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考点:科普环保类


  • III、完形填空(共20分)
    It’s a question anyone might ask in the future: Should your household robot be cool? Or practical?
    For Sony Corporation, robots ought to be entertaining. The company’s 41 robot, SDR—4 X, can sing and dance.
    But for automaker Honda Motor Co Ltd, such 42 should perform useful tasks for their 43 masters.
    “It is in the end a machine, a 44 ,” said Masato Hirose, Honda’s chief engineer.
    Sony’s chief researcher Toshi Doi said robots performing such tasks as 45for ill or disabled people would not necessarily need a human 46  .
    “The attractiveness of the SDR—4 X is its 47”, he said.
    “It has feelings. It has instincts(直觉).”
    Drawing from its 48of 60,000 words, an SDR—4 X robot 49 last week that it can ask a 50 in a high voice: “Please 51still for a minute while I memorize your face.”
    It also 52 off its ability to walk on uneven(不平的)floors, and come to its owner when it’s 53.
    While Honda’s robot is 54 used mainly for entertainment, it is 55 that one day it will be a useful companion.
    So its robot have been 56to be 120cm tall – more than twice the height of the SDR—4 X. Hirose said 120cm is the 57a robot that moves around a home should be.
    “If you are going to have something that can move with 58 in a human surroundings(环境), then it is better to 59 the robot like a human,” he said.
    Hirose said that he hopes the robot will be 60 enough so that he can buy one for himself and let it get him a beer.
    41. A. earliest        B. latest          C. coolest                     D. smallest
    42. A. matters        B. people        C. machines           D. inventions
    43. A. human         B. own           C. creative             D. all
    44. A. tool             B. robot         C. toy                   D. slave
    45. A. looking        B. working     C. leaving              D. caring
    46. A. form           B. character    C. job                   D. ability
    47. A. appearance   B. purpose      C. personality        D. material
    48. A. storage        B. use            C. making             creation
    49. A. said             B. announced  C. showed             D. imaged
    50. A. friend          B. partner              C. servant              D. guest
    51. A. hold            B. lie             C. take                  D. make
    52. A. left                     B. showed      C. put                   D. dropped
    53.A. tired             B. called         C. controlled          D. made
    54.A. also              B. still            C. again                D. even
    55. A. sure             B. hoped        C. reported            D. described
    56. A. expected      B. raised         C. proved                     D. designed
    57 A. cheapest     B. dearest              C. smallest             D. biggest
    58. A. ease             B. care          C. difficulty           D. foot
    59. A. buy             B. use            C. invest               D. design
    60. A. useful          B. smart         C. cheap                D. small

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  • 第二节完形填空 ( 满分30分)
    In South Korea, a robot made its teaching debut. Children could __36__ take their eyes off a new teacher when the instructor __37__ their classroom. __38__ with intense curiosity by the pupils, __39__ said, “How are you, my students? Let’s get __40__. Have you opened your books?”
    Although the voice __41__ like human, the teacher was not. It was a robot __42__ Tiro, __43__ was recently invited for one day __44__ a human instructor with __45__ 30-minute English class at Euon Primary School in the central South Korean city of Daejon, 250 kilometres __46__ of Seoul.
    Tiro asked questions __47__ English such as, “How many giraffes (长颈鹿) __48__ on the board?” It also __49__ the name of the next student to participate in a __50__ task on the screen on its chest.There were a few glitches (失灵) in the experiment, __51__. Tiro, which was connected to a computer, sometimes fell into an __52__ moment of silence when something went wrong with the computer.
    Still, the Tiro-run class was too short to __53__ the children. “I hope every class will have such a __54__ teacher,” ten-year-old Baek Ji Woong said.
    The regular teacher was also happy with her new __55__. “I believe that robotic teachers like Tiro are going to be helpful for teachers and students alike,”Jeon Myong Jin said.
