## 重庆大学版 试题

• —Sorry, sir. If my bike doesn’t         , I won’t be late for school again.
—What you say is hard to believe. This is the eighth time you have said so. A．work out+ [* D. K U- c7 ^; N' ? B．come across6 b: _: Y I" R, M& R C．put off- g ?* G7 a5 T% E6 B D．break down7 @- J' X% W/ @

• 请你根据以下提示，以时间为线索写一篇短文，介绍中国的“高空王子”阿迪力。
1．1971年7月1日：出生在中国新疆一个杂技世家。
2．1976年：父亲去世，开始训练走钢丝。决心成为世界顶尖的钢丝行走表演者。
3．1991年：在上海的一次高空行走表演中，由于绳索突然折断，阿迪力摔在地上，造成全身17处骨折。医生建议他以后不要再表演了，但他不愿放弃他的事业。
4．1996年6月23日：阿迪力成为中国高空走索跨越江河第一人。
5．2002年5月11日：完成了一项壮举：在绳索上度过了600小时，累计行走123小时
48分，打破了由加拿大人Jay Cochrane保持的吉尼斯世界记录。
注意：1．词数100左右。
2. 参考词汇：杂技acrobatics，走钢丝wire-walk，钢丝行走表演者wirewalker，壮举remarkable feat

• 假如你是李华，你的英国笔友Jack来信询问中国人是如何庆祝国庆的。请根据以下提示，给他回一封电子邮件。
1. 普天同庆：大街小巷及各大商店焕然一新，悬挂中国国旗，有些出租车和私家车也悬挂国旗。
2. 庆祝活动：各地电视台推出国庆专题文艺节目，普通社区自发举行各种形式的庆祝活动。
3. 休闲度假：国庆期间，人们可以外出旅游，也可以回家与家人团聚等。
注意：1. 不要逐字逐句翻译。
2. 词数：100词左右（开头结尾已给出，不计入词数）
Jack，
You asked me in your letter how people in China celebrate National Day. Let me tell you.
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
In China, National Day is happy time for all the people.
Yours,
Li Hua

