## 考点：教育类阅读

• Learning a Second Language
Some people learn a second language easily. Other people have trouble learning a new language. How can you help yourself learn a new language, such as English? There are several ways to make learning English a little easier and more interesting.
The first step is to feel positive about learning English. If you believe that you can learn, you will learn. Be patient. You do not have to understand everything all at once. It is natural to make mistakes when you learn something new. We can learn from our mistakes. In other words, do not worry about taking risks,
The second step is to practice your English. For example, write in a journal, or diary, every day. You will get used to writing in English, and you will feel comfortable expressing your ideas in English. After several weeks, you will see that your writing is improving. In addition, you must speak English every day. You can practice with your classmates outside class. You will all make mistakes, but gradually you will become comfortable communicating in English.
The third step is to keep a record of your language learning. You can write this in your journal. After each class, think about what you did. Did you answer a question correctly? Did you understand something the teacher explained? Perhaps the lesson was difficult, but you tried to understand it. Write these accomplishments in your journal.
You must be positive about learning English and believe that you can do it. It is important to practice every day and make a record of your achievements. You will enjoy learning English, and you will feel more confidence in yourself.
66.To feel positive about learning English means _______.
A.if you are patient, you will learn
B.you can understand everything all at once
C.if you make mistakes, you can learn from your mistakes
D.if you believe you can learn, you will learn
A.More information   B. The same information  C.The result  D. The opposite information
68.When you learn English, you do not need to ______.
A.be patient                        B. make mistakes
C. express your ideas in English        D. understand everything all at once
69.What is not helpful for you to enjoy learning English?
A.To communicate in English.                    B.To worry about taking risks.
C.To think about what has been done after each class.  D.To make a record of the achievements.
70.What is the main idea of this passage?
A.It is very important to learn a second language.
B.Some people learn a second language easily. Other people do not.
C.There are ways to help you learn a second language more easily.
D.Don’t worry about taking risks when learning a second language.

• Ask any person who is successful in whatever he or she is doing what motivates him/her, and very likely the answer will be "goals". Goal Setting is extremely important to motivation and success. So what motivates you? Why are you in college? If you are in college because that's what your parents want, you may find it difficult to motivate yourself. Sure, it's possible to succeed with someone else providing the motivation for you. ("If you graduate from college, I'll give you a car!" or worse "If you don't graduate from college, you won't get a car.") But motivation that comes from within really makes the difference.
Certainly, you need some intelligence, knowledge base, study skills, and time management skills, but if you don't have motivation, you won't get far. Think about this analogy. You have a car with a full tank of gas, a well-tuned engine, good set of tires, quadraphonic CD system, and a sleek, polished exterior(外表). There it sits. This car has incredible potential. However, until a driver sits behind the wheel, puts the key in the ignition(点火装置), and cranks it up, the car doesn't function. You guessed it; the KEY is MOTIVATION.
Interest is an important motivator for a student. So is a desire to learn. When you link these two things together, you create success. Often success in an endeavor(努力) leads to more interest and a greater desire to learn, creating an upward spiral(螺旋形) of motivation toward a goal you have established.
So be honest with yourself. Are you genuinely interested in being in college? Have you set realistic goals for yourself? How can you develop the internal motivation that really counts? When it comes to motivation, KNOWING is not as important as DOING.
