surf on the Internet, send out emails, answer the telephone and listen to music on their iPods. In a sense, they are spending a large amount of time in fruitless efforts (努力) as they multitask.
Multitasking is even changing the relationship between family members. As young people give so much attention to their own worlds, they seem to have no time to spend with the other people around them. They can no longer greet family members when they enter the house, nor can they eat at the family table.
Multitasking also has an effect (影响) on young people’s performance at university and in the workplace. When asked about their opinions of the effects of modern gadgets (器具) on their performance of tasks, many young people gave a positive (肯定的) response (回应). However, the response from the worlds of education and business was not quite as positive. Educators feel that multitasking by children has a serious effect on later development of study skills. They believe that many college students now need help to improve their study skills. Similarly, employers (雇主) feel that young people entering the job market need to be taught all over again, as modern gadgets have made it unnecessary (没必要) for them to learn special skills to do their work.
【小题1】 What does the underlined word “juggle” most probably mean? A．Want to buy.: T1 V: f0 S( Y$Q( _& Z7 C5 O B．Use at the same time.* \$ S b9 T& T; B( C( e C．Take the place of.2 B5 A5 g, d) ^ D．Search information from.% [2 b0 ]0 N3 \/ W8 ]
【小题2】In Paragraph 3, the author points out that__________. A．family members do not greet each other+ [1 W( ^0 b0 E( Y. U/ R B．family members do not eat at the family table5 L) _" @* C# Y% 0 M9 f C．young people get on well with their families _1 d2 T) W- a8 X D．young people hardly communicate with their family members: O" S/ V" O1 e. B
【小题3】What’s the main idea of the last paragraph?  A．Young people must learn skills for future jobs.- ]3 V. R5 B2 P/ e/ S) i3 F B．Young people benefit (获益) a lot from modern gadgets.+ d1 a- A0 F% \# W0 g C．Multitasking is an important skill to young people.' e# C% d. [( b9 J D．Multitasking influences young people’s development seriously.: Q) X, \+ G9 W9  ?
【小题4】Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage? A．Young people think multitasking is good for their study and work.4 i0 F2 i3 . T B．Employers consider it unnecessary for young people to be taught all over again. - \. d: a* X4 \ M3 b! K. N% d C．Educators feel that young people don’t need to improve their study skills." V( A. K7 b, g D．People from the world of education believe multitasking has a good effect on children’s later study skills.) P \: U) h8 c# O7 [
【小题5】 The author develops (阐述) the passage mainly by__________. A．providing special examples# [' N* X( H3 Q B．following the natural time order* ^6 P, 7 d7 Z: U3 T) O; F C．giving out a cause and analyzing (分析) its effects. S8 Z% Q) ?' B) g! I1 P. Q, T D．comparing opinions from different worlds" $$S2 h7 ; G# f: Z( f8 P • "Dear Grandpa Guo, we are losing our childhoods! Please help us!" Guo Chuanjie, a famous scientist, received a letter from a Beijing primary school student. The student said that many Chinese kids have to take extra classes on weekends in order to enter key middle schools. The kid hoped more people would hear his voice with Guo’s help. Guo is a member of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC,中国人民政治 协商会议). Last month the CPPCC members met in Beijing. They are from all walks of life - scientists, businesspeople, doctors, artists and athletes. They give proposals (提案) on the country’s important issues(问题) to make our country better. For the Beijing student’s letter, Guo read it in front of Yuan Guiren, China’s Minister of Education (教育部部长), during a CPPCC meeting. According to Xinhua, there were 5,762 proposals in all. Many of the proposals were about problems like housing prices, heavy traffic and food safety, which were related to people’s daily lives. Some proposals were about teenagers. For example, singer Han Hong suggested that the government should deal with people who traffic(拐卖) children. As usual, proposals will be given to relative departments (相关部门) after the meetings. For example, Guo’s proposal was handed to the Ministry of Education. The departments will consider the proposals carefully and see if they can be carried out in the future. 【小题1】The primary school student thought ____________ with Guo’s help.  A．children were losing their childhoods B．he didn’t have to take extra classes C．more people would hear his voice D．he could enter key middle school 【小题2】Many of the proposals were about problems except ____________ according to the passage.  A．housing prices B．heavy traffic C．food safety D．scientific research 【小题3】After the CPPCC meetings, Guo’s proposal ____________.  A．was given to other members of the meeting B．was sent to the primary school student C．was handed to the Ministry of Education D．was returned to himself 【小题4】 Which of the following sentences is NOT TURE?  A．A primary school student wrote a letter to a famous scientist, Guo Chuanjie. B．Guo Chuanjie went to Beijing for the CPPCC meetings last month. C．Guo Chuanjie read the student’s letter during a meeting. D．