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考点:新闻报道类阅读


  • China Earthquake Leaves 5,000 Homeless
    Beijing- An earthquake measuring 6.8 on the Richter scale left 50,000 people homeless, killed at least one person and injured 39 others in southwest China on Thurday, with more accidents expected.
    By late Thurday, 4,900 people were declared homeless after the quake destroyed their homes in a mountainous area lying on the border between Yunnan and Sichuan provinces. The dawn quake left one dead and 39 injured, destroyed 268 houses and damaging 1,132 other  buildings so seriously that they were considered uninhabitable.
    Another 2,400 houses suffered less serious damage. The epicenter( 震中 ) was near scenic Lugu Lake, a tourist site, where the local school was severely damaged. Preliminary (最初的) estimates put economic losses at 180 million yuan ( 22 million dollars ).
    Governments in Yanyuan and the neighbouring Yunnan county of Ninglang has joined forces in the rescue effects and tents, clothes and medicine are badly in need of for the earthquake victims.
    The mountainous terrain, heavy rain and several aftershocks all prevented rescue effects on Thursday. The rain could cause more badly damaged homes to fall down.
    More dead and injured are expected “as rescuers have yet to reach many faraway areas”.It is very hard for rescue workers because most houses are scattered around the mountains, which are inhabited by Yi and other ethnic minority groups (少数民族)
    The quake hit the area at 5:10 a.m. Beijing time (2,110 Wednesday GMT ). Earthquake regularly affect the two counties, with two quakes measuring 5.0 and 6.2 on the Richter scale killing at least three people and injuring more than 1,500 in Ninglang in November 1998.
    The area is about 100 kilometers from the historic Yunnan town of Lijiang, which was struck in 1996 by an earthquake that killed more than 250 people anf injured 14,000.
    ( Reports from China Daily, May 25, 2001 )
    6. The earthquake took place _______ .
    A. in the early morning                   B. at noon
    C.in the afternoon                      D. at night
    7. All of the following things belong to the things that are most needed after the earthquake except _______ .
    A. clothes       B. food            C. medicine               D. tents
    8. The author’s purpose in writing the passage is to _______ .
    A.tell us the earthquake taking place in Yunnan has caused 5,000 homeless                           
    B. warn the people in mountainous areas in Yunnan to take care of earthquake
    C.call on more help from the people all over the country                        
    D. analyze why the earthquake took place in this area
    9. After reading the passage we know __________ .
    A. the biggest earthquake happened in China in Ninglang in 1998                  
    B. there will be no more than 2 persons dead in the earthquake
    C. the earthquake took place in the places where minorities live                                   
    D. the total losses will add up to no more than 180 million yuan
    10. “The two counties” here refers to ________ .
    A. Yunnan and Sichuan                      B. Yanyuan and Ninglang
    C. Yanyuan and Yunnan                      D. Yunnan and Ninglang

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  • .
    CHICAGO (Reuters) - Smoking not only can wrinkle(起皱纹) the face and turn it yellow -- it can do the same to the whole body, researchers reported on Monday.
    The study, published in the Archives of Dermatology, shows that smoking affects the skin all over the body -- even skin protected from the sun.
    "We examined non-facial skin that was protected from the sun, and found that the total number of packs of cigarettes smoked per day and the total years a person has smoked were linked with the amount of skin damage a person experienced," Dr. Yolanda Helfrich of the University of Michigan, who led the study, said in a statement.
    "In participants older than 65 years, smokers had significantly more fine wrinkling than nonsmokers. Similar findings were seen in participants aged 45 to 65 years," Helfrich's team added in their report.
    The researchers tested 82 people, smokers and nonsmokers, taking pictures of the inner right arms. They ranged in age from 22 to 91 and half were smokers Independent judges decided how wrinkled each person's skin was.
    When skin is exposed to sunlight, notably the face, it becomes coarse, wrinkled and discolored with a pale yellow tint, Helfrich's team wrote.
    Several previous studies have found that cigarette smoking contributes to premature(过早的)skin aging as measured by facial wrinkles, the study said, but little has been done to measure the aging of skin not exposed to light.
    The report did not discuss the mechanism involved but previous research has found that cigarette smoke, among other things, causes blood vessels(血管)beneath the skin to constrict(紧缩), reducing blood supply to the skin.
    Smoking can also damage the connective tissue that supports both the skin and the internal organs.
    66. The best title for this passage would be_______.
    A. The danger of smoking        B. A survey of smokers
    C. Quit smoking for health       D. Smoking causes skin aging
    67.  how wrinkled each person's skin doesn’t relate to_______.
    A. the number of cigarettes a person smokes
    B. the kind and characteristics of skin
    C. how long a person smokes
    D. how long skin is under sunlight
    68. It can be inferred from the study _______.
    A. smoking won’t make skin protected from the sun age
    B. smoking will do damage to skin rather than other organs
    C. smokers over 65 usually won’t worry about their skin
    D. the age of smokers is not connected with the result of the test
    69. From the passage smoking results in skin aging mainly because_____.
    A. it will lower blood supply to skin.
    B. it can make you feel tired
    C. it can make skin come off
    D. it can make blood run faster
    70. The main purpose of the passage is to ______.
    A. inform people about the result of the study
    B. advise people to how to protect skin
    C. warn people not to smoke again.
    D. introduce a new way of avoid skin aging

