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考点:语法填空

  • 阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填人一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空。
    Chinese proverbs are rich and they are still widely used in Chinese people’s daily life.   【小题1】 these proverbs there are often interesting stories. For example, the proverb, “plucking up a crop   【小题2】 (help) it grow”, is based on the following story.
    It is said that a short—tempered man in the Song Dynasty (960—1279) was very anxious to help   【小题3】rice crop grow up quickly. He was thinking about   【小题4】 day and night. But the crop was growing much slower than he expected.
    One day, he came up with an idea   【小题5】  he would pluck up all of his crop a few inches. He did so the next day.
    He was very tired   【小题6】  doing this for a whole day,   【小题7】  he felt very happy since the crop did “grow” 【小题8】 (high).
    His son heard about this and went to see the crop. Unfortunately the leaves of the crop began to wither.
    This proverb is saying we have to let things go in their   【小题9】 (nature) course. Being too anxious to help an event develop often   【小题10】 (result) in the contrary to our intention.

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  • 阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空。
    It was a winter morning, just before Christmas, while most people were warming up their cars, my husband, Trevor, had to ride his bike 4 kilometers away from home to work. On his  【小题1】  (arrive), he parked his bike outside the back door  【小题2】 usual. After 10 hours of labor, he returned to find his bike gone, 【小题3】  was our only transport. Trevor used it to get to work, and also the bike was used  【小题4】  (get) groceries, saving us from having to walk long distances from  【小题5】 we live.
    I was so sad that I wrote to the newspaper and told【小题6】 our story. Shortly after that, several people in our area offered to help. One wonderful stranger even bought a bike, and then called my husband to fetch it. Once again my husband had a way to get to and   【小题7】 his job. It really is   【小题8】 honor that a complete stranger would go out of their way for someone they have never met before.
    People say that a smile can   【小题9】  (pass) from one person to another, but acts of kindness from strangers are even more so. This experience has had a spreading effect in our lives because it  【小题10】   (strong) our faith in humanity. And it has influenced us to be more mindful of ways, we, too, can share with others.

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  • 动词填空(共10题,每小题0.5分,共5分)
    1. The 8,892-kilometre-long border is said to be the longest border in the world not __________ (defend) by an army
    or the police.
    2. I am sure that the people in the disaster areas are on their way to__________ (live) a better life.
    3. With all the cartoon books I needed__________ (buy), I left the bookstore.
    4. The little girl, who has been spoiled has got used to __________(offer) everything she needs.
    5. After getting lost, the hiker spent several days walking through wild, lonely countryside before__________.(find)
    6. It is such a small problem that it is hardly worth __________ (trouble) about.
    7. I’d be the first__________ (admit) that I might be wrong.
    8. One aim of genetically modified research is__________ (produce)food which will make us healthier.
    9. At first he refused to accept any responsibility but he ended up __________.(apologize)
    10.__________(expose)to lead does great harm to children’s learning ability.

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  • 语法填空(每题1分,共10分)
    仔细阅读下列短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中单词的正确形式填空。
    Nelson Mandela, born ____【小题1】____ July 18, 1918, is the first black president of South Africa. He studied law____【小题2】___ he entered university. In 1944 he founded ____【小题3】____ ANC Youth League. Then in 1952 he set up a law office ____【小题4】__ ( help ) poor black people. Because of his ____【小题5】____( fight ) against the government and anti-black laws, he ___【小题6】____ ( sentence ) to five years hard labor. Fighters from ANC began to blow up buildings in 1963 ____【小题7】____ he was put in prison again for life imprisonment on Robben Island. Twenty-seven years later, he was freed at last by the white government. In 1993 he was made the ____【小题8】___ ( one ) black president of South Africa. A lot of people in the world think Nelson Mandela is ____【小题9】___ ( real ) a great person. ____【小题10】___do you think of him?

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  • 阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答卷标号为16-25的相应位置上。
    Recently I failed an exam.However,   【小题1】 I came out of my teacher’s office.I told myself: "Smile! It’s not so serious. "
    I smiled a big smile and  【小题2】  worked a little, really.
    Everyone gets   【小题3】  (frustrate) sometimes.I used to be always influenced by pressure and I was often in low spirits.But one day I came  【小题4】 a sentence in the Bible: “Do not be anxious about tomorrow, for tomorrow will he anxious for itself.Let the day’s own trouble be sufficient for the day." It suddenly struck me: "【小题5】 (worry) about a problem doesn’t help.Why not just give a big smile and face up   【小题6】 the trouble?"
    Now every time I want to cry, I remind myself that   【小题7】 (laugh) is better than tears and anger.I   【小题8】 (convince) that there’s something magical about a smile.A smile helps me recover confidence and gives me  【小题9】courage to move on.
    Remember, whenever you’re faced with a setback, whenever you’ve been treated unfairly, all it takes is determination and you can feel happy again.Smile at life.【小题10】it will shine on you.