    36. A. hardly         B. happily        C. only             D. merely
    37. A. comes                 B. came          C. entered into               D. entered
    38. A. Greeting         B. Greeted         C. Having greeted   D. To greet
    39. A. the teacher          B. teacher             C. pupil                 D. the pupil
    40. A. start                   B. starting         C. started            D. beginning
    41. A. is sounded           B. sounding       C. sound                D. sounded
    42. A. name                  B. named         C. was named        D. was called
    43. A. which          B. who          C. when          D. where
    44. A. help            B. assist          C. to ask          D. to assist
    45. A. a                 B. an              C. the              D. /
    46. A. south                  B. the south       C. in south             D. out the south
    47. A. with            B. in                     C. for              D. on
    48. A. have                   B. there are        C. having                     D. are there
    49. A. displays                     B. displayed       C. shows               D. shown
    50. A. role-playing        B. roled-playing     C. role-play           D. role-played
    51. A. though                B. as though      C. therefore           D. too
    52. A. embarrass           B. embarrassing     C. embarrassed     D. embarrasses
    53. A. satisfy                B. satisfying      C. be satisfied        D. be satisfying
    54. A. robot           B. robotic              C. robots          D. robber
    55. A. teacher         B. student          C. pupil          D. assistant

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  • 第二部分:语言知识及运用(满分25分)
    第一节完形填空(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
    Trees are useful to man in three very important ways. They provide him with wood and other   __21__ ; they give him shade; they help to prevent drought(干旱)and  __22__.
    Unfortunately, in many parts of the world, man has not realized that the third of these services is the most important.
    Two thousand years ago a rich and powerful country cut down its trees to build warships, with which to gain itself an empire. It gained the empire, but,__23__its trees, its soil became hard and poor. When the empire fell to__24__,the home country found itself faced by floods and starvation.
    Even where a government realizes the importance of a plentiful supply of trees, it is difficult for__25__to persuade the villager to see this. The villager wants wood to cook his food with ; and he can earn money by making charcoal or selling wood to the townsman. He is usually too lazy or too careless to plant and look after new trees. So, unless the government has a good system of control, or can__26__the people, the forests will slowly disappear.
    This does not only mean that the villagers’ sons and grandsons have__27__trees. The results are even more serious; for where there are trees, their roots break the soil up—allowing the rain to sink in—and also bind(结合)the soil, thus preventing its__28__washed away easily, but where there are no trees ,the rain falls on hard ground and carrying__29__with it the rich top soil, in which crops__30__so well. With all the topsoil gone, nothing remains but worthless desert.
    21.A. uses                  B. products                   C. production                D. result
    22.A. floods           B. soil                         C. air                           D .sunlight
    23.A. with                 B. by                           C. on                           D. without
    24.A. break        B. unite                        C. bits                          D. pieces
    25.A. it                  B. them                        C. he                            D. they
    26.A. ask                   B. educate                    C. want                        D. remove
    27.A. a few            B. fewer                       C. a little                      D. little
    28.A. been             B. being                       C. is                             D. was
    29.A. away            B. off                           C. with                         D. by
    30.A. come            B. grow                        C. get                           D. Turn

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  • 第二节:完形填空 (共20小题,每小题.1.5分, 共30分)
    通读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后在各题所给的A,B,C,D四个选项中,选出一个最佳答案。
    Recent studies show that only one out of three people have strong and healthy self-confidence. That  36  two out of every three people simply don’t know the  37  they already have to be successful when it’s  38  there in their hands!  39  if you want others to believe in you, you have to believe in yourself first. Remember: “No one can make you feel inferior (差的)unless you  40  them.” A successful businessman says, “You can’t push anyone up a ladder  41  he knows he can climb himself.”
    Many of us have an image  42 , the image(形象) we have of ourselves.  43  one guy put it: “You can’t win a horse race if you think you look  44  on a horse.” To succeed, the first person you have to  45  is yourself! So stop believing your own lies about yourself. Just  46  your mind and you’ll change your life.
    One of the most harmful weapons that can kill your success in life are the two little words: “ 47 ”. You know that people used to  48  that if human beings traveled faster than 30 miles an hour it would  49  our circulation(循环)of blood and kill us? Thank goodness a few people didn’t believe that  50  thinking, or we wouldn’t be riding in cars, buses, and flying in airplanes today. You’ll never know until you  51 .
