## 考点：日常生活类阅读

• It seems that some people go out of their way to get into trouble．That’s more or less what happened the night that Nashville Police officer Floyd Hyde was on duty.
“I was on the way to a personal-injury accident in West Nashville．As I got onto  Highway 40，blue lights and sirens(警笛)going.I fell in behind a gold Pontiac Firebird that suddenly seemed to take off quickly down the highway．The driver somehow panicked at the sight of me．He was going more than a hundred miles an hour and began passing cars on the shoulder．”
But Hyde couldn’t go after him．Taking care of injured people is always more important than worrying about speeders，so the officer had to stay on his way to the accident．But he did try to keep the Firebird in sight as he drove，hoping another nearby unit would be able to step in and stop the speeding car．As it turned out，keeping the Firebird in sight was not that difficult．Every turn the Pontiac made was the very turn the officer needed to get to the accident scene.
Hyde followed the Pontiac all the way to his destination(目的地)．At that point he found another unit had already arrived at the accident scene．His help wasn’t needed.Now he was free to try to stop the driver of the Firebird，who by this time had developed something new to panic about．
“Just about that time，” Hyde said，“I saw fire coming out from under that car，with blue smoke and oil going everywhere.He’d blown his engine．Now he had to stop．”
“After I arrested him．I asked him why he was running．He told me he didn’t have a driver’s license(执照)．”
That accident cost the driver of the Firebird plenty---a thousand dollars for the new engine---not to mention the charges for driving without a license，attempting to run away，and dangerous driving．
【小题1】The underlined word“panicked”in Paragraph 2 means       . A．feared+ ^9 ?: f) c6 h. E" f9 Q; Z6 Q- f/ e W5 W B．hated- \4 - [" Z W3 b4 F4 C# Y C．excited1 e M3 G' a2 ]% D( K. M8 C D．satisfied+ b4 L( j. A2 O: h
【小题2】The driver of the Firebird suddenly speeded down the highway because         . A．he was racing with another driver on the road,  T# Y# g; ]( i1 T$O7 A# P( g+ Z B．he realized he had to hurry to the accident scene2 e" d; ^! R O; h C．he thought the police officer wanted to stop him# G& Q1 f- ?( a# R8 i8 W- ? D．he wanted to overtake other cars on the shoulder$ M0 T, B8 d& M( T& ]
【小题3】Which of the following statements is true? A．Someone else was taking care of the injured person．7 K0 c8 W( J! A B．The Pontiac reached its destination at the accident scene．% D* j0 i. H( ]( M, M8 d C．Hyde knew where he was going by following the right car．0 ?; J9 X! H1 R7 H D．The policeman was running after a speeder on Highway 40) ^/ _5 ?: W0 H3 V2 d
【小题4】Choose the best title for the passage． A．Going My Way? N) d/ W+ c5 T8 b4 F) 0 e B．Help on the Way?( h5 L6 i% A6 g$S; ^% O, Z C．Fun All theWay?: N4 W0 _! Z. A2 \: c D．Losing His Way?0 Z3 C" Q4 C! N/  • We have all experienced days when everything goes wrong．A day may begin well enough，but suddenly everything seems to get out of control．It seems as if a single unimportant event may cause a number of things to happen．Let us suppose that you are preparing a meal and keeping an eye on the baby at the same time．The telephone rings and this means your troubles are beginning．While you are on the phone，the baby pulls the table-cloth off the table，destroying your half-prepared meal．You hang up hurriedly and attend to your baby．Meanwhile，the meal gets burnt．As if this were not enough to bring you to tears，your husband arrives,unexpectedly bringing three guests to dinner． Things can go wrong on a number of people on the road. During the rush hour one evening two cars hit each other and both drivers began to argue．The woman driver behind the two cars happened to be a learner．She suddenly got into a panic(恐慌)and stopped her car．This made the driver following her stop suddenly．His wife was sitting beside him holding a large cake．As she was thrown forward，the cake went right through the window and landed on the road．Seeing a cake flying through the air，a truck-driver had to stop his truck all of a sudden．The truck was carrying empty beer bottles and hundreds of them slid off the back of the truck on the road．This led to yet another angry argument．Meanwhile，the traffic piled up behind．It took the police nearly an hour to get the traffic on the move again．In the meanwhile，the truck-driver had to sweep up hundreds of broken bottles.Only two dogs were enjoying themselves from the accident，for they were happily having what was left of the cake．It was just one of those days! 【小题1】In the writer’s opinion . A．accidents may happen anytime' I6 a: Q. K8 V: e0 g" J B．troubles always come in groups6 V2 Q" X- K# U C．a small matter may cause great trouble, X3 N @7 G8 X. c+ W* @ D．anyone may have trouble any day8 Q$ Q: / h2 I7 Y' @# A
