## 考点：阅读填空

• 通读对话，然后选择可以填入相应空白处的五个答案。
A：Good morning. ____
B：Yes, please. Could you introduce me a nice place to see over the weekend?
A：OK, Qingdao is a nice place to visit. ____ The weather is neither hot nor cold.
B：Sounds good. ____
A：You can get there by train.
B：Shall I visit places of interest by bus in Qingdao?
A：Sure. ____
B：Really perfect. ____
A：280 yuan each person. It includes train tickets, park tickets, hotel and meals.
B：Well. It’s nice. I’d like to book the tour for two. A．It’s the right time to go there.* G8 g! e# I5 Y2 i3 e5 j) j B．Which place are you going to visit?2 J/ j2 E5 W; f& V+ Y( ?2 a4 M C．How can I get there?8 i1 G& J% e+ h2 F6 O0 ? D．Hope you will have a great time there.1 \! P* L0 F: H8 R6 @, h
E. How much does it cost?    F. Can I help you, madam?
G. Our sightseeing bus will take you around the city.

• Complete the following passage by filling in each blank with one word that fits the context.
Last month we finally got a chance to have a trip to E’mei Mountain, __48___ we had longed to do for ages. It was there ___49___ I was amazed by the most beautiful scenery I had ever seen!
The weather didn’t seem to welcome us when we got to West China’s Chengdu city --- it was quite wet and cold. On the coach heading to the mountain, I couldn’t help feeling disappointed. “What a bad day!” I said to myself when looking out of the window, “We may not be able to see a lot in the mountain. And ___50___ a pity it will be if we miss the sunrise next morning!”
The guide denied the possibility of a sunny day. “Actually, seldom ___51___ we have bright sunshine here, especially in winter.” he said.
Very early the next morning, amazingly, we got completely satisfied in a totally unexpected way. On the way up the mountain, we found everything was becoming white --- it was snowing! We screamed. Arriving at the top of the mountain, we found ___52___ in a white world that only existed in fairy tales. ___53___ could help describe what we saw. We were jumping, screaming, taking photos, trying to fill our eyes __54_____ everything we could see, because we knew that this was the ___55____ time to see such beauty of the nature, and probably, the only time in our lives.

• 阅读下面短文，按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求，在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空，并将答案填写在答题卡标号为31—40的相应位置上。
Chuck’s Friend
In the movie Cast Away, Tom Hanks plays a man named Chuck Noland. Chuck is a businessman. One day Chuck is on a flight across the Pacific Ocean ____31_____ suddenly his plane crashes. Chuck survives the crash and lands on a ___32____ (desert) island.
On the island, Chuck has to learn to survive all alone. Perhaps the most difficult challenge is how to survive without friends. In order to survive, Chuck develops a ___33____ (friend) with an unusual friend – a volleyball he calls Wilson.
Chuck learns a lot about himself when he is alone on the island. He realizes that he hasn’t been a very good friend because he has always been thinking __ 34____ himself. During his five years on the island, Chuck learns how to be a good friend to Wilson. ___35____ though Wilson is just a volleyball, he becomes fond of him. He talks to him and treats him as a friend. Chuck learns that we need friends to share happiness and sorrow, and that it is important ___36____ (have) someone to care about. He ___37____ learns that he should have cared more about his friends.
A volleyball is certainly an unusual friend. Most of our friends are human beings, but we also make friends ___38____ animals and even things. For example, many of us have pets, and we all have ___39___ (favor) objects such as a lucky pen or a diary. The lesson we can learn from Chuck and all the others ___40____ have unusual friends is that friends are teachers.

