## 考点：人生百味类阅读

• You can love them or hate them, but no matter which tourist destination you visit, chances are that you’ll see someone with their head buried in a Lonely Planet guidebook.
Lonely Planet is one of the world’s largest travel guide brands, publishing more than 500 different guides in eight languages. The popular brand also produces television shows, websites and podcasts(播客)all devoted to travel.
Some people praise Lonely Planet books because they make traveling easy and affordable. They also save time and make sure you don’t miss the best things.
They also provide the reviews of hostels(旅店), hotels, restaurants and ticket information about your destination.
This can be great if you’re a nervous traveler, or if you haven’t traveled by yourself before. If you’re in a country where you don’t speak the language, sometimes there’s nothing better than getting into a taxi and opening up a guidebook. You simply point to a map that directs the taxi driver to a hostel that’s cheap and clean, with friendly staff and cold beer.
But others criticize Lonely Planet and other travel guide publishers like them. They say guidebooks take the fun and spontaneity(自发性)out of traveling, and that part of the enjoyment of travel comes from the fact that anything can happen. They also regret that if you follow a guidebook, you’ll end up doing the same thing and having the same experience as everyone else. You might end up seeing the same group of people over and over, because everyone is reading the same book and following the same route.
Another criticism of travel guides is that they have a large impact on local communities. For example, some locals devote their lives to behaving in ways that attract tourists. They pretend to live a traditional lifestyle, wear traditional clothes and live in traditional houses in order to attract the tourist dollar.
63. The Lonely Planet guidebook can bring you the following advantages EXCEPT that __________.
A. you can speak a foreign language when opening a guidebook
B. you can easily find a nice place to stay in a strange city
64. People criticize the guidebook because __________.
A. it is not as useful as most travelers expect
B. tourist destinations will be crowded if everyone follows the same route
C. travelers may not get the chance to have unexpected adventures
D. local people keep modern lifestyles under its influence
65. What do we know about the Lonely Planet guidebook from the text?
A. It’s a world-famous brand only producing guidebooks for travelers.
B. It’s very useful to a person who’s nervous about touring an unfamiliar place.
C. It’s very useful to a tourist who likes to repeat others’ experiences.
D. It is loved by all travelers because of the convenience it brings to travelers.
66. Which of the following best shows the structure of the text? (①—⑦ stand for Paragraph 1
—Paragraph 7 )
A.   ①　　　        　B.  ①                C. ①                D. ①
②                 ②③  ④                ②                ②   ③
③④   ⑤⑥⑦         ⑤        ⑥⑦        ③④⑤  ⑥⑦       ④⑤      ⑥⑦

• Time is very important in our lives. It organizes our everyday moments. However, time never had any importance in my life until I received a watch from my father.
I received this gift on a cloudy day. I had to go to the airport at 9:00 a.m. to meet my uncle and take him to my father’s house. However, I was late because I was staying with my friends. Later on that day, around 11:00 a.m., I remembered my uncle, but I was very late for him. He had left the airport and taken a taxi to my father’s house.
I got to my father’s house at 2:00 p.m. and felt ashamed of myself at that moment. After I said “hello” to my angry father and tired uncle, my father asked me to sit next to him and gave me this watch. Then he said, “Essa, did you have fun with your friends today?”
“Yes, Dad, and I’m sorry about not meeting my uncle at the airport.”
“I hope today you learned something important, and this watch will be a reminder (提醒物) for you.” He told me to take this watch and use it as an organizer of my life.
I learned a very important lesson from my father: To respect time and never be late to do something. This watch is important to me, not because of its price, but because of the lesson that I learned from it.
49. The writer’s uncle came to visit them ______.
A. by car B. by air  C. by boat      D. by taxi
50. Why did Essa’s father get angry when Essa got to his house?
A. Essa often spent a lot of time with friends.
B. Essa cared little about other people.
C. Essa wasted too much time.
D. Essa forgot an important thing.
51. Why did the father give Essa a watch?
A. To punish Essa.  B. To comfort Essa.
C. To teach Essa.           D. To praise Essa.
52. What did Essa think of the watch?
A. It was a priceless gift.       B. It was an useless gift.
C. It was a common gift.       D. It was a strange gift.

• Most young architects ----particularly those in big cities ----can only dream about working in a building of their own. And marking that dream come true often means finding a building no one else seems to want, which is exactly what happened to David Yocum and his partner, Brain Bell. Their building is a former automobile electrical –parts firm in Atlanta. Form the outside, it looks too old, even something horrible, but open the door and you are in a wide, open courtyard, lined on three sides with rusting(生锈的) walls.