【小题2】What did the police do after the accident? A．They helped the driver clean up the road．3 ^$d' j% c2 S& i) K. O3 @9 E7 Y/ C! V B．They helped the drivers to go on with their journey．/ \( @, E' V3 N* L& M5 C& \6 \ C．They tried to stop the people from arguing．8 g: T$ Y9 I. @& ?- C) i D．They would find out who should be responsible for(有责任的)the accident．# j( d9 Z2 g3 j* G
【小题3】When the telephone rings        . A．you’d better have your baby a little distant from your table before going to answer the phone* H+ d! ' b8 ?% ]$R( ]/ C* T B．you’d better just let it ring all the way/ O7 B- _7 B4 I2 V4 W% ?5 [ C．you should never go to answer it in a hurry1 [) ?* I; I, F) ?/ L. e; U2 \! U D．you should answer it right away: [( E5 d7 K0 [$ a% R) d3 B0 f
【小题4】From the story we can see_________． A．some drivers are too careless' A2 ]' L! Y# ^" D: c, Q; C B．such accidents are rather strange: D7 V( e2 F8 Q$f. B! Y+ H C．such accidents are very common' I& i( F9 I N: W9 e D．we don’t know why such accidents happen: H/ U! J& M2 W: V( a0 D; E1 M • Wearing seat belt is，of course，the first step to safe driving．These additional measures might also save your life. Count to three．Keeping up enough space between your car and others is extreme1y necessary．Jim Clark，a California driving instructor，suggests a least amount of three seconds’following distance．To figure this，pick an object on the roadside ahead．When the car in front of you passes it，start counting one-thousand-one,one-thousand-two，one-thousand-three．If you get to that object before you reach one-thousand-three，you don’t have three seconds of following time --- time needed to keep away from accidents． Let followers pass．“If someone’s driving after you，get out of his way，”Clark advises．“You’re better of being safe than right．” Expect the worst．In a study，the Federal Highway Administration(联邦公路局)found that 68 percent of drivers do not come to a complete stop at stop signs．When you’re driving and see someone come near to a stop sing，assume the person’s not going to stop． And when you stop at a crossing and another car comes near with its turn signal on，don’t take it true that the driver will turn．Instead，wait until he turns．He may have had the signal on for miles． Stay outside．In crowd，multilane(多车道) traffic，drive in either the outside--left or outside--right lane．“That allows you somewhere to go if a problem develops,”traffic expert Francis Kenel says．“If you’re in the middle，all you can do is to pause from time to time．” 【小题1】According to the text if you want to drive safely you should ． A．wear seat belt/ P! N: g* ?, Z5 e! U1 N B．take some additional measures: d+ E- U! Q2 B+ ? C．at least take 5 steps4 J5 [% ?8 ]+ H' O5 F5 N6 I D．count to three6 _1 E% j4 S# Z! E: Y 【小题2】When you finish counting“one-thousand-three",you have ． A．driven one thousand and three metres& T! V. j" C8 _% I- i- J B．kept three seconds’distance from other cars/ N3 . S! @8 O; M- S2 E) L' V7 ?& L C．counted a lot of numbers7 j% G* _( i, R9 S$ F" C D．kept a long distance from the object5 _1 O1 J+ ?/ U+ c# I. d
【小题3】What does the underlined word“assume”in Paragraph 4 probably mean? A．Maybe．3 d) a N& H0 g2 U) W B．Guess．. C& c. V7 j/ / W" \6 i C．Ask．) V V- H$S% T1 P3 i# _: b D．Suppose．; P- g0 a: T7 K6 X7 a5 \ 【小题4】Mr．Kenel tells us while driving in multilane traffic_______.  A．we’d better find somewhere to go9 M3 F% W6 L7 * ]' d B．it will be better for us to drive in the outside lanes# c9 T! c3 K& ?# Y& @, E C．it is safer to drive in the middle. @1 V3 f" K6 W: f' I D．we must drive on the left, _: R" T$ A6 \! T

• American middle school students don’t seem to care that they’re worse at maths than their counterparts (同龄人) in China’s Hong Kong and Finland. “I don’t need it,” my student says, “I’m going to be a basketball star.” Or a car mechanic, or a singer.