• 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有一项为多余选项。
Dear Sir,
I have to travel every day from So UK Road to the airport. Two buses travel along this route: No.49 and No.16. However, by the time No.16 reaches So UK Road, it is always full.__【小题1】__
The timetable states that there are buses from So UK Road to the airport every ten minutes.__【小题2】__ The instructions state that if there are empty seats on a bus, the bus must stop at every stop where people are waiting. __【小题3】__
The instructions state that no bus may carry more than 40 seated passengers and 20 standing passengers. Yesterday, I was the first to get off the bus when it reached the airport. __【小题4】__ There were 129 of them.
Clearly printed on the back of every bus is a sign that says “Maximum speed: 50mph.” ___【小题5】__ Saturday morning a No. 49 bus traveled the distance in ten minutes, at an average speed of 60 mph. At times it must have done at least 80 or even 90 mph.
It is obvious that our bus companies have neither respect for the instructions nor consideration for their passengers. Can nothing be done about this?
Jerry A．I counted the other passengers as they got off.& Z8 @% L5 b7 I. J9 j B．Why is it that half-empty buses go straight past me when I am standing at the bus stop?3 _7 & W( _; T7 j C．The problem is that we have to pay more for our trip.3 I5 L2 C0 H! J% ?; c$B D．The distance from So UK Road to the airport is 10 miles.7 Q/ \% W: b$ R! a# F0 \
E. This leaves No.49 which sometimes has empty seats on it.
F. If this is so, why do I have to wait half an hour for a bus nearly every day?

• Directions; Complete the following passage by using the words in the box．Each word can only be used once Note that there is one word more than you need．
A．actually    B．suddenly    C．impact     D．fitness    E．memories
F．imaging    G．responsible     H．implications   I．boost     J．encouraging
If you want to 【小题1】_ your child's results at school, you could do a lot worse than ensuring that they do plenty of exercise．Scientists have already shown that physical activity can make you cleverer．A team in America has used scans to show that an important part of the brain _【小题2】_ grows in children who are fit．These youngsters tend to be more intelligent and have better _【小题3】_ than those who are inactive．
Scientists also found that one of the most important parts of their brains was 12 per cent larger than those of unfit youngsters．They believe that _【小题4】_ children to take exercise from a very young age could help them do better at school later．Researchers from the University of Illinois, in the U．S．, studied the brains of 49 children aged nine and ten using a magnetic resonance _【小题5】_ scan, a technique which provides very detailed pictures of organs and tissues in the body．
They also tested the _【小题6】_ levels of the children by making them run on a treadmill．The scientists found that the hippocampus（海马体）, a part of the brain _【小题7】_ for memory and learning, was around 12 per cent larger in the fitter youngsters．
Professor Art Kramer, who led the study published in the journal Brain Research, said the findings had important _【小题8】_ for encouraging individuals to take part in sport from a young age．"We knew that experience and environmental factors and socioeconomic status all _【小题9】_ brain development," he said．"If you get some lousy（坏的） genes from your parents, you can't really fix that, and it's not easy to do something about your economic status．But here's something that we can do something about．

• 课文和新概念填空（共10题；每小题1分，共10分）
John Snow was a famous doctor in London - so   1  , indeed, that he   2   Queen Victoria as her personal physician. But he became inspired when he thought about helping ordinary people    3  to cholera. This was the   4   disease of its day. Neither its cause nor its cure was understood. So many thousands of terrified people died every time there was an outbreak. John Snow wanted to face the    5   and solve this problem. He knew that cholera would never be controlled until its cause was found.
At last firemen have put out a big forest fire in California. Since then, they have been trying to find out how the fire began. Forest fires are often caused by broken glass or by cigarette ends which people carelessly throw away. Yesterday the firemen    6   the ground carefully, but were not able to find any broken glass. They were also quite sure that a cigarette end did not start the fire. This morning, however, a fireman    7  discovered the cause. He noticed the    8  of a snake which was wound round the electric wires of a 16,000-volt power line. In this way, he was able to solve the mystery. The    9  was simple but very unusual. A bird had    10   the snake from the ground and then dropped it on to the wires. The snake then wound itself round the wires. When it did so, it sent sparks down to the ground and these immediately started a fire.

