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考点:任务型阅读

  • Read the following passage. Complete the diagram by using the information from the passage.
    Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer.
    Most scientists are now certain that global warming is taking place. Gases such as carbon dioxide produced by burning of coal, oil, wood, together with industrial pollution, are creating a warm blanket around the earth. This blanket is trapping heat in the atmosphere and so raising the temperature of the earth.
    The evidence for global warming can now be seen in the world’s changing climate statistics. In Europe, eight of the last ten years have seen record high temperature. For northern Europe, this has generally been a change for the better. Gardens can now even grow tropical plants in England, though London may never see a “White Christmas” again. On the other hand, the countries around the Mediterranean Sea, and those south of the Sahara desert are receiving even less rain than before. In sub-Saharan Africa the crops are drying out in the fields and people are dying of starvation. In the Americans, the climate is becoming more extreme—the summers are getting hotter and the storms are becoming more violent. In 1999 the southern United States was struck by a series of destructive hurricanes, while the end of 1999 saw the worst floods ever in Venezuela. Meteorologists expect such trends to continue, and indeed to worsen, if global warming cannot be stopped.
    In addition to worrying about rising global temperatures and more extreme weather conditions, scientists are closely monitoring sea levels around the world. These are slowly rising, as the northern and southern polar ice-caps start to melt. This will have serious consequences for low-lying countries near the sea, such as the coral islands in the Pacific, and Bangladesh where the River Ganges already floods the delta(三角洲) every year. Already parts of these places are disappearing under the rising tides.
    Title: 71._______________.

    evidences

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    76.________
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    The Americas
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    England
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    80.____________
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    79.___________
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    Rising earth temperature
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    77._______________
    More violent storms
    78.__________
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    Tropical plants growing
    74.___________________
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    73._______
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    Gases from burning coal, oil and wood with industrial pollution
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    72.___________
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  • Directions:  Read the following passage. Complete the diagram by using the information from the passage.
    Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer.
    As we all know, all the governments in the world collect taxes(税), but what are they and what are they used for? Some people may not know about them.
    There are two kinds of taxes. One of the most important taxes is income-taxes which a person pays according to the amount of his income. Whatever he is, he must pay tax if income is more than a certain amount. This is called a “direct” tax, because it is paid in money directly to the government.
    Another tax is paid on goods. When they are brought into a country, such a tax is paid as part of the price of these goods if they are later sold in shops. We call it “indirect” tax, because it is paid indirectly through the shopkeepers.
    People usually complain about having to pay taxes, but they forget that the money is spent on what they need. On one hand, we need policemen and soldiers to protect us from danger. Meanwhile, we also need schools and teachers for our children. On the other hand, we need officials and workers to serve us. Above all, we need money to develop our nation.
    Taxes, therefore, can’t be avoided. We have no real reason to complain when we are asked to supply money to be spent for the good of ourselves and for our fellow-citizens.
    Title:   【小题1】  are necessary in our life
    Sources
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    People→Taxes
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    _【小题2】__of taxes
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    Tax-payers
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      【小题3】 
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    People whose income is over a certain amount
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    Indirect tax
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    ___【小题4】__
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      【小题5】 
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    Taxes→  【小题6】  
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    On safety—  【小题7】  
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    On education—  【小题8】 
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      【小题9】 —Officials and workers
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    On development—  【小题10】
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  • 任务型阅读  (共10小题; 每小题1分, 满分10分)
    One of the most well-known directors of our time is Stephen Spielberg. He was born in Cincinnati on 18 December 1946. His father was an electric engineer and his mother was a performing pianist. His sister, Anne Spielberg, became a screenwriter who wrote the stories for many famous films.
    Stephen had always wanted to be a director ever since he was a young boy. When he was just 13 years old, he made a 40-minute film. It won a local competition. Three years later, he produced a film called Firelight, which made one hundred dollars’ profit at the cinema in his hometown. Many of the ideas from this film were later used for one of his most famous films called Close Encounters of the Third Kind.