In 2000, Yocum and Bell found this building in the city’s West End. Built in 1947, the structure had been abandoned years earlier and the roof of the main building had fallen down. But the price was right, so Yocum bought it. He spent eight months of his off-hours on demolition(拆除), pulling rubbish out through the roof, because it was too dangerous to go inside the building, The demolition was hard work, but it gave him time to think about what he wanted to do, and “to treasure what was there – the walls, the rust, the light,” Yocum said.” Every season, more paint falls off the walls and more rust develops. It’s like an art installation(装置) in there-a slow-motion show.”
Since the back building had been constructed without windows, an all-glass front was added to the building to give it a view of the courtyard, and skylights were installed in the roof. The back of the building is a working area and a living room for Yocum and his wife. A sort of buffer(缓冲) zone between the front and the back contains a bathroom, a kitchen and a mechanical room, and the walls that separate these zones have openings that allow views through to the front of the studio and the courtyard beyond.
Yocum and Bell, who have just completed an art gallery for the city, feel that the experience from decoration of their building, focusing on the inside rather than the outside, has influenced their work. It has also given these architects a chance to show how they can make more out of less.
【小题1】 According to the passage, it is      for most young architects in big cities to work in a building of their own.  A．easy$M * [5 N! R7 T6 Y4 P) O7 I B．unnecessary' S, h- i+ Y: J& f( \/ _: I U% W C．unrealistic/ a& R% [7 W( R1 c! e E. ^ D．common' f! e* F1 I1 ]: K; G; X; Y/ R2 Q 【小题2】Yocum bought the old building because __.  A．it was a bargain to him2 j: K0 \& O9 ^2 f$ U' c6 S B．it was still in good condition; a 7 a7 F3 S% M C．it was located in the city center, B% b; L6 M# I D．it looked attractive from the outside; W, U8 g% g E, b
【小题3】 Working on the old building, Yocum and Bell＿.  A．pulled rubbish out through the roof, I A8 L# O, L# H B．removed the skylights from the bathroom2 R- f6 d0 d& O6 \5 d Z9 N C．presented a slow–motion show in an art gallery, b' \7 _! R6 V8 h0 D D．built a kitchen at the back part of the old building) a$X% F0 c7 A4 @2 \ 【小题4】It can be inferred from the passage that Yocum and Bell __.  A．benefited a lot from pulling down the roof. D) C: @8 B9 j& W" g; c4 h8 G B．turned more old buildings into art galleries8 e1 j6 X: c7 D4 \; h4 W( A$ M3 _8 _ C．got inspiration from decorating their old building8 @1 a& b! g9 F1 X D．paid more attention to the outside of the gallery3 ?2 X: Q# a; E6 \9 c8 V h4 @6 A
【小题5】The main idea of the passage is that __.  A．people can learn a lot from their failures 6 W7 F5 R# S9 A/ T9 K B．it is worthwhile to spend money on an old building* h. R# C' I$T6 P3 J+ [ C．people should not judge things by their appearance / N* i9 B$ Z2 C* I D．creative people can make the best of what they have" \* 1 i, j( h2 C& @

• Man has a big brain. He can think, learn and speak. Scientists thought that men are different from animals because they can think and learn. They know now that dogs, cats and birds can learn too. They are beginning to understand that. They make noises when they are afraid, or angry or unhappy. Apes(猿) can understand some things more quickly than human, one or two of them have learnt a few words. But they can not join words to make sentences. They can not think like us because they have no language. Language is a wonderful thing. Man has been able to build a modern world because he has language. Every child can speak his own language very well when he is four or five, —but no animal learns to speak. How do children learn it ? Scientists do not really know. What happens inside our body when we speak? They do not know. They only know that man can speak because he has a brain.