    Roger Bannister was the first human being to run a mile in less than 4 minutes. But  52  he did it, most people in the world didn’t think it was even  53 . Yet only weeks after Bannister did it, suddenly  54  all over the world began running a mile in less than 4 minutes! If we believe something can be done, we’ll  55  do it.
    36.A. reflects                B. means                      C. reads                        D. explains
    37.A. chance                B. strength                   C. reason                     D. ability
    38.A. immediately               B. properly                  C. right                       D.accurately  
    39.A. But                    B. Because                   C. What                   D. While
    40.A. challenge            B. let                           C. admit                         D. help
    41.A. if                       B. except                 C. unless                      D. until
    42.A. quiz                   B. question                  C. mystery                   D. problem
    43.A. As             B. When                         C. While                      D. Since
    44.A. curious                      B. good-looking           C. funny                 D. serious
    45.A. knock                 B. beat                        C. strike                         D. defend
    46.A. settle                  B. bend                       C. fix                          D. change
    47.A. I failed.                     B. Not me.                   C. I can’t.                  D. Can I?
    48.A. think            B. imagine                   C. expect                     D. doubt
    49.A. start                   B. help                        C. close                       D. stop
    50.A. empty              B. silly                         C. reasonable                  D. terrible
    51.A. realize             B. try                           C. understand                  D. judge
    52.A. before                   B. after                        C. since                       D. because
    53.A. likely                 B. unbelievable            C. impossible             D. possible
    54.A. runners                  B. workers                   C. competitors              D. players
    55.A. simply                B. seldom                    C. usually                  D. never

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  • 第二节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)
    阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从36~55各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。
    Children with learning disabilities (LD) often have problems. For many, strong feelings of 36 , anger, sadness, or shame can lead to  37  difficulties such as anxiety, depression, or low self-esteem. These problems can be far more than the academic challenges themselves.
    Several leading experts in the field of LD have offered  38   to parents on ways to help  39   their children from these problems.
    To be most effective in supporting your child,   40   can help to understand some underlying(not easily noticed)  41  for the psychological and emotional challenges he(she) may   42 .
    First, it is not difficult to see   43  children with LD are at greater risk for developing psychological difficulties  44   one considers the repeated failure they experience as they   45  their way through the educational system, which may misunderstand or ignore their needs.   46  their efforts to "try harder," children with LD may receive little   47   feedback. Their academic struggles and failures are often met with   48  by teachers, peers, and parents. Such disapproval can take the form of negative labeling of a child as "slow," "lazy," or "dumb."  49   developing a sense of pride in their accomplishments, children with LD may   50   in frustration and shame. Low self-esteem and a lack of confidence only further   51  with learning and academic success.
    The second reason is the   52   difficulties they often experience. Research indicates that as many as 75% of kids with LD have such difficulties as making and keeping friends. Children with learning disabilities are less   53  , and often rejected by their peers. Teachers and other adults also may   54  to have negative views of children with learning disabilities. Such social rejection can result in loss of self-esteem and feelings of loneliness, which,   55  , may lead to psychological difficulties such as anxiety and depression.
    36. A. frustration                  B. excitement                C. surprise                    D. curiosity
    37. A. academic                   B. cultural                    C. physical                   D. psychological
    38. A. help                          B. suggestions            C. chances                    D. comments
    39. A. prevent                      B. protect                            C. prohibit                   D. persuade
    40. A. they                          B. parents                     C. it                             D. experts
    41. A. excuses                      B. opinions                   C. directions                 D. reasons
    42. A. expect                       B. imagine                    C. face                       D. ignore
    43. A. why                          B. where                      C. which                      D. when
    44. A. unless                        B. though                            C. if                            D. because
    45. A. feel                           B. find                         C. change                            D. fight
    46. A. Without                            B. Despite                    C. Through                   D. Due to
    47. A. positive                            B. negative                   C. subjective                 D. sensitive
    48. A. support                      B. sympathy                 C. disapproval               D. complaint
    49. A. Other than                 B. Rather than               C. More than                D. Less than
    50. A. stay up                      B. turn up                        C. pick up                    D. end up
    51. A. compare                       B. mix                         C. interfere                   D. compete
    52. A. social                        B. economic                 C. technical                  D. learning
    53. A. invited                       B. accepted                   C. criticized                 D. impressed
    54. A. tend                          B. wait                         C. manage                    D. desire
    55. A. in general                  B. in particular                 C. in total                    D. in turn

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  • 第三节:完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
    阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
    In the past, man didn’t have to think about the protection of his environment. There were few people on the earth, and natural resources seemed to be  21.
