## 考点：社会现象类阅读

• Vampires (吸血鬼), creatures of myth, have been around in one form or another for centuries. Terrifying but also attractive, they are as popular in the early 21 st century as ever, as the current popularity of Twilight series, and its hero Edward Cullen, show.
Vampires first appeared in fiction in the 1700s. in 1895 Irish novelist Bram Stoker published Dracula, introducing the world’s most famous vampire.
But just what is it about these drinkers of human blood that continues to fascinate us? Speaking to Eric Lewis of the Times and Transcript website, academic Deborah Wells said that vampires are “culturally adaptive”. “We create very different vampires to fit different times. Edward Cullen is not the same as Count Dracula,” she said.
Different as they are, Wells believes vampires are “the perfect containers into which we can pour our current cultural anxieties”, Bram Stoker’s Dracula is powerful, yet old and physically ugly. Stoker’s book dealt with fear of the fall of the British Empire, real fears in the day in which it was written.
According to the website Bookrags, today’s vampires have all our cultural desires, money, power and sexual attraction. Represented by Cullen, they are noble, handsome young men whom women find irresistible. What’s more, vampires challenge traditional ideas about death, science and parental authority. This may be why teenagers are drawn to vampire tales.
“In many ways, the vampire story shows up teenage concerns,” said wells. “The emotional intensity (强度) of the relationship with the vampire matches the intensity of how it feels to have your first real love affairs. Your first real love, it really feels like life and death.”
55．The best title for this passage should be_______.
A．Vampires may continue to drink our blood
B．Vampires have been around us for long
C．Why Twilight is so popular nowadays
D．We still like the story about vampires
56．What is the image of the vampire in Bram Stoker’s book?
A．Anxious but perfect.
B．Powerful, old and ugly.
C．Terrifying but also attractive.
D．Afraid of the fall of the British Empire.
57．According to the website Bookrages, today’s vampires_______.
A．desire money, power and sexual attraction
B．may not think highly of parental authority
C．dare to give up traditional ideas
D．are likely to be resisted by women
58．Which of the following statements is true according to Wells?
A．People need different vampires in different times.
B．Our current cultural anxieties are hidden in vampires.
C．The vampire story reflects the conches of the teenagers.
D．The relationship with the vampire equals your first real love.

• The January fashion show, called FutureFashion, exemplified how far green design has come．Organized by the New York-based nonprofit Earth Pledge, the show inspired many top designers to work with sustainable fabrics for the first time．Several have since made pledges to include organic fabrics in their lines.
The designers who undertake green fashion still face many challenges．Scott Hahn, cofounder with Gregory of Rogan and Loomstate, which uses all-organic cotton, says high-quality sustainable materials can still be tough to find．“Most designers with existing labels are finding there aren’t comparable fabrics that can just replace what you’re doing and what your customers are used to,” he says．For example, organic cotton and non-organic cotton are virtually indistinguishable once put into a dress．But some popular synthetics, like stretch nylon, still have few eco-friendly equivalents.
Those who do make the switch are finding they have more support．Last year the influential trade show Designers & Agents stopped charging its participation fee for young green entrepreneurs（企业家） who attend its two springtime shows in Los Angeles and New York and gave special recognition to designers whose collections are at least 25% sustainable．It now counts more than 50 green designers, up from fewer than a dozen two years ago．This week Wal-Mart is set to announce a major initiative aimed at helping cotton farmers go organic: it will buy transitional cotton at higher prices, thus helping to expand the supply of a key sustainable material．“Mainstream is about to occur,” says Hahn.
Some analysts are less sure．Among consumers, only 18% are even aware that ecofashion exists, up from 6% four years ago．Natalie Hormilla, a fashion writer, is an example of the unconverted consumer．When asked if she owned any sustainable clothes, she replied: “Not that I’m aware of.” Like most consumers, she finds little time to shop, and when she does, she’s on the hunt for “cute stuff that isn’t too expensive.” By her own admission, green just isn’t yet on her mind．But—thanks to the combined efforts of designers, retailers and suppliers—one day it will be.
67．What is said about FutureFashion?
A．It inspired many leading designers to start going green.
B．It showed that designers using organic fabrics would go far.
C．It served as an example of how fashion shows should be organized.