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  • .
    Lower Risk with the Potential for High Returns—NOW
    You Can Have the Best of Both Worlds
    in Investment Portfolio Fund!
    To reduce the risk of exposing your money to the ups and downs of direct investment into shares,your money will be spread across a wide range of investments from all over the world with the aim of achieving steady long term growth.This has always been the aim of our long established and highly successful Investment Portfolio Fund,made up of a balanced selection of different investments as explained by the chart below.
    4 b6 a: P' a2 ^% Y7 W. Z
    - J( b" _9 `0 I) U$ M/ B B4 a% N* J, e 3 F3 M6 G3 M$ A- ?5 f
     
    To manage these investments,we rely on no less than five leading fund managers with proven expert skill as specialist in their chosen investment fields. With their different approaches to investment, these five fund managers have been specially selected by Marks and Spencer Financial Services as we believe they will exchange their opinion with each other perfectly in meeting our overall aim for the fund of consistent growth. This balanced management approach, not only gives the potential to achieve better results than market averages in individual industry but also allows quick reactions to protect your interests in the event of market downturns.  
    So who are the fund managers selected to look after your Investment Portfolio Investment and what exactly will they be doing on your behalf?
    BARCLAYS GLOBAL INVESTORS LTD
    BGI have been chosen to track the FTSE A1l Share Index (指数).For this,they have put together a portfolio of shares which closely resembles the UK equity market as a whole.
    BAILLE GIFFORD
    EBG will be looking for companies that can offer excellent growth chances.
    GMO WOOLLEY LTD
    Their expert skill is in finding companies which they believe are valued at less than they are worth.In this,they have developed advanced research methods to identify under-valued companies.
    CLAY FlNLAY
    By looking at global political and economic trends as well as individual companies,Clay Finlay can identify international market opportunities and especially select companies with strong growth chances.
    ROTHSCHILD ASSET MANAGEMENT
    Rothschild aims to add stability and income to the Fund by investing in government bonds(公债)and other fixed interest securities.
    And with Marks&Spencer Financial Services, you'll also have the reassurance that your interests will be looked after by a name you know you can really trust for quality,honesty and value every step of the way.
    It all adds up to a tremendous opportunity for savers looking for a lower risk way to make more of their money with the extra boost to their profit potential of saving tax free through an ISA,so what are you waiting for?
    1.The text is most likely to be found in   .
    A.a scientific research report         B.a travel magazine
    C.a weekly newspaper                  D.a geography textbook
    2.Who will be most interested in reading the advertisement?
    A.Accountants.                        B.Students.
    C.Investors.                                 D.Professors.
    3.What is the function of Investment Portfolio Fund?
    A.Exposing your money to the ups and downs of the direct investment into shares.
    B.Helping lower risk with the potential for higher returns.
    C.Hiring no less than five leading fund managers.
    D.Giving a detailed description of balanced management requirement.
    4.Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the text?
    A.The five fund managers with different approaches to investment can cooperate with each other perfectly.
    B.Marks&Spencer Financial Services reassure the investors that their interests will be well    1ooked after.
    C.Clay Finlay can identify international market opportunities and especially select companies    with strong growth chances.
    D.Gmo Woolley will be looking for companies that can offer excellent growth chances.