    Today things are  22  , and the world has become too  23 . We’re using up our natural resources too quickly, and at the same time we are   24 our environment with dangerous chemicals. If we continue to do this, human life on the earth   25   survive.
    Everyone 26  today that if too many fish are taken from the sea, there will soon be none left. Yet, with modern fishing  27 , more and more fish are caught. We know that if too many trees are cut down, 28  will disappear and nothing will grow on the land. Yet, we   29 to use bigger and more powerful machines to   30  more and more trees.
    We know that if rivers are polluted with waste products from factories, we’ll die. 31 , in most countries wastes are   32  put into rivers or into the sea, and there are   33 laws to stop this.
    We know, too, that if the  34  of the world continues to rise at the present rate, in a few years there will not be enough   35  . What can we do to solve these problems? 
    If we eat more vegetables and less   36  there will be more food available for every one. Land that is used to grow crops   37 five times more people than land where animals are kept. Our natural resources will  38  longer if we learn to recycle them.
    The world population will not rise so quickly if people use modern methods of birth 39   .
    Finally, if we educate people to think about the problems, we shall have a better and cleaner  40  in the future.
    21.   A. beautiful    B. unlimited      C. rare            D. valuable
    22.   A. common    B.the same       C. changeable     D. different
    23.   A. crowded     B. small         C. dirty           D. busy
    24.   A. protecting   B. saving         C. polluting       D. fighting
    25.   A. may not     B. will not        C. shall not       D. could not
    26.   A. wonders     B. realizes        C. considers      D. discovers
    27.   A. poles        B. boats         C. methods        D. ideas
    28.   A. mountains    B. seas          C. trees          D. forests
    29.   A. continue     B. have           C. ought         D. go on
    30.   A. cut away     B. cut off         C. cut up         D. cut down
    31.   A. Thus       B. However       C. Generally speaking D. Therefore
    32.   A. still         B. even          C. also           D. certainly
    33.   A. too many    B. a few          C. some          D. few
    34.   A. production   B. pollution        C. population     D. revolution
    35.   A. houses      B. vegetables       C. food          D. lives
    36.   A. fruit        B. meat            C. fish          D. grain
    37.   A. feeds        B. increases        C. supplies         D. helps
    38. A. use          B. stay            C. keep          D. last
    39. A. control       B. born            C. plan          D. reward
    40. A. nature      B. sea             C. planet         D. forest

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  • 第二节:完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
    阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从36~55各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,
    选出最佳选项。
    Cats have no emotions . At least, that's what my husband once claimed. I   36   that my two cats experience emotions. They feel anger, fear, and   37  . He agreed with me, but   38   his opinion that cats don't feel love.  39  , my tuxedo cat, Sebastian, would teach him otherwise.
    When my next-door neighbor moved in, he had a she cat named Juliet. She was an indoor lady, always watching   40   through the window.
    Then one day when I   41   my cat to the backyard for his playtime, Sebastian   42   Juliet gazing at him behind the window. It soon became   43   that they were attracted by each other. So every day thereafter, whenever I let Sebastian out, he would rush   44__to the backyard next-door and they would sit gazing   45   at each other through the screen, she inside, and he outside. Even my husband watched   46  , and he would murmur, "But cats can't feel love... can they?"
    Five months later, my neighbor had to   47   because of work. My heart sank. I wondered how Sebastian would   48   to Juliet's leaving.
    For months after Juliet moved away and the new neighbor moved in, I often   49   Sebastian sitting by Juliet's window, looking into the apartment   50   his lady. The new neighbor didn't mind having the "Peeping Sebastian" after I   51   his reason for being there.