【小题1】The best title for this passage is          . A．Animal’s Language5 Q0 Q( L6 W# L A! e- T; g1 e B．Man and Ape# i! ]: A- f& g8 ? C．Brain and language1 T* b$_% c. D6 J# \+ @+ F D．Man’s Brain& ^; i& K: j6 S8 _' M! T 【小题2】Men are different from animals in the way that . A．men can understand things quickly% @1 W. b2 F"  B．men can learn/ _8 U) e' ^+ [+ j/ J& ]2 E, S) I C．men have learnt to use language/ M. I' G2 P) B D．men have brains6 i Y0 Q& ?+ T; I9 H 【小题3】An ape can not . A．make noises8 Y( P3 P7 ^6 g" ?# N B．understand things: H5 O( K4 X/ C) S6 W2 R' B C．learn words, T. Z8 V* I' G3 ?+ F D．speak like man/ B% \4 _) ^1 e0 L+ E 【小题4】Scientists now know . A．how children learn to speak! @+ W% T3 A/ M. b: N B．why apes can learn a few words( ^$ Z& A1 G- R6 P2 i6 c C．man’s brain helps him to learn to speak2 a1 O" ]: Y; ' [ F" D% g: F; d8 P D．what happens when men speak! T3 T- K. T% M1 a2 T( O. I+ F
【小题5】Which of the following is NOT true ? A．Some animals can learn.3 _; ?1 C. d( D1 Q! ) A/ O& ? B．Apes can understand some things more quickly than men.7 S% P( B' B4 M2 L- _ C．Apes can put the words they know together.6 F' F H# L9 ]9 j D．Apes have no language though they can learn some words- K/ E; [7 V& X( ]

• Every once in a while, it is necessary to take a step back in order to take a long, hard look at where we are in our lives. At this point, it is good to ask yourself a bunch of critical questions. Are you at the point in your career where you want to be ? Have you so far accomplished all of your goals in life ? If so, then maybe it is time to make goals that stretch yourself a bit more. If you have not accomplished your goals in life, then perhaps you have made the mistake of setting too many goals or trying to accomplish them at an unnaturally fast pace.
It is necessary to set reasonable, intelligent goals in order to succeed in life. Do not be unrealistic because life is not a fairy tale. But you should try to recognize what you want, and to be as specific as possible when attempting to visualize（形象化） or otherwise express what your goals in life are.
In order for a goal to sufficiently motivate you, it needs to be a major one. The bigger your goals are, then the more motivated you will need to be to work towards accomplishing them. If you want, for example, to be the greatest concert pianist, in the world, then you are going to find yourself a lot more motivated than you would be if your goal were merely to, say, play a couple of Beethoven pieces extremely well. If you are a beginner, then no doubt mastering those tough songs is a very intelligent and realistic goal to set. But if that is your only goal as a pianist, then you will stop growing as a pianist once that goal has been achieved. This is why it is necessary to constantly stop and re-evaluate our goals so that we are aware of what they are, and thus stay motivated.
【小题1】From the passage, if your goals have all been achieved, you should then ______. A．ask yourself some serious questions U2 ?, V; c. O2 B B．take a hard look at your success% G5 W; F7 h& Y4  C．set some other intelligent goals7 A) c4 c& h: B/ ^ D．stretch yourself to relax2 X4 O* Y1 Q- J0 K4 D% j
【小题2】By saying “life is not a fairy tale”, the author suggests that you should ________ . A．set as big a goal as possible% M3 [' h. ?# G+ d4 U B．try hard to realize your dream K+ ^: L' Z3 J/ d C．make your goals practical" J" e1 _2 7  \4 M D．abandon all your ambitions* E# V( U$D1 @1 \+ A1 A 【小题3】 To perform several Beethoven pieces well is a goal that _______. A．is not suitable for the pianist- B& C( U" g- Z3 E/ B B．is appropriate for a beginner2 _, V3 I0 C; [' T C．stops you from growing as a pianist S( a: j' K- I D．is very easy to achieve- U/ g' T; 1 K) O0 Z# L6 T' ?) B 【小题4】What is the best title for the passage ? A．Set Intelligent Goals for Yourself& A, ?* Q# i' N8 a4 Z B．Try to Accomplish Your Goals# b! M$ Q& a* h8 _" _; [* a1 E8 _; b C．Get Yourself More Motivated! Z c! j i+ R# X0 Y$E( F. D D．