【小题1】Why does the writer give the example of a car in the second paragraph? A．Because people can never go far without a good car.* F5 @ H+ ^9 F) \2 R7 S0 E7 Q B．Because a good car motivates some college students to study harder. 8 V- C" G. ^, E& B* C9 g" ]" I1 M- @ C．Because a good car is a symbol of being a success.' Y( i9 L8 E: ] D．Because motivation leads people to success like it starts a car. h! D- g D7 b2 N) D+ a
【小题2】 What is the CORRECT comparison between the internal motivation and the external (外部的)motivation? A．Only the internal motivation can result in success. P) F; P; O8 A B．Internal motivation is more important than external motivation.& P# V2 a: c& d, _3 Z C．Internal motivation and external motivation has equal importance.5 B% T% H6 P% Y D．External motivation is enough for people to achieve success.8 B" K8 _( B+ U7 S
【小题3】 According to the article the following factors can push people towards their goals EXCEPT __________? A．interest2 F( # J0 b2 i5 h B．the desire to learn- T9 B! d3 Q5 @1 K$O C．the knowledge of motivation K$ D [. R! X2 E3 ^' D# e D．the sense of success+ V" M- E5 H! T
【小题4】 What’s the main purpose of the article? A．To encourage everyone to develop motivation for whatever they are doing..8 Q1 h0 U, Q; T B．To inspire college students to set goals for their college life. " h# P0 F- f3 A C．To imply that the less motivated college students quit the college.; H. D7 e4 ( j D．To call on parents to give up their over-protection of their children./ V- N2 2 ?; c# d& b/ _1 g. Q
【小题5】 What may be the writer’s advice to the potential readers? A．The goals you set for yourself shouldn’t be far beyond your reach.1 K+ H1 F8 K" H( ) " S0 P( i+ ^3 V B．You needn’t attend college if you are really not interested in it., @- ]6 G4 h8 E/ C( R C．You should work harder to win praise from others.6 G* i% T" b7 Y0 ? D．Honesty is the best policy to solve problems in your life.7 N, Q0 _+ W, a. M7 ) c

• To become a doctor in the United States, students usually attend four years of medical school after they complete college. Then these young doctors work in hospitals for several years to complete a training program called a residency(住院医生实习期).
These medical residents provide hospitals with needed services in return for not much pay. They work under the supervision(管理) of medical professors and more experienced doctors. Medical residents treat patients . they carry out tests. They perform operations. They complete records. In hospitals with few nurses, residents also do work formerly done by nurses. Some medical residents work one-hundred or more hours in a single week. They often work for more than thirty-six hours at a time before they can rest.
Critics (批评家) of this system say medical residents work too long and do not get enough res. They say these young doctors may be too tired to perform their medical duties effectively. Now, the government will limit the number of hours of work that residents can work. Most doctors in training will be limited to eighty-four hours of work each week. They will have work periods of no more than twenty-four hours at one time. They will have ten hours of rest between work periods.
Medical residents will have one day each week when they do not have to work. Any work they accept outside their hospitals will be limited．Experienced doctors and medical professors will closely supervise the residents to make sure they are not too tired to work.
Many medical residents welcomed the work limits. Others, however, said the new policy may interfere with patient care and their own medical education.
【小题1】If a first –year college student in America wants to be a doctor, he has to wait for ___. A．4 years B．8 years C．at least 10 years D．more than 20 years
【小题2】Medical residents are not responsible for ____. A．supervising students B．treating patients C．carrying patients D．doing operations
【小题3】The underlined sentence in the 2nd paragraph means that they have to ____. A．work 36 hours every week B．rest for 36 hours before they can go to work C．work continuously for 36 hours D．take a rest every 36 hours
【小题4】Why does the government limit the number of hours that residents work? A．medical residents get too much money. B．Medical residents should go back to school to study C．There are not enough work for nurses D．medical residents may make mistakes if they work too long.
【小题5】The underlined word “Others” in the last paragraph refers to ___. A．some critics B．some medical professors C．some experienced doctors D．some medical students

Learners of English, especially self-taught learners may have trouble in understanding speeches by native speakers. The following ways might help improve their ability.
First of all, do things step by step. It is not good to listen to something beyond your level. Better choose a suitable course and start with the first book. Go on to the second book only after you are sure you understand the first one.
Secondly, stick to one course of study. Don’t change books often. Never let your attention be attracted by another course just because it seems to be more “ fashionable”(时髦).
Thirdly, listen to the English news programme over the radio from time to time. Better go through the news stories in the Chinese-language newspaper first. That will make it easy for you to understand the English news on the radio.
Fourthly, if you have time, listen to some interesting stories in “special English” from the VOA or other listening materials of the same level as that of your textbook.