D．It convinced the public that fashionable clothes should be made durable.
68．According to Scott Hahn, one big challenge to designers who will go organic is that        .
A．much more time is needed to finish a dress using sustainable materials
B．they have to create new brands for clothes made of organic materials
C．customers have difficulty telling organic from non-organic materials
D．quality organic replacements for synthetics are not readily available
69．What is Natalie Hormilla’s attitude toward ecofashion?
A．She is doubtful of its practical value.     B．She doesn’t think it is sustainable.
C．She doesn’t seem to care about it.   D．She is very much opposed to the idea.
70．What does the author think of green fashion?
A．Green products will soon go mainstream．
B．It has a very promising future.
C．Consumers have the final say.
D．It will appeal more to young people.

• Most earthquakes occur within the upper 15 miles of the earth’s surface. But earthquakes can and do occur at all depths to about 460 miles. Their number decreases as the depth increases. At about 460 miles one earthquake occurs only every few years. Near the surface earthquakes may run as high as 100 in a month, but the yearly average does not vary much. In comparison with the total number of earthquakes each year, the number of disastrous earthquakes is very small.[JP]
The extent of the disaster in an earthquake depends on many factors. If you carefully build a toy house with an erect set, it will still stand no matter how much you shake the table. But if you build a toy house with a pack of cards, a slight shake of the table will make it fall. An earthquake in Agadir, Morocco, was not strong enough to be recorded on distant instruments, but it completely destroyed the city. Many stronger earthquakes have done comparatively little damage. If a building is well constructed and built on solid ground, it will resist an earthquake. Most deaths in earthquakes have been due to faulty building construction or poor building sites. A third and very serious factor is panic. When people rush out into narrow streets, more deaths will result.
The United Nations has played an important part in reducing the damage done by earthquakes. It has sent a team of experts to all countries known to be affected by earthquakes. Working with local geologists and engineers, the experts have studied the nature of the ground and the type of most practical building code for the local area. If followed, these suggestions will make disastrous earthquakes almost a thing of the past.
There is one type of earthquake disaster that little can be done about. This is the disaster caused by seismic sea waves, or tsunamis. (These are often called tidal waves, but the name is incorrect. They have nothing to do with tides.)
In certain areas, earthquakes take place beneath the sea. These submarine earthquakes sometimes give rise to seismic sea waves. The waves are not noticeable out at sea because of their long wave length. But when they roll into harbors, they pile up into walls of water 6 to 60 feet high. The Japanese call them “tsunamis”, meaning “harbor waves”, because they reach a sizable height only in harbors.
Tsunamis travel fairly slowly, at speeds up to 500 miles an hour. An adequate warning system is in use to warn all shores likely to be reached by the waves.
But this only enables people to leave the threatened shores for higher ground. There is no way to stop the oncoming wave.
65. Which of the following CANNOT be concluded from the passage?
A. The number of earthquakes is closely related to depth.
B. Roughly the same number of earthquakes occur each year.、
C. Earthquakes are impossible at depths over 460 miles.
D. Earthquakes are most likely to occur near the surfaces.
66. The destruction of Agadir is an example of_____.
A. faulty building construction                        B. an earthquake’s strength
C. widespread panic in earthquakes                  D. ineffective instruments
67. The United Nations’ experts are supposed to_____.
A. construct strong buildings                          B. put forward proposals
C. detect disastrous earthquakes                D. monitor earthquakes
68. The significance of the slow speed of tsunamis is that people may_____.
A. notice them out at sea                                B. find ways to stop them
C. be warned early enough                      D. develop warning systems

• An old problem is getting new attention in the United States—bullying. Recent cases included the tragic case of a fifteen-year-old girl whose family moved from Ireland. She hanged herself in Massachusetts in January following months of bullying. Her parents criticized her school for failing to protect her. Officials have brought criminal charges against several teenagers.
Judy Kuczynski is president of an anti-bullying group called Bully Police USA. Her daughter Tina was the victim of severe bullying starting in middle school in the state of Minnesota. Her said, "Our daughter was a very outgoing child. She was a bubbly personality, very involved in all kinds of things, had lots of friends. And over a period of time her grades fell completely. She started having health issues. She couldn't sleep. She wasn't eating. She had terrible stomach pains. She started clenching her jaw and grinding her teeth at night. Didn't want to go to school."
