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考点:阅读表达

  • 阅读下面短文并回答问题,然后将答案写到答题卡相应的位置上(请注意问题后的词数要求)。
    [1]Losing weight is hard enough. Keeping it off is even harder. Now a new study by researchers at Penn State suggests that the techniques that work for losing weight aren’t necessarily the same as those that help keep you slim.
    [2]First the researchers surveyed over 1,100 people who had achieved significant weight loss and maintained it. The researchers identified 36 weight-loss and weight-maintenance practices that at least10% of the group used.
    [3]Then the researchers conducted a national telephone survey of overweight people who had tried to lose weight and keep it off with different success: about 11% reported successfully losing weight, and 21% were able to maintain that loss for at least a year.
    [4]The survey found people who        did so by participating in weight loss programs, cutting back on sugar, eating healthy snacks, not skipping meals and participating in different types of exercise.
    [5]Still, say many nutrition and obesity experts. The basic principles of weight loss and maintenance are the same; you have to eat a healthy diet and increase your exercise. People who lose weight and keep it off tend to eat significantly healthier foods and do a lot more exercise than the average American.
    [6]But what may maintain between weight-loss and maintenance is a person’s attitude; rather than focusing on actively losing weight in the short term. People have to start focusing on long-term, permanent lifestyle changes and behaviors, if they want to maintain the weight that’s been lost. The key to success, experts agree, is motivation, not necessarily the particulars of your weight-loss program.
    【小题1】What is the main idea of the text? (no more than 8 words)
                                                                                  
    【小题2】Complete the following statement with words from the text. (no more than 5 words)
    If people want to keep           , they have to pay attention to the lifestyle changes and the behaviors.
    【小题3】Fill in the blank in Paragraph 4 with proper words. (no more than 5 words)
                                                                                 
    【小题4】What do experts say about weight loss and maintenance? (no more than 10 words)
                                                                                 
    【小题5】What does the word “those” (line 2, paragraph 1) refer to?   (no more than 3 words)
                                                                                 

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  • 阅读下面短文,然后用英语简洁回答文后所给的五个问题。
    Recent studies show that many young people in the United States never finish high school.Some researchers say about fifteen to twenty percent of public school students do not complete their education.But many other experts and policymakers believe that for the past twenty years,the dropout rate has been around thirty percent.For Latino and black students,the numbers are even higher.Researchers say almost half of them leave schoo1.At the same time,almost half the states let students leave school before the age of eighteen without letting their parents know.
    Finding a good job without a high school education is _________.A recent study found that almost half of all dropouts aged sixteen to twenty—four did not have a job.The lack of high school education can also lead to other problems.An estimated two—thirds of prisoners in the United States dropped out of hilgh schoo1.
    The main reason why many students drop out of school is that they are failing.Many are bored with their classes or feel disconnected from their school and teachers.Some students feel that educators place low expectations on them.
    There have been efforts to increase graduation rates through education reforms during the past twenty years.Some communities are working on dropout prevention programs.These include alternative (其他的) high schools to meet special needs.In addition,experts suggest “early warning systems’’ to help identify young school children at the risk of dropping out of high schoo1.They say schools should also keep regular contact with parents,especially if their children are missing school often.
    【小题1】What is the best title of the passage? (Please answer within 10 words.)
                                                                              
    【小题2】Which sentence in the passage can be replaced by the following one?
    Many students feel tired of their classes or don’t feel connected with their school and teachers.
                                                                                                                                                 
    【小题3】Please fill in the blank in Paragraph 2 with proper words or phrases to complete the sentence.(Please answer within 10 words.)
                                                                          
    【小题4】What do you think is the most important reason for the high dropout rate in the high school?(Please answer within 30 words.)
                                                                                                                                                 
    【小题5】Translate the underlined sentence in the last paragraph into Chinese.
                                                                              