Goals Help You to Succeed& U. V; Y1 W1 g5 E2 ?6 \) H# _( I • For a long time, a boy wondered why his next-desk-pal was always the first in the class, whereas he could only rank the 21st. At home, he asked his mom, “Am I more stupid than other kids? How come I always lag behind? I just can’t come up with an answer.” Mom was aware that her son’s self-respect had been damaged by the ranking system, but she didn’t know what to say to help. She was tempted (想要) to say that intelligence differs and that yes, her son’s friend really was the smarter boy. But that would have so upset her son. Thank goodness she resisted the temptation to say it. Her son and his friend went on to high school that year, but despite trying as hard as he could, her son’s friend still outdid him. But she was proud of her boy for his hard work, sincerely proud. It was around this time she decided to take him on a trip to the seaside. On the trip, she at last found an answer for him. Today her son no longer cares about rankings. He doesn’t have to, for he himself is now the top of the class – at the top national university he attends. Invited to speak to his old high school, he mentioned a valuable childhood experience: “Once, on a trip to the sea, my mother and I were lying on the beach. She pointed to the sea and said to me: ‘Do you see the seabirds fighting for food out there? When a wave comes near, the little birds rise quickly. The “clumsy” seagulls (海鸥) are far less agile (灵活的) and have to struggle to get away from the wave. But these “clumsy” birds prove to have the biggest, strongest wings, which open the widest and allow the bird to travel the furthest. When the season changes, they leave for foreign shores, leaving the little birds behind. Son, I have a feeling that you are one of those seagulls.” 【小题1】 From the first paragraph, we could conclude the mother ______. A．knew her son was not bright enough3 O/ E$ @$d7 O+ N* ]% g. C B．saw the negative effects of the ranking system3 M7 ]4 e* @4 \5 J" d! V4 e C．decided to help with her son’s school work8 T6 R( f5 T; 2 B) M D．was troubled by her son’s low rankings: b8 ^0 g" J* S" b) M 【小题2】The mom was glad she didn’t give an answer at first because ______. A．she knew her son would forget his rankings soon7 d6 Q$ D* J# \2 J$d( N+ H0 e B．she felt intelligence doesn’t mean everything# c+ h! X7 h3 R7 ] C．she knew he was not strong enough for the truth- @5 e! H1 O; W8 C8 ?: J, c, h D．she wanted to avoid another blow to her son’s self-respect0 H" 5 C* g3 d9 c* h, @4 D 【小题3】The story conveys the message that ______. a. only rankings show intelligence b. hard work and confidence can lead to a change in rankings c. parents should see children’s strengths and encourage them d. competition between students is good for society A．bc ( [/ J' F6 d9 L4 A$ N B．cd & f; Z7 d. W7 E: M6 Q7 d$U C．abc + P9 ]' i& V% U0 U. Y: L D．bcd4 M K$ F6 S5 j1 N
【小题4】 Which of the following would be the best title for the story? A．How important are rankings?+ Y. i, K" Z' N j B．Little birds and seagulls 6 A' R T* b" G. E4 E( g C．The answer Mom gave0 B2 h2 f+ F5 H) P5 ^0 H4 L9 e: A D．Hard work pays off!& T$W4 e8 I$ E4 [

• Dreaming is believing, claim researchers of a new study, who found that dreams have an effect on people’s behavior, judgment and they might contain important hidden truths as well.
“Psychologists’ interpretations (解释) of the meaning of dreams vary widely. But our findings show that people believe their dreams provide meaningful insight (见识) into themselves and their world,” said a lead author of the study Carey More wedge, an assistant professor at Carnegie Mellon University.
In six different studies, researchers surveyed nearly 1,100 people about their dreams. One of the studies focused on general beliefs about dreams and involved 149 university students. All students were asked to rate different theories about dreams. The experts found that a surprising majority of the participants supported the theory about dreams revealing (揭示) the hidden truths about themselves and the rest of the world.
In a second experiment, they surveyed 182 people at a Boston train station, and asked them to imagine one out of four possible situations that could have occurred the night before a scheduled airline trip. Most of the participants said that dreaming of a plane crash would be more likely to affect their travel plans than would just thinking about a crash, or being warned by the government of a terrorism risk. They said a dreamed crash would influence their travel plans just as much as learning about a real crash on their planned route would.