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  • .
    The results of the US/NATO bombing Yugoslavia are to be judged by history. I shall not be the one to do this. But being in the center of actual events that are creating that history, I cannot stay away from what is going on in my country.
      First of all, the main aim of the bombing was to prevent a human suffering in Kosovo. Today, after many days of frequent bombing, that aim is more distant than before. The bombing only brought tens of thousands of people running away from their homes, not to mention the large number of the death and injury, buildings and factories. Suppose that the US/NATO really had a wish to prevent the human suffering, they should realize by now how wrong they were when they thought the bombing would solve the problem.
      So, what’s left? Back off or ground troops? But who is going to join the ground troops? It would take at least 200,000 armed soldiers, not the 20,000 that the US/NATO have prepared in Macedonia. It should also be clear that the Serbs(塞族人) will not give up on Kosovo.
      I live under continuous bombing for more than a week now, and it doesn’t frighten me anymore. I don’t turn to the shelter at the sound of warning. It’s the thought of ground troops that frightens me. Vietnam would seem like a picnic compared to a bloodshed(流血事件) in Kosovo if the ground troops appear. Is that what the US/NATO wants?
    72. Which of the following statements is true?
      A. The US/NATO really intends to stop the human suffering.
      B. The result of the war will be judged by people in Kosovo.
      C. The bombing made tens of thousands of people homeless.
      D. The continuous bombing will make the Serbs give up on Kosovo.
    73. The writer is _____.
      A. an American reporter      B. a Chinese reporter
      C. a Macedonian        D. a Yugoslavian
    74. What worries the writer most?
      A. The continuous bombing.      B. The coming of the ground troops.
      C. The sound of bomb warning.    D. The idea of ground troops.
    75. What is the writer’s attitude towards the bombing in Kosovo?
      A. It is the US/NATO’s duty to defend Kosovo.
      B. It is wrong to solve the problem by bombing Kosovo.
      C. The aim of bombing Kosovo is to stop a human suffering.
      D. The bombing can solve the problem of Kosovo.

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  • May : Happenings from the Past
    May 5 , 1884
    Isaac Murphy , son of a slave and perhaps the greatest horse rider in American history, rides Buchanan to win his first Kentucky Derby. He becomes the first rider ever to win the race three times.
    May 9 , 1754
    Benjamin Franklin’s Pennsylvania Gazette produces perhaps the first American political cartoon , showing a snake cut in pieces , with the words “Join or Die” printed under the picture.
    May 11 , 1934
    The first great dust storm of the Great Plains Dust Bowl, the result of years of drought (干旱) , blows topsoil all the way to New York City and Washington , D. C.
    May 19, 1994
    Jacqueline Lee Bouvier Kennedy Onassis, former first lady and one of the most famous people of the 1960s, died of cancer in New York City at the age of 64.
    May 24, 1844
    Samuel F. B. Morse taps (轻敲) out the first message, “What hath God wrought,” over the experimental long-distance telegraph line which runs from Washington, D. C, to Baltimore, Md.
    【小题1】We know from the text that Buchanan is _______________.
    A.Isaac’s father4 T$ \. a+ C( M! U6 ^
    B.a winning horse
    ) [1 N: [3 Q8 D
    C.a slave taking care of horses# i( U( X" A) B/ h: R$ R' i! B
    D.the first racing horse in Kentucky6 j$ c2 H; j2 W! P1 N, F
    【小题2】What is the title of the first American political cartoon?
    A.Join or Die3 N0 H5 i: V" M, c% A9 Z( K
    B.Pennsylvania Gazette
    5 f5 e) G! d# a f
    C.What Hath God Wrought. F" Y" a6 `1 Y1 Z M+ X3 e
    D.Kentucky Derby
    1 R& B+ F. ]5 R7 B. ]
    【小题3】In which year did the former first lady Jacqueline die?
    A.1934) J! F+ _/ `/ \) c5 ?! ]% S B.1960 ! H4 J/ [) M; M. C# G' Q C.1964* K' N- J3 Z4 J D.1994( X D; [8 i- J
    【小题4】Which of the following places has to do with (与...有关)the first telegram in history?
    A. Washington, D. C.
    B. New York City
    C. Kentucky
    D. Pennsylvania