Bullying is defined as negative behavior repeated over time against the same person. It can involve physical violence. Or it can be verbal — for example, insults or threats. Spreading lies about someone or excluding a person from a group is known as social or relational bullying.
And now there is cyber bullying, which uses the Internet, e-mail or text messages. It has easy appeal for the bully because it does not involve face-to-face contact and it can be done at any time.
The first serious research studies into bullying were done in Norway in the late 1970s. The latest government study in the United States was released last year. It found that about one-third of students age twelve to eighteen were bullied at school.
Susan Sweater is a psychologist at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln and co-director of the Bullying Research Network. She says schools should treat bullying as a mental health problem to get bullies and victims the help they need. She says bullying is connected to depression, anxiety and anti-social behavior, and bullies are often victims themselves.
66．From the case of Tina, we can know that            .
A．bullying is rare        B．victims suffered a lot
C．schools are to blame D．personalities are related
67．Which of the following is NOT bullying?
A．To beat someone repeatedly.   B．To call someone names.
C．To isolate someone from friends.    D．To refuse to help someone in need.
68．Why is cyber bullying appealing to the bully?
A．Because it can involve more people.      B．Because it can create worse effects.
C．Because it is more convenient.       D．Because it can avoid cheating.
69．According to Susan Sweater,           .
A．bullies are anti-social      B．bullies should give victims help
C．students are not requally treated     D．bullies themselves also need help
70．Which of the following can be the best title of the text?
A．Bullying—Old Irish Girl Committed Suicide
B．15-Year-Old Irish Girl Committed Suicide
C．Cyberbullying-Taking Off in Schools
D．How to Find Bullying among Teens

• 第三部分阅读理解（共20小题；每小题2分，满分40分）
Housing is always an important comcern,and things were no different back in Canadas early days.The nailve population had several answers to the housing problem．
The igloo if a house built of ice or snow and is still in use today in more primitive areas of  Canadas north．The Inuit people find them the best type of housing,eSpecially when away from home on hunting or fishing trips.The igloos used o such trips are smaller and only temporary homes to be used for a few nights at most．Igloos are domeshaped（圆顶形的）and made of blocks of ice or snow.First a hole is dug out in the snow and this forms the lower part of the igloo.Then the blocks of ice or snow are built in a slope inwards and upwards from this base.Often a short tunnel leads to the door.This prevents the cold winds and snow blowing into the structure.
Tipis（or tepees）are the conical（圆锥形的）tents used by the majority of native People
across America.Some Canadian aboriginal people still prefer them to other types of housing. These structures are formed by a frame of poles covered with，usually，iether buffalo hide（水牛皮）or birch bark（桦树皮）．A hole at the top lets out the smoke from the cooking fires．Native people mostly travel from place to place,following their food supple across the countryside.Tepees are easy to taKe down，carry and put up at the next stopping place．
Another type of house iS the long house.This is exactly what the name suggests-a long narrow building that could house ten to twenty families.Built of poles covered with hides,there houses are common to the Iroquois people of 0ntario and NeW York.These structures are also on the West Coast by the Squeamish Indians.They are usually occupied by an exended family and divided into individual rooms,each with its own cooking fire.They are decorated with totem emblems （图腾标志）and a totem pole by the front door tells the history of the family．
56.Which of the following pictures matches with the igloo?
57．The short tunnel leading to the door of an igloo is used to__________．
A.catch the animals              B.decorate the igloo
C.fasten the igloo         D.keep the gloo warm
58．Which of the following about a tiPi is NOT true？
A.It has a hole at the top.
B.It is made of poles covered with hides．
C.lt can be easily carried everywhere.
D.It has a firm base made of ice.
59. The underhned word "They" in the last paragraph refers to "________"．
A.Squeamish Indians     B.Long houses
C.Families              D.Individual rooms
6o. Where can we most probably read this passage?
A.In a medical journal. B.In a science report．
C.In a culture magazine．D.In a biology textbook．

• Arguing with your parents is totally natural for teens. From your hairstyle to your friends, to your marks at school, to your television habits, to your future plans, it might just seem like you argue with your parents about everything. While this is not generally a pleasant state of affairs, it is normal and it will most likely pass.