Another experiment involved 270 men and women from across the United States. In a short online survey, they were asked to recall one of the dreams they had seen about any person they knew. The findings showed that people were more likely to remember and describe pleasant dreams about a person they liked, rather than a person they disliked. Meanwhile, in most cases they tended to consider an unpleasant dream as more meaningful if it was about a person they disliked.
“In other words,” said More wedge, “people attribute (归因于) meaning to dreams when it corresponds (与……一致) with their pre-existing beliefs and desires.” The researchers say that more investigation (研究) is needed to fully understand how people interpret their dreams. According to More wedge, most people realize that dreams are not predicting their future, but they still try to find some meaning in there.
【小题1】The purpose of the studies is to _______. A．determine when people tend to remember their dreams ( G/ J6 R2 g; Y) f @9 R1 C B．research whether dreams have anything to do with real life5 E9 V1 X6 M0 W7 ^8 Y# e C．find out how people interpret their dreams and what impact that has7 P0 j$_+ ?% B) L/ f- W D．understand what causes people to dream and how to interpret dreams* b& G9 I: T& \5 b( E& e, ] 【小题2】According to the second experiment, what might influence people’s travel plans most? A．Thinking about a past plane crash.. T2 Q# H8 Q1 J Y: S B．Dreaming about a plane crash. 7 i" Y# W* S- S C．Hearing a government’s warning of a terrorism risk.* L7 B, V( X1  D．Imagining a plane crashing on their planned route.$ a7 b% P7 C) T* G.  R. g# c
【小题3】What can be concluded from the study? A．When a dream conflicts with people’s existing beliefs and desires, they tend to attribute less meaning to it.9 S& \/ T) G) O B．Most people disagree that dreams help them better know themselves and the world.( # S- g6 I% Y9 \+ W C．A majority of people believes that dreams can predict their future and try to find their meaning. ! T" T% @1 Q; K3 W; Y D．Dreams can be a useful tool for learning and problem solving.- d" P2 g9 Q$C# P0 h9 Y6 E 【小题4】Which kind of dream is seen as more meaningful than the rest? A．A pleasant dream about a person the dreamer likes.( 4 g6 Q* ]. a8 J B．A pleasant dream about a person the dreamer dislikes) D' D Y8 ?2 _; H; V C．An unpleasant dream about a person the dreamer likes.6 G. B( " H) O+ Q+ Y! V+ I D．An unpleasant dream about a person the dreamer dislikes.5 N; * D6 H1 ?2 X • I hated dinner parties. But I decided to give them another shot because I'm in London. And my friend Mallery invited me. And because dinner parties in London are very different from those back in New York. There, “I’m having a dinner party” means: "I'm booking a table for 12 at a restaurant you can't afford and we'll be sharing the checque evenly, no matter what you eat." Worse, in Manhattan there is always someone who leaves before the bill arrives. They'll throw down cash, half of what they owe, and then people like me, who don’t drink, end up paying even more. But if I try to use the same trick, the hostess will shout: "Where are you going?" And it's not like I can say I have somewhere to go: everyone know I have nowhere to go. But in London, dinner parties are in people's homes. Not only that, the guests are an interesting mix. The last time I went to one, the guests were from France, India. Denmark and Nigeria; it was like a gathering at the United Nations in New York. The mix is less striking. It's like a gathering at Bloomingdale's, a well-known department store. For New Yorkers, talking about other parts of the world means Brooklyn and Queens in New York. But at Mallery's, when I said that I had been to Myanmar recently, people knew where it was. In New York people would think it was a usual new club. 【小题1】What does the word "shot" in Paragraph 1 probably mean? A．Choice.2 G6 K! N f- Z B．Try+ J6 h& 3 Z5 Y4 S1 F C．Style." G$ A! F& _: h# X$J$ i% e0 D D．Goal! R; d6 W1 V f! M
【小题2】What does the writer dislike most about dinner parties in New York?
A There is a strange mix of people.       B. The restaurants are expensive.