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  • 第三部分:阅读理解(共20小题;每小题2分, 满分40分)
    阅读下列短文,从每篇短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
    MEXICO CITY: A jetliner from the beach resort of Cancun was briefly hijacked as it landed in Mexico City on Wednesday. The hijackers released all passengers shortly before federal police stormed the plane, and the crew emerged unharmed moments later.
    Police, who did not fire a single shot, led as many as eight handcuffed men away from the airplane, which was isolated at the end of a runway in an area designed for emergencies. The hijackers’ motive was unclear, though Mexican news media initially identified them as Bolivians demanding to speak with Mexican President Felipe Calderon.
    US, French and Mexican citizens were among the 112 passengers and crew on Aeromexico Flight 576, according to a US official who had been briefed on the situation. The official was not authorized to discuss the case and spoke on condition of anonymity.
    Mexico’s transportation and communications secretary, Juan Molinar, said there was no bomb on the airplane, although some passengers said one of the hijackers held a package that resembled an explosive device, and a bomb squad (拆弹小组) was later seen near the airplane.
    He did not immediately identify the hijackers or speculate on their motive.
    “Various people who participated in the act have been detained and we are investigating,”Molinar said.
    The attorney general’s office said it was opening an investigation into terrorism and kidnapping but did not specify how many people could be charged.
    Mexican news media initially reported the hijackers were Bolivian, but Bolivia’s ambassador to Mexico, Jorge Mancilla, said Mexican authorities had no evidence that was the case. Mancilla said sources told him they could be Colombian or Venezuelan. Several passengers told reporters they did not notice a non-Mexican accent.
    Passenger Rocio Garcia told the Televisa network that the pilot made an announcement after landing in Mexico City that the airplane was being hijacked. Passengers said the hijackers never communicated with them directly.
    “These were scary moments,”she said.
    She said she saw one of the hijackers whom she described as a well-dressed, older man.
    “He looked fine, like a normal passenger,”she said.
    Passenger Daniel Hernandez said he saw a hijacker carrying a Bible.
    51.From the first paragraph we can conclude that _________.
    A.the hijackers just wanted to play a trick on the police
    B.the hijackers didn’t prepare for their action
    C.the hijackers surrendered before the police fired
    D.the hijackers lost their way at the last moment
    52.From what Juan Molinar said we can learn that _________.
    A.police were still trying to identify a possible bomb
    B.passengers succeeded in stopping the explosion
    C.a frightening bomb was found later on the airplane
    D.several Mexicans were involved in the hijacking
    53.What may be the first step taken when the hijacked plane landed?
    A.They gave a sudden attack at the hijackers.
    B.They kept the plane away from other planes.
    C.They asked the crew to control the hijackers.
    D.They abandoned the plane at the end of the runway.
    54.The hijackers, as some passengers described, _________.
    A.were good at bargaining with the police       
    B.were all well-dressed American old men
    C.all came from Colombia or Venezuela          
    D.stayed calm and appeared noble, educated

