## 考点：政治经济文化类

• There are some special traditions in Hawaii . People there are very friendly and always welcome visitors . They give visitors a lei , a long necklace of beautiful fresh flowers . Men wear bright flowered shirts , and women often wear long flowered dresses .
In Hawaii you may find some traditional Chinese , Japanese and Philippine holidays . Of course , many holidays are from the United States . People call Hawaii the Aloha State . Aloha means both “hello” and “good--bye”. It also means “I love you ” .
Usually when people from different countries , races or traditions lives together , there are serious problems . But in Hawaii there are few problems , people have learned to live together in peace .
Hawaiians earn most of their money from tourists , most of whom come from the mainland and from Japan . The families of the first people who came from the U.S. mainland own the important banks and companies . Japanese are  also starting business and buying more and more land .
【小题1】The underlined word “lei” in Paragraph One means ____________. A．a necklace of flower8 e% g: K- E2 F" a B．a plant in Hawaii.( _! N) C0 c, R6 [6 g+  C．a group of flower 2 Y; S7 j& N @# Z- ?" [ D．a flowered dress7 Q' W% I+ [8 Q8 G5 h" U# O
【小题2】Which of the following is TRUE about the people in Hawaii according to the passage? A．They live together in peace.% A9 c* Y' Y, \; Q5 E B．There are no problems at all in Hawaii ./ U6 c& P) b7 Y- N C．It is difficult for them to live together .3 G6 j# e8 L5 L: e D．There are serious problems among them .3 V3 ) g% b. _* M
【小题3】Most of the rich men in Hawaii are _____________ . A．Japanese. 1 K) b" C( A; _; ^* U2 G B．Americans and Chinese) K* Q9 c9 J6 H+ A M; j C．Japanese and Americans ; B6 J- c+ F! H$c/ B/ Z D．Chinese and Japanese( g0 Z5 O7 Y8 c2 A; ? 【小题4】The holiday in Hawwaii come from ______________ . A．America$ Q" ?$I- H7 e) K6 ]: B* g6 X B．Philippines 5 J4 d: d4 K$ K C．China and Japan- B W0 L) \3 L C! B$b% _$ h D．All the above2 E6 j/ A0 A$P 【小题5】From the passage we know that Hawaiians are mostly __________. A．rude to others) , [, S3 P4 R! \, 0 J7 Q3 & M9 K$ A B．friendly to others' A* G) M5 Y- P( L# @. T C．visitors from the mainland! G$A5 R& T4 J8 ? D．tourists from Japan2 B" V/ M- b1 ]4 f9 _ • Americans usually eat three meals a day. Breakfast usually comes before eight o’clock in the morning. They usually have eggs, some meat, bread, fruit juice and coffee. Lunch is between twelve and one o’clock. It is like a light meal and working people must take lunch with them or get it near workplace. Children in school take sandwiches, fruit, and cookies with them or eat in school. Supper, the main meal, is between six and eight in the evening. People cook it carefully. They may have meat or chicken, turkey and duck. They may all have potatoes or rice, vegetables or salad. The drink is coffee, tea or milk. Then comes the dessert. 根据短文内容选择最佳答案。 【小题1】Americans have breakfast ________. A．after eight o’clock% L Z8 I+ U1 j: @/ h4  Y B．at eight o’clock, i5 Q. C; N- i; V9 h; H O+ b C．before eight o’clock in the morning, a5 Z/ g( * G# M [*  D．in the morning; _9 f- B, a9 c; C7 R& A/ c; _ M 【小题2】 _______ is the most important meal in a day. A．Breakfast& H5 U" V; K4 H) b( V' C B．Lunch- ]* M% H- Z1 H6 F C．Meals, V! @3 F# M* E8 G D．Supper5 H Y! a0 I2 _; B" I. g 【小题3】 Americans usually have breakfast and supper at ______. A．home! T# M4 S* _0 V M1 E B．office) J) I0 _3 h# U C．inn) C+ e+ F a0 J% ' ?7 X: G D．work place/ a2 ^$ K" O; F1 ?1 b3 W' G
【小题4】When Americans have supper, _______ comes last. A．drink/ d% U0 F/ f: g9 Z; N B．meat3 M! [% a) b3 _6 U C．dessert) W, i8 A. P# f2 S4  D．vegetables$E2 g$ G( j$F • China’s Winter Olympians have been welcomed home as national heroes from Vancouver, Canada. The country enjoyed its best Winter Games results, collecting 11 medals in Vancouver—including(包括) 5 gold medals. With flowers and national flags in hands, many people waited at Beijing Airport for hours. Every member was received by a crowd of family members and friends. Hundreds of workers and fans welcomed the athletes and coaches back with color balloons and ribbons. Wang Meng who won three gold medals in Vancouver Winter Olympics said, “We have shown the Olympic spirit and our Chinese sports spirit at the Vancouver Olympics. We Chinese athletes didn’t fear to meet the strong opponents (对手) and had good team work.” 根据材料内容，选择最佳答案。 【小题1】 The Winter Olympic Games was held in ________. A．Japan# f6 ^* j7 Z) ^) H: C6 g B．Canada! D* I9 i0 [; ^ I/ M C．America! d$ h3 ]* A6 I* ? D．Russia( G, K/ U# \6 N: T