C. The bill is not fairly shared.        D. People have to pay cash
【小题3】What does the author think of the parties in London? A．A bit unusual' H T0 T1 a* G4 K B．Full of tricks.0 Z2 T4 T1 L; f+ e5 W7 U; H9 Z C．Less costly.5 j' j0 N' ?& Q0 F* A D．More interesting." Y! g0 Y \) _9 M( Y" M
【小题4】 What is the author's opinion of some New Yorkers from her experience？ A．Easy-going.9 D3 ?5 i- Y* P! H( N7 _ B．Self-centred.! I6 e8 G3 K3 W, ]' R8 I C． Generous.& j' G7 D% H$G# G D．Conservative.- G3 F9 E0 @$ B1 Q" A& h

• One day, a poor boy who was trying to pay his way through school by sending newspapers door to door, was so hungry that he decided to beg for a meal at the next house.
However, he lost his nerve when a lovely young woman opened the door. Instead of a meal he asked for a drink of water. She thought he looked hungry so she brought him a large glass of milk. He drank it slowly, and then asked, “How much do I owe you?”
“You don’t owe me anything,” she replied. “Then I thank you from the bottom of my heart.” With these words, Howard Kelly left that house.
Years later the woman became badly ill and was finally sent to the hospital in a big city. Dr. Howard Kelly, now famous, was called in. When he heard the name of the town she came from, a strange light filled his eyes. Dressed in his doctor’s clothes, Dr. Kelly went into her room and recognized her at once. From that day on, he gave special attention to her, and decided to do his best to save her life.
At last the woman was saved. Dr. Kelly asked the business office to pass the final bill to him. He looked at it and then wrote something on the side. The bill was sent to the woman’s room. She was afraid to open it because she was sure that it would take the rest of her life to pay for it off. Finally she looked, and the note on the side of the bill caught her attention. She read these words:
“Paid in full with a glass of milk, Dr. Howard Kelly.”
Tear of joy flooded her eyes.

• When I was about 12, I had an enemy, a girl who liked to point out my shortcomings(缺点). Sometimes she said I was thin. Sometimes she said I was lazy. Sometimes she said I wasn’t a good student. Sometimes she said I talked too much, and so on. I tried to put up with(忍受) her as long as I could. At last, I became very angry. I ran to my father with tears in my eyes.
He listened to me quietly, and then he asked, “Are the things she said true or not? Mary, didn’t you ever wonder what you’re really like? Go and make a list of everything she said and mark the points that are true. Pay no attention to the other things she said.”
I did as he told me and to my surprise, I discovered that about half the things were true.
I brought the list back to my dad. He refused to take it. “That’s just for you,” he said. “You know better than anyone else the truth about yourself. When something said about you is true, you’ll find it will be helpful to you. Don’t shut your ears. Listen to them all, but hear the truth and do what you think is right.”
Many years have passed. The situation often appears in my mind. In our life we often meet with some trouble and we often go to someone and ask for advice. For some advice you will treasure(珍惜) all your life!
【小题1】What did the writer’s father do after he heard her complaints(抱怨)? A．He agreed with her “enemy”.0 @6 j# b4 T% d J: I3 Z B．he let her continue to put up with her “enemy”.: a ^2 d* ?, I/ c+ h C．He told her to write down all her “enemy” had said about her.0 Y0 P" L B* \& U D．He told her not to pay attention to what her “enemy” had said.8 a1 E/ \4 R2 U" [9 i/ O
【小题2】The writer felt ______ when she did the things as her father had told her. A．surprised3 ]) S: j3 G8 Z+ a# ] B．angry9 ^# E7 K$K7 X C．disappointed. G) S! N6 X9 P# e% T( ]' G/ X g D．sad& g5 g8 E' Y;  【小题3】Which of the following can we know from the passage? A．The “enemy” thought the writer was pretty.; ]" _! i) B+ N3 f, Z( U+ B( H9 A, a B．The “enemy” thought the writer studied hard.& c! U) X& D: W9 [/ G# U C．The writer and her “enemy” became best friends at last. f' I- i9 T/ h! Q) L9 U# K; \/ d$ Q D．The writer is grateful to her father.) I. E, ]0 h, Z1 E
【小题4】Which of the following can be the best title of the passage? A．My Parents1 A7 M\$ E0 N: i7 S4 G# f5 Y% ^6 h B．A Serious Criticism(批评), b0 F& _6 Z% ]7 _2 C, \2 L( C# d C．What People Say About You Is Always Right+ R' X R5 W& G6 I) O2 b D．The Best Advice I Ever Had6 ?' ^0 V* U, N; \! ]; @