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  • BEIJING,Nov.25,2005(Reuters)—China’s home-grown human bird flu vaccine is at least a year away from hitting the market but tests on humans have been approved (批准) by the government,head of the research drug company said on Friday.
    Development of the vaccine started last year after bird flu outbreaks in Thailand and Vietnam and animal trials have already been completed,said Yin Wei-dong,managing director of Sinovac Biotech.
    “It is not a virus that is spreading from human to human,so we are very optimistic,” Yin told Reuters in an interview.
    The deadly H5N1 made its first known jump to humans in Hong Kong in 1997,killing six people.The virus appeared again in late 2003 and is known to have infected 130 people in several parts of Asia,killing 68 of them.
    “It is not decided yet when the human trials will begin.We just got approval on November 22 by the State Food and Drug Administration,” Yin said.
    Oregon,Nov.26,2005(AP)—The deadly strain of bird flu that appeared in Asia and has already spread to other parts of the world has not affected the Oregon poultry (家禽) industry or consumers,according to Oregon State University researchers.
    There are many strains of bird flu that do not usually infect humans.But one strain,called H5N1,has jumped from chickens to humans and is blamed for more than 60 deaths in Asia.
    International disease control experts are worried about a worldwide outbreak of bird flu,raising concerns such as whether it is safe to eat poultry.
    But Oregon State University researchers say there is no proof that the virus can jump to humans by eating cooked poultry products.
    “Consumers needn’t be overly concerned about bird flu,” said Jim Hermes,OSU Extension Service poultry specialist.But he urged consumers to follow standard food safety practices in preparing poultry—including washing hands while preparing food,and proper cooking of poultry meat and eggs.
    He noted that a 2003 outbreak of bird virus caused much damage to commercial poultry operations in California but did not get into Oregon because of industry safeguards.
    60.Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the first news report?
    A.Human trials have already started but not yet successful.
    B.Bird flu killed 68 Asian people in its second outbreak.
    C.The bird flu virus is not one that spreads from human to human.
    D.The government has agreed to have the vaccine tried on humans.
    61.What does the first news report mainly talk about?
    A.The new outbreak of the bird flu.
    B.How the development of the bird flu vaccine is going on.
    C.How many people died of bird flu.
    D.What measures the government has taken to stop the spreading of bird flu.
    62.What does the underlined word “strains” probably mean?
    A.signs.            B.symbols.       C.kinds.           D.diseases.
    63.What can we know from the second news report?
    A.Because of the safety guards,Oregon poultry industry didn’t suffer any loss in
    the 2003 outbreak of bird flu.
    B.People in Oregon are not concerned about bird flu.
    C.People will develop bird flu even if they eat well-cooked poultry products.
    D.H5N1 has caused more than 60 deaths worldwide.

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  • Houston, Texas (June 8. 2002)–in 2004, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) will send two robots to separate places of Mars to seek out past or present signs of water. It is an exciting idea to send two robots driving over very different places of Mars at the same time, to be able to see what is on the other side of the hill.
    Last month, NASA announced it was sending one robot to Mars, but after two weeks, it decided there was enough money for two. The robots will be sent up within two weeks of each other in May and June of 2003 from Kennedy Space Center. If all goes well, the two spacecraft will touch down on Mars, after a seven-and –a-half-month space flight, on January 2 and 20, 2004.
    The robots, each weighing 150 kilograms, can cover 100 meters per day. They are designed to be able to examine the mineral content of the soil, and their special camera will take pictures of the lands and hills. Although they will be under control from the earth, the robots are able to move more freely compared to those sent up before them.
    The actual landing points have not been determined yet, but the scientists say it will be in areas where they hope to find water.
    49.According to the news report, scientists plan to send robots up to Mars to _____.
    A.find out whether there is water on Mars   B.see if robots can find minerals there  
    C.test how fast robots can drive there                 D.prove that robots can work on Mars
    50.How long in between will the two robots be sent to Mars?
    A.1 year       B. 7.5 months                  C. 2 months       D. 2 weeks
    51. One of the important jobs for the robots on Mars is to _______.
    A.study the soil                                     B. walk everywhere
    C.test the new camera                                D. find a suitable landing point
    52. We can infer from the last sentence that scientists ________.
    A. have changed the landing points many times  B. hope to land the robots on the surface of water
    C. are still working on the plan                      D. know where they can find water