    Sebastian   51   the small area outside that window as his territory.  Other male cats were allowed in the   53  , but not near Juliet's window, which he guarded until his   54  .
    Even now, when my husband and I walk through the backyard and see that window, he   55   me of the lesson Sebastian taught him... that cats do indeed fall in love.
    36. A. argued                B. quarreled                  C. suggested                 D. discussed
    37. A. energy                B. power                  C. strength                    D. happiness
    38. A. referred to          B. prepared for             C. stuck to                    D. approved of
    39. A. Therefore           B. However                  C. Besides                    D. Meanwhile
    40. A. the environment  B. the sky                     C. her owner                 D. her boyfriend
    41. A. forbade               B. prevented                 C. accompanied             D. left
    42. A. called attention to       B. caught sight of       C. took charge of          D. paid a visit to
    43. A. ambitious            B. doubtful                   C. skeptical                   D. obvious
    44. A. secretly               B. straight                    C. quietly                            D. worriedly
    45. A. lovingly              B. angrily                        C. hungrily                   D. greedily
    46. A. in trouble            B. in sorrow                 C. in amazement           D. in horror
    47. A. settle                  B. travel                       C. apologize                 D. move
    48. A. react                   B. reply                        C. reduce                      D. replace
    49. A. took                   B. caught                      C. met                          D. sensed
    50. A. in place of          B. on the basis of          C. in search of                     D. on account of
    51. A. explained            B. requested                  C. blamed                     D. asked
    52. A. discovered          B. reformed                  C. preserved                 D. marked
    53. A. street                  B. backyard                  C. window                    D. village
    54. A. birthday                     B. departure                  C. death                       D. arrival
    55. A. reminds                     B. informs                    C. tells                         D. accuses

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  • 第二节:完形填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)
    Scientists find that hard-working people live longer than average men and women. Career women are ___36___ than housewives. Evidence shows that ___37__ are in poorer health than the job-holders. A study shows ___38___ the unemployment rate increases by 1%, the death rate increases correspondingly (相应地) by 2%. All this ___39__ one point: Work is helpful to health.
    Why is work good for health? It is because work keeps people busy, __40___ loneliness and solitude (孤独). Researches show that people feel __41__ and lonely when they have nothing to do. Instead, the happiest are those who are ___42___. Many high achievers who love their careers feel that they are happiest when they are working hard. Work serves as ___43___ between man and reality. By work, people __44_ each other. By collective  activity, they find friendship and warmth. This is helpful to health. The loss of work __45__ the loss of everything. It affects man spiritually and makes him liable to (易于)___46__.
    __47__, work gives one a sense of fulfillment (充实感) and a sense of ___48_. Work makes one feel his value and status in society. When ___49__ finishes his writing or a doctor successfully __50___ a patient or a teacher sees his students ___51__, they are happy __52__.
    From the above we can come to the conclusion ___53_ the more you work, __54___ you will be. Let us work hard, __55__ and live a happy and healthy life.
    36. A. more healthier   B. healthier      C. weaker         D. worse
    37. A. career women   B. the busy         C. the jobless   D. the hard-working
    38. A. that whenever   B. whether       C. that though   D. since
    39. A. comes down to  B. equals to      C. adds up to    D. amounts to
    40. A. /                  B. off                 C. in touch with  D. away from
    41. A. happy, interested              B. glad, joyful
    C. cheerful, concerned            D.unhappy, worried
    42. A. busy               B. free           C. lazy              D. empty
    43. A. a river                   B. a gap         C. a channel       D. a bridge
    44. A. come across                 B. come into contact with
    C. look down upon               D. watch over
    45. A. means              B. stands        C. equals           D. matches
    46. A. success                B. death       C. victory              D. disease
    47. A. Besides               B. Nevertheless C. However      D. Yet
    48. A. disappointment  B. achievement  C. regret    D.apology
    49. A. a worker       B. a farmer        C. a writer        D. a manager
    50. A. manages       B. controls      C. operates on    D. deals with
    51. A. raise              B. grow        C. rise                 D. increase
    52. A. in a word       B. without a word C. at a word      D. beyond words
    53. A. that                B. which            C. what            D. /
    54. A. the lonelier and weaker                B. lonelier and weaker
    C. happier and healthier       D. the happier and healthier
    55. A. study well                     B. studying well 
    C. study good                    D. studying good

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  • In the past, man did not have to think about the protection of his environment. There were few people on the earth, and natural resources seemed to be____36____ .