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  • 阅读下面短文,根据下面小题的具体要求,尽可能简要回答问题,并将答案转写到答题卡上。
    Playing is serious business for children. In fact, it's what they do best! Ask them why they do it, and kids will probably say,"Because it's fun!" But it's much more than that. It's also good for them.
    Studies show that from birth babies begin learning through play. They use their five senses to get know their new world. Touching allows them to discover how different things feel. Brightly colored toys and clothing help develop a baby's sense of sight.
    When small children choose which toy to play with, they begin developing their abilities in making decisions.
    Children love toys that allow them to use their imagination. Sometimes an empty box is more fun than a high-tech toy. That's because a box can become anything a child imagines it to be.
    Crayons, paints and Play-Doh(彩色塑泥) are also good because they allow children to create. Traditional building blocks teach important pre-math skills like problem-solving.
    Playing doesn't become any less important once children start school. Many valuable lessons about life are learned on the school playground. Kids learn how to share, take turns and play by the rules.
    【小题1】What can children do best in their childhood? (回答词数不超过1个)
                                                                                    
    【小题2】What do colored toys and clothing help develop?(回答词数不超过5个)
                                                                                    
    【小题3】Children like toys to develop their imagination. Do you think so?(回答词数不超过5个)
                                                                                    

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  • Celebrating sleep
    World Sleep Day, observed on 21 March, was created to bring attention to the growing number of sleep problems worldwide. Sleep is a natural part of human life, but many people in the modern world ignore its importance. As a result, sleep problems are increasingly common.
    In 2002, scientists at the University of Athens in Greece conducted a survey of over 35,000 people in 10 countries around the world, including China, Belgium and South Africa. Of the people that responded to the survey, 24 percent said that they did not sleep well, and based on their responses, 31.6 percent were diagnosed (诊断)with insomnia(失眠)and another 17.5 percent were diagnosed with borderline insomnia. In addition, 30.7 percent of survey respondents reported visiting a doctor for help with sleep problems and 11.6 percent said that they felt very sleepy during the day.
    Overall, the survey found that ninny people suffer the effects of poor quality sleep, some examples of which are being unable to fall asleep and waking up in the middle of the night. The main factors causing these problems are pressure from school or work and a fast pace of life, but noise pollution and light pollution also interfere with sleep and contribute to poor quality sleep. The survey’s findings are particularly troubling because large numbers of people were found to have difficulty sleeping at night. The short-term effects of this are tiredness and trouble concentrating. If this happens for a long time, the risk of putting on weight and having a heart attack may increase.
    There are many things you can do to improve the quality of your sleep. First, you should have regular sleep habits. Try to go to bed and wake up around the same time each day. You also need to make your bedroom a cool, dark, quiet place to sleep so that heat, light and noise do not disturb you. At night, you should also avoid things that contain caffeine, such as chocolate, coffee, tea and many soft drinks, as caffeine may keep you from sleeping.
    Getting a good night’s sleep is important for everyone. By following the advice above, you can rest better at night and work better during the day.
    Title: Celebrating Sleep
    Topic
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    Context
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    World Sleep Day
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    Due to ignorance of the importance of sleep problems, people observe Mar. 21, World Sleep Day to bring  (78)  ▲  to the problem.
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    Responses of the survey
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    1). Of 3, 5000 people in 10 countries in the world, there were 24 percent of the people saying they didn’t sleep well.
    2). 31.6 percent were diagnosed with insomnia and another 17.5 percent were on the borderline of sleeplessness.
    3). The (79)    ▲    of the people feeling sleepy during the day is 11.6.
    4) 30.7 percent reported (80)    ▲   to a doctor for sleep problems.
    2 h5 d1 Q3 i- _0 O4 h8 P3 Y
    (76)   ▲   causing sleep problems & their consequences
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    1).Under (81)   ▲   from school or work, people may have sleep problems.
    2). Noise or light pollution(82) ▲ to poor quality sleeps.
    3).Sleepless people may easily (83) ▲ weight and have a heart attack.
    4). Feeling fired and sleepy, people find it (84)to concentrate.
    " d3 b! g% d# Y- [8 \, ?7 Z2 G& Q7 M
    (77)    ▲   to  take  to improve sleep quality
    ' \: S0 g6 K R3 b& U/ @5 b g0 E
    1). Have regular sleep habits.
    2). Make your bedroom cool, dark and quiet.
    3). Avoid things (85)   ▲   caffeine.
    # B- e' T) Y) Z: h" M! U+ U0 i# `