    When he was 18 years old, he wanted to go to film school so that he could improve his skills and become an even better director. Unluckily, he was unsuccessful in getting a place at this school so he went to a university in California to study English. Even though he had failed to get into the school he wanted to go to, he didn’t let this stop him following his dream to become a great director.
    Stephen Spielberg has directed many films since his first major film in 1976. He now owns many different businesses, most of which are involved in the film industry.
    Year
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                      What happened
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    1946
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    Stephen Spielberg   1    2  in Cincinnati.
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    1959
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    Stephen Spielberg made a   3  film and it   4  a local competition.
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    1962
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    Stephen Spielberg produced a film called   5 , from which many   6 
    were later used for Close Encounters of the Third Kind.
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    _ 7
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    Though he   8  to get into the film school he wanted to go to, Stephen
    Spielberg didn’t give up his dream to become a great director.
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    1976
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    Stephen Spielberg   9_  his   10  major film.
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  • It’s known to us all that elephants are the biggest animals on land.
    There are two kinds of elephants: African elephants and Indian elephants. The African elephant has a round head and very big ears. It has long teeth. Each of them can be as long as 3.4 meters and as heavy as 103 kilograms. African elephants live in forests in Africa. They eat leaves, roots and fruits.  Indian elephants are smaller than African elephants. They are found in forests in India, Malaysia and some other countries in South Asia. They live on grass. They can be trained to do a lot of heavy work and amuse(逗乐)people.
    An African elephant lives as long as a man does. But an Indian elephant does not live that long.
    Title: 【小题1】_____________——Biggest Animals on Land
    【小题2】 _________
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    Differences
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    Similarities (相似点)
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    African elephants
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    eating leaves, 【小题3】________________
    living longer
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    The biggest animals living
    in 【小题4】_____________ in
    Africa or India.
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    Indian elephants
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    living on grass
    being trained to do much 【小题5】________  and amuse people.
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  • Colors and feelings
    Colors can affect our feelings. Generally, they can be divided into four kinds. They are calm colors, warm colors, energetic colors and strong colors.
    Calm colors  Some colors make us feel calm and peaceful. Blue is one of those colors. Blue can also represent sadness, so you may say “ I’m feeling blue” when you are feeling sad. White is another calm color. It makes you feel calm and peaceful.
    Warm colors  Some colors can give you a happy and satisfied feeling. Colors like orange or yellow belong to these. Orange represent joy. It can bring you success and cheer you up when you’re feeling sad. Yellow is the color of the sun and wisdom, too.
    Energetic colors  When you feel tired or weak, you should wear energetic colors, such as green. Green can give you energy as it is the color of nature and represent new life and growth.
    Strong colors  Anyone who needs physical or mental(精神的) strength should wear red clothes. Red is the color of heat and represent power and strong feelings.
    Colors and feeling
    【小题1】_____________
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    Feelings
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    Examples
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    calm colors
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    calm and peaceful
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    【小题2】______________
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    white
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    warm colors
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    【小题3】_________________
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    orange
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    yellow
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    energetic colors
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    energetic
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    【小题4】________________
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    strong colors
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    【小题5】________________
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    red
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  • A good relationship with teachers today may help you in the future. You will need teachers’ written recommendations (推荐信) to apply to a college or for a job after high school. Teachers are another group of adults in your life who can look out for you, guide you, and provide you with advice. They are willing to answer questions and help you with your personal problems.
    We all have our favorite teachers—those who seem truly interested in us and treat us as smart people. You can do lots of things to develop a good relationship with you teachers. Show up for class on time, finishing all homework. Be respectful and ask questions. Show an interest in the subject. Show the teacher that you care.
    If you’re having problems with the teacher, try to figure out why. If you don’t like the subject being taught, it can affect your relationship with the teacher. If you find a subject hard, talk to your teacher or a parent about extra tutoring. If you find it boring, talk to your teacher about some other ways of learning.