    Today things are___37_____, the world has become too___38____ . We are using up our natural resources too quickly, and at the same time we are___39____ our environment with dangerous chemicals. If we continue to do this, human life on the earth ___40____survive.
    Everyone___41_____ today that if too many fish are taken from the sea, there will soon be none left. Yet, with modern fishing__42_____ , more and more fish are caught. We know that if too many trees are cut down, ___43____will disappear and nothing will grow on the land. Yet, we ___44_____to use bigger and more powerful machines to __45____more and more trees.
    We realize that if rivers are polluted with waste products from factories, we will die.___46_____, in most countries wastes are ___47______put into rivers or into the sea, and there are _48_____laws to stop this.
    We know, too, that if the___49____ of the world continues to rise at the present rate, in a few years, there will not be enough___50_____. What can we do to solve these problems ?
    It we eat more vegetables and less___51____, there will be more food available for everyone. Land that is used to grow crops __52_____five times more people than land where animals are kept.
    Our natural resources will _53_____longer if we learn to recycle them. The world population will not rise so quickly if people use modern methods of birth__54_______ .
    Finally, if we educate people to think about the problems, we shall have a better and clearer ___55____in the future.
    【小题1】7 [( g5 H9 f' Q7 U! J, f
    A.beautiful* d* W, e! N6 @- e/ d/ `" ]B.unlimited (无限的)
    / f( Y: [8 I* h( O! H6 D" U
    C.rare' C9 A( G" ]) g+ e' Y% f, SD.valuable* b6 a* `6 Z) `' [
    1 B5 h" f0 H9 f& O/ D+ X
    【小题2】' S8 T2 ?( ?! C1 K# U3 [* ]1 U
    A.common T, W9 L- h* j0 I, e& GB.the same
    0 Q8 N. @' L- Z5 i5 J
    C.changeable- a7 a! a& T0 D" J" b! V8 J' f2 CD.different8 j% G" X9 i) R [9 ]
    . U$ E! `! X5 D
    【小题3】7 B `* F4 a, \" F; i: A. S# C
    A.crowded6 E' c, J8 H; V. Z9 a# O" GB.small+ J8 \0 i) @3 ^. D5 WC.dirty" [8 U- O$ K7 c( G) g8 S- OD.busy) b/ Z5 ]: j2 A, A3 h
    ! G G7 U4 L* O$ a
    【小题4】 E6 Q' c, g. C8 Z- I" ^- O! O
    A.protecting8 E. C% V; W9 T- X- `B.saving. M+ Y, Z: L3 O2 BC.polluting7 F, X; G0 ?* S4 i- Z0 bD.fighting+ S* d% c) ] O# g5 H. R
    1 N4 `/ W7 _; B9 S6 E
    【小题5】1 J; ^! I2 P. _9 g9 C
    A.may not5 c6 U ]# R5 g( F$ DB.will not3 j$ O8 T$ V b" [; a2 ZC.shall not
    9 _/ d. g/ b( _4 i" T* e2 f
    D.could not3 ^/ L& c) ^* Z* f! _! T
    3 D8 L5 L& Z: a6 M2 c
    【小题6】
    + ]4 D2 M; Q4 _+ h& ?