【小题1】This is a piece of advice to learners of English in how to_____. A．improve their listening ability& a6 I! X2 [4 ]! F B．read fast0 j; i* H: O6 W. L C．write better English and read fast( Y# Y1 f, L9 N& P( J0 M3 K6 S, @ D．speak correctly G: O1 h: X2 U
【小题2】 If you want to understand the English news programme on the radio, you should_________.
read again and again the Chinese-language newspaper
go through the Chinese-language newspaper
be able to recite the Chinese-language newspaper
【小题3】“Beyond your level” means something_______. A．easy for you% V% P& g7 T/ d, X Q B．too difficult for you% @: d( _: ^& S# B# f/ b3 N C．not too easy and not too difficult for you: R- F5 a' b$[8 f D．just all right for you$ Y J4 @7 e8 R. _7 T' \
【小题4】 The author advised that once you have taken up a course, you should_______.
stick to it                                   B. begin with the last book
C. take up other courses if you are more fashionable     D. not do anything else
【小题5】In this passage, VOA stands for______. A．a book7 V2 R) S- I; X" i1 ?/ L B．a magazine( P# D9 ]/ F) U, ?4 S, Z C．a textbook# ?8 i. I) I! @: R$j+ d7 K D．a radio station" L" j c+ B: h$ U

• Dear editor,
I am Paul , a senior English teacher in Linchuan No. 1 Middle School in Jiangxi Province , China. This letter is written to ask for your opinion.
The other day, I met with a multiple - choice exercise. We teachers argued heatedly with each other over its answer. Unfortunately, neither side could convince the other. The sentence is to be attached at the end of the letter. There is no doubt that the reference answer C is correct. But I don’t  think it is the only answer. Personally, I do think A is also a reasonable choice in sense as well as in grammar, if the case is treated from another aspect.
What puzzles me is why we should deal with so many multiple - choice exercises with not rigorous（严谨的）enough reference keys. But being a teacher, it’s very important and necessary to make it clear to students which answer is correct, which is more appropriate, and which is the best one. Regrettably, Multiple - choice test, which is a bit old - fashioned in western countries, seems to be quite popular and covers a rather high percentage in all sorts of English tests in China, especially in NMET.
Personally speaking, I don’t think multiple - choice test form making up more than 75 percent of the total scores in college entrance examination is a very good and effective testing method. Instead, more subjective testing forms depending on one’s own thinking and his ability to use the language like key words falling, question answering, paragraph or passage summarizing, English - Chinese or Chinese - English inter - translation, etc. should be applied to English proficiency tests. Through the test forms mentioned above, students’ ability to use the language will be better developed. Consequently, more advanced and outstanding English learners could be picked out. In fact, a test paper focusing on multiple - choice test influences, in a sense, students to form their own language thinking, which hinders（阻碍）the development of their language ability as well. Do you think so?
I am looking forward to your authoritative opinion. Thanks.
Yours sincerely,
Paul Liao
【小题1】.
. What can be learnt from the letter is that the writer ________. A．writes to argue with the editor over China’s present test system4 A, Y/ b. Y" d' i B．thinks the reference answer to the sentence is completely wrong7 g, Q% F1 H7 B/ T C．thinks subjective test forms constitute a rather high percentage in NMET0 i: h/ f! ^3 J; F D．doesn’t think highly of China’s present English proficiency test forms8 Y/ e0 h0 [4 E$i( f: ^2 Z 【小题2】. . In order to better develop students’ ability to use English, the writer suggests ________. A．dealing with more multiple - choice exercises$ a' h/ T$7 E# G! G- W3 K, P B．laying stress on the practice of subjective exercises- R3 N6 F! G8 ^/ # E# Y C．arguing hotly with teachers over reference answers! ]9 e. P5 T3 Y% G: ?: D; N D．considering a problem from different aspects& ?+ @4 G, E/ X- h; Q 【小题3】. Which of the following does NOT belong to subjective exercises in English learning? A．Keeping a diary.& P 9 [. A2 C3 U" ]1 h6 R6 S B．Summarizing a paragraph.. K. Z, g/ Y% W2 D8 ?$ f C．Copying a test., \% a! O) P1 g5 V D．Translating a passage. h- g0 K7 d( @4 G0 d+ U" Q/ b
【小题4】.