【小题2】 China’s Winter Olympic delegation(代表团) won ________ medals in Vancouver. A．eleven4 A" T% M1 a) @7 g; ^) S0 a0 3 H1 A B．sixteen2 \7 A9 d O' N9 ^% W C．five1 [) c0 Y! c b" R D．six- Z3 G8 e( \, N6 8 ^
【小题3】 How did China’s Winter Olympians come back? A．By train.5 ?0 c3 Z* O" a- @; B9 7 ?/ c B．By ship.. N& X3 H/ N% Y, . A5 Y C．By bus.$j+ a+ \; Q4 j2 T D．By plane.) C8 M4 ?+ V1 b) _, R/ A7 V S3 I8 D 【小题4】 How many gold medals did Wang Meng win in Vancouver? A．One.; c+ g0 E* c5 H8 R( C* U6 C! L; ]* B B．Two.8 M5 \/ H5 B8 O* N2 A/ P C．Three.- \4 N) @% H& W8 e" Y) Q# R D．Four.( X( J" X* \; i* d& L 【小题5】 Which of the following is NOT true? A．It was the best Olympics for China’s Winter Olympic delegation." b; _ d% R+ M B．The athletes’ family members welcomed them at the airport.$ L5 M) S. Q! i C．Vancouver is a country in South America. 1 P% S; e3 N5 g2 P Z* a D．The Chinese athletes had good team work in Vancourver." W6 T* h3 b* Q- [. h* i

• 　The word“day” has two meanings. When we talk about the number of days in a year,  we are using “day” to mean 24 hours. But when we talk about day and night,  we are using“day” to mean the time between sunrise and sunset. Since the earth looks like a ball,  the sun can shine on only half of it at a time. Always one half of the earth is having day and the other half night. A place is moved from day into night and from night into day over and over by the spinning（旋转）of the earth. At the equator（赤道）day and night are sometimes the same length（长度）. They are each twelve hours long. The sun rises at 6 o’clock in the morning and sets at 6 o’clock in the evening. For six months the North Pole is tilted（倾斜）toward the sun. In those months the Northern Hemisphere（半球）gets more hours of sunlight than the Southern Hemisphere. Days are longer than nights. South of the equator nights are longer than days. For the other six months the North Pole is tilted away from the sun. Then the Southern Hemisphere gets more sunlight. Days are longer than nights. North of the equator nights are longer than days. Winter is the season of long nights. Summer is the season of long days.
【小题1】When the Western Hemisphere is having day,  the Eastern Hemisphere is having ________.  A．both day and night2 H( F' N6 C7 I B．day& P5 g. K% ]3 F C．neither day nor night* c! L( N- P% b, \ D．night- [. @, h4 ) \* e5 G6 J9 K8 S
【小题2】A place is moved from day into night and from night into day over and over by ________ of the earth.  A．the pushing; Q1 F6 M! h) e; R B．the pulling9 K, E4 I" F9 j C．the spinning$?1 [3 W) f; K7 S7 g$ S0 P D．the passing( L8 ?& C* D: g9 J$U 【小题3】．At the equator day is as long as night ________.  A．sometimes3 \3 g& O7 I- e, G B．never( H K' E1 g% i b1 ^5 V' H C．usually1 _: X" R! M+ b% e/ C D．always+ O- H) e4 \: P" M3 D) ^% C* N 【小题4】When the North Pole is tilted toward the sun, the Northern Hemisphere gets ________ sunlight.  A．less- H/ M7 j8 b+ b( B% X B．more4 1 A) U, C& P: Q! B0 U9 \& K" B C．all# U6 D% M1 I3 M2 V! e D．no" U( e+ V5 ]+ Q; G 【小题5】．When it is winter in China, ________.  A．the USA is tilted toward the sun& L- R8 g: Z$ U B．the South Pole is tilted away from the sun+ L 4 @: [1 ? C．the North Pole is tilted toward the sun. D! d- T, \8 j( & @6 e: H- O/ \9 B& S D．the North Pole is tilted away from the sun T! R$J: I7 E% Z; R3 c • At 18, many American young people go off on their own. They go away to college or find full-time jobs, and they often pay for their own apartments. Some get married and start families. This independence（独立) is learned from childhood. From an early age, American children learn to do things by themselves. Children as young as 2 begin to put away their toys and dress themselves. At 3, many children do simple chores like setting the table. Using money in the right way is also taught early. As soon as a child understands the value of money, he or she receives a weekly allowance. This is used for things the child wants, like toys or treats. The child can spend or save it, usually with little help or advice from parents. If the child wants more money, it must be earned by doing extra chores. Children are taught early in life to think for themselves. They are allowed to make some decisions and make mistakes. Failure often teaches more than success. 【小题1】. Many young American people begin to live on themselves ________ . A．at the age of eighteen j4 I: i8 R; P B．from an early age5 Y* D/ Z$ W8 N# h2 _# L# Q2 j:  C．after they get married, _; E) T- M \' A1 X& W D．when they find jobs" b; R. X' ]* I @& V
【小题2】 An American child learns to ________ at the age of 2.