    A.wonders, R4 b, Q& I9 X" Z; ]B.realizes0 O' C: ^$ a8 a) iC.consider1 b: R% D: R' L6 `6 ]& T; L) DD.discovers) R) S# A) B; U, D+ L
    . V4 V# h' K) V7 Q, W+ Q
    【小题7】# D$ ?; A6 G* F1 S
    A.poles: \9 E) Q* D) ?9 `( CB.boats9 h/ S4 R* B1 N2 S$ G" \( iC.methods1 c5 h+ a) a/ F" P! g; C/ H$ ]D.ideas
    8 J% ?/ ^5 @, A6 i( f8 L8 e1 g
    " j( S8 E4 U9 M9 E7 I- _ R4 h
    【小题8】A mountains     B. the sea       C. trees              D. forests
    【小题9】% f' Q; A, \$ T+ T* j2 S5 B
    A.continue" j0 K' M) Y! h5 ]B.have' g: ]% b* X, K* N% J9 ]C.ought" g0 T$ X2 X- R5 V. QD.will go on
    4 h- T; a+ J: d/ G8 j! @
    ! C A1 J# E/ P
    【小题10】2 G' X9 g# ^, e* _7 M& Z2 H
    A.grow5 d/ X' S5 ^4 E% C0 j& f! cB.plant/ U2 B6 j' d3 Z. h- I, CC.save2 F" \( N R0 Y8 B& ^/ L* D- T5 g0 F, _D.cut down* X. J* [2 _4 g- K/ I" U. U2 F
    ) h. C' @9 ^2 `& Z& e
    【小题11】
    ) B3 Q2 @8 c7 i/ A0 [2 [& d
    A.Thus! H* ?) L6 O3 [2 a WB.However" S9 e. O1 g: dC.Generally speaking1 D8 [1 Y- Z8 B$ L Y" V# Z: HD.Therefore# X$ V; ? C3 I
    # _' d- P) O. f3 K
    【小题12】& Q2 W+ ?, L, A9 B
    A.still! J* h# S7 S. i; B+ C2 A$ SB.even3 E% Q1 Q6 Z- Q6 CC.also( I0 G6 a5 T. hD.certainly- j6 U! b# _ L# j+ N, O6 ]
    9 V2 K( C8 I" K8 W
    【小题13】 d/ h) R/ f, Z' L9 d% b& h, J
    A.too many
    + X. H) c) i8 \
    B.a few; V8 J5 S( c2 M, hC.some
    j/ J1 T& \7 d4 ?. V. Y& N6 A! g
    D.few! N/ D" ?. d( ^1 F
    T4 S* Y$ B# c$ V' c* W3 `
    【小题14】7 U4 L2 i- f# j2 _
    A.production6 S9 O" _' J4 Q# c! F: X- `B.pollution! L; E- W+ F/ j2 ^% e, UC.population- j! C( B4 b8 M+ `D.revolution1 M! j: S- H1 Y' Y1 g0 Y
    * _8 A, @! L2 e A+ E2 [0 X
    【小题15】3 G. S2 E( R( Z" ^2 ?
    A.houses
    ) b" L3 j2 h, f
    B.vegetables5 G2 K- I: W. \1 `C.food% X& R D2 i) j$ X" F" FD.lives# _3 A" Q6 d9 a& C% Y2 X& M1 i5 E9 ]
    * B9 J; C9 _ C# f! F2 \
    【小题16】, L" I6 a8 [9 S* F
    A.fruit
    ( _$ G8 E7 P" C5 D! R
    B.meat: e' F+ \+ d1 \% K3 bC.fish: D4 W* [- e5 ]9 A: _8 [6 TD.grain* Y7 \7 T) E6 W V: M+ R" d
    6 V8 L: F' j, ?7 N# g
    【小题17】
    : L4 W: L9 B% M2 [, ^- W& E
    A.feeds
    ' J! C1 K- ^4 I& D+ I
    B.increases3 g8 g" h9 _' M% M9 K0 h2 _* Z9 QC.supplies) c# I7 Y; W0 T- A# P' O& a$ ID.helps, B# ^" d2 e5 G" R, [& e" L5 O
    - c. L# P- e! S
    【小题18】$ d- L& @& [7 _9 @+ F
    A.use4 S* T$ g9 C2 h7 ?5 aB.stay% Z$ Q5 ^+ Y( EC.keep! G$ f' h0 ] V- c8 B- J. TD.last: C- E0 _+ [1 d# `
    M* Y2 c& ^, J3 j# N' f
    【小题19】
    2 E. h+ J, M: P% ^$ @
    A.control. Z! f4 C) @3 \7 Y+ AB.born/ j, T8 K1 M& L, W, e* i0 C! aC.plan6 a K0 j0 A; j+ N: X/ ID.reward7 \; ?8 O& B0 A$ W4 C R