Guo Chuanjie wrote a letter to the Ministry of Education. • In less than two months, Junior 3 students around the country will take the senior high school entrance (入学) exam. They are studying hard for this big challenge. Do they have time to do something in memory of their middle school years? Many do. Leng Jingze, 15, from Tianjin said that in her class students are already writing goodbye messages for each other. "Even the head teacher has a plan," said Leng. "She plans to put all our class photos and the Chinese compositions we have written onto a CD and give each student one," said Leng. "She will also write something for each student." Wang Zeyu, 16, in Changchun, Jilin said his classmates are making "lucky stars" as graduation gifts. They are making the cheerful stars from colored paper. "Before making a lucky star, you write some words for the person on the paper," said Wang. "He or she can read the words later." Who does Wang want to make a lucky star for? He said he wanted to make one for his head teacher. "I’ll write: Dear teacher, you always look so serious," said Wang. "But we know you have a warm heart. Smile more!" In Xiao Xia’s school in Beijing, each Junior 3 student will get a yearbook (毕业年鉴) , in which the graduating classes will put their photos and self-introductions. "Most classes have written an article as the self-introduction," said Xiao, 15. "We have written a poem in the ancient style!" The poem records the big events of the class’s history and is in the shape of the number 9. "Nine is our class number," said Xiao, who felt very proud of the idea. "Our class may be not the one with the best school grade but it must be the most creative one," said Xiao. "I feel lucky to study in such a class!" 【小题1】Leng Jingze’s head teacher plans to ____________.  A．put all the class photos onto a CD ' C* D, Y+ H# Y: A. ^ B．put the student’s Chinese compositions onto a CD 5 Y' U2 J& b \ C．give each student a CD 6 Z2 R# Q h4 Z/ W D．all above7 N0 c4 h' [; O; [2 c. O 【小题2】 Wang Zeyu wanted to make a "lucky star" for his teacher because ____________.  A．his head teacher wasn’t serious enough ) C6 S& K' M1 e0 [1 L! \& A B．he doesn’t like his head teacher 3 S, J [9 [' e) F! ^* J; S C．his head teacher sent him a gift 0 V4 I! b/ D+ H D．he wanted his head teacher to smile more3 T3 E* i E6 C 【小题3】From the last paragraph, we know that ____________.  A．most classes in Xiao Xia’s school have written a poem as the self-introduction 1 \0 Z' D! C& ]7 f B．9 is the lucky number for Xiao Xia’s Class 5 d# J0 S; ]& ^8 D* f" ^9 O C．Xiao Xia’s class has very creative ideas ; O' f( G @! N1 E% _0 Y D．each graduating class will get a yearbook to put their photos and self-introductions" G% j) R: i( F/ _4 i 【小题4】The passage is probably from ____________.  A．a newspaper c, j9 @) M+ e/ C5 W+ j4 S/ b B．a novel0 ^; h' c+$$  C．a letter4 I; P5 0 [6 Z. ]/ h; H1 S: f D．a diary( f& D0 g$G+ O" e: D • Yesterday my son, daughter and I went to the grocery store. In front of us in line was a little girl with her mother. The little girl was asking her mother for a box of Smarties. The polite way she was asking almost broke the mother’s heart, “I’m sorry, Honey, but we have no money to buy it ” My son was watching that dialogue. By the way, he had been raking(用耙子耙)leaves our garden to raise himself some money to buy a bike. As he watched the mother and daughter leave the store, he ran to the candy counter(柜台)and bought a box of Smarties with the money . He turned to look at me and I just nodded. He ran out after the little girl and her mother and he gave them the box. He came back and told me what he told them. “Every kid should have a pack of Smarties because they can make you smart.” I was so excited that I bought a pack of Smarties for my son. I told him that I was proud of him, and that was for his act of generosity(慷慨)because he gave his own Smarties to others Quickly, he replied, “But you do nice things for people and you never get anything for it .”explained, “when you do something nice for someone, you shouldn’t expect to get anything, when you do get something you should be very thankful.” 【小题1】When the writer and her children went to the grocery store, they saw a little girl asking ____. A．her mother for a nice toy L. _1 _8 5 R7 i( E2 ?7 U$ H B．her mother for a box of Smarties. B3 j' O. _7 F" i4 V C．where she could find a box of Smarties $d9 g' X: J* a D．her mother if she could had enough money+ \. O! g e$ P+ Y
【小题2】From the passage we know Smarties are ____. A．a beautiful doll' L. M( b0 F, \: N, B* h. G B．an interesting story book; _' @& X8 ]% T/ F/ h; h1 [ C．a kind of candy$D4 V9 B0 M1 P6 e. h) A D．some leaves of a nice tree) [0 F, M3 # E 【小题3】The writer was____to see her son buy a pack of Smarties for the little girl. A．sad; h9 O: : ^# b$ C8 L B．excited+ [; V# O1 S" W5 d' E( D C．angry# P4 a3 B+ a' E2 K: R7 j( T D．proud' h3 J. M6 h" J+ U
【小题4】What can we learn from the story above? A．Every kid should have a pack of Smarties..8 K0 \/ J0 h# P8 D& N& K B．Everyone should have a good mother.- B( E+ U6 _ Z& X. j C．Everyone should do nice things for others.2 a- B4 @" e, S! J/ C! Z& g D．Every mother should often do something for her children.& g0 E- G/ 0 D) I

• As a child, I was really afraid of the dark and of getting lost. These fears were very real and caused me some uncomfortable moments.
