## 考点：英译汉

• 将短文中划线部分的句子译成中文（共4分，每小题2分）
【小题1】Friendship is one of the greatest pleasures that people can enjoy .A true friend does indeed find pleasure in our joy and share pity in our sadness . He or she is always at our side to give us his or her help .
Knowing how important friendship is ,【小题2】we should be very careful in our choosing of a friend . We must choose someone who has a good character , who does everything good and who shows kindness of heart . We should avoid (避免) those people who are easily changed .

• 任务型阅读，根据要求完成各小题。
Self—service libraries（自助图书馆） are becoming more and more popular in Beijing. A self—service library is about the size of three cars. It usually has more than 400 books. And it is       all day. There have already been 50 libraries like this across Beijing. It allows (允许)users to borrow and       books 24 hours a day. Users can keep five books for up to four weeks a time.
There have already been 50 libraries like this across BeiJing.100 more are expected to open in the coming months.
Many users said the Self—service libraries were very convenient(方便的) and easy to use. “I can return or borrow a book at any time of a day, even early in the morning before I go for a walk in the garden,”said an old man.
【小题1】在空格处填上适当的词使上下文通顺。
【小题2】将划线句子翻译成中文
【小题3】回答问题  How many libraries like this are there across Beijing now?
【小题4】写出同义句 People hope that 100 more libraries like this will be opened in the future.

【小题5】写出本文的中心句

• 阅读下面短文，将短文中划线部分的句子译成中文。（共6分，每小题2分）
In the United States, many people use cell phones. But few send messages with them. Most of them don’t even like to try it. Do you find it strange?
Computers are very common in America. 【小题1】 Most people like using e-mails more than messages.  Sending e-mails is faster than sending messages .They don’t need to choose the letters one by one . It can save more time . And they like talking on the phone. They don’t feel good when “talking ”by sending messages to each other.
Another reason is to save money. Americans are excited about new cell phones .But they think a lot before they buy. So many people’s cell phones are still very old . They can’t send messages.
【小题2】In the U.S. ,people call for free from 7(or9)o’clock in the evening. But if they send messages ,they still have to pay. A message costs about 10 cents . It is too much.
【小题3】It is also bad manners to greet by sending messages in American. Americans are happier to get cards from their families or friends.

• People in different countries and different places of the world eat different kinds of things. 【小题1】 Foods are cooked and eaten in many different kinds of ways. People in different countries eat at different times of the day. In some places people eat once or twice a day; in other countries people eat three or four times a day. Scientists say that none of the differences is really important. 【小题2】 The important thing is what you eat every day.

• 翻译 阅读下面的短文，将划线部分译成英文或中文。（共5小题，计10分）
【小题1】Greenwood Park is the best place to go to on weekends.  I always finish my breakfast fast on Saturdays because I want to get to Greenwood Park before 10:00 a .m. to meet my friends. 【小题2】The park is a crowded place because almost everyone goes there to see the street performers. 【小题3】 有些人认为他们没趣，but I think they are creative people. However, 【小题4】 you can enjoy your time quietly at one of the small coffee shops near the park. 【小题5】 你可以在那儿读书或放松。There is something for everyone at Greenwood Park.

• In England, people often take umbrellas when they go out in the morning because the weather there is very changeable at this time of year. Now it’s fine, but after a short time it may be rainy. The underlined word “changeable” means ______ in Chinese. A．更新. e/ e* P$K1 c9 Z; i4 A; P B．常变化的/ D. Y' j& P* f2 K+ g( M C．多晴5 K* j- L( ?9 c0 L$ S7 X D．多雨的7 O6 _6 \3 F b: g2 X% Y

• 根据下面短文，将短文中划线部分的句子译成中文（共6分，每小题2分）
As the People’s Republic of China celebrated the 60th birthday, the success of the language was one of the mainly things to do be proud of. China is a country of many region (地区) and many dialects (方言). 【小题1】It was difficult for people to communicate with each other. Mandarin (Putonghua), the language commonly spoken around Beijing, was encouraged as national language. In 1982, the government promoted the use of Putonghua throughout the country. 【小题2】It was obligatory (义不容辞的，必须履行的) to speak Putonghua in schools, in other institution (机构) , on radios, TVs and in films.
The policy (方针，政策) has been wonderfully successfully. And it’s not just successful in mainland China but in Chinese communities around the world.
China celebrated its 60th birthday, so enjoy it:  【小题3】Be proud of our country and be proud of our language.

• 阅读短文，将其中划线部分句子译成中文（共6分，每小题2分）
November【小题1】is a time for us to learn a lot more about fire.this is what to do in a fire:
Shout out. Shout as you can ,because people may be asleep.
Call 119.【小题2】Never try to put out a fire yourself. Tell 119 where you are and what is on fire .
Get out.【小题3】Do not stop to pick up anything .A fire can become very big in a few seconds!
Don’t use the lift.Always use the stairs .The lift may go wrong and keep you inside.
Don’t go back .(10)Even if you have left your pet or favorite toy inside,do not go back for it. Animals have a very good sense of smell.They often get out of buildings before people.

• 阅读下面短文，将文中划线句子译成中文。（６分，每小题２分）
Some kids in boarding school often like to talk with their roommates.【小题1】They won’t stop talking until someone comes to stop them. This is the reason why many of them are sleepy in class the next day. Lack of (缺乏) sleep is bad for their health. Growth hormones (生长激素) are very important if one is to grow taller.【小题2】The body makes the most hormones between 10 p.m. and 2 a.m. While you are asleep.【小题3】This means that if you don’t get to sleep at the time, you won’t grow taller.

• —The exam is coming soon.
— Yes , I have ants in my pants. A．我有热锅上的蚂蚁9 a" T+ b* K" M: U B．有许多蚂蚁爬在我的裤子上7 G+ Y- `4 U" S; M% a2 ?2 S C．我很焦虑+ h; h: ^5 W2 h* J# _ D．我养了一些蚂蚁* N' T3 H; e2 i- C6 V3 M