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  • 阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为16—25的相应位置上。
    Stephen Hawking, who is the most famous physicist, was born in Britain on January 8th, 1942. As a child, he was enthusiastic about 16     (design) complicated toys but    17  (fortune), in his twenties, he suffered   18   a disease that was impossible to be cured,    19    was a great challenge for him. However, not only was he positive about the misfortunes    20     eventually he defeated all the obstacles but also he was  21  (absorb) in his research in the universe. In 1988, his best-seller A Brief History of Time was published, 22     which he put forward the idea  23   time itself has a beginning, and that it will have  24  end. In conclusion, he has made outstanding  25  (contribute) to the fields of cosmology and quantum gravity.

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  • 1.In terrible fifteen minutes, a large city lay in ruins, with bricks covering the ground like red   (落叶) in the autumn. (fall)
    2.I     (本想来拜访)you, but I was too busy then. (think)
    3.The PLA men built shelters for the survivors    (家园被毁)in the earthquake. (destroy)
    4.When he woke up, he     (发现自己躺)in the hospital. (find)
    5.—You look tired.
    —Yes. I      (一直在工作)non-stop since yesterday afternoon, and I still need to work on. (work)
    6.If my mother      (叫醒我)on time, I would not have missed the school bus. (wake)
    7.You should have explained to us     (这种情况是怎样发生的). (come about)
    8.Not only       (他听见)it, but he saw it as well. (hear)
    9.To be honest, I doubt      (他会成功). (succeed)
    10.      (令我惊讶的)was that I found my house broken in when I got back. (surprise)

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  • B
    The hostess was to have a party and entertain guests at home. She busied herself so early in the morning, cleaning the house. She was so tired ____26___ she felt pain in her waist and on the back. Drops of sweat fell from her forehead. She did not finish cleaning the house _____27____ dusk.
    _____28_____(look) at the clean and tidy drawing room, she released a sigh with a smile on her face. The guests were coming! Entering the drawing room, they_____29_____(attract) by the fresh flowers. Surprisingly pleased, they cheered in praise, "Oh, what beautiful flowers!"
    "How colorful and fragrant!"
    "Just a look at it, and life is full of pleasure!"
    Then they went on to express their thanks ____30_____ the hostess for her _____31_____(delicate) arranged flowers.
    With an embarrassed smile, the hostess said," I am glad you like it. Thank you for your praise. I was ___32_____ bit surprised about it. I _____33_____ make detailed arrangement for your honor. I was busy the whole day cleaning and mopping. As to the flowers in the vase, it is a piece of cake. I did it by just lifting my hand. Now you are ______34______(aware) of my hard work and praise _____35____highly for my easiest effort. It is beyond my expectation."

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  • 阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卷标号为16—25的相应位置上。
    I have met many interesting people. I'll tell you about one of them. Many years ago, when I worked   16 a volunteer at Stanford Hospital, I got to know a little girl    ___17____ (name) Liza who was suffering from a rare and serious disease. Her only chance of  _18___ (recover) appeared to be a blood transfusion from    19___  five-year-old brother,    20_  had survived the same disease and developed the antibodies needed to combat the illness. The doctor explained the situation to her little brother, and asked the boy   __21  he would be willing to give his blood to his sister. I saw him hesitate for a moment    before taking a deep breath and saying, "Yes, I'll do it if it will save Liza."
    As the transfusion progressed, he lay in a bed next to his sister,  22  (smile).   __23_  then his face grew pale and his smile faded. He looked at the doctor and asked with   24__  trembling voice, "Will I start to die right away?"
    Being young, the boy had misunderstood the doctor. He thought he was going to have to give her  25_ his blood.

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  • 读下面四段材料,按句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,用括号中词汇的正确形式或自选词汇填空,一空一词。(请将答案写在答题卡上相应番号后的横线上)
    (1)
    Barcelona is the second       1   city of Spain and is  E:\ZuJuan\WCFUpload\Upload\Program Files\NSE\NSE-SH3\Template\Normal\temp8.html   2   on the northeast coast, about five hundred kilometres east of the    3  capital, Madrid. One of Barcelona’s most famous    4    is the Church of the Sagrada Familia, which was designed by an    5   Antonio Gaudi.
    (2)
    The index   6   a country’s achievements in three ways: life     7    (how long people usually live), education and   8   .The index has some surprises. Norway is at the list, while the US is at number 7. The other top five countries are: Iceland (2), Sweden (3), Australia (4), the Netherlands (5). The UK is in the thirteenth     9  , while China is in the middle of the list. The bottom ten countries are all African countries,     10  Sierra Leone (in West Africa) at the bottom of the list.

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