The writer seems to feel ________ as to the future development of students’ language ability. A．concerned0 _/ c7 _* ?3 _6 3 K8 Q B．curious+ I3 V( N" X; C- e C．confused/ Q, B 3 M# N D．satisfied8 d( E3 I$D h6 D, X! C# G- F • Too many people want others to be their friends, but they don’t give friendship back. That is why some friendships do not last very long. To have a friend, you must learn to be one. You must learn to treat your friend the way you want your friend treat you. Learning to be a good friend means learning three rules. Be honest; be generous; be understanding. Honesty is where a good friendship starts. Friends must be able to trust one another. If you do not tell the truth, people usually find out. If a friend finds out that you haven’t been honest you may lose your friends’ trust. Good friends always count on one another to speak and act honestly. Generosity means sharing and sharing makes a friendship grow. You do not have to give your lunch money on your clothes of course. Instead you have to learn how to share things you enjoy, like your hobbies and your interest. Naturally you will want to share your ideas and feelings. These can be very valuable to a friend. They tell your friend what is important to you. By sharing them you help your friend know you better. Sooner or later every one needs understanding and help with a problem. Something may go wrong at school. Talking about the problem can make it easier to solve. Turning to a friend can be a first step in solving the problem. So to be a friend you must listen and understand. You must try to put yourself in your friend’s place so you can understand the problem better. No two friendships are ever exactly alike. But all true friendships have three things in common. If you plan to keep your friends, you must practise honesty, generosity, and understanding. 【小题1】Some friendships don’t last very long because ____. A．there are too many people who want to make friends.& f7 D) A7 P& ]1 Q3 S) N B．those who never give others friendships receive no friendship from others." b5 _1 c W: U/ b1 j [3 Q C．those who give others friendship receive friendship from others.! ?4 d; g8 a" g Q* h$ W D．they don’t know friendship is something serious.- K# F* S) E) S- V
【小题2】According to the passage honesty is _____. A．something good' Y: Z6 [$?2 G M6 U+ P B．the base of friendship* L- [/ Y$ J* W4 Y- N% F C．as important as money9 U$^8 R1 c+ F. R D．more important than anything else2 I4 B. c! g) L+ ^0 I" i 【小题3】The underlined word “generosity” means ___. A．大度' G9 3 g7 Q% W" O B．节约% d5 H. Z5 U9 h$ I C．吝啬; ]$H' ]# d/ \- A& B. ], M7 Q& E D．和气; c# ?! T( B1 i" b 【小题4】Which of the following isn’t mentioned (提及)in the passage? A．Always tell your friend the truth. % T# f9 I, a: Y% I( @: X) C B．Sharing your mind with your friend is of great value.' P: K3 Q Y9 i7 j; ^ C．Discussing your problems with your friend often helps to solve the problem." S: f- I$ K! J- M) d M D．A friend who gives you his lunch money is a true friend.' L4 a- j; [3 G% J& T" j

• When Xia Min started drinking alcohol with her classmates at a friend’s birthday, she didn’t realize what would happen to her. She drank a lot and fell into a coma (昏迷). The 15year-old girl from Chongqing never recovered.
Xia’s death is warning to other students. A new rule went into effect on January 1, 2006. Teens are not allowed to buy or drink alcohol. Shops are not allowed to sell it to them.
A 1999 Chinese law forbade (禁止) shops to sell alcohol to youths under 18. But it is not taken seriously by shopkeepers because it doesn’t have specific rules. People hope the new rule will work.
“I tasted alcohol when having the dinner of the last New Year’s Eve,” said Lian Yuqi, a 16-year-old girl in Xiamen. She believes that the new rule will stop teens from drinking and help them grow in a healthy way.
“Although it may be a little disappointing not to have beer at parties, I think we can have soft drinks instead,” she said.