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  • However important we may regard school life to be, there is no denying the fact that children spend more time at home than in the classroom. Therefore, the great influence of parents cannot be ignored or discounted by the teacher. They can become strong allies of the school personnel or they can consciously or unconsciously hinder and frustrate curricular objectives.
    Administrators have been aware of the need to keep parents informed of the newer methods used in schools. Many principles have conducted workshops explaining such matters as the reading readiness program, manuscript writing and developmental mathematics. Moreover, the classroom teacher, with the permission of the supervisors, can also play an important role in enlightening parents. The informal tea and the many interviews carried on during the year, as well as new ways of reporting pupils’ progress, can significantly aid in achieving a harmonious interplay between school and home.
    To illustrate, suppose that a father has been drilling Junior in arithmetic processes night after night. In a friendly interview, the teacher can help the parent sublimate (升华) his natural paternal interest into productive channels. He might be persuaded to let Junior participate in discussing the family budget, buying the food, using a standard or measuring cup at home, setting the clock, calculating mileage on a trip and engaging in scores of other activities that have a mathematical basis.
    If the father follows the advice, it is reasonable to assume that he will soon realize his son is making satisfactory progress in mathematics, and at the same time, enjoying the work. Too often, however, teachers’ conferences with parents are devoted to petty (不重要的) accounts of children’s misdeeds, complaints about laziness and poor work habits, and suggestion for penalties and rewards at home.
    What is needed is a more creative approach in which the teacher, as a professional adviser, plants ideas in parents’ minds for the best utilization of the many hours that the child spends out of the classroom.
    In this way, the school and the home join forces in fostering the fullest development of youngsters’ capacities.
    (Note:Answer the questions or complete the statements with NO MORE THAN 14 WORDS)
    【小题1】Why do parents also have great influence on children?
    _________________________________________________________________________ .
    【小题2】Through which ways can the teacher play an important role in enlightening parents?
    _________________________________________________________________________ .
    【小题3】According to the teacher, that parents should let the boy ____________________________ if he wants to sublimate his natural paternal interest into productive channels in teaching his son arithmetic.
    【小题4】A more creative approach is needed for ___________________of children out of classroom.

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  • 阅读下面短文,根据小题的具体要求,简要回答问题,并将答案转写到答题卡上。
    A woman saw three old men with long white beards sitting in her front yard. She said, ‘I don't think I know you, but you must be hungry. Please come in and have something to eat.’ ‘We do not go into a House together,’ they replied. ‘Why is that?’ she asked.
    One of the old men explained, ‘His name is Wealth,’ he said pointing to one of his friends, ‘and he is Success, and I am Love.’ Then he added, ‘Now go in and discuss with your husband which one of us you want in your home.’
    The woman went in and told her husband what the old man said. Her husband was excited. ‘How nice!’ he said. ‘Since is the case, let us invite Wealth. Let him come and fill our home with wealth!’ His wife disagreed. ‘My dear, why don't we invite Success?’ Their daughter was listening from the other corner of the house. She jumped in with her own suggestion, ‘Wouldn't it be better to invite Love? Our home will then be full of love.’ The husband said to his wife, ‘Go out and invite Love to be our guest.’
    The woman went out and asked the three old men, ‘Which one of you is Love? Please come in and be our guest.’ Love got up and started walking towards the house. The other two also got up and followed him, the lady asked Wealth and Success, ‘I only invited Love, ­why are you coming in?’
    The old men replied together, ‘If you had invited Wealth or Success, the other two of us would have stayed out, but since you invited Love, wherever he goes, we go with him. Wherever there is Love, there is also Wealth and Success!’    
    【小题1】What are the names of the three old men?  (回答词数不超过5个)
                                                                         