• 阅读下面短文,根据所读内容在文后小题的空格里填上适当的单词或短语，并将答案转写到答题卡上。注意：每空不超过3个单词。
Bicycles are very popular around the world today. People ride their bicycles for exercise and enjoyment. In some places, people use a bicycle to get to work. In other places, bicycle riding is a very popular exercise to people who live in cities. But who invented the first bicycle?
In 1791, a Frenchman named Comte de Siverac invented and owned the first bicycle. Mrs. Sivrac rode the bicycle in Paris. The handles(把手) and the seat were wooden. This bicycle was very difficult to move. A rider even had to pick up the front wheel to change direction. Finally, the bicycle had no brakes for stopping or pedals for the feet! Riding a bicycle was a great risk!
In 1817, a German named Baron von Draus de Sauerbrun made the first bicycle better. The seat became more comfortable. The wheel could now change direction. His ride in the forest took only one hour instead of three hours on foot, which surprised people at that time.
Sauerbrun brought this kind of bicycle from Germany to France. Then Denis Johnson, an Englishman, made a bicycle for women. It had spaces for their dresses to hang down. But these bicycles still had no brakes or pedals, and riders often got hurt. These bicycles and the people who rode them were not very popular.
It took another forty-five years for the bicycle to become popular. More than 100 years later, bicycle riding is more popular than ever. In fact, in India and China, there are still many more bicycles than cars.
The Great Invention
 Time , C( K$W# D& [* j) U Z4 E. h! A R Names 3 i' D7 L9 c& ?. H Items ! K0 [6 P0 W! E Features * E' T+ _5 R) J. G In 1791& j$ ?4 b7 G* d# \" U7 a 【小题1】  . e4 B2 E8 Z9 b" V , ?* W8 I; D. d5 e8 K ' @) Y) S; b) X6 M. W# A1 V 【小题2】 9 b1 T1 ], j+ e% W Baron von Daris de Sauerbrun& M& a( F5 D8 V7 R: M$R4 @& T Made the first bicycle better9 D- O, D5 b9 ]" H Easier to ride; P- j! H( h) [( j9 M8 e Unknown % _* ?+ V9 R! M0 \+ G" B* G 【小题3】, ^3 d" H- Y; ?8 T& Q: S0 G A 【小题4】$ K3 ( @$G7 d7 [% S7 Q* ] Having space for dresses to hang down( a9 d$ A3 M) N2 e6 c [. O Functions of riding bicycles —for exercise, 【小题5】  and transportation! ]6 K2 ], H' H: N# ]2 G

• As time went by, Charlie Chaplin began __79____  films. He grew more and more ___80____ as his charming character, the little tramp, became known __81_________ the world, The tramp, a poor, _____82____ man with a moustache, ___83___ (wear) large trousers, worn-out shoes and a small round___84__ .He walked around stiffly ____85___ (carry) a walking stick. This character was a social failure ____86__ was loved for his optimism and determination to ___87_______ all difficulties. He was the underdog __88____ was kind even when others were unkind to him.

• 根据首字母及课文内容填空（每空1分，满分10分）
Yesterday, another student and I r_____【小题1】________ our university’s student a______【小题2】______ to meet some international students at the airport. I saw several young people look aroud c________【小题3】_______ first. It was Tony from Colombia, closely followed by Julia from Britain. Tony a_________【小题4】_____ Julia, touched her shoulder and kissed her on the c___【小题5】_________. But Julia put up her hand in d_____【小题6】_______. Then another major m______【小题7】________ happened between Akira and George. When Darlene Coulon from France came d________【小题8】______ through the door, he shook hands with Tony. I learn from the experience that people c______【小题9】_______ with both spoken language and unspoken language. People from places like Spain and Italy are more l_____【小题10】_______ to touch each other.

• 课文背诵（每空1分，共20分）
（1）
When I told her that our【小题1】would begin 【小题2】  an altitude of more than 5,000 metres, she 【小题3】  to be excited 【小题4】it. When I told her the air would be hard to 【小题5】 and it would be very cold, she said it would be an interesting 【小题6】 . I know my sister well.【小题7】 she has made up her【小题8】, nothing can change it.
（2）
Bricks covered the ground like red autumn 【小题9】. No wind, 【小题10】 , could blow them away. Two 【小题11】 fell and most of the bridges also fell or were not safe for  【小题12】 . The railway 【小题13】 were now useless  【小题14】 of steel. Tens  【小题15】 thousands of cows would never give milk again.
（3）
"The last thirty years have seen the  【小题16】 number of laws stopping our  【小题17】 and progress,【小题18】 today we have reached a  【小题19】 where we have almost 【小题20】 rights at all"