    1 A6 M# U- G$ `2 M) ?
    【小题20】' \" F- L4 \" [) b! X U
    A.nature7 F0 _/ d6 K% b1 L. gB.sea! d) I: ^# N3 \, B& \7 LC.planet
    8 d" A4 ?6 f+ J. I/ e
    D.forest* f" K5 d, `" T( j
    % @ e G6 Y9 e5 M7 U' I

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  • Pessimistic,anxious and depressed people may have a higher risk of dementia (痴呆),US researchers reported on Thursday.
    A study of a group of 3,500 people showed that those who scored high for pessimism on a standardized personality test had a 30 percent increased risk of developing dementia 30 to 40 years later.
    Those scoring very high on both anxiety and pessimism scales had a 40 percent higher risk,the study showed.
    “There appears to be a dose­response pattern.That is,the higher the scores,the higher the risk of dementia,”Dr Yonas Geda,a neuropsychiatrist at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester,Minnesota who led the study,said in a statement.
    Geda and his colleagues looked at the medical records of 3,500 men and women who lived near the clinic between 1962 and 1965.
    They all took the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory,a standard personality and life experience test,Geda’s team told a meeting of the American Academy of Neurology in Miami.
    In 2004,the team interviewed the participants or family members.
    Those who scored higher for anxiety and pessimism on the test were more likely,as a group,to have developed dementia by 2004,including Alzheimer’s disease and vascular (血管的) dementia.
    This did not mean a person who is pessimistic could assume he or she has a higher risk of developing dementia.
    “One has to be cautious in interpreting a study like this,”Geda said.
    “One cannot make a leap from group level data to the individual.Certainly the last thing you want to do is to say,‘Well,I am a pessimist;thus,I am doomed to develop dementia 20 or 30 years later,’because this may end up becoming a self­fulfilling prophecy (预言).”
    And there is NOT any specific way to prevent dementia,although many studies have shown that a healthy diet,exercise,keeping active in other ways,doing puzzles and other activities lower the risk.
    【小题1】What is the passage mainly about?
    A.It is impossible for people to avoid dementia.3 i) E4 a: M4 W
    B.People who always have negative feelings may have a higher risk of getting dementia., b) T3 @ C' D$ `& L \2 C' V
    C.If we have a healthy diet,we would have no chance of getting dementia." A6 T: e" ?) i, H
    D.A person who is pessimistic has a higher risk of developing dementia.( T5 L% b& Y& j. L, H. j! g! R
    【小题2】According to the passage,which of the following is TRUE?
    A.There are many ways to prevent dementia effectively.: X `* R, N2 D. J$ R$ F' U0 B
    B.A person who is pessimistic is sure to get dementia.! a# ]& ?0 a1 ?" R1 I3 ]
    C.Those who lead a happy life will not get dementia when they are old.* @$ h" D; B4 D2 R
    D.Those who scored high for pessimism might have a higher risk of dementia.
    ' S3 _/ @( G6 A3 O% A
    【小题3】Which of the following does NOT help reduce the risk of getting dementia according to the passage?
    A.A healthy diet.) i& b6 A8 [* D6 [B.Proper exercises.9 D: D& J2 [( i0 I& g
    C.Doing puzzles.
    4 ?" ]/ P% ]0 [; b! Y- @
    D.Getting up early.: b- A- O# _1 d' ?4 g
    【小题4】Which of the following words is not close to the meaning of the word “pessimistic”?
    A.Cheerless.
    " ?2 f. \ e4 N8 b
    B.Optimistic.0 R; Z4 C& e2 _: ]0 J9 B2 b
    C.Unhappy.- [) H; b' W- J) W" MD.Upset.0 A' M& G$ e6 C; O/ ], T

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