    What if you just don’t like the teacher?When it comes to working with teachers, personality (个性) can come into play just as it can in any relationship. Learning to work with people you don’t connect with easily is a good skill no matter what your goals are.
    Before you try to get out of a class to escape a teacher you don’t like, here are a few things you can do to make a difficult relationship work.
    ●Meet with the teacher and try to communicate what you’re feeling. Tell him or her what’s in your mind.
    ●Turn to the school counselor (指导老师), who can offer some suggestions for getting out of a
    difficult relationship. Sometimes a counselor can act as a mediator between you and the teacher.
    ●If your relationship problems can’t be solved in school, then it’s time to tell your parents. Let them meet with your teacher and try to work them out.
    Teachers are there for more than just homework and they know about more than just their subject matter. They can help you learn how to function as an adult and a lifelong learner. Undoubtedly, there will be a few teachers along the way who you’ll always remember and who might change your life forever.
    Theme
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    Getting along well with your teachers
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    The 【小题1】______     for a good relationship with teachers
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    ●A good relationship with teachers may be 【小题2】     to your future.
    ●You will need teachers’ written recommendations to go to a college or find a job after high school.
    ●Teachers pay attention to what is happening around you, give you guidance and offer 【小题3】     about how to deal with your personal problems.
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    【小题4】    to develop a good relationship with teachers
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    ● 【小题5】     school on time.
    ●Show 【小题6】     for your teachers.
    ●Ask questions.
    ●Be interested in the subject.
    ●Show your teachers that you care.
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    About common teacher-student
    【小题7】     
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    ●If the subject is hard to learn, ask for extra tutoring.
    ●If you are 【小题8】     with the subject, talk to your teacher.
    ●It’s a good skill to learn to work with people you don’t connect with easily.
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    Suggestions
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    【小题9】     with the teacher.
    ●Ask the school counselor for help.
    ●Tell your parents to help 【小题10】      the problem.
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  • 阅读下面短文并回答问题,然后将答案写到答题卡相应的位置上(请注意问题后的词数要求)。
    First aid means the aid or the help that can be given to an injured person first, that is, before any other help arrives. Nowadays there is usually a telephone not far away and the first things we should do, if a serious accident happens, is _____________Sometimes quick action by us may  save someone's life.
    Shock. People often suffer from shock after receiving an injury ,sometimes even when the injure is a small one. The face turns gray, and the skin becomes damp and cold. They breathe quickly. They should be kept warm. Cover them with a blanket and give them a warm drink.
    Broken bones. Do not move the patient. Send for an ambulance at once.
    Bleeding. A little bleeding doesn't harm.  It washes dirt from the wound.  But if the bleeding continues, try to stop it by placing a clean cloth firmly over the wound until the bleeding stops or helps arrive.
    Poison. A person who has taken poison should be taken to a hospital at once. With some poisons, sleeping pills, for example, it is a good thing to make the patient throw up by pressing  your fingers down his throat.
    Remember: When an accident happens, telephone for an ambulance at once. Keep the injured person warm and quiet.  Give him plenty of air.  Do not let other people crowd around him.
    【小题1】What's the author's purpose of writing the passage?
    ______________________________________________________________
    【小题2】Fill in the blank in the first paragraph with proper words or phrases to complete the sentence.( no more than seven words)
    ______________________________________________________________
    【小题3】 What's the best title for the passage?
    ______________________________________________________________
    【小题4】What' s the symptom when someone goes into shock?
    ______________________________________________________________
    【小题5】 Translate the underlined sentence into Chinese.
    ______________________________________________________________

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  • In the winter of 1964, the Beatles, a British musical, packed up their electric guitars, drum kits, and rebellious ways and set off for America.
    Two days later, more than seventy million people watched the group perform four of their hit songs on the Ed Sullivan Show. This was sixty percent of the American television audience. Here the Beatles sing one of those songs, "I Want to Hold Your Hand."
    The Beatles soon had the top five hit songs on the Billboard singles chart. Millions of fans became infected with Beatlemania. They rushed to stores to buy Beatles albums, wigs, clothes, dolls and lunch boxes.