Maybe it was the strange way things looked and sounded in my own room at night that scared me so much. There was never complete darkness, but always a streetlight or passing car lights, which made clothes on the back of a chair take on the shape of a wild animal. Out of the corner of my eye, I saw the curtains seem to move when there was no wind. A very low sound in the floor would seem a hundred times louder than in the day. My imagination (想象) would run wild, and my heart would beat fast. I would lie very still so that the “enemy” would not discover me.
Another of my childhood fears was that I would get lost, especially on the way home from school. Every morning I got on the school bus right near my home. That was no problem. After school, though, when all the buses were lined up along the street, I was afraid that I would get in the wrong one and be taken to some other strange places. On school or family trips to a park or a museum, I wouldn’t let the leaders out of my sight.
Perhaps one of the worst fears of all I had as a child was that of not being liked or accepted by others. Being popular was so important to me then, and the fear of not being liked was a serious one.
One of the processes growing up is being able to realize and overcome our fears. Understanding the things that scared us as children helps us achieve greater success later in life.
【小题1】The author had _______ kind(s) of fears when she was a child. A．one" S2 ?$I4 H4 ^4 H# D2 C B．two7 ], A' _1 U/ S C．three# K, d/ ^6 R& V V% " S# G D．none: D4 E; E* K8 N( W' g E! / B  【小题2】_______ would scare the author at night. A．Streetlight and car lights8 X, f, T) T* d/ h8  B．Wild animals and enemies# W* X: C2 d" F% % a C．Moving curtains and wind9 [: \1 f4 I* F/ T) W* [ D．Clothes and walls7 i" h Y5 _7 c! j4 I# [' a/ G; R5 V) D 【小题3】When she went to some other places, she would _______. A．walk away without others6 K. K0 H, Q0 d2 O. E' f B．take a bus by herself1 E' C# I: H- A C．follow others closely - J7 A0 D% P0 G% ^) I8 J D．make sure not to take a wrong bus" Q3 @; g2 R6 ?) h4 G3 h- c$ @
【小题4】Which of the following would be possibly true when she was a child? A．She thought being popular among people was important. ' E. O- V& E' ^4 B5 H) ]- _ C B．She was always the leader of the others.' f' O2 c' N# Y a C．She always got poor grades.- Y8 R- B b2 W- H/ J( U" R7 b6 H D．She was not liked by others at all.% j, X% [% ^/ I R! A8 D

• I have a good friend at home. Her name is Mimi. She is white and yellow. She is very cute. I play with her when(当……的时候) I have time. She likes fish very much. When she is behind (在……之后) the sofa or in her box, you can’t see her. When I sit on the sofa, she sits with me. In the evening I do my homework at my desk, and she is on the desk. At that time I put her down(放下). Then she sits next to me. Is she a good friend of mine?
