## 考点：说明文

• Because earthquakes happen without warning, it’s important to take steps now to prepare. Because you don’t know where you will be when an earthquake happens, prepare some supplies for your home, workplace, and car.
1. Water.
A person needs at least 1/2 gallon of water daily just for drinking. Store at least 1 gallon of water per person per day and be prepared for a 72-hour period. It is suggested that you buy bottled water. Keep bottled water in its original container and do not open it until you need to use it. Also, do check the “use by” date.
2. Food.
It’s always a practical idea to keep a supply of non-perishable(不易腐烂的) food on hand. Have an enough supply of canned food, powdered milk, dried fruits, non-salted nuts and canned juices for at least 72 hours.
3. Flashlights(手电筒) and spare batteries.
Keep a flashlight beside your bed, at your place of work, and in your car. Do not use matches or candles after an earthquake until you are sure that no gas leaks.
Prepare a battery-powered radio and spare batteries. Most telephones will be out of order, so radios will be your best source of information.
4. Clothes.
If you live in a cold place, you must think about warmth. You might not have heat after an earthquake. Think about your clothing and bedding supplies.
【小题1】Why should people prepare themselves for an earthquake? A．Because earthquakes can be known before they happen. c8 d: Z6 a/ \2 P' K5 A- i B．Because earthquakes take place without warning.' @: N$F J, E% J% e) e C．Because earthquakes usually take place in the neighborhood.1 E! i6 a ]$ @# G D．Because it’s people’s daily work to prepare the earthquakes./ D2 ^7 D% C! d$f- C 【小题2】 About the prepared water, which description is RIGHT? A．A person should prepare 0.5 gallon of water for one day. D; K T1 [5 T g7 T1 U B．You’d better use your own containers to keep water.! L# ]/ T5 L2 [1 H2 L C．You’d better open the bottled water when you buy it.( P% [- @4 [; C! _' ^ D．You shouldn’t open the bottled water until you need it.' N3 T' Y, M2 e, S/ h 【小题3】 You should prepare all of the following except ______. A．powdered milk' O" M- @' S& H7 A9 P+ Y7 j B．fresh vegetables% W0 F* P# @9 [& S C．dried fruits4 J0 G0 I( c+ O& _: b&  D．canned juices# H* _/ A: I1 b2 F6 ^ 【小题4】According to the article we know that ______. A．we need to prepare some supplies only at home: i( U; V# U( e/ E7 j$ Q' \* h$X B．a telephone is the most important prepared thing, H4 Y+ @; E% M, _8 S7 B0 C$ c C．flashlights but not matches are first used after earthquakes6 7 ^3 V9 B9 P! K& O3 Y' P D．clothes are used to protect your head! D5 Z1 L; i- A: f6 H0 ! U
【小题5】If you live in a cold place, you should prepare _______. A．some warm clothes and bedding supplies# H* \% \ L: \! i+ Q8 M- O$? B．some hot water2 A9 \5 d2 J b' _ C．some batteries- L* O: _# T e4 @& W D．some flashlights: i4 I$ T* L3 F) ]8 B# A# [

• There have been many great inventions or things that changed the way we live. The first great invention was the one that is still very important today——the wheel. This made it easier to carry heavy things and to travel long distance.
For hundreds of years after that there were few inventions that as much effect as the wheel . Then in the early 1800s the world started to change. There was little unknown land left in the world. People didn’t have to explore much any more. They began to work instead to make life better.
In the second half of the 19th century many great inventions were made. Among them were the camera, the light and the radio. These all play a big part in our daily life today.
The first part of the 20th century saw more great inventions. The helicopter in 1909, movies with sound in 1926, the computer in 1928, jet planes in 1930. This was also a time when a new material was first made. Nylon came out in 1935. It changed the kind of clothes people wore.
The middle part of the 20th century brought new ways to help people get over diseases. They worked very well. They made people healthier and allowed them to live longer. By the 1960s most people could expect to live to be at least 60.