【小题1】Xia Min died from alcohol at the age of ______.  A．15, b0 P; R6 D1 j5 K* H7 X1 c B．16" T. ?% P& M0 K% c& b C．17. [; _" Y# K7 h D．18* B7 R, D/ Y2 K- ^, P. ]; i9 ]
【小题2】 The underlined word “it” means ________.  A．a warning sing2 Z8 F/ I$K7 Q5 T9 R4 B. f) \, R" f B．a shopkeeper. D5 C. d7 C6 S+ D+ T* B/ W C．the new rule # i6 I/ K T; @5 @6 c) [9 g D．a 1999 Chinese law1 L2 [, c+ S) H" 1 _ 【小题3】We can know that ________.  A．it is against the new rule for youths under 18 to drink alcohol7 K; G$ O3 j& \8 Z" K2 j- _ B．shops can sell alcohol to a 16 years old youth." A' G+ X$d X; Z& D* g C．without an ID card, young people can’t buy alcohol) K( A( X4 B5 H D．it seems that the young girl, Liang Yuqi, likes to drink alcohol" Y- S, T" I$ N
【小题4】According to the passage, which of the following is TRUE?  A．The new rule has worked very well.5 f" P9 h# H4 [5 S2 / b B．Shopkeepers can sell alcohol to teens above 18.* S [& I& c" Z3 a* \" h C．China’s legal drinking age is clearly under18.( L1 R8 h- F/ L' Z D．Many teens drink alcohol to show they’ve grown up.6 _# Q, N' f: K3 f% ^. ^ F
【小题5】This passage is mainly about _______.  A．the harm of drinking alcohol. d, X& \" h0 T- O! Z3 S3 W B．the legal age for drinking alcohol7 R' K+ A2 Y$f/ W C．a new rule to stop teens drinking' X1 L0 ^* @9 N6 j& H' [! V( S D．student’s ideas about drinking alcohol& S( h) N5 # X2 @6 ] • A student is learning to speak British English. He wonders(想知道): Can I communicate(交际) with Americans? Can they understand me? Learners of English often ask: What are the differences between British and American English? How important are these differences? Certainly, there are some differences between British and American English. There are a few differences in grammar. For example, speakers of British English say “in hospital” and “Have you a pen?” Americans say “in the hospital” and “Do you have a pen?”.Pronunciation is sometimes different. Americans usually sound theirs in words like “bird” and “hurt”. Speakers of British English do not sound theirs in these words. There are differences between British and American English in spelling and vocabulary. For example, “colour” and “honour” are British, “color” and “honor” are American. These differences in grammar, pronunciation, spelling and vocabulary are not important, however. For the most part, British and American English are the same language. 【小题1】According to this passage, a student who is learning to speak American English might be afraid that __________. A．British people cannot understand him" ]) _+ R7 V5 X. ^# U, T0 M+ a7 G, T B．American people cannot understand him' Z6 d, g1 ?( W- h" _ C．the grammar is too hard for him" U2 c5 e# X: E8 @( S* C, W D．the spelling is too hard for him0 I$ T' S+ $L3 e L+ B 【小题2】American English and British English are different in __________. A．spelling! J' a, K# F& X3 O+ M( O5 ^ B．pronunciation9 Y' U2 D# @8 V( f) L9 P C．grammar$ a U# C/ C' T0 a D．all of the above) * K- J6 T0 T2 e
【小题3】What is NOT mentioned(提及) in the passage? A．Whether there are differences between British English and American English." d ^ S# K* Z0 U* Z B．Whether British English and American English are one language or two.5 f( ], J7 # _, O3 A C．How the differences between British English and American English came about., E4 Y0 _0 A4 Z) V% W D．How important the differences are.6 X) N! h( ^5 S0 g
【小题4】Most ______say “Do you have a watch?” A．British people/ X5 \, _: O, V$^* ]& c; Z7 K B．Americans. @# I8 ]# V/ N$ e4 T5 B5 T C．children2 K+ c4 c M4 D+ X4 \ D．teachers' F8 R' R6 ]$D 【小题5】According to this passage, British people and Americans have ______ difficulty in understanding each other. A．little* ^$ J0 A( g6 f B．much! [* [& S7 K' M; G C．some2 H4 ^- ^/ ?0 D$O$ L3 E6 T+ f D．great- J6 @: T% _- a0 Y6 ^

• Even at school there had been an unhealthy competition between George and Richard.
“I’ll be the first millionaire in Coleford!” Richard used to boast.