• Many trees in the Brackham area were brought down in the terrible storms that March. The town itself lost two great lime trees from the former market square. The disappearance of such striking features had changed the appearance of the town centre entirely, to the annoyance of its more conservative inhabitants(居民).
Among the annoyed, under more normal circumstances, would have been Chief Inspector Douglas Pelham, head of the local police force. But at the height of that week's storm, when the wind brought down even the mature walnut tree in his garden, Pelham had in fact been in no fit state to notice. A large and healthy man, he had for the first time in his life been seriously ill with an attack of bronchitis.
When he first complained of an aching head and tightness in his chest, his wife, Molly, had tried to persuade him to go to the doctor. Convinced that the police force could not do without him, he had, as usual, ignored her and attempted to carry on working. Predictably, though he wouldn't have listened to anyone who tried to tell him so, this had the effect of fogging his memory and shortening his temper.
It was only when his colleague, Sergeant Lloyd, took the initiative and drove him to the doctor's door that he finally gave in. By that time, he didn't have the strength left to argue with her. In no time at all, she was taking him along to the chemist's to get his medicine and then home to his unsurprised wife who sent him straight to bed.
When Molly told him, on the Thursday morning, that the walnut tree had been brought down during the night, Pelham hadn’t been able to take it in. On Thursday evening, he had asked weakly about damage to the house, groaned(含糊不清地说) thankfully when he heard there was none, and pulled the sheets over his head.
It wasn't until Saturday, when the medicine took effect, his temperature dropped and he got up, that he realised with a shock that the loss of the walnut tree had made a permanent difference to the appearance of the living-room. The Pelhams' large house stood in a sizeable garden. It had not come cheap, but even so Pelham had no regrets about buying it. The leafy garden had created an impression of privacy. Now, though, the storm had changed his outlook.
Previously, the view from the living-room had featured the handsome walnut tree. This had not darkened the room because there was also a window on the opposite wall, but it had provided interesting patterns of light and shade that hid the true state of the worn furniture that the family had brought with them from their previous house.
With the tree gone, the room seemed cruelly bright, its worn furnishings exposed in all their shabbiness. And the view from the window didn’t bear looking at. The tall house next door, previously hidden by the tree, was now there, dominating the outlook with its unattractive purple bricks and external pipes. It seemed to have a great many upstairs windows, all of them watching the Pelhams' every movement.
“Doesn’t it look terrible?” Pelham whispered to his wife.
But Molly, standing in the doorway, sounded more pleased than dismayed. “That's what I’ve been telling you ever since we came here. We have to buy a new sofa, whatever it costs.”
【小题1】Why were some people in Brackham annoyed after the storm? A．No market could be held.! Z% K: Y' b6 \6 T B．The police had done little to help.' W/ B: R- T' e0 S C．The town looked different.& U7 i, ?0 h" F6 T& E; ]$a& \; E$ c D．Fallen trees had not been removed.; Y# c- c1 e; F, M) 5 T$D5 h$ D9 X
【小题2】In the third paragraph, what do we learn about Chief Inspector Pelham’s general attitude to his work? A．He finds it extremely annoying.3 T% g. j: Y% a1 f! j B．Не is sure that he plays an important role.% ; V [5 j6 H- A C．Не considers the systems are not clear enough. 7 i$b) T$ F- A F7 W1 K D．He does not trust the decisions made by his superiors.! Z+ [, D2 V. O) F
【小题3】What aspect of the Pelhams’ furniture does “shabbiness” in paragraph 8 describe? A．its condition. : [1 _5 b, T/ W B．its colour.5 a$i& R( N9 e1 e g7 D4 W C．its position. . _ \! W0 h1 B1 S& V+ U( L* L D．its design.. ^. @. U: H% L+ R3 i! E 【小题4】As a result of the storm, the Pelhams’ living-room _____. A．was pleasantly lighter6 K' @5 N! @8 b B．felt less private6 e, A8 X' g E% e+ J C．had a better view! G! H/ A: M# a7 F/ B* R D．was in need of repair7 U/ C% I. K/ M9 " Z1 X" i 【小题5】Why did Molly sound pleased by her husband’s comment? A．It proved that he was well again.: L' H2 T1 _0 j+ N/ h+ E! [ B．She agreed about the tree.5 N) F2 M! P6 @5 ?" a! [3 g9 D C．She thought he meant the sofa.& f7 ^9 [: M/ [, K D．It was what she expected him to say.: G5 V( C0 Y/ b# B8 W6 c • Going to school means learning new skills and facts in different subjects. Teachers teach and students learn, and many scientists are interested in finding ways to improve both teaching and learning processes. Sian Beilock and Susan Leving, two psychologists at the University of Chicago, are trying to learn about learning. In a new study about the way kids learn math in elementary school, Beilock and Levine found a surprising relationship between what female teachers think and what female students learn: If a female teacher is uncomfortable with her own math skills, then her female students are more likely to believe that boys are better than girls at math. “If these girls keep getting math-anxious female teachers in later grades, it may create a snowball effect on their math achievement,” Levine told Science News. The study suggests that if these girls grow up believing that boys are better at math than girls are, then these girls may not do as well as they would have if they were more confident. Just as students find certain subjects to be difficult, teachers can find certain subjects to be difficult to learn—and teach. The subject of math can be particularly difficult for everyone. The new study involved 65 girls, 52 boys and 17 first-and second-grade teachers in elementary schools in the Midwest. The students took math achievement tests at the beginning and end of the school year, and the researchers compared the scores. The researchers also gave the students tests to tell whether the students believed a math superstar had to be a boy. Then the researchers turned to the teachers: To find out which teachers were anxious about math, the researchers asked the teachers how they felt at times when they came across math, such as when reading a sales receipt. A teacher who got nervous looking at the numbers on a sales receipt, for example, was probably anxious about math. Boys, on average, were unaffected by a teacher’s anxiety. On average, girls with math-anxious teachers scored lower on the end-of-the-year math tests than other girls in the study did. Plus, on the test showing whether someone thought a math superstar had to be a boy, 20 girls showed feeling that boys would be better at math—and all of these girls had been taught by female teachers with math anxiety. According to surveys done before this one, college students who want to become elementary school teachers have the highest levels of anxiety about math. Plus, nine of every 10 elementary teachers are women, Levine said. 【小题1】Sian Beilock and Susan Levine carried out the new research in order to ___________. A．know the effects of teaching on learning 5 a+ N& B5 i5 d# U7 b B．study students’ ways of learning math* E' W8 T- g0 c4 a$ a$H C．prove women teachers are unfit to teach math ' \5 B2 F3 S5 e4 P* h; M D．find better teaching methods for teachers7 f8 i3 W7 j9 j5 F) \ 【小题2】The underlined part in paragraph 2 most probably means that girls may ___________. A．end up learning math anxiety from their teachers 0 N3 U. d1 ^& @3 M B．study the ways their female teachers behave) T$ ?7 P6 Z N' a. C" \1 _+ P5 J C．have an influence on their math-anxious female teachers! a& D+ O5 L, ?( Z D．gain unexpected achievement in such subjects as math* I+ K3 A' R/ V$K9 U, Z, D& B 【小题3】 In the study, what were the teachers required to do? A．Prepare two math achievement tests for the students0 b8 U" V! P1 R6 j. S B．Tell their feelings about math problems: S" d. K) b+ _4 H' Y+ ) ] C．Answer whether a math superstar had to be a boy) Y, d! f, N4 E, L0 D1 a5 G D．Compare the students’ scores after the math tests: L5 E c& _( g0 @ 【小题4】What is the finding of the new study? A．No male students were affected by their teachers’ anxiety G; h1 ]) g7 c1 U8  B．Almost all the girls got lower scores in the tests than the boys6 _5 G# K' j. Z. E C．About 30% of the girls thought boys are better at math than girls& Z8 I g% f3 X T& Q8 U# N+ F D．Girls with math-anxious teachers all failed in the math tests! S7 e/ h0 j1 F" K# g 【小题5】Which of the following is TRUE according to the text? A．117 students and teachers took part in the new study; i9 f, O; K7 F: B7 U1 H B．The researchers felt surprised at the findings of their study8 d) B. H6 d, h. V+ Z C．Beilock and Levine are interested in teaching math) I+ ^0 ^ L4 F, H) @ D．Men teachers are better at teaching math than women teachers$ I6 U" [( M L' b6 Y9 J6 ^; Z( g