By this time most people in developed countries had a very good life. Of course new inventions continued to be made. But man now had a desire(渴望) to explore again. The earth was known to man but the stars were not. Man began looking for ways to go into space. Russia made the first step. Then United States took a step. Since then other countries , including China and Japan, have made their own steps into space.
In 1969 man took his biggest step away from earth. Americans first walked on the moon. This is certainly just a beginning, though. New inventions will some day allow us to do things we have never yet dreamed of.
【小题1】This passage talks mainly about         . A．why cars were very important: D% * A0 @1 S B．when light was invented3 F! X+ g$B0 D) @ C．how inventions affect people’s daily life4 @( S2 Q8 Q1 I3 i& A D．which country made the first step into space$ b/ Q/ b( f* A) B4 P
【小题2】According to the passage man didn’t have a desire to explore a lot         . A．at the beginning of 1800s9 V4 ^% M4 K. i1 Q B．in the 1960s9 X7 E ^: N. X1 Q C．since the 1900s' g3 K4 Z; U+ R* Y* L# G D．from the 1800s to 1960s3 \* D" N" H9 ^& N; S- f
【小题3】In the 1800s, people began to work in order to make       A．explorations2 b( \3 Z6 C d B．their life better$I0 ^7 b# F8 b0 \- A C．discoveries; C0 e8 G9 B* M' ?- Z D．a trip to space" M! F# ?4 J! b/ D8 W6 F; c J1 W8 F 【小题4】 Nylon came out of five years later than . A．radio! i! D% \5 @: M5 U8 Q B．camera0 E" C" a# H! F+ F) c' b: W6 ? C．jet planes7 O6 W3 C+ e# E) e D．movies9 a# I& [$ f, U/ f9 h& E4 D
【小题5】 People can live longer lives because        that help cure diseases have worked very well. A．doctors: K" W7 e" W Y, E: Q, e B．new ways; G, K& A+ Y3 \8 Q$F H g C．medicines+ X- A6 C3 T, h" F$ _ D．new hospitals2 R$_2 i0 h H# : H • 任务型阅读理解 仔细阅读下面的短文并按要求完成后面的小题。 The giant panda is one of the most popular animals in the world. A giant panda can grow up to 1.5 meters long and weigh up to 160kg. People think the giant panda is very lovely. ①So it is not surprising that the World Wide Fund for Nature chose the giant panda as its symbol. The WWF tells people about animals that they are in danger and raises money to save them. The giant panda only lives in the wild in China. In the early 1980s, were only 1,000 left in the wild. The main reason why pandas are endangered is that the area where pandas can live has become smaller. The WWF works to help giant pandas in the wild in many ways. One of the ways that helps them is to increase the size of panda reserves(自然保护区). Some reserves need to be joined together by planting bamboo between them to make “corridors”. These are paths that lead from one reserve to another. No one may harm the pandas in these areas. The corridors let pandas move from one habitat(栖息地) to another to look for food. ②People are working very hard to make sure the giant panda does not die out. 【小题1】How long and heavy can a giant panda grow to be? 【小题2】将文中划线的句子①改为被动句。 So it is not surprising that _____________________by the World Wide Fund for Nature. 【小题3】Why are the giant pandas endangered? 【小题4】Give a way to help the giant pandas in the wild, please. 【小题5】将文中划线的句子②翻译成中文。 • Passage 1 Mobile Phone Madness How much do you love your mobile phone? A Chinese student had to call 110 for help this week after he got his arm stuck in a toilet trying to rescue(援救) his mobile phone. After dropping his phone in the toilet, he decided to wrap(包，裹) his arm in newspaper in the hopes of keeping clean. But the newspapers became larger in size in the water, and then even his roommates couldn’t help him pull his arm out. So policemen were called and they spent an hour unsticking the stuck student. Passage 2 Crazy Pet Lovers How much do you love your pets? Many people in China are famous for how much they love their pets. They dress them up in fashionable clothing and buy them high quality food. But would they spend 7,000 English pounds (68,000 yuan) on a wedding(婚礼) for their pets? And that’s what a couple in Brazil spent on a fancy wedding for their pet Yorkshire terriers( a kind of dog). Passage 3 Oh, rats! When something goes wrong, you can often hear Westerners cry “Oh, rats”. But when it comes to Southern China, “Oh, rats!” can mean it’s what you want for dinner. According to a report in China Daily, some restaurants in Guangzhou serve rat meat. But, actually, most of those rats are field mice. What would Mickey Mouse say? Passage 4 Liar(说谎者), liar Here’s some news that most women already know. Men tell more lies than women. The London Daily Mail cites(引用) a new study that says men tell about three lies a day, while women tell only two lies a day. Men are also less likely to feel guilty about lying, according to this week’s survey of 3,000 people by a research organization called One Poll. According to the Poll, lying to our mothers is very popular. But then, so is lying at work. And both men and women will lie when it comes to how much they’ve drunk. So how easy is it to tell when someone is lying? 【小题1】Put the statements into the right order according to passage 1. ① They called policemen for help. ② He dropped his mobile phone in the toilet. ③ His roommates tried to help him pull his arm out, but failed. ④ The newspapers expanded(膨胀) in the water, so he got his arm stuck. ⑤ He wrapped his arm in newspaper before trying to take out his phone from the toilet. A．②⑤④③①* O+ R0 D7 J' M# e6 E B．②④③⑤①0 D) ?- I# h+ S8 6 a6 G# h/ h C．①⑤④②③" Q4 F4 C( 9 B$ D- J D D．①②⑤④③( R4 M) M# K; M5 j
【小题2】Why does the writer call the Brazilian couple “crazy pet lovers”? A．They dress their pets up in fashionable clothing.3 ^6 h$U6 ]0 L% R B．They buy their pets high quality food.5 Q, f5 F) S+ U C．They spent ￥68,000 on a wedding for their pets. [- G+ Z3 G! F1 K1 @& j D．They spent ￡7,000 in buying a pet." A/ i4 G( N4 G% ]# W& U, j 【小题3】 If you say “oh, rats” in Guangzhou, it can mean that . A．something goes wrong$ J+ h$V5 D6 h2 V B．you see some field mice Y* / ]% T* S1 ] C．you are a Mickey Mouse lover ! E+ L [. a+ V D．you’d like to have rat meat for dinner8 H& H1 e1 V# M' Z 【小题4】 According to the new study on lying, which of the following is not true? A．Women tell less lies than men.3 U( G: K$ Y: N5 I7 Q B．Women are more likely to feel guilty about lying.8 @* W7 T2 b9 U' C7 _! j. O. a C．Lying at work is more popular than lying to our mothers.9 D" B/ f: F+ N8 g/ B. [ D．Neither men nor women want to tell the truth about how much they have drunk.6 ^5 b! B/ ^& a$[ 【小题5】What is NOT mentioned?  A．It is difficult to unstick the stuck student.# F% ?. S/ [. F6 [4 T, f1 X1 I B．The couple’s pets are Yorkshire terriers.! a, U& D' X) a5 j# S9 j- F e/ A% I2 N C．People in China enjoy eating rat meat.3 f) J% F8 N7 D6 W% I1  D．3,000 people took part in the survey made by One Poll.0 V$ F6 \/ a% d0 Q6 S. ], E( M6 ]( ?

• There is a new shopping mall(商场) near my school. It is very big. There are five floors（层） of shops and each floor is very big. There are lots of clothes shops, but only one sports shop. There are lots of restaurants（饭馆） on the top（顶部的） floor, you can eat different kinds of food from different countries（国家）. I like going to see a movie. The mall is a really good place to go. It is a good place to meet friends.