“And you’ll be sorry that you knew me,” George would reply “because I’ll surely be the best lawyer in our town!”
After graduation, George never became a lawyer and Richard was anybody but a millionaire …. Instead, it happened that both men opened bookshops on opposite sides of Coleford High Street, while it was hard to make much money from books then, which made the competition between them worse. Eventually, Richard closed down his, dreaming of making a fortune elsewhere.
Now, with only one bookshop in the town, business was better for George. But sometimes he sat in his narrow old kitchen and gazed out of the dirty window, thinking about his former rival (竞争对手)。Perhaps he missed him? zxxk
George was very interested in old dictionaries, and he had recently found a collector in Australia who was selling a rare first edition. When the parcel arrived, the book was in perfect condition and George was quite delighted. But while he was having lunch, George glanced at the photo in the newspaper that the book had been wrapped in. He was astonished — the smiling face was older than he remembered but unmistakable! Trembling, George started reading: “Bookends Company has bought ten bookstores from its competitors. The company, owned by multi-millionaire Richard Pike, is now the largest bookseller in this country.”
【小题1】George and Richard were        at school.  A．roommates B．good friends C．competitors D．booksellers
【小题2】How did George feel about Richard after his disappearance?  A．He envied Richard’s good fortune very much. B．He thought about Richard from time to time. C．He felt unlucky with no more rival in the town. D．He was unhappy of Richard’s disappearance.
【小题3】George got information about Richard from       .  A．a dictionary collector in Australia B．one of Richard’s competitors C．some rare edition of a dictionary D．the wrapping paper of a book
【小题4】What happened to George and Richard in the end?  A．Both George and Richard became millionaires by selling books. B．Both of them realized their original ambitions, which were the same. C．George established a successful business while Richard was missing. D．Richard became a millionaire while George had no great success.

• The arts, especially music, should be part of every school's lessons at every grade level. Students would be much smarter if they had some musical experience. They could improve their classroom skills, like paying attention and following directions. People develop all these skills when they learn music. Making music also lets children use their imagination. It provides students with a chance to try out their own ideas.
Music not only makes children better students, but also gives them something positive to do. In a music program, children can be part of a band instead of joining a gang (团伙). Parents can enjoy listening to their children's music instead of seeing them glued to a computer or TV screen. In a school band, students get to be part of a team. They can get along well with old friends and make new friends through music.
Music builds self-confidence, too. It gives children a sense of achievement and success. Making music is something for them to be proud of, and it lets kids practice performing in front of an audience. Music gives children an opportunity for self-expression, and that helps develop their self-confidence.
Once again, music is important because it can make children better students, give them something positive to do, and build their character. That is why music should be offered in every single grade in every school.
【小题1】According to the passage, music could make students smarter by _______________. A．improving their classroom skills and paying attention. X& M, Y- B) @: U8 M B．improving their classroom skills and imagination1 F. Z( f4 D: F0 G) Z7 D; R C．improving their attention, direction and imagination5 _7 g* M A. W" T4 N4 F D．learning music, making music and trying out their own ideas. E7 L8 W, g1 \4 d
【小题2】What does the underlined phrase "glued to" in the second paragraph mean? A．unwilling to turn on9 U( K3 f( Q, K B．always looking, ]6 ?. d2 ]8 b C．unwilling to leave2 D0 A, j; A R' _! j D．always playing" C1 C- _8 Q+ a8 B! h ]
【小题3】The third paragraph mainly tells us that music could _______________. A．give children self-expression and self-confidence) Q" i1 [& f" @5 V B．bring to children achievement and success% P' h; V( d! H; W& I% F C．give children something to be proud of; G; N1 K7 M; f$K$ Q7 f" C( j D．develop children's self-confidence8 _9 @) F+ T* _( W5 M
【小题4】What's the best title of this passage？ A．Music is a must as a course at school3 W, a5 ]; 4 Q B．Music builds children's self-confidence1 h. f% F' b" Q0 U+ S; N, D C．Music makes students much smarter- ?) H% \/ R) ' @7 _9 ?# W, R D．Learning music and making music3 h3 h* T3 i6 e5 N\$ R4 Q' F