A. do a lot of chores  B. put on their own clothes     C. study for a test        D set the table
【小题3】 The underlined word “allowance” means ________ . A．pocket money" R: ^' _+ h6 D5 B/ j B．present0 f( \" X% d# D$h C．prize) A6 W& X. ?' i" _3 E) T D．toy2 i, A3 V, X* Z R 【小题4】 A child can get some more money by ________ . A．understanding the value of money+ I U# Q6 a$ B) Z B．doing a lot of homework) ?) B' R% f- N6 H- b C．reading a lot of books% Z$V/ T: R$ I$J4 V8 i; _ D．doing some more chores" j8 _7 D3 X% Z$ j' J$L$ \
【小题5】 Which is NOT true according to the passage? A．American children learn to be independent from an early age.. W, J# h1 i Y4 H/ Z0 L0 C7 K% X B．American children always use or save their money with the help of their mother.3 I: j! Z- O' E U+ D" G( T0 O% X C．American children are allowed to make some decisions and mistakes.( G2 ?$* R) ?* S D．Failure is needed in children’s life as well as success." T& G- F) M4 J* E% g •  films in Feiyang Cinema this week7 ] H2 g1 Q" , O* [; e A WORLD WITHOUT TYHIEVES? Chinese film (2004)? Dircected (导演) by Feng Xiaogang? Mainly acted by Liu Dehua, Liu Ruoying,Ge You,Li Bingbing? From Monday to Wednesday, at 8 : 00 p. m.? Ticket Price:RMB¥35" E# V* L, Y( Y' K6 M/ b) J a KUNGFU HUSTLE? Chinese Hong Kong film (2004)? Directed by Zhou Xingchi? Mainly acted by Zhou Xingchi,Yuan Hua, Liang Xiaolong? From Wednesday to Friday, at 8 : 00 p. m.? Ticket price:RMB¥40( ?7 O) Y0 V( b( E" S" C& I Films In Feiyang Cinema This WeekHAPPY POTTER (III)? American film (2004)? Directed by Alfonso Cuaron? Mainly acted by Daniel Radcliffe, Rupert Grint. Emma Waston? From Friday toSunday,at 7 : 30 p. m. ? Ticket Price: RMB¥30 (Half on Sun­day for children)2 H* V0 f1 Y! e TROY? American film (2004)? Directed by Wolfgang Peters-en? Mainly acted byJulian Glover, Brian Cox, Nathan Jones, Adoni Maropis? From Tuesday to Thursday, at 8 : 00 p. m.? Ticket Price:RMB¥458 N0 P8 ^5 N/ J# B- d: Q 【小题1】 You can see________foreign films in Feiyang Cinema this week. A． one- K7 b- @9 [+ L# c# c7 d4 X. c: S1 E B． two" U' X) K3 G8 ?# i2 G& G7 e @: a% W C． three/ S, e$ B/ Y" c+ J# W7 L$[6 S" ^- @ D． four. A6 " h T1 N 【小题2】 If you want to see the film which was directed by Feng Xiaogang, go to the cinema on________. A． Monday4 X- U3 N S& f2 X ] B． Thursday+ P$ _. W! V$h G$ O7 L) M C． Friday: W$O+ d' @# D% \: @( T' E. T D． Saturday- G2 g9 i; Y: _- O 【小题3】 Children can pay only _____ when they want to see a film on Sunday.  A．¥5 E1 L G) P& L# M B．¥10& G& f, Z. Z3 ^8 @ C．¥15# e" ^, H5 a, ?6 M1 B D．¥20! b; f ]3 j$ L' a5 c& E R4 V1 d
【小题4】  You can see the film________on Saturday. A． Troy1 c7 O# e* K/ P2 i9 ]: F B． Harry Potter- S: ]7 a/ G4 H2 W6 A( Z* B$L3 E4 T C． A World Without Thieves! _* c9 i* I4 U D． Kungfu Hustle. Z! , i" V: d# a K 【小题5】 Which of the following is TRUE? A． All the films start after 8 o’clock in the evening.+ j% K U. T- i- T- b9 a B． The ticket price of the four films is the same." H! [2 R1 O# H$ X8 O" [+ F8 H C．Liu Dehua acted in the film A WORLD WITHOUT TYHIEVES# S4 X' ^! " a F7 j) c A5 D D． The four films were released (发行) in the same year. Z, N6 K: E; c' ?# R, h: M

• Most people in Britain live in small family groups. More than a quarter of houses in Britain have only got one person in them. Some of these are old people but some are people of twenty to thir­ty who choose to live alone. 35% of houses have two people in them, and another 17% have three people. 15% have four people in them, and the other homes have five or more.