    【小题2】How did the husband feel when told what the old man said?  (回答词数不超过5个)
                                                                         
    【小题3】Why did the other two follow Love into the house?  (回答词数不超过12个)
                                                                         

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  • Five tips to succeed in school
    [1]Develop a love of learning.
    Many students know that school is important, but that’s not enough. You have to learn that learning does not stop with a grade or diploma —— it’s a way of life. You can even learn a lot from everyday activities at home —— reading, writing, listening to music or talking with your parents. All these activities are a kind of intellectual development.
    [2]Get yourself organized.
    Make a work plan and put all the homework on a calendar. Without a plan, students can easily forget what they have to do. Older students especially need such a plan as they have so many physical, emotional and academic events taking place in their lives.
    [3] Eat with your parents as a family.
    Dinner is a valuable opportunity for the family to spend time together. During dinner time, children have the opportunity to express their ideas, to argue and to develop their verbal skills.
    [4]The process is more important.
    Many times, all we see is the grade. In fact, the process of learning is much more important than the result, because result is always the thing of the past but the experience learned from the process can be used again in the future. When in need of help, ask others to give you the tools to find the answers yourselves. For example, instead of asking your parents to tell you where India is, ask them to show you how to use a map.
    [5]Keep your expectations high.
    Don’t be afraid to aim high. You can reach your goals. Set practical goals and do your best to reach them. If you make one step forward, you’ll enjoy making more. In this way you are building a bright future for yourself.
    【小题1】Which activities are mentioned as a kind of intellectural development in the passage? (within 10 words)
    _____________________________________________________________________
    【小题2】According to the passage, why do students need a plan? (within 10 words)
    _____________________________________________________________________
    【小题3】What’s the benefit of eating with parents? (within 15 words)
                                                                                  
    【小题4】For what purpose does the author mention the example of using a map? (within 15 words)
                                                                 

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  • 阅读下面短文并回答问题,然后将答案写到答题卡相应的位置上(请注意问题后的字数要求。
    (1)Confidence is one's belief in their own abilities. Confident people rationally believe they are capable of doing things well and therefore aren't afraid to do those things or even try new things. Teens who are confident grow up to have a good sense of self and become happy adults. Parents can help teen build their confidence
    (2)throughout their adolescence by following these tips:
    Be trustworthy. Be there when your teen needs you. Provide a safe home environment and firm but fair discipline,which is a foundation that your teen's confidence can stand on.
    (3)Give your teen choices. One of the things that confidence helps teens do is making a decision, You can_____by offering them choices as often as possible. Learn more about decision-making and teens. Besides, model a positive attitude by handling everyday decisions with confidence.
    (4)Become your teen's biggest fan, whether it is in sports, your teen's other interests or in school, Do not use criticism when talking to your teen --- even if it is just sarcasm. it hurts more than helps and can place wedge between you and your teen, depleting their confidence.
    (5)Allow your teen to fail, do not fix their problems for them. If they need you to help talk the problem through, ask open ended questions so that they come to their own conclusions. Meanwhile, praise your tens when praise is due We know that too much praise is not good either, but due praise is necessary for your teen's self-confidence.
    (6)Spend time with your teen enjoying something they like to do, This is always a good time  to sit back and marvel at what a wonderful person they are becoming.
    【小题1】What is the main idea of the passage?
    ______________________________________________________________________________
    【小题2】Fill in the missing word in the third paragraph. (No more than 8 words)
    ______________________________________________________________________________
    【小题3】 List three things that parents can do to make up their teens confidence
    (l)___________(2)_____________(3)________________
    【小题4】Translate the underlined sentence in the second paragraph into Chinese.
    ______________________________________________________________________________
    【小题5】Is confidence important to teens?Why
    ______________________________________________________________________________