Middle school students’ maths skills were tested by the International Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development. The United States ranked 28th out of 41 countries tested. After all, when was the last time you used algebra (代数)？
But maths isn’t just about training Americans to become scientists. It has its own value. It helps you see patterns and develops your logic skills, and it teaches you to concentrate and to separate truth from falsehood. Maths helps you make wise financial decisions, so you can avoid false claims from advertisers, politicians and others. It helps you determine risk. For example, after an airplane crash, studies show that people are more likely to drive than to take a plane in spite of the fact that they are much more likely to be killed or injured while driving. Planes are not like criminals who repeat the same crime over and over. One plane is not more likely to crash just because another plane recently did. In fact, the most dangerous time to drive is probably right after a plane crash because so many people are on the road.
It is not possible to really understand science and the scientific method without understanding maths. A rainbow is even more beautiful and amazing when we understand it.
The precision (精确性) of maths helps us think in a very special way. How do we bring the learning of maths back to life? I don’t have the big answer. I try my best to help pupils find answers to some maths problems. When I can get one to say, “Wow, that’s great,” I feel the joy of a small victory.
【小题1】Some American students don’t care about their poor maths results because __________. A．maths is useless to most people! Q- [- A2 [' ; O) F B．they have no interest in maths5 C6 Y; A- ]* E C．they think maths has nothing to do with their future* C# R& S3 M/ E! a% j D．they don’t do well in maths% J7 i! D1 b; T$Y4 Y 【小题2】The example in Paragraph 3 is used to show __________. A．every coin has its two sides* g f: ^5 @8 h# U$ ] B．we should not be cheated by fault facts! O: R. @! L7 C" [7 g- S C．maths is close to our daily life( \8 Y+ c) d/ S D．a simple fact shows complicated rules3 \6 E+ N1 a3 h% N( R3 ]
【小题3】The writer would agree that __________. A．it’s normal that America kids are weak in maths7 X1 A1 i/ I0 f! U7 ?6 X B．without maths we’ll miss much in our life+ A# U5 G4 R. B0 i/ c" _ C．maths is the most important subject at school. S! 6 R% P+ X* [, R C D．American kids don’t work hard at school0 Y" @/ d. ^+ D4 ! Y- b( b; D
【小题4】This text is most probably written by __________. A．a student career guide& ^/ c6 O/ _1 ?* V f% O B．a researcher on students’ problems+ F* [7 Q8 ]1 H7 O* G Q# a C．a specialist in students’ studies) d6 I2 X) J- U1 E, ]( j% V" e D．a maths teacher5 U6 Y( S2 c i

• Here are a few tips we’ve put together to help you learn English well.
Speak, speak, speak
Practise speaking as often as you can—even speaking to yourself is good practice.
Try recording yourself whenever you can. Compare your pronunciation with the master version, see how you can do better and have another go. If you do this several times, you will find that each version is better than the last.
Why not learn with someone else?
It helps if you can learn with someone else. If you can persuade a friend or a family member to study with you, it will make you keep working.
Don’t get stuck by a word you don’t know.