The families in Britain are small. It is unusual for parents to have more than two children. When children are about eighteen or nineteen, they leave their parents’ home, and they often go to a different city. Sometimes they only visit their parents two or three times a year.
【小题1】  How many houses in Britain have 3 people living in them? A．8% of houses.& ( f8 [1 ^5 N) 5 Y B． 15% of houses." H! L4 j( U9 e& O C．17% of houses.8 c) b$B. H) V D．35% of houses.- H- S 2 @$ j6 O6 ?# d* Z
【小题2】   At what age do children in Britain usually leave their parents’ home? A． About 18 or 19./ T6 7 D4 ]6 H: G4 B: i B． About 20 or 21., [5 G5 F: H5 [ C． About 25 or 26.$H. R2 c- A9 C6 \' H @( N* D8 S D． About 30 or 31.$ W) V8 ], \, a1 M; W* B. N9 F
【小题3】   What do you think the passage is? A． An instruction.: S1 Z+ ]; T; e3 I- e8 @: i3 E& @0 b B． A report.2 L4 K& h% @- [% Z( Y" h, U C． A play.2 J3 ^8 L0 L- T( S, Q, M D． A joke.( ^; I& L/ B4 M5 J B' Q, I
【小题4】   What does the passage mainly tell us? A． Young people in Britain.* I; O$R! 5 J* T4 K! _1 X B． Old people in Britain.# H0 Q- E- F% E8 X% a C． Families in Britain.$ g& ^) P3 N# i& J) g4 f- E' A D． The population in Britain. V( @0 Y7 c& [: _
【小题5】   According to the passage, which of the diagrams is right?

• Except for a few times, Americans are not big present-givers. There’s no exchange of presents among business people, and if one American tries to give another a present, it may look like that he wants to bribe (贿赂) him. Americans have learned that in some other countries people like to give presents to others, but among ourselves we don’t see the need for presents.
Even friends may never exchange presents. When I go to foreign countries, I try to bring back little things for close friends, but nobody would feel unhappy if I didn’t. I don’t often re­member a friend’s birthday, and few people outside of my family remember mine. If someone gave me presents too often, I’d get unpleasant. But a present from a foreigner - that kind from his or her homeland — won’t go wrong, except to government employees (政府职员) who can’t be given presents.
You usually open a present at once and in front of the person who gives it except Christmas and birthday presents. You should only say, "It’s so nice. Thanks…" when you get Christ­mas or birthday presents.
You may want to bring a bottle of wine (葡萄酒) or flowers to a dinner party, but you’re
never asked to.  Nobody will mind if you bring wine, but your friend may not use it that evening.
At Christmas we often give presents to our family and sometimes our friends. We also give presents to people who have been helpful during the year- doormen, babysitters, housecleaners, newspaper senders— anyone who has often helped us.