【小题1】Where is the new shopping mall? A．behind the school" X- b/ P; S. f9 f" G- R B．near my home$F6 C; H/ ? _" S3 _9 W \' U C．near my school5 V7 J. D; H8 O D．behind my home, E% D1 ?$ f* f- F3 D' E
【小题2】How many floors are there in the shopping mall? A．four floors* B- ?" I" G1 K- X( M O$_ B．five floors! d. Z: W" : H+ T: P C．three floors% V) N, N& X% T- f2 L! f! G D．six floors6 f( Y8 K7 K( j8 B8 d 【小题3】 How many sports shop are there in the mall? A．only one1 R1 H, g7 # i. N B．about two6 L" N/ Y2 e# H6 V9 j/ X X C．two; O( f4 i, 6 \$ _ h D．three5 a( e5 Z; d/ W& b1 K. C
【小题4】 Which（哪一） floor are the restaurants? A．the second floor! e! N5 T( C e; j/ V7 i1 b B．the third * i F" ? C* g- [6 A' d C．the fourth% g3 C0 N, f, c& + i* d D．the fifth floor4 \! i$Q' j2 d. A; ^( f 【小题5】Where does the author(作者) like to go? A．clothes shop4 g: G+ L8 G1 j, a0 V1 C9 G B．sports shop& h8 L5 J& V% X6 M C．a movie" I' F; W- _" K D．restaurant& W9 _3 _: d. A* K9 g& \8 _ • One of the greatest mysteries on Earth is the statues which stand on Easter Island. Easter Island, which was almost uninhabited when it was discovered on Easter Day in 1722 by a Dutch captain, is the most distant island in the world covered with hundreds of giant statues, each weighing several tons and some standing more than 30 feet tall. Who built these statues and why and how did they get there? Nobody knows the answer for sure. One theory suggests that Easter Island was first inhabited by Polynesians, who traveled thousands of miles in their canoes（独木舟）in 400 A.D. However, the ocean currents（洋流）which carried them there would not take them back, so that they could not leave. The statues appear to have been made out of the top edge of the walls of a volcano on the island. Then, it may have been rolled or dragged down to the foot of the volcano(火山). Then, it was stood upright（直立）and ropes were tied around it, which was made to act as a pulley（滑轮）. Over a period of months, a statue could be walked for miles down to the ocean. Finally, it was placed in line with other statues, all of them looking towards the center of the island. This process was difficult. If a statue fell over, it was too heavy to be pulled upright again, so the islanders went back and carved another statue. The population of Easter Island must have reached 11,000. Later, the resources of the island were used up and people began fighting and eating each other. Work on the statues stopped and the statues were knocked over. When the first Europeans finally arrived on the island, most of these people had died out. 【小题1】This passage is mainly about ________ . A．the discovery of Easter Island B．the statues on Easter Island C．the history of Easter Islanders D．the earliest population on Easter Island 【小题2】 Which of the following correctly tells of the possible working process after a statue was made? a. It was stood upright and ropes were tied around it. b. It was walked for miles down to the ocean. c. It was placed in line with other statues. d. It was moved to the foot of the volcano. A．c-d-a-b B．d-b-a-c C．a-c-b-d D．d-a-b-c 【小题3】 It’s not a fact that ________ . A．Easter Island is the most distant island in the world B．Easter is the name of a holiday C．not all the statues were placed in a line D．the island was once rich in natural resources 【小题4】The underlined word uninhabited most probably means ________. A．mysterious B．lost C．unknown to the world D．