Practise improvising（即兴的）ways of getting your meaning across when speaking spontaneously（本能地）, even if you don’t know the exact words or phrases. Think of things you might want to say whenever you have spare time. Use facial expressions, hand movements, anything to get your meaning across.
Language learning is also about intuition（直觉）.
Guesswork is an important way to learn a new language. When listening to recorded material, you aren’t expected to understand everything first round. If you play the same piece several times, you will most probably understand something new each time.
A wide vocabulary is the key to successful language learning but don’t try to learn too much at once. It’s best to study frequently, for short periods of time. Take at most six or seven items of vocabulary and learn them. Put them into sentences to fix them in your mind, then come back to them later.
And above all, have fun!
【小题1】Why should one have himself recorded when practicing speaking? A．To improve his speaking. B．To record his own progress. C．To encourage others to start. D．To compare himself with others.
【小题2】In the writer’s opinion, which of the following is the most important in leaning English? A．Speaking. B．Pleasure. C．Intuition. D．Vocabulary.
【小题3】It is implied in the passage that _______ is helpful when you are learning English. A．body language B．a good material C．a good friend D．a proper dictionary
【小题4】 According to the passage, one should ______ when you are learning English. A．always work with other people B．be able to guess everything new C．often review what he has learnt D．take little notice of grammar

• Parents should stop blaming themselves because there’s not a lot they can do about it. I mean the teenager problem. Whatever you do or however you choose to deal with it, at certain times a wonderful, reasonable and helpful child will turn into a terrible animal.
I’ve seen friends deal with it in all kinds of different ways. One strict mother insisted that her son, right from a child, should stand up whenever anyone entered the room, open doors and shake hands like a gentleman. I saw him last week when I called round. Sprawling himself (懒散地躺) on the sofa in full length, he made no attempt to turn off the loud TV he was watching as I walked in, and his greeting was no more than a quick glance at me. His mother was ashamed. “I don't know what to do with him these days,” she said. “He’s forgotten all the manners we taught him.”
He hasn’t forgotten them. He’s just decided that he’s not going to use them. She confessed (坦白) that she would like to come up behind him and throw him down from the sofa onto the floor.
Another good friend of mine let her two daughters climb all over the furniture, reach across the table, stare at me and say, “I don’t like your dress; it’s ugly.” One of the daughters has recently been driven out of school. The other has left home.
“Where did we go wrong?” her parents are now very sad. Probably nowhere much. At least, no more than the rest of that unfortunate race, parents.
【小题1】This text is most probably written by ______. A．a specialist（专家） in teenager studies# h' X6 F1 A. _7 R( I- g B．a headmaster of a middle school6 B3 _" T* F4 G, e( J C．a parent with teenage children7 R' I4 \3 ], J. O) J0 g9 S _ D．a doctor for mental health problems- @4 W8 R& a& J7 \% H2 b6 L
【小题2】 The underlined word “it” in the second paragraph refers to ______. A．the change from good to bad that’s seen in a child# C6 C1 i- C4 F B．the way that parents often blame themselves+ B; H1 I/ i: ?. \ V/ e C．the opinion that a child has of his parents: R# E/ N0 E ?) @' G2 N D．the advice that parents want their children to follow' d/ R) F$E# K 【小题3】From the second example we can infer that the parents of the two daughters __. A．pay no attention to them# X, T1 B- R) J0 A0 H1 J B．are too busy to look after them* [3 E# j& P# D5 X7 \0 g C．have come to hate them1 \* L) V! j( W5 C& L D．feel helpless to do much about them! i. g3 ]6 Q( Y 【小题4】What is the author’s opinion about the sudden change in teenage children? A．Parents have no choice but to try to accept it.# b9 W' ?* \7 S9 O3 X( M2 M7 \ B．Parents should pay still some attention to the change./ \* Q* [4 S2 @( U) _( S! Z C．Parents should work more closely with school teachers., I* ^4 [3 H8 F9 U* g D．