【小题1】   What does "close friends" mean in the passage? A． The friends who are very kind.' A- b8 L" [/ ^0 A& f8 j B． The friends who live close to each other.+ Q/ W+ i V5 A' C+ f C． The friends who were once classmates.& W! d" e+ T! e% b D． The friends who you like most.: ^7 U- d d5 ; W) S$N 【小题2】 What kind of presents don’t Americans usually open in front of the givers?  A．The small presents.. S5 g# F$ i, I, a; N+ X! W4 G6 N B． Christmas or birthday presents. ' _7 ^2 g7 ]4 d; G+ Q C． The expensive presents.3 A) F5 @0 \0 E- V" e D． The presents for dinner party.( C; \8 % S" S: i8 M' _
【小题3】           Why do Americans also give presents to housecleaners at Christmas?  A． To pay them.0 f8 Y, X& D) f" C/ F* e B． To help them.9 ?" H6 F: E* c+ S C． To thank them.% K' H, S2 _9 [8 X D． To make them work harder.5 W2 d, X A9 E8 Z. N5 a) @ A
【小题4】   Which of the following do you think is right? A． American business people don’t want presents because they are rich enough." f/ ?* B0 c B5 U9 K B． The writer of this passage must be an American.5 \% K1 S2 K" h' i C． Everyone must give presents to one’s family and friends at Christmas.4 V! C4 D2 I4 _, Q* H8 V D． Government employees can get little presents from a foreigner.# ?4 L. c: \" P . H
【小题5】   What is the main idea of the passage? A． Present-giving in the United States.4 C) O; : U E B． Customs (习俗) in the United States.8 P! @5 F! W! M; L$U! E* M C． American people and present-giving.! i4 M8 h+ \$ d; ^' H0 b. c D． When and how to give presents.7 \' H! L0 U! M% U

• Venice is an attractive city in Italy. Tourists throughout the world love traveling to Venice. But sometimes you’ll have such strange experiences. One moment you walk across the Rialto Bridge, and there’s nothing special. Unfortunately, when you come back to the bridge an hour later, it’s underwater and everyone’s wearing rain boots.
That’s just the way it has always been, which may be considered seriously by Italian government. Before the sea comes to Venice, the government has decided to build the MOSE gates. Actually(实际上), there were many kinds of gates that were built to stop the floods, but all the gates were just built on the ground. Besides, the flooding was becoming worse. Industrial(工业的)factories built nearby on the mainland also made the condition get worse, causing the city to sink about 0.75 feet in the 20th century.
So the Italian government asked some of Italy’s biggest construction and engineering companies to build the MOST project, which was planned to be built under the sea water to stop floods. Now the government are using 3 000 people and expect to spend nearly five billion euros(欧元) on it. The MOSE gates are being built at the inlets(海湾).Each MOST gate is 197 feet long ,28.5 to 37 feel tall, and weight up to 22 tons. It’s nearly the size of a 20-story building. Before the gates are in use, under the sea full of water. When the flood comes, the water in the gates will be poured out, and then the gates will be filled with air. So the gates can go up with the sea water. Once they’re in the right place, they will stop the sea water pouring into Venice. These gates will be able to deal with floods up to 10feet,and as long as the sea level(平面)rises no more than two feet in the next 100 years, the MOSE will work as expected.
The MOSE project is now two-thirds done. The head engineer, Giovanni Cecconi, said, “This is a war. During the war, it’s not important that you win. It’s important that you’re alive. We’ve alive.” Anyway, this project is saving Venice from falling.
根据短文内容选择最佳答案。
【小题1】The underlined word “construction” in the passage means “_______”in Chinese.
A.建筑  B. 农业  C. 交通
【小题2】Before building the MOSE gates, the Italian government _______ to stop the floods.
A. never built gates on the ground
B. built many kinds of gates on the ground
C. built some gates which were under the ground
【小题3】When the flood comes, _______ can describe the working steps of the MOSE gates.

【小题4】Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?
A. The Italian government ate using 3000 people and expect to spend nearly five billion dollars on the MOSE.
B. The MOSE project is half done now.
C. Each MOSE gate is 197 feet long, 28.5 to 37 feet tall, and weighs up to 22 tons.
【小题5】The best title for this passage should be _______.
A. The Journey to Venice
B. The MOSE Project in Venice
C. Several Kinds of Floods in Venice

• 根据表格所提供的信息选择最佳答案。
【小题1】As one of the largest museums in the world, British Museum is in _______.
A. Beijing  B. London  C. New York
【小题2】 New York Museum is America’s largest museum on American _______.
A. buildings  B. collections  C. history
【小题3】The Palace Museum, which is in the center of Beijing, is also called “Forbidden City(紫禁城)”in China. It lies in _______.
A. Chang’an Street  B. New Oxford Street  C. Chestnut Street
【小题4】 According to the form, if you want to see ancient Chinese collections, you can visit _______ at most.
A. one museum  B. two museums  C. three museums
【小题5】 Which of the following is TRUE according to the information above?
A. Each ticket for the Palace Museum costs the same in the whole year.
B. You don’t have to pay for tickets if you visit New York Museum on Monday.
C. British Museum lies in Chestnut Street, London.