Argue fairly
Arguments between teens and parents generally come about when both parties believe that they know what is best for the teen. Parents have been caring for their teens for over a decade, but teens are quickly becoming adults and believe that they are able to take care of themselves. If you must agree with them, argue fairly by: Allowing each person to speak their mind. Refusing to interrupt others when they are speaking. Sticking only to the topic at hand.
Argue respectfully
No matter how heated things may get during an argument, try to remember that your parents still are worthy of your attention, respect and love. During arguments, be respectful by: Keeping your voice lowered at all times and refusing to shout. Sitting still and staying calm. Refusing to engage in angry actions such as kicking, throwing or hitting anything. Reasonably explaining the reasons for your opinions.
_________
There is a thin line between having a discussion and engaging in an argument, but smart teens know that keeping their interactions with their parents at the discussion level practically guarantees that they will be taken more seriously. No one likes to argue, and the parents of teens can be especially weary of it, so keeping things at the discussion level will work to everyone's advantage.
Arguing with parents is practically a sign of the teenaged years, but out-of-control arguments don't serve anyone well. Before arguing with your parents, decide what type of teen you want to be and what compromises (妥协)you are willing to make in order to achieve your goals. You never know, you might just avoid an argument all together.
60.This passage mainly tells teens______.
A. arguments don't solve any problem
B. arguing with parents may hurt them
C. some tips on arguing with parents
D. how to avoid arguing with parents
61. When arguing with your parents, you should______.
A. make up your mind not to give in
B. show your respect for them
C. express your opinions through actions
D. make full preparations for it
62. Which of the following is proper for the blank in the passage?
A. Take discussion seriously             B. Argue seriously
C. To be smart teens                   D. Argue only when needed
63. The underlined phrase "be weary of "in the passage probably means_  ___.
A. be proud of   .                  B. be interested in
C. be tired of                            D. be satisfied of
64.It seems that the author thinks teens' arguing with parents is_______
A. normal        B. practical         C. shameful          D. impolite

• Nowadays , people in China are increasingly interested in celebrating foreign festival , especially those western festivals .
A survey conducted recently by sina.Com showed that among the 18,222 people surveyed 63.9% said celebrating Christmas is just another way of recreation ,nothing serious while  17.85% surveyed considered the festival as a fashion act , showing they were not "out".These two parts clearly indicate the general opinion of the young .10.45 percent people involved said the celebration of a religious western festival with so much enthusiasm is absolutely ridiculous pursuit of foreign goodness .Only 7.8% of people define Christmas as a kind of festival colonization（殖民）。
The arising of celebrating foreign festivals clearly has something to do with the advancement of China's economy .In my opinion of view ,Christmas and other festivals celebrated in China have difference from the  origin  .They have lost their religious background and turned into a big occasion to have fun and enjoy life .Shop owners' pockets are filled, the public's hunger for happiness is filled , and that is enough . Foreign festivals in china are more like carnivals giving people pleasure and enjoyment .
The crisis (危机）of traditional Chinese festivals that are losing their attraction may be linked to the culture tradition and background of the festivals. Most Chinese festival culture is related more or less to real life.
But the western culture shows much of romance .Some festivals have their religious background while others have much to do with culture and people .At this point , food seems to be too plain .Flowers and chocolates are more welcomed.
Foreign festivals in China today are celebrated for fun . They give people opportunities to relax and to show appreciation and gratefulness . The acceptance of foreign festivals generally depends on the openness of the public , the familiarity with the western culture , and most importantly , on people's economic status.
60 From the survey we know that among the people surveyed _________
A .Most think celebrating foreign festivals is ridiculous
B .Many fear that traditional Chinese festivals will disappear soon
C.Some think that celebrating foreign festivals is a sign of foreign                                                               goodness chasing
D half think celebrating foreign festivals makes people not go out of faction
61. The writer think that foreign festivals celebrated in China ________
A have lost their religious background
B are the same as those celebrated in the west
C can give more fun than traditional Chinese festivals
D may reduce the hunger of  public people
62. What is the main difference between foreign festivals and traditional Chinese ones ?
A Foreign festivals can make Chinese shop owners'pockets full quickly
B The food at foreign festivals is too simple
C Chinese festivals always have something to do with culture
D Foreign festivals are romantic while traditional Chinese ones are connected with       reality
63. Which of the following may NOT be the reason why so many people accept foreign festivals?
A People can relax themselves .