【小题1】Who is my good friend at home? A．A boy.6 I9 W2 I" I! L B．A cat.4 J( ?! S1 B' Y; Y# M' U0 E C．A fish., [4 j* X0 Y" f D．A tiger., g0 D& h3 g4 g9 @+ @) T: H
【小题2】When she is in the box or behind the sofa, you ____. A．can’t see her* b! I# @$W% _ B．like her. 6 ]0 Y( f. C8 Y/ L1 I$ O C．play with her% C3 Y: S: W) R/ ?! T7 c D．don’t like her$H6 @- j* O* d& H- ]1 L% f 【小题3】When I do my homework, she ____. A．does its homework; O* + _4 c" X1 N! d. ]; H B．plays with a ball* K9 Q& [( i( ^* J( e5 d/  C．sits on the sofa5 N5 \! @+ M5 D* e D．sits on the desk% O8 S2 R$ W9 X c
【小题4】We can see ____ in the room. A．a sofa/ S! Y6 N1 O+ S$L B．a black cat' A5 V, E( a2 e C．some good friends0 f7 B& D$ h' A" F D．a computer# N/ N" L' S9 A! @
【小题5】I do my homework ____. A．in the morning2 J3 X3 a4 [0 P% [ B．in the afternoon) W7 f% J5 c6 S/ j3 N C．in the evening8 f( g$I- R2 f6 d8 @8 b: C D．at noon1 G- E) g8 M) B • 根据短文内容及首字母提示，填写所缺单词（每空一词，计10分） Have you had a headache during a test? Have you ever been so worried about something t _【小题1】_ you have a headache or even can’t sleep at night? If s__【小题2】__, then you know what stress is. Stress is what you f_【小题3】__ when you are worried about something. This worry in your mind can make your body feel bad. You may feel angry, sad, scared, or afraid. All of them can give you a stomach or a headache. However, there are different kinds of stress. Some kinds of stress are good and o_【小题4】__ are bad. Good stress might happen when you are called to answer questions in class. This kind of stress can help you get things better done. For e__【小题5】__, you may do a better job on your test if the stress pushes you to p__【小题6】_ better before the test. On the other hand, bad stress can happen if the stress l__【小题7】__ too long. You may not feel well if your parents are fighting, if a family m_【小题8】__ is sick, and if you are having problems at school, or anything else makes you unhappy every day. That kind of stress isn’t going to help you. And it can actually make you sick. The best way to fight stress is to have a balanced life. Make s__【小题9】_ you keep your SELF in mind: Sleep, Exercise, Leisure(休闲) and Food. If you get e__【小题10】__ sleep and eat properly, and if you exercise and leave time for fun, you’ll probably feel less stressed. • Tina is an outgoing girl, she can always make me _____. So I like her. A．laugh B．laughing C．to laugh D．Laughed • Air is all around us. At the time we are born, air is around us everywhere .We live in air. All living things need air. Living things cannot live without air. We can go without food or water for a few days, but we can't live a few minutes without air. We take in air. When we are working, we need more air. When we are sleeping, we need less (少量的）air. We live in air but we cannot see it. We can only feel it. We can feel it when it is moving. Moving air is called wind. How can you make air move? Here is one way. Take an open book in your hands in front of your face. Close it quickly. What can you feel? It is air. 根据短文内容，回答下列各题。 【小题1】Where is air? 【小题2】What do all living things need? 【小题3】What is moving air called? 【小题4】When do we need more air? 【小题5】Can we see air? • Once upon a time there was a man in a small town. He had two children, a boy and a girl. The boy was good-looking but the girl was not. One day they found a mirror（镜子）for the first time and they saw what they looked like. The boy was very happy and he said to his sister, “How handsome I am! I look much nicer than you!” The girl did not like what her brother said and gave him a hard push（推）. “Go away!” she said. Their father saw what was happening. He went up to them and said to the boy, “You must always BE good as well as LOOK good.” Then to the girl he said, “my dear, if you help everyone and do your best to make him happy, everyone will love you. It does not matter that you are not as good-looking as your brother.” 【小题1】Once upon a time a man had __________. A．a good-looking boy2 J: U% S, M" [' ? ?7 g B．a good-looking girl# M8 h6 ]3 f# G# O6 \. \3 G; h! C/ d# c C．two good-looking children ; B8 Q0 h/ 2 W6 T* J) X D．a boy and a girl2 K3 Y% f" d1 P, I5 \ 【小题2】The boy was happy because he __________. A．found a mirror) [" N e6 P( D/ [5 h: F! j B．knew he looked as nice as his sister; 9 F. F# i& _% H) d C．was handsome" e: M& X/ V6 W5 X D．she was not happy with her brother7 H& K1 C; [& ^- Z3 K" V 【小题3】The girl gave the boy a hard push because __________. A．she was stronger! N, L8 M# ?6 ]% D, ? B．what her brother said was wrong# X7 H: g* e' O& j3 J- T+ ]# Q C．her father loved her) Z& f( f) i6 W1 . M4 K D．she was not happy with her brother9 K. ^% _% M- ?' I 【小题4】Father told the girl that __________. A．it was important to be good-looking8 K. Q9 P) I e; b& g7 \' S B．it was a good thing not to be good-looking( S& E# ]/ ?) @8 ]: d. ?0 @ C．if she did her best to help people, she would enjoy people’s love; J& L' V- D2 _3 A& I8 J5 Q$ O D．she was as good-looking as her brother- J( L* e& G4 G# O! V
【小题5】What can we learn from this story? A．To be good to people is more important than to be good-looking.( V: b+ F9 ^ C* _8 S- V8 Y B．To be good-looking is very important.- J; e; ]7 Z$V0 h8 [8 b- ^, Z C．If you want to make yourself good-looking, you must be good to people.# i2 J, i: K5 Q$ j& T D．If you often help people, you will become more and more beautiful.1 A& ?2 P7 U& [4 I. \