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  • 阅读所给短文, 并根据文章后的题目要求进行简答。
    [1] Zhuge Liang (AD 181-AD 234) was a great politician, diplomat and inventor in the Three Kingdom period of china. It is said that Zhuge Liang was a talented man. He mastered Chinese handwriting, painting, music, astronomy, strategy and military science. At the same time, Zhuge Liang was also a famous inventor .Here are some of his inventions .
    [2]Repeating Crossbow:The repeating crossbow could shoot ten arrows at one time.The bow’s arrows were put longitudinally in the arrow box .Triggering once and shooting an arrow saved time.
    [3]Kong Ming Chess:In order to call away the soldier’s blues mood, Zhuge Liang has invented a kind of chess game —          . Kong Ming Chess rule is simple, it is a kind of intelligence game.
    [4] Kong Ming Chess:It was a kind of military transmission information lamp. It could float in the air. It used the principle of the hot-air balloon. The Kong Ming Lamp is still used now to pray for blessing.
    [5]Kong Ming Lock:Zhuge Liang invented a kind of magical technology of intersecting .At that time ,the technology was used in Chinese buildings. That was the Kong Ming Lock. It is a traditional Chinese toy and it is very difficult to play . If you don’t believe, you can buy one and try .
    [6]Wooden Ox and Horse:This was a kind of very magical means of transportation which solved the problem of army transportation of food supplies. According to records, it looked like an ox or a horse. It was made of wood. It could walk by itself, without needing any energy. Nobody knows how it worked.
    [7]In a word, Zhuge Liang has had a lot of inventions in all his life. What I wrote is only a part among them, a lot of inventions of his have already been lost. Now, in the minds of Chinese people, Zhuge Liang has already become the incarnation of intelligence.
    【小题1】What is the best title of the passage ? (no more than 8 words)
    __________________________________________________________________________
    【小题2】Do you think Zhuge Liang was a talented man? Why ? (no more than 15 words)
    __________________________________________________________________________
    【小题3】Please fill in the blank in Paragraph 3 with proper words or phrases to complete the sentence. (no more than 3 words)
    _________________________________________________________________________
    【小题4】Please list three inventions invented by Zhuge Liang.(no more than 10 words)
    ①________________   ②__________________ ③___________________
    【小题5】What does the word “it” (Line 4, Paragraph6) probably refer to?(no more than 4 words)
    ________________________________________________________________

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  • 阅读下面短文并用英语回答问题,交答案与在答题卡相应的位置上(请注意答题时的词
    数要求)。
    [1] Mandela Day is an annual international day adopted by the United Nations.  It is more than a celebration of Nelson Mandela's life and legacy ; it is a global movement to take his life's work into a new century and change our world for the better.
    [2] Mandela Day includes a series of events involving entertainment, music ,films and community service with the hope of inspiring people around the globe to use their individual power to help change the world around them for the better. A global movement for positive change begins with small actions. As each person acts, they motivate people to change positively, raising awareness and expanding the reach of Mr. Mandela's values-fighting . injustice, helping people in need. On Mandela Day people all over the world, in the workplace, at home and in schools, will be called upon to spend at least 67 minutes of their time doing something useful within their communities, especially among the less fortunate.
    [3] Mandela Day will be celebrated on the 18th of July each year. It will give people in South Africa and all over the world the opportunity to _______________________. Each of us can make a small difference simply by giving others a hand. If we all make a difference together, our collective effort can truly change the world.  Mandela Day is a day for all of us to roll up our sleeves and play an active role in building our communities. This is an opportunity for each of us to share Nelson Mandela's vision of a better future for all.
    [4] However, to know some political activities of Nelson Mandela surely helps us to understand Mandela Day better.                 .
    【小题1】What is the main idea of Paragraph 2? ( no more than 8 words)
    _______________________________________________________________________________
    【小题2】 Fill in the blank in Paragraph 3 with proper .words. ( no more than 5 words)
    _______________________________________________________________________________
    【小题3】Explain the underlined phrase in Paragraph 3.  ( no more than 5 words)
    _______________________________________________________________________________
    【小题4】What would you like to do on Mandela Day?
    _______________________________________________________________________________
    【小题5】What do you think the writer will talk about if passage continues? ( no more than 10 words)
    _______________________________________________________________________________

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