B People can show their thanks to others
C Foreign festivals have longer histories than Chinese ones
D People have known more about the western culture.

• Chinese are very generous (慷慨) when it comes to educating their children. Not caring about the money, parents often send their children to the best schools or even abroad to England, the United States or Australia. They also want their children to take extra-course activities where they will either learn a musical instrument or ballet（芭蕾舞）, or other classes that will give them a head start in life. The Chinese believe that the more expensive an education is, the better it is. So parents will spend an unreasonable amount of money on education. Even poor couples will buy a computer for their son or daughter.
However, what most parents fail to see is that the best early education they can give their children is usually very cheap.
Parents can see that their children’s skills vary, skilled in some areas while poor in others. What most parents fail to realize though, is that today’s children lack self-respect and self-confidence (自信).
The problem is that parents are only educating their children on how to take multiple-choice tests and how to study well, but parents are not teaching them the most important skills they need to be confident, happy and clever.
Parents can achieve this by teaching practical skills like cooking, sewing and doing other housework.
Teaching a child to cook will improve many of the skills that he will need later in life. Cooking demands patience and time. It is an enjoyable but difficult experience. A good cook always tries to improve his cooking, so he will learn to work hard and gradually finish his job successfully. His result, a well-cooked dinner, will give him much satisfaction and a lot of self-confidence.
Some old machines, such as a broken radio or TV set that you give your child to play with will make him curious and arouse（唤起） his interest. He will spend hours looking at them, trying to fix them; your child might become an engineer when he grows up. These activities are not only teaching a child to read a book, but rather to think, to use his mind. And that is more important.
【小题1】Parents in China, according to this passage, _______. A．are too strict with their children# i5 I& c" ]( g& K7 P4 D+ X2 h8 V6 X B．are too rich to educate their children& J; S: Q6 W* g Y) G6 \; c C．have some problems in educating their children correctly8 c2 N5 S. S/ F! J8 T D．are too poor to educate their children" L( i1 P/ [! @3 [( A
【小题2】 The writer of the passage does not seem to be satisfied with ______. A．the parents’ ideas of educating their children) A, Y2 j' D- W: ]) A; A B．the education system* \) ^. V% \5 J) @- b C．children’s skills* O" N" G& X B6 _8 C D．children’s hobbies+ U& L% @( O: g9 F! C2 f
【小题3】Doing some cooking at home helps children ______. A．learn how to serve their parents( R, ?$P$ d: C5 j B．learn how to become strong and fat7 M7 W H: G" f5 V% L" D; O C．benefit from it and prepare themselves for the future- b8 F7 M( V3 B- Y D．make their parents believe that they are clever5 ^, Y2 U- L, U d
【小题4】According to the last paragraph we can conclude that ______. A．broken radios and television sets are useful- \6 N% V" M' g2 N1 h, G4 Q B．one’s curiosity may be useful for his later life0 ^* d. 7 h$[ C．an engineer must fix many broken radios, Z. P' [1 O' b: X6 ]$ T D．a good student should spend much time repairing radios- [9 _5 g4 Z- \

• Transportation and communication networks bring people together．Yet sometimes people themselves create barriers(障碍)to transportation and communication．
In some countries，laws stop people from moving freely from place to place．Over the centuries，many groups of people have been denied the freedom to travel because of their race，religion，or nationality．In the Middle Ages，for example，Jews were often forbidden to move about freely within certain cities．South Africa’s government used to require black Africans to carry passes when they travel within the country．Some governments require all citizens to carry identification papers and to report to government officials whenever they move．
Countries set up customs posts at their borders．Foreign travellers must go through a customs inspection before they are allowed to travel in the country．Usually travellers  have to carry special papers such as passports and visas(签证)．Some countries even limit the number of visitors to their country each year．Others allow tourists to visit only certain areas of the country，or they may require that travellers be with an official guide at all times during their stay．
Many of those barriers to travel also act as barriers to communication．When two governments disagree with each other on important matters，they usually do not want their citizens to exchange news or ideas freely．Countries often try to keep military or lndustrial information secret．
Today，people have the ability to travel，to communicate，and to transport goods more quickly and easily than ever before．Natural barriers that were difficult or dangerous to cross a hundred years ago can now be crossed easily．The barriers that people themselves make are not so easy to overcome．But in spite of all the different kinds of barriers，people continue to enjoy travel and the exchange of goods and ideas.