    The Beatles recorded more than twenty number one hits in America. A Beatles song was almost always at the top of the charts until the group's next hit replaced it. They played to more than fifty thousand fans at large sports stadiums. And they filmed several movies that made millions of dollars.
    The Beatles were influenced by American singers including Chuck Berry, Buddy Holly and Little Richard. Yet the group's music sounded completely new and different. The Beatles wrote more than two hundred songs that revolutionized American popular music.
    In addition, young people saw the Beatles as spokesmen for their generation. They copied the band members' long hair and free-spirited ways. The band became so popular that in 1966 John Lennon said they were more popular than Jesus Christ.
    Soon other musicians began writing their own music the way John Lennon and Paul McCartney wrote the Beatles songs.
    Many other British groups followed the Beatles to America. This was known as the "British Invasion." They included the Dave Clark Five, the Kinks and the Rolling Stones.
    The Rolling Stones called themselves the "World's Greatest Rock and Roll Band." The Stones first performed across America in 1964. This song was the group's first Top 40 hit in the United States.
    In the spring of 1970, the Beatles released "Let it Be." But their fans were not celebrating. This was the last studio album the Beatles recorded as a group. It tells the story of the band's break up.
    British【小题1】______ “Beatles”
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    Time and Place
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    Events
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    1964
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    Get everything【小题2】_____ and leave for America.
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    After arriving in USA
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    Over half of American TV audience watched their【小题3】_____ of the most popular songs. And soon, the group had millions of 【小题4】______ in USA.
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        In America
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    1. They【小题5】______  more than 20 number one hits in America;
    2. They played a lot to many fans; 
    3. They filmed movies.
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    1966
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    Although American singers had【小题6】______ on them, their music was 【小题7】_____ new. 【小题8】_____, the Beatles was【小题9】_____ as models for the young people.
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    1970
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    The last group album “Let it be” was【小题10】______.
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  • Studying Abroad
    Nowadays, studying abroad gains popularity in China. Many rich parents would rather send their children abroad to receive education than let them be educated in China.
    As every coin has two sides, studying abroad is not an exception. There are advantages for people to attend school abroad. In the first place, he can use the foreign language in his daily life so that his ability in the second language may be greatly improved, as it is obvious that there is no better chance to improve second-language than living in the country where it is spoken. While studying in a foreign country, he will most likely meet many others from overseas and it is possible to make friends from all over the world. This is not only exciting on the social level, but could lead to important overseas contacts in his career as well. He can get familiar with the latest knowledge in science and make use of the first-rate facilities (设备) available. In this way, there is every chance that he is able to widen his horizon (眼界) and broaden his mind.
    Of course, attending schools abroad may bring about a series of problems. The most serious problem is language barrier (障碍). Most of the students who go abroad don’t have enough skills in the language spoken there. As a result, on arriving there, they will find it difficult to understand what the teachers say. Besides, for lack of knowledge of the customs of the local people, they may constantly run into trouble in dealing with various situations.
    Therefore, given an opportunity to attend a school abroad, one must consider both sides of the factors carefully before making up his mind.
    Title: Studying Abroad
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    Phenomenon
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    Sending children abroad to receive education is 【小题1】 __________ with many rich parents.
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    Advantages
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    ● Children have the 【小题2】________ chance to improve the second language because they can use it【小题3】___________.
    ● They can make friends with other students from 【小题4】____________.
    ● They can 【小题5】__________ of the latest knowledge in science and have access to the best facilities.
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    【小题6】___________
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    ● Language barrier is the number one problem. Because students are not 【小题7】___________ at the language spoken there, they will have difficulty in 【小题8】___________ what the teachers say.
    ● It is not easy for them to deal with cross-culture communication 【小题9】________ to lack of knowledge of the customs of the locals.
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    Conclusion
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    Both sides of the factors should be 【小题10】_____________ carefully before one makes a decision.
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