Parents are at fault for the change in their children.0 J, C# L( ^5 ?& P, ^ • Changsha, Hunan Province May 6, 2010 Dear editor, Under China’s current educational system, there are those who do nothing but study. They of course are thought to be model students. But I feel that there is another type of student who, perhaps not as diligent (勤奋的) as the first type, uses his time more efficiently and achieves a lot academically. Last year, a classmate of mine was accepted by a top university. It surprised all of us. It was because, unlike most of us, he didn’t spend too much of his time studying. When I asked him the secret of his success, he said that the key was properly and scientifically arranging his time. “ I spent a lot of time keeping fit and as a result, I was able to better concentrate (集中) on my class work.” The moral of the story is: it isn’t necessary to sit at your desk all day long to get high academic (学术) grades. Yours, Zhang Zishu 【小题1】What does the letter-writer (a reader) think leads to the fact that many students do nothing but study? A．The present educational system.# _) h+ \$ ]/ P" ?- [4 e* M B． People’s old ideas.6 d! a1 d ?+ B. b0 J. Z E4 Y C．The teaching methods.; Q( F4 j( M. T7 O$^ D．The parents of these students.3 c9 6 X* e1 J% b 【小题2】It seems that this reader thinks . A．the first type of student is our model; c$ M8 M( P; b' W+ [0 j3 R& Y: f8 b3 \ B．the second type of students is our model2 ^) ]: i4 A) ?/ K" H C．both types of students are worth learning from : S* ^; Z5 b O/ R' Q D．neither of the two types of students are good% V8 K5 S3 S V% ^' U- U
【小题3】 The secret of his classmate’s success was        . A．properly and scientifically arranging his time& D3 Z6 _! g0 ?5 f6 \# _# C B．spending a lot of time studying% \* A! I$, @4 J4 \ C．doing nothing but studying R5 G- I* B5 A, O0 d- 7 H D．playing all the time8 B1 W; ?9 V, S8 ^ 【小题4】 The reader wrote the letter in order to . A．call on us to work even harder) R' K3 Q' F& U. R" C& G B．cause people to think about how to study more efficiently' L, B- Z; j; Z, F7 b C．advise people to do research into his classmate’s success- ?+ F" N8 ]$ j! f2 M' j2 d D．criticize (批评) China’s educational system!  ?8 O, N) ^; d, J
【小题5】What would be the best to stand for the letter-writer’s opinion? A．Secret of success.( f* i3 D. R; ?: Z" L: B B．China’s educational system needs changing.+ \0 e g4 ]) D2 g* ^4 J0 f C．Work while you work and play while you play.2 ]5 c) D3 e: e0 ?+ N D．Keep fit first.- c1 a" [7 O8 b' U8 W b

• No one can change the weather. Nobody can control the weather. But if we read correctly the signs around us, we can tell what the more important changes in the weather will be. This way of telling what the weather will be like on the following day or two is called weather forecasting(天气预报).
For many centuries and in all countries, people have studied the weather and tried to make weather forecasting. Rings around the sun are a sign of coming rain. That many people feel their joints(关节) hurt is a sign of wet weather. Some birds fly high if fine weather is coming, but they fly near the ground if rainy or stormy weather is on the way. If you see a rainbow during rainy weather, this is a sign that the weather will become clear and fine. Such rainbows come in the evening. If the stars twinkle clearly at night, then fine weather will continue. If a fog appears in the morning just above a river, then the day will be warm. If the sunset is mostly red in colour, then the following day will be fine. If a rainbow appears in the morning, rainy weather will probably come.
Most of the above sayings have been made by the people who have used their eyes and brains to make weather forecasting.

• It gives me great pleasure today to say a few words in praise of a man we will all miss very much. To be honest, I can't imagine we will do without him when he's gone.
Bill Masters almost single-handed built up our sales force in the Houston area and developed the market position that we enjoy today. In only six years, he has brought the firm from a very low fifth position in the area sales to the point where we now outsell all but one of our competitors. Not only have we got 37 per cent of the market under Bill's leadership; we are increasing our share with each passing month.