【小题1】Choose the best title for the passage． A．Progress of Human Society" j0 Q. P! g0 R1 Y: d4 g B．Restrictions on Transportation# Y8 f6 O0 B+ c. [ C．Functions of Communication+ Q& @* ?# A8 ^/ a D．Barriers Made by People3 S, V) B0 P0 d! C
【小题2】The author uses the examples in the second paragraph to tell people that_______. A．travellers have to carry special papers such as visas2 g" R+ O' h. L: T B．customs posts are necessary at the borders of the countries! g" j0 g2 X* Y: M: K' C C．people have been allowed to travel freely within the country9 f, N, R" N; E; V% Z$I D．people have not been permitted to travel freely for various reasons3 j$ j1 O2 B) T2 E* ^. g6 b' _
【小题3】Why do some governments limit the freedom of communication?Because they______. A．intend to keep their national secrets unknown to others7 A' N7 D S9 c6 X! j4 e2 T$i B．think such freedom will lead to wars' ?" b- U0 e% f' V( J% Z3 h C．often disagree with each other on important matters; j8 i/ d! Y- i! Q) ^ D．want to show their authority over communication! W# ?8 T4 E! L: P9 F- I* Z 【小题4】We may learn from the passage that_______. A．people do not care about the removal of barriers between countries0 Z0 Y1 a- N4 _$ f% Q$B B．people can not remove the obstacles made by themselves, V B# i$ W' U0 \ C．man-made barriers are sometimes harder to overcome than natural ones# g# \- c* H& T9 R j7 J D．barriers should be taken for granted as they always exist" N# c! L% ]! ?% Y# P9 g

• Even a child knows that nodding the head means “Yes”. But some people will probably be puzzled when they first come to India. When they talk to an Indian, he often shakes his head. They might think that the Indian does not like what he said, but on the contrary he is expressing agreement.
The Indians have a habit of shaking their heads slightly when they talk to somebody. It doesn’t mean “No”, but “Yes”.
If a person doesn’t know this, it might cause misunderstanding.
At one time a foreigner in Indian told his driver who was an Indian to take him to his office. The driver shook his head. The foreigner repeated his request and the driver shook his head again. At last, the foreigner shouted angrily, “Drive me to my office at once!” The driver said in a low voice, “Yes, sir,” smiling and shaking his head again at the same time.
【小题1】Generally speaking, nodding the head means _______, and shaking the head means _______. A．Yes; No/ i, a6 U+ j( N" S/ f* N1 j9 c- j B．No; Yes- J4 I: H4 j0 V& H, V C．Yes; Yes( U' Z; H" Y8 T, f& e0 D9 h/ J D．No; No: P/ c. K1 \% W* f3 K# g+ Z
【小题2】Why did the Indian driver shake his head when the foreigner asked him to drive him to his office? Because _________. A．the Indian driver had something important to do; h& J, B3 d; f: E! J: A. [' I B．the foreigner promised to give him only a little money8 W3 V' U2 f5 a, h0 U4 E C．the driver felt uncomfortable at that time& f& M8 G. L$j- S` D．in India shaking the head means agreement- d- V0 W) b+ ?2 A9 C* D 【小题3】Why did the foreigner become angry? Because _______. A．the Indian driver didn’t want to send him to his office1 b0 A M8 S! b B．he misunderstood the meaning of shaking the head in India; c( \ f, h$ _4 b# g( T C．he asked the driver to send him to his office, but the Indian driver didn’t say any words6 Y8 @" K# V\$ Y L D．the Indian driver asked him for a lot of money& e. A- C; V. _) M% S
【小题4】The underlined phrase “on the contrary” means ________. A．just the opposite# ^- J; R, a: j: Q" D3 P. @6 D B．clear difference between two things; S% G) j! O h/ N& i C．doing what you want to do; _* Q# S( e! X8 i D．on the other hand6 Z+ T* K7 c7 @6 J# H# \ V