• 假如英语课上老师要求同学们交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的一篇作文。文中共有10处语言错误， 要求你在错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。
增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（∧），在其下面写上该加的词。
删除：把多余的词用斜线（\）划掉。
修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写上修改后的词。
注意：1．每处错误及其修改均仅限一词；
2．只允许修改10处，多者（从11处起）不记分。
例如：It was very nice to get invitation to spend  ∧ weekend with you．Luckily
 ﹨# * e7 a/ O! h$D5 ? a 0 g9 [+ U. X5 Q" * f# j5 i# [6 D the I was completely free then, so I’ll to say “yes”．I’ll arrive in Bristol at am around 8 pm in Friday evening． on ( i# P1 A5 I; S, W( \# U7 G0 d Susan, I'm very gladly to hear you are coming to visit me the next Friday. Unfortunately, I won't be able to meet you at the airport although I have classes in the afternoon. You won't find difficult to get to the city center. The airport bus leaves every 30 minute and will take you rightly to the Friendship Hotel. My classes will be over by then or I will pick you up there. I will take you together to a hot pot restaurant for dinner and we'll talk with our plan for the weekend over dinner. Having a pleasant trip and see you Friday. Yours, Zhang Ming • 假设你是Teens报纸的读者Tom，请你根据所给的背景材料给Peter写封回信。内容包括： 1．分析Peter父母不同意的理由； 2．你给Peter的具体建议。 背景材料： Teens 总428（9/2011）期 编者按：本期刊登了Peter的来信，欢迎读者就信中谈到的问题进行分析并提出建议。 Editor, I’m a boy of 18 in Senior two. I like arts, especially dancing. I want to attend a hip-hop training course on the weekend, but my parents don’t permit me to. I’m very upset and need your advice. Peter 注意： １．词数120左右； 2．文章的开头已经给出，不计入总词数。 Peter, You are very upset that your parents don’t permit you to attend a hip-hop training course on the weekend. • Researchers found that people become happier and experience less worry after they reach the age of fifty. In fact, they say by the age of eighty-five, people are happier with their life than they were when they were eighteen years old. The findings came from a survey of more than 340,000 adults in the United States. The Gallup(民意调查) Organization questioned them by telephone in 2008. At that time, the people were between the ages of eighteen and eighty-five. The researchers asked questions about emotions like happiness, sadness and worry. They also asked about mental or emotional stress. Arthur Stone at Stony Brook University in New York led the study. His team found that levels of stress were highest among adults between the ages of twenty-two and twenty-five. The findings showed that stress levels dropped sharply after people reached their fifties. Happiness was highest among the youngest adults and those in their early seventies. The people least likely to report feeling negative emotions were those in their seventies and eighties. Researchers say they do not know why happiness increases as people get older. One theory is that, as people grow older, they grow more thankful for what they have and have better control of their emotions. They also spend less time thinking about bad experiences. Professor Stone says the emotional patterns could be linked to changes in how people see the world, or maybe even changes in brain chemistry. The researchers also considered possible influences like having young children, being unemployed or being single. But they found that influences like these did not affect the levels of happiness and well-being related to age. The study also showed that men and women have similar emotional patterns as they grow older. However, women at all ages reported more sadness, stress and worry than men. 【小题1】 What can be the best title of the text? A．Happiness Varies with Ages" a3 @& V2 @+ Y6 A& L7 K5 h B．Experience More, Worry Less: V4 R* ^" c" i; N C．The Older, the Wiser * D" F! h. R. g% e. I" V) b" L3 G D．Being Young, Being Happy; Q! f0 I1 I+ j0 d3 A% H) i 【小题2】We can learn from the research that _________. A．only when people get older will they feel happier7 E, ^7 h8 R) H- V B．stress levels among the youngest are the highest) e3 O+ J& B, e C．older people tend to be grateful) L/ [: W! i5 a" @* g* ^9 F D．older people usually have no worries5 T3 L7 f3 _2 F7 S& O 【小题3】According to the research, when people get older, _________. A．they miss the old days8 I9 b& I' c6 L/ B* H/ a1 V! G$ d B．they are physically weak 1 A; U: V# F. V8 @# M/ _9 d! J C．they have better self-control9 G6 M4 F; e) R/ F4 _' A6 c$M D．they are more emotional8 @5 B2 U+ j; G' V* e 【小题4】What would the author probably talk about next? A．What influences happiness. ' f) D5 X, 2 O/ V& I( ^ B．How to live better." d4 ]3 j. e$ A2 N8 X; T C．How to keep happier. ' U) L3 J" h0 b9 @* \ D．Why women are less happier./ H5 ?% h1 [7 V1 e
【小题5】The author is intended to _________. A．advise how to reduce stress1 Q0 d. F6 ^( R& B3 d$[/ X/ Y B．introduce a scientific finding$ ]: A7 d$^4 _0 J' g C．describe how to do research( f; c0 ^' ]6 P, E. Y' M; j D．talk about human emotions H) L$ U; S5 Q9 T1 B4 K8 Z