As you know, the company has moved Bill to northern California to work his sales magic in one of this company's most competitive(竞争的) areas. But we know that if anyone can do it, Bill Masters can, and I know you all join me in wishing him the best of luck in his new work.
【小题1】The speech was made _______. A．at a welcome meeting4 M0 [0 c9 U8 P- i: a. ?3 O. M B．at the opening of a new school term" f' ^+ H" J( J! L+ a7 A# T/ F, \ C．when somebody was leaving; K( h0 R" V' c- \6 i- E* H D．when they had a new manager! K0 j! B" ]- X4 A1 F. i
【小题2】 How long did Masters worked there? A．37 years1 W- Q9 Y- ^. ]& ^! T9 c B．less than 5 years, f E9 ?$h9 W5 W& Z; J C．about six years+ R+ E& H. f$ Y* W; I- B2 [0 _ D．since he began to work; + c# U% i, c* J
【小题3】When Bill started to work in Houston area, he had _______to help him. A．many people/ X1 @/ g4 c5 Y, U! i B．nobody1 J, ]/ T1 Y* L2 a, _: L- Y, \" f C．about 37 people% U6 f' M# K& R5 @+ X D．very few people3 Y Y% ]1 F2 Z( T, @2 M4 ]7 i
【小题4】Bill increased the company's sale _______. A．by 37 per cent every month' E7 Q; L# W" X / i B．to the second largest in the area. ^- Y1 b# d: c' ?8 Y( E* B1 V C．to be the fifth largest in the area) j7 J/ h5 V* ?# _6 ^" b$D D．five times as much as before# P& ! ?# A8 ]4 e4 X • Keeping pace with teachers is a fine way to study English.Teachers are experienced and their plans are systematic.But remember to work in a way that suits you.It's important to learn from past mistakes as well.Keep a notebook to make a record of the mistakes you make－it'll help you avoid making the same ones later. The time of life may be hard，but you're not alone.You may be busy studying，but you can show your care by calling your friends or sending short messages.Don't let your friendships die. It's as important to live well as it is to study well.Going to bed no later than 11：30 pm is vital.It puts you in the right mood for the next day.You needn't follow a special diet，but make sure you are eating nutritious meals each day. The person who plays well，studies well.Having a lot of schoolwork doesn't mean having to give up other activities.Playing basketball or having a talk with your classmates can relax yourself.Time_out is not a waste of time but helps you study more efficiently. Besides taking the big exam，you have other choices for college.I took the independent enrollment exam held by Peking University and some other students even were preparing to study abroad.Pay attention to any relevant information you can find，whether it's from school，the news media or other sources. 【小题1】What should you do if you want to keep your friendship fresh? A．Have frequent talks with them.) R7 b; W" g6 J# G9 j/ F! C B．Always have lunch with them.) a* j" A( B9 T- [. R0 [ C．Remain them at some distance.1 b- c" B) F! V+ @, G* g8 2 @ D．Keep connection by some ways. ^0 ?- c: j0 a ?, ?* ? 【小题2】The third paragraph is mainly about________． A．study* C" S/ C. K# ]9 S" h* S B．friendship, F* Q% L+ f0 d+ ^$ c C．relaxation- c4 M$e/ F' Z* J& c$ L D．health- L6 ^' M! a7 B9 ^' f5 K7 Z3 X6 J. i
【小题3】Which one is the closest meaning to “Time out” in Paragraph 4? A．Sleep.. [" Y5 h' F/ Q B．Exercise.- Y1 ]6 h& [" b5 W& ?2 T: L/ N C．Continuation.9 P% E# A7 C/ ?& 8 \8 d& Y4 X D．Pause.: A, S7 c) T; Q H
【小题4】The passage is mainly written by a(n)________． A．editor. J1 \- J# d/ \ W% K% a( [ B．student6 D6 ?! B% ]& g8 T L* Z; g9 ]: ? C．teacher. g. L3 ]4 [; \0 _: J' S. G O D．parent3 M7 [" V9 9 N( Z: ^0 O