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  • Microsoft founder Bill Gates said that he planned to give away almost all of his vast fortune , largely to the cause of global health , during the course of his lifetime . With an estimated(估计)worth of more than $ 40 billion , according to Forbes , the project will be no small feat (功绩)for Gates . Having already provided the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation with $ 24 billion to address global health issues , Gates said that eventually his entire fortune will be put towards the cause except “a few percent left for the kids.”
    So what has made the richest man in the world to channel his resources so heavily into one interest ? Gates believes that “the equality of opportunity” in which Americans take such pride needs to extend to other nations around the world . Improving the health of the populations , he says , has proven to be an essential method in helping poor countries to be financially successful . “National borders allow inequalities ,” said Gates : “We all need to take a more global view , rather than just saying my country is doing well . We have to step up these health issues , knowing how few resources are going into them .”
    Gates said that both his parents set an example for him as a child . His father , William H. Gates , was the head of the local Planned Parenthood , and his mother , Mary , volunteered for the United Way . As he gathered his fortune , Gates knew he would eventually want to give back as well , but he didn’t expect to devote himself whole-heartedly to one project until he was about 60.
    However , Gates , 47 , began to question his ability to wait that long . “It seemed there was a real time urgency,” Gates said . “I started to think , How many lives could I save before then ?”
    【小题1】Bill Gates believes that one important way of developing poor countries is          .
    A.to set up more foundations for them
    B.to aid them with natural resources
    C.to put more effort into the health issues in them
    D.to help them take a more global view
    【小题2】It can be learned from the text that Bill Gates thinks          .
    A.Americans should care about people in other countries
    B.Americans should treat fellow citizens well
    C.Americans should devote themselves to certain projects
    D.Americans can be world-famous by giving away vast fortune
    【小题3】Bill Gates gave away his vast fortune earlier than he had expected because of          .
    A.his weakening health condition B.his parents’ suggestions
    C.his great success in business D.his concerns for suffering people

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  • NEW YORK CITY?A hurricane warning has been given for New York City.Forecasters say Hurricane Irene could cause widespread flooding, power failure and billions of dollars in damage.About 65 million Americans live in Hurricane Irene’s projected path —many of whom have been evacuated
    In New York City, Mayor Michael Bloomberg has ordered the city’s first-ever evacuation. Roughly 250,000 people have been told to leave their homes in low-lying areas, including the Wall Street financial district.
    WASHINGTON D.C.—On Aug.24, 2011, Apple announced that Mr.Steve Jobs, who has battled cancer for several years, was stepping down as the CEO but would serve as chairman.
    In January, he had announced that he was taking a medical leave of absence from Apple.In announcing his leave, he turned daily oversight of the company over to the chief operating officer, Timothy D.Cook, and it was Mr.Cook whom Apple named to succeed him as the next CEO of the company.
    TRIPOLI—Opposition forces in Libya say they control more than 90 percent of the country.It is still not clear where Moammar Gadhafi is.The opposition has offered more than 1,600,000 dollars for his capture (逮捕).The head of the opposition forces said his group supports a decision by local businessmen to provide the money in an effort to speed up the capture.Earlier Wednesday, government forces fired onto the former headquarters (总部) of Mr.Gadhafi, which is now controlled by opposition forces.Heavy fighting also continued near Tripoli’s airport and in a town of Zuara.
    【小题1】The underlined word "evacuated" probably means ________.
    A.sent away to safer places: ?- D( \" X, C6 Z
    B.gathered around to higher positions9 d& P# f4 `$ O/ ?+ L
    C.flooded off to lower reaches& X- c/ D. T. c/ d" \- R
    D.left behind to dangerous situations/ N7 P. S* Q* E+ V* Z, Q
    【小题2】Who has been appointed as the new CEO of Apple?
    A.Steve Jobs.0 `6 ]2 i2 ?) i1 L B.Michael Bloomberg. D) h4 M* `: G
    C.Moammar Gadhafi.
    ( G3 h2 F* V6 A" P
    D.Timothy1 \; a4 _% c1 [0 I0 A
    【小题3】From the news above, we know that in Libya _______.
    A.the local businessmen have offered money to catch hold of Gadhafi) M9 L1 H) e& @
    B.the opposition forces suffered a thorough defeat near Tripoli’s airport1 J$ _0 i( M5 W. ^' A
    C.the government forces are defending the headquarters of Mr.Gadhafi
    E$ \7 @8 U& R( i5 A. Z
    D.the town ofZuara is the place where Moammar Gadhafi probably hides' W7 ?: Z- @- \2 G* `( b' g: Z

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