• Many teachers worry about the effects of television on young people. According to studies, any children spend more time         【小题1】________
watching television than they spend in school. Because so【小题2】________
much viewing, children may not be develop the habit of 【小题3】________
read and the ability to enjoy themselves. No one worries【小题4】________
the effects of television commercials. On one year the 【小题7】_______
average child will see 25,000 television commercials, all【小题8】________
planned and written by grown-ups to make children to want【小题9】________
things that they don't real need.                          【小题10】________

• 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项，选项中有两项为多余选项。
（Zhang=Z   Mr．Smith=M）
Z: Hello, are you Mr．Smith from the United States?
M: Yes, Robert Smith．Please call me Robert．_【小题1】__．
Z: My pleasure．Welcome to China．My name is Zhang Lin．You can call me Lin．This is my card．
M: Thank you．And _【小题2】__．
Z: Oh, good, thanks．How was the journey?
M: __【小题3】__, although a little tiring．．
Z: Then let’s get your things and go to the hotel now．
M: Oh, thank you．_【小题4】__?
Z: It’s about thirty minutes’ drive．By the way, we are going to have a dinner party for you this evening．
M: It’s very kind of you．_【小题5】__?
Z: Six thirty．I’ll pick you up at six o’clock．
M: Ok, see you then．
Z: Bye． A．It was OK% @/ ^% h" F1 G6 B B．Where is the hotel5 S9 @2 ^) c' Q1 H3 X4 V P+ Y C．Here is my card2 L5 O6 B. @" N* W$F# i- D D．Where shall we go$ ?/ G# [ N! O4 D% L* B3 [
E．Thank you for meeting me
F．How many people are going there
G．What time does it begin