with no people living there • Not long ago, the only time you could see a robot was when you were reading a novel or watching a movie such as Star Wars (星球大战) . Today, however, a lot of things in science stories have been science facts. Robots are starting to appear in our everyday lives. These robots have different sizes, shapes, and colors. But they all have the same type of man-made “brain”. Leading the robot revolution （革命）are industrial(企业) robots that work in factories. Industrial（工业） robots can do different kinds of jobs that are often boring and sometimes dangerous. Robots are also coming to American homes, though not as quickly as they are entering factories. These robots aren’t as friendly and bright as those you saw in Star Wars. But, their makers say, today’s home robots “walk”, sense objects(感知物体) in their way (and sometimes knock into them), and even carry objects (which they sometimes drop). Well, nobody is perfect. We may laugh at home robot today, but some day they may see and hear better than humans do. We humans can only see certain wavelengths（波长） of light, and hear certain sounds. That’s because the abilities of our eyes and ears are limited. Robots, however, need not have the same limits as we have. Robot may also be equipped with devices that pick up information humans can’t. To understand what their sensing devices(传感器) pick up is a hard job. Remember, man—made brains handle(处理)information, including all kinds of data, as zeroes and ones. Imagine the difficulty in trying to explain to a robot what a football looks like—using only zeroes and ones. 【小题1】 From the passage, we can see that factory robots _________. A．help to improve other types of robots* g6 \( N$ P$b1 C! Y) e8 j* j6 ? B．are most active in industrial revolution4 T3 j, R" a7 j7 Q$ V C．are playing a more important role than other types of robots) A& J8 J& b) ?8 d3 c D．are the tallest type among robots+ I0 Z" X) F3 * i
【小题2】 It seems that home robots are __________________. A．more widely used than factory robots: i7 M/ B5 _ K" S) X! R/ C B．less common than factory robots/ D0 O3 i/ ]4 _ 2 h; G/ Y C．capable of doing any kind of housework' h+ L7 G7 ' J1 d1 I9 G( A* B D．free from making mistakes while performing(执行) duties- i4 Y% ], d" ^
【小题3】 Robots may deal with information that humans can’t. Which of the following is not one of the reasons? A．They do not have so many limits as humans do./ K% H2 G% _6 + O0 E, B7 Q B．They have man-made brains.! Z: N; C7 B8 F9 M$D& ]! [) @ C．They may be equipped with a special kind of sensing device.+ h5 ?$ c* E J1 P0 ]1 @ D．They handle information by using zeroes and ones.8 g4 M/ P- L! J. X; V( _1 j
【小题4】The development of robots suggests that _________. A．science and technology are developing fast: ?# d$a1 A; P# f0 T! g B．people are interested in new inventions& f5 B7 b. d" F9 S5 f C．machines are more capable than humans( a- L4 e6 Y+ U* E6 Q8 Q/ M D．robots can be very interesting5 I2 h1 J5 c7 O. Y: e) I 【小题5】 According to this passage, present home robots ________. A．are better than human in seeing and hearing1 Y. h# P# _; K1 K! D, d B．are as capable as those in Star Wars# b/ j/ j2 W) I# Q/ W0 d8 B C．can pick up objects more quickly than humans5 _9 D$ _/ j8 I! h D．sometimes perform wrong actions1 K5 M$D. c* ]6 ?0 Z • BBC Radio World Service Learning English Programs in China  Days Times Dates Programs Monday 06:45 8 Dec ~ 27 Mar World news 19:45 26 Jan ~ 24 Feb Radio English Test 20:45 8 Dec ~ 31 Jan Grammar Lesson Tuesday 06:45&20:45 9 Dec ~ 3 Feb Talk about Business 19:30 9 Dec ~ 3 Feb Grammar Lesson Wednesday 19:45 10 Dec~ 31 Mar Language Study 20:45 10 Dec ~4 Feb The Market 2 Thursday 06:45&19:30 11 Dec ~ 5 Feb The Market 2 19:45 11 Dec ~ 8 Jan The Big Stories Friday 06:45 12 Dec ~ 6 Feb Grammar Lesson 19:30 12 Dec ~ 6 Feb Talk about Business 20:45 12 Dec ~ 2 Apr World News Saturday 06:45&19:30 6 Dec ~ 27 Mar World News 19:45 6 Dec ~ 10 Jan The Food of Love Sunday 06:45 7 Dec ~1 Feb Talk about Business 20:45 7 Dec ~1 Feb The Market 2 23:15 7 Dec ~ 28 Dec Grammar Lesson 【小题1】This timetable tells you that you can learn English through the programs____. A．in the magazine B．on TV C．over the radio D．in the book 【小题2】If you weak in grammar, you can listen to the “Grammar Lesson” on________. A．Friday and Saturday B．Tuesday and Wednesday C．Tuesday and Friday D．Saturday and Sunday 【小题3】If you want to know what’s happening around the world, you may choose the program _______. A．World News B．The Market 2 C．Talk about Business D．The Food of Love • 阅读下面5个人喜欢的电视节目的叙述，并从5个相关信息里中选出合适的信息。（5分）  ________【小题1】. Although Rob leads a quiet life in a small village, that doesn’t stop him from wanting to find out about the latest scientific development. ' I' h. ]5 d c+ i1 Q* ] ________【小题2】. Bella enjoys eating out but can’t afford to spend very much at the moment as she is saving for a holiday. She has never learnt how to cook, so now might be quite a good time to find out! % i5 ^6 c" G# A, N9 e3 P- g _______【小题3】. Dan is interested in taking wildlife photographs and enjoys the kind of program which gives him a chance to see a professional photographer at work. 1 F+ U a; O1 K 0 M _______【小题4】. Gina is a music teacher. Although she prefers classical music, she likes to know the kind of music that interests the teenagers she teaches. 5 L- e4 K6 _( _3 d6 G8 J _______【小题5】. Bon’s wife is in hospital. He wants to find a program suitable for his three-year-old son while he does the housework and cooks a meal. & ?2 j# N$ P \& C6 Z

 A. TV1 7:20 pm  Find out more about Australia’s animal life. This film was made last year by one of Australia’s best- known photographers, Dougie Bond. He spent over 200 hours filming the birds, animals and fish in Australian bushes. B. TV3 9:00 pm  The science program is about the latest technology and medicine. This week, cars that run on sunlight and story of one baby’s fight to live.C. TV3 7:40 pm  This is the program that tells you all about what’s happening on the music scene and tomorrow’s young artists. D. TV1 5:15 pm  Busy parents? Bored children? Do you want something educational to entertain your children while you do something else? This popular program is for the under-fives. More music, fun, songs and games with Carla and Larry. E. TV2 8:45 pm  If you have always wanted to cook, now’s your chance to learn. In the studio,there are two chefs who will teach you some simple recipes step by step.5 [' J- F. J( L) G, i

• Mascots(吉祥物) for the Olympic Games
 (the first Olympic mascot)8 K4 L0 H8 j1 C/ R2 h - T, M7 @# c$e 7 O! D# A) f3 ! Z # b9 P2 T) d5 _1 j* N" b* a ! U5 Z$ e$]; b- F ' a b: I c/ g; ? 20th; f' Y& b% B4 # K# P5 a* ] 23rd. h4 [4 g9 7 h' T 26th% c: L" O$ N+ g" R2 c5 X 27th6 ^) B3 C1 P. j 29th4 \% c8 g# H; H, R2 g$h 30th. J- E3 i) D8 _, S+ B! K 1972, A$ _7 ?3 E* D! V" F1 K& L4 R 19841 i/ L1 G. O4 Y. V! h: ?9 C 1996$W3 B' A( A E) \+ C 2000- Y2 N1 K# . B# P' j 2008. L$ ]. G( c# f 2012' X% Y- g& F$X1 N- R Munich(慕尼黑)2 A/ E. b/ h. F+ C3 I Los Angeles; Z2 f7 G$ H! b7 I5 Z; h- M Atlanta% Y8 F6 Y/ _4 N3 H Sydney5 d2 ?0 T2 R& [4 B9 H Beijing D2 a* ?0 j# M& X% R/ d6 ? London0 I! a, U0 M8 B9 f( G Germany(德国)3 i% Q8 Q, d) N( a1  America8 g7 K. ]/ g6 j America% b4 B, W0 Z9 J: ^; F3 @` Australia- E6 c* e8 _! Y; Z. Q& R China2 B8 W* d; U5 e, C8 Z the UK. X7 X! d! L. ?7 I" e4 @; N3 b4 Y
阅读表格内容，选择最佳答案。
【小题1】From the form(表格), we know the Olympic Games is held every ______ years.
A. 2           B. 3    C. 4
【小题2】The mascot for the _______ Olympic Games was the first Olympic mascot in Olympic history.
A. 20th           B. 26th       C.  30th
【小题3】From the form, we know the ______ Olympic Games had the most mascots.
A. 1984 Los Angeles
B. 2000 Sydney
C. 2008 Beijing
【小题4】_______ held both the 23rd and the 26th Olympic Games.
A. Germany
B. America
C. Australia
【小题5】Which of the following is NOT true?
A. Atlanta held the Olympic Games in 1996.
B. Sydney is one of the cities in Australia